Particle Physics
The historic neutron-star crash that astronomers observed last year generated a hypermassive, supermagnetic neutron star, a recent study suggests.
Radical techniques in electron microscopy could revolutionise studies in physics, biochemistry, materials and more.
A study led by scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg/Germany presents evidence of the amplification...
Researchers developed a versatile remote gaming interface that allowed experts as well as hundreds of citizen scientists all over the world through multiplayer collaboration and in real time to optimize a quantum gas experiment in a lab. Both teams quickly...
Thermoelectric devices are highly versatile, with the ability to convert heat into electricity, and electricity into heat. They are small, lightweight, and extremely durable because they have no moving parts,...
Many materials exhibit new properties when in the form of thin films composed of just a few atomic layers. Most people are familiar with graphene, the two-dimensional form of graphite,...
The mesosphere, at heights between 85 and 100 kilometers above the Earth's surface, contains a layer of atomic sodium. Astronomers use laser beams to create artificial...
Einstein warned of fascism and anti-Semitism 10 years before the Nazis rose to power.
The Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST), nicknamed the "Chinese artificial sun," achieved an electron temperature of over 100 million degrees in its core plasma during a four-month experiment this year. That's about...
Researchers in a lab at Aarhus University have developed a versatile remote gaming interface that allowed external experts as well as hundreds of citizen scientists all over the world to optimize a quantum gas experiment through multiplayer collaboration and in...
Researchers have developed a version of a hyperbolical metamaterial in colloidal form. They may find applications in plasmon?enhanced spectroscopy, nanolasers, design of...
A new special edition of the International Journal of Radiation Oncology* Biology* Physics focuses on the roles of imaging in radiation oncology....
Brazil President Michel Temer inaugurated the opening construction phase of a particle accelerator the size of the Maracana football stadium that will be used to make advances in medicine, nutrition, archeology, electronics,...
For the first time astronomers have detected gravitational waves from a merged, hyper-massive neutron star.
A paper published in 2017 appeared to show a limited quantum effect in bacteria. Now scientists argue that something much weirder happened.
A research team discovers atomic-level processes which can provide new approaches to improving material properties.
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With Halloween over, ghostly decorations are now being replaced by Christmas themed ornaments, many of which glow in the dark. This glow, termed luminescence, is produced by chemical and biochemical reactions or...
Halloween more... PHYS.ORG 1 day
For the first time astronomers have detected gravitational waves from a merged, hyper-massive neutron star. The scientists, Maurice van Putten of Sejong University in South Korea, and Massimo della Valle of the...
A research team has discovered that different metasurfaces exhibit the same behavior provided a symmetry breaking is introduced to their unit cells 'meta-atoms'. Asymmetry of meta-atoms...
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A research team from ITMO University and the Australian National University has discovered that different metasurfaces exhibit the same behavior provided a symmetry breaking is introduced to their...
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A new clinical trial finds that a novel drug can boost the strength of radiation therapy in the fight against cancer with 'minimal side effects.'
We are reaching the limits of silicon capabilities in terms of data storage density and speed of memory devices. One of the potential next-generation data storage elements is the magnetic skyrmion. A team at the Center...
Electricity more... PHYS.ORG 1 day
aluminum alloys have unique material properties and are indispensable materials in aircraft manufacturing and space technology. With the help of high-resolution electron tomography, researchers at TU Graz have...
SpacetimeNASA more... PHYS.ORG 1 day
VIDEO For many species, winter serves as a time to rest and recuperate to return stronger in the year ahead. In many respects,...
more... PHYS.ORG 1 day
Scientists have now characterized the higher energy levels reached by electrons in resonance in three-particle systems, which are too complex to be described using simple equations. This theoretical model is intended to offer guidance for experimentalists...
Antimatter more... SCIENCE DAILY 2 days
Aluminium alloys have unique material properties and are indispensable materials in aircraft manufacturing and space technology. With the help of high-resolution electron tomography, researchers have for the first time been...
SpacetimeNASA more... nanowerk 2 days
SiC-based electrical devices degrading will be improved by controlling the semiconductor material deformation with atomic level.
Electricity more... SCIENCE DAILY 2 days
With the help of computer simulations, particle physics researchers may be able to explain why there is more matter than antimatter in...
Big BangAntimatterUniverse more... SCIENCE DAILY 2 days
With the help of computer simulations, particle physics researchers may be able to explain why there is more matter than antimatter in...
A novel nanoscale additive manufacturing technique termed Nanotribological Printing creates structures through tribomechanical and tribochemical surface interactions at the contact between a substrate and an atomic force microscope probe, where...
3D PrintingRobotics more... nanowerk 2 days
Positrons are short-lived subatomic particle with the same mass as electrons and a positive charge. They are used in medicine, e.g. in positron emission tomography (PET), a diagnostic imaging method for metabolic disorders. Positrons also exist...
Experts from the International Atomic Energy Agency urged the operator of Japan's tsunami-wrecked Fukushima nuclear plant on Tuesday to urgently decide on a plan to dispose of massive amounts of...
With the help of computer simulations, particle physics researchers may be able to explain why there is more matter than antimatter in...
Merging galaxy clusters provide natural laboratories for astronomers to study cosmic phenomena. Igone Urdampilleta from SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research uses the merger Abell 3376 to study how electrons rush through...
The potential applications for tailor-made carbon surfaces are wide and include protective coatings, car parts, biomedical coatings and...
Cars more... PHYS.ORG 2 days
Taking electrons out for a spin through the nanoscopic streets of a digital device – without spinning out of control – has challenged researchers for years.
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Scientists from the Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN)—a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science User Facility at Brookhaven National Laboratory—have dramatically improved the response of graphene to light through self-assembling wire-like nanostructures that conduct...
Researchers capture detailed images using electron-based imaging and computer simulations.
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Sealed in a vault beneath a duke's former pleasure palace among the sycamore-streaked forests west of Paris sits an object the size of an apple that determines the weight of...
In November 2018, the private spaceflight company Rocket Lab successfully launched its first commercial mission using its Electron booster. The rocket "It's Business Time" launched six small satellites...
From water bottles and food containers to toys and tubing, many modern materials are made of plastics. And while we produce about 110 million tons per year of synthetic polymers like polyethylene and polypropylene worldwide for...
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In physics, it is well-known that electrons behave very differently in three dimensions, two dimensions or one dimension. These behaviours give rise to different possibilities for technological applications and electronic systems. But what happens...
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The tiny, repeating structure could reveal weird behavior of electrons in fractional dimensions.
Quantum Mechanics more... SCIENCE-NEWS 3 days
Under the leadership of Petr Cígler from the Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry (IOCB Prague) and Martin Hrubý from the Institute of Macromolecular...
Nuclear Energy more... PHYS.ORG 3 days
A reflection always reproduces objects as a complete mirror image, rather than just its individual parts or individual parts in a completely different orientation. It's all or nothing, the mirror can't reflect just a...
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Molecules to the MAX!, an animated adventure aimed at exciting and educating kids about the world of atoms and molecules, is now available for streaming video from iTunes and Amazon.
Amazon more... nanowerk 3 days
spacetime a creation of well known actors
Most physicists believe that the structure of spacetime is formed in an unknown way in the vicinity of the Planck scale, i.e....
SpacetimeRelativity more... ASTRO WATCH 5 days
A standardized care pathway for children with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis undergoing spinal fusion surgery reduces the need for opioid pain medications and shortens hospital stays at Children's National...
Rocket Lab aims to make space far more accessible via its Electron booster, which is designed to launch small payloads to orbit for about $5 million per liftoff. See photos of Electron...
As neutrinos pass through the planet, they offer new information on what it looks like inside.
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parker solar probe reports good status after close solar approach
Parker Solar Probe is alive and well after skimming by the Sun at just 15 million...
RadioactiveUniverse more... ASTRO WATCH 6 days
Small molecules -- from naturally occurring metabolites and hormones to synthetic medicines and pesticides -- can have big effects on living things. But for scientists to understand how the molecules work and how to design beneficial ones, they...
AnimalsThe Future more... SCIENCE DAILY 6 days
Researchers have achieved a major breakthrough in shielding the quantum properties of single atoms on a surface. The scientists used the magnetism of single atoms, known as spin, as a basic building block for quantum information processing. The researchers could...
Quantum spin liquids (QSLs) are exotic phases of matter that host fractionalized excitations. It is difficult for local probes to characterize QSL, whereas quantum...
Manipulation of spin states at the single-atom scale underlies spin-based quantum information processing and spintronic devices. These applications require protection of the spin states against quantum decoherence due...
The impact of nonmagnetic and magnetic impurities on topological insulators is a central focus concerning their fundamental physics and possible spintronics and quantum computing applications. Combining scanning tunneling spectroscopy with...
Realization of the quantum spin Hall effect in graphene devices has remained an outstanding challenge dating back to the inception of the...
Researchers at the Center for Quantum Nanoscience (QNS) within the Institute for Basic Science (IBS) achieved a major breakthrough in shielding the quantum properties of single atoms on a surface. The scientists used the magnetism of single atoms, known as...
Scientists have developed a revolutionary method for the easy and inexpensive production of irradiated nanodiamonds and other nanomaterials suitable for use in highly sensitive...
Nuclear Energy more... nanowerk 6 days
A new study, published in the Astrophysical Journal, suggests that if a 1- to...
VIDEO The UK's first quantum accelerometer for navigation has been demonstrated by a team from Imperial College London and M Squared.
Quantum Hall ferromagnets are among the purest magnets in the world—and one of the most difficult to study. These 2-D magnets can only be made in temperatures less than a degree above...
Quantum Mechanics more... PHYS.ORG 6 days
In their catalytic center, hydrogenases manufacture molecular hydrogen (H2) from two protons and two electrons. They extract the protons required for this process from the surrounding water and transfer them – via a transport chain – into their...
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Could new technology from Purdue University researchers have helped save the Titanic? Engineers from Purdue have developed technology to help prevent catastrophic...
Nuclear Energy more... PHYS.ORG 6 days
Most physicists believe that the structure of spacetime is formed in an unknown way at the Planck scale, i.e., at a scale close to one trillionth of a trillionth of a metre. However, careful considerations undermine this prediction....
SpacetimeRelativity more... PHYS.ORG 6 days
VIDEO Parker Solar Probe is alive and well after skimming by the sun at just 15 million miles from our star's surface. This is far closer than any spacecraft...
RadioactiveUniverse more... PHYS.ORG 6 days
A team of researchers from the Dutch institute AMOLF, Western University (Canada), and the University of Texas (United States of America) recently demonstrated the use of algorithmic design to create a new type of nanophotonic structure. This is...
Quantum simulations reveal that graphene undergoes an unexpected and potentially useful change in state when stretched.
More than a decade before the Nazis seized power in Germany, Albert Einstein was on the run and already fearful for his country's future, according to a newly revealed handwritten...
Albert Einstein more... PHYS.ORG 6 days
Current standard imaging techniques for initial staging of prostate cancer often underestimate the extent of disease beyond the prostate.
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Small molecules -- from naturally occurring metabolites and hormones to synthetic medicines and pesticides -- can have big effects on living things. But for scientists to understand how...
Animals more... NEWS MEDICAL 7 days
Previously, in order to study cell membranes, researchers would often have to freeze samples. The proteins within these samples would not behave like they would in...
more... SCIENCE DAILY 7 days
Excited photo-emitters can cooperate and radiate simultaneously, a phenomenon called superfluorescence. Researchers have recently been able to create this effect with long-range ordered nanocrystal superlattices. This discovery could enable future developments in LED lighting, quantum sensing, quantum communication...
At the Materials Day Symposium, researchers focus on tools that probe atomic structures in action to yield better designs for metals, solar cells, and polymers.
Universe more... MIT 7 days
Junctophilin-2 (JP2) is a structural protein required for normal excitation-contraction (E-C) coupling. Following cardiac stress, JP2 is cleaved by Ca2+-dependent protease calpain, which disrupts the E-C coupling ultrastructural...
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Photon-mediated interactions between quantum systems are essential for realizing quantum networks and scalable quantum information processing. We demonstrate such interactions between pairs of silicon-vacancy (SiV) color centers coupled to a...
Ribonuclease P (RNase P) is a universal ribozyme responsible for processing the 5'-leader of pre–transfer RNA (pre-tRNA). Here, we report the 3.5-angstrom cryo–electron microscopy structures of Saccharomyces cerevisiae...
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We describe a general computational approach to designing self-assembling helical filaments from monomeric proteins and use this approach to design proteins that assemble into micrometer-scale filaments with a wide range of geometries...
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X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy used to understand electrical conductivity transitions in magnetite.
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As neutrinos pass through the planet, they offer new information on what it looks like inside.
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Two recent studies find advances in radiation therapy are helping to prolong or improve the lives of people with anal cancer, including...
Radioactive more... NEWS MEDICAL 1 week
Targeted tumor radiation provides a feasible treatment option for children with difficult-to-treat liver cancer, according to a new study published today in the journal Pediatric Blood...
Radioactive more... NEWS MEDICAL 1 week
For scientists to understand how therapeutic molecules work and how to design beneficial ones, they need to know the precise arrangement of atoms and chemical bonds. Now researchers have found a faster, simpler and potentially more reliable way...
The Future more... nanowerk 1 week
Stanford researchers retooled an electron microscope to work with visible light and gas flow, making it possible to watch a photochemical reaction as it swept across a nanoparticle...
Fossil FuelsInfections more... SCIENCE DAILY 1 week
Layered transition metal dichalcogenides or TMDCs -- materials composed of metal nanolayers sandwiched between two other layers of chalcogens -- have become extremely attractive to the...
GrapheneQuantum Mechanics more... SCIENCE DAILY 1 week
Remarkable rules have been detected in the apparent chaos of disequilibrium processes. Different systems behave identically in many ways, if they belong to the same 'universality class'. This...
Since the time of ancient Egypt, humans have been making and breaking secret codes to retain and gain critical information. Human life itself is based upon a genetic code of DNA or RNA sequences...
Ancient Egypt more... PHYS.ORG 1 week
For several decades, particle physicists have been trying to better understand nature at the smallest distances by colliding particles at the highest energies. While the Standard Model of...
Particle Accelerators more... PHYS.ORG 1 week
Actinides, a series of 15 radioactive elements, are vital to medicine, energy, and national defense. Scientists examined two exceedingly rare actinides, berkelium and californium. These elements are at the extreme end of what is possible to...
Radioactive more... PHYS.ORG 1 week
At the height of the Cold War in 1982, American psychiatrist Robert Jay Lifton argued that the "central existential fact of the nuclear age is vulnerability." That warning predated the proliferation of...
WMDNuclear Weapons more... PHYS.ORG 1 week
Leftovers from nuclear reactors contain the element neptunium. To safely store the waste, scientists need to know more about how to control neptunium's chemistry. Knowing the stability of different oxidation...
Nuclear Energy more... PHYS.ORG 1 week
irradiating an iphone
Components for space need to be tested against radiation. What happens when we put everyday smartphones in the path of gamma rays?
Remarkable rules have been detected in the apparent chaos of disequilibrium processes. Different systems behave identically in many ways, if they belong to the same "universality class." This means that experiments can be carried out with quantum systems...
Excited photo-emitters can cooperate and radiate simultaneously, a phenomenon called superfluorescence. Researchers from Empa and ETH Zurich, together with colleagues from IBM Research Zurich, have recently been able to create this effect...
Sandwich structure of nanocrystals as quantum light source.
Quantum Mechanics more... nanowerk 1 week
Big jobs: Safety, planning key to increasing production performance at Spallation Neutron Source
PHYS.ORG
Parker Solar Probe reports good status after close solar approach
PHYS.ORG
Quantum 'compass' could allow navigation without relying on satellites
PHYS.ORG
Physicists name and codify new field in nanotechnology: 'electron quantum metamaterials'
PHYS.ORG
In tune with the heart of a copper atom
PHYS.ORG
New antimatter gravity experiments begin at CERN
CERN
Scientists 'tame' some disruptive environmental effects on quantum computers
PHYS.ORG
Video: Do astronauts need sunscreen?
PHYS.ORG
The ghost of Cassiopeia
PHYS.ORG
STAR Detector on the move
PHYS.ORG
These kids and young adults want their day in court on climate change
PHYS.ORG