Particle Physics
A breakthrough in the study of laser/plasma interactions  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 hours
Researchers have developed a particle-in-cell simulation tool that is enabling cutting-edge simulations of laser/plasma coupling mechanisms. More detailed understanding of these mechanisms is critical to the development of ultra-compact particle accelerators and... more
Coal could yield treatment for traumatic injuries  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 hours
Coal-derived graphene quantum dots, when modified with a polymer, are effective antioxidants. They could lead to a therapy for people who suffer traumatic brain injuries, strokes or heart attacks. more
New robust device may scale up quantum tech  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 hours
A new device may bring scalable quantum bits because it's planar, just like silicon wafers already in use, and robust thanks to protective properties enabled by combining aluminum and indium arsenide. more
Frustrated materials under high pressure  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 hours
People are not the only ones to be occasionally frustrated. Some crystals also show frustrations. Cesium copper chloride is a prime example. Its magnetic copper atoms reside on a triangular lattice and seek to align themselves antiparallel to... more
Graphene quantum dots could yield treatment for traumatic injuries  nanowerk · 6 hours
Graphene quantum dots drawn from common coal may be the basis for an effective antioxidant for people who suffer traumatic brain injuries, strokes or heart attacks. more
A breakthrough in the study of laser/plasma interactions  PHYS.ORG · 7 hours
A new 3-D particle-in-cell (PIC) simulation tool developed by researchers from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and CEA Saclay is enabling cutting-edge simulations of laser/plasma coupling mechanisms that were previously out of reach... more
Scientists discover coal-derived 'dots' are effective antioxidant  PHYS.ORG · 7 hours
Graphene quantum dots drawn from common coal may be the basis for an effective antioxidant for people who suffer traumatic brain injuries, strokes or heart attacks. more
An aerobic eukaryotic parasite with functional mitochondria that likely lacks a mitochondrial genome  Science Magazine · 8 hours
Dinoflagellates are microbial eukaryotes that have exceptionally large nuclear genomes; however, their organelle genomes are small and fragmented and contain fewer genes... more
Veritable powerhouses—even without DNA  PHYS.ORG · 8 hours
Whether human beings or animals, plants or algae: the cells of most life forms contain special structures that are responsible for energy production. Referred to as mitochondria, they normally have their own genetic material, in addition to that found in... more
New robust device may scale up quantum tech, researchers say  PHYS.ORG · 10 hours
Researchers have been trying for many years to build a quantum computer that industry could scale up, but the building blocks of quantum computing, qubits, still aren't robust... more
Researchers create the first maps of two melatonin receptors essential for sleep  PHYS.ORG · 10 hours
An international team of researchers used an X-ray laser at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory to create the first detailed maps... more
Researchers Just Measured an Atom with a Half-Life of 18 Sextillion Years  LIVE SCIENCE · 10 hours
Researchers just measured an atom with a half-life of 18 sextillion years — 1 trillion times the age of the universe. more
This is the slowest radioactive decay ever spotted  SCIENCE-NEWS · 10 hours
Scientists have made the first direct observations of an exotic type of radioactive decay called two-neutrino double electron capture. more
Advances in cryo-EM materials may aid cancer and biomedical research  SCIENCE DAILY · 11 hours
Cryogenic-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) has been a game changer in the field of medical research, but the substrate, used to freeze and view samples under a microscope, has not... more
Atom interaction discovery valuable for future quantum technologies  SCIENCE DAILY · 12 hours
By breaking with conventionality, physicists have opened up new research and technology opportunities involving the basic building block of the world -- atoms. Researchers put one atom inside each of two laser... more
Atom interaction discovery valuable for future quantum technologies  PHYS.ORG · 12 hours
By breaking with conventionality, University of Otago physicists have opened up new research and technology opportunities involving the basic building block of the world—atoms. more
Physicists Turn Quantum Gas into Supersolid  SCI-NEWS.COM · 13 hours
Predicted five decades ago, supersolidity is an exotic phase of matter where superfluidity and crystalline order coexist. By combining theory and experiments, a team... more
Nanocomponent is a quantum leap for Danish physicists  PHYS.ORG · 13 hours
University of Copenhagen researchers have developed a nanocomponent that emits light particles carrying quantum information. Less than one-tenth the width of a human hair, the miniscule component makes it possible to scale... more
Quantum gas turns supersolid  PHYS.ORG · 14 hours
Researchers led by Francesca Ferlaino from the University of Innsbruck and the Austrian Academy of Sciences report in Physical Review X on the observation of supersolid behavior in dipolar quantum gases of erbium and dysprosium. In the dysprosium gas these... more
Capturing the behavior of single-atom catalysts on the move  PHYS.ORG · 14 hours
Scientists are excited by the prospect of stripping catalysts down to single atoms. Attached by the millions to a supporting surface, they could offer the ultimate in speed and specificity. more
Quantum distillery for light  nanowerk · 17 hours
The distillation of spirits increases the content of alcohol relative to the water content. A similar method works on light quanta - photons. It extracts individual photons from a light source, reduces the unwanted vacuum component, and heralds this event. more
New custom-designed substrates developed for use in cryo-Electron Microscopy  NEWS MEDICAL · 19 hours
Cryogenic-Electron Microscopy has been a game changer in the field of medical research, but the substrate, used to freeze and view samples under a microscope, has not advanced much in... more
New range prediction approach increases accuracy, safety and tolerability of proton therapy  NEWS MEDICAL · 20 hours
Today (Tuesday, 23 April) marks the beginning of a new era in treatment planning at the University Proton Therapy Dresden of the University Hospital... more
Perfectly-absorbing photoconductive metasurface significantly improves THz detection  nanowerk · 20 hours
Terahertz (THz) frequencies, which occupy a middle ground between microwaves and infrared light, are seen as the future of wireless communications because they offer a higher bandwidth capacity for data transmission than currently used... more
Nanocomponent is a quantum leap  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
Researchers have developed a nanocomponent that emits light particles carrying quantum information. Less than one-tenth the width of a human hair, the minuscule component makes it possible to scale up and could ultimately reach the capabilities required for... more
Atomic beams shoot straighter via cascading silicon peashooters  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
Atomic beams conjure fantasies of gigantic Space Force canons. But there are real tiny atomic beams that shoot out of newly engineered collimators, a kind of tiny silicon peashooter, that could land... more
Scientists explore the unknown behaviour of gold nanoparticles with neutrons  nanowerk · 1 day
Scientists investigated the physical and chemical influences when gold nanoparticles interact with a model biological membrane, in order to identify the behavioural mechanisms taking place. more
Quantum gas turns supersolid  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
Researchers report on the observation of supersolid behavior in dipolar quantum gases of erbium and dysprosium. In the dysprosium gas these properties are unprecedentedly long-lived. This sets the stage for future investigations into the nature of this exotic phase of... more
Serbian flag raised at CERN  CERN · 1 day
Serbian flag raised at CERN Abha Eli Phoboo cmenard Tue, 04/23/2019 - 09:49 The Serbian flag was raised in the presence of the President of the CERN Council, Prime Minister of the Republic of Serbia, CERN Director-General, Serbian... more
Atomic beams shoot straighter via cascading silicon peashooters  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
To a non-physicist, an "atomic beam collimator" may sound like a phaser firing mystical particles. That might not be the worst metaphor to introduce a technology that researchers have now miniaturized, making... more
Nanomechanical router is a quantum leap for physicists  nanowerk · 2 days
Physicists have developed a nanocomponent that emits light particles carrying quantum information. more
Electron-phonon instability in graphene revealed by global and local noise probes  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Understanding nonequilibrium phenomena to effectively control it is an outstanding challenge in science and engineering. In a recent study, Trond. I. Andersen and colleagues at the... more
Atomic beams shoot straighter via cascading silicon peashooters  nanowerk · 2 days
To a non-physicist, an 'atomic beam collimator' may sound like a phaser firing mystical particles. That might not be the worst metaphor to introduce a technology that researchers have now miniaturized, making... more
Scientists explore the unknown behaviour of gold nanoparticles with neutrons  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Nanoparticles of less than 100 nanometres in size are used to engineer new materials and nanotechnologies across a variety of sectors. Their small size means these particles have... more
High-fidelity simulations point the way to optimizing heat transfer in current and next-generation reactors  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Engineers must manage a maelstrom in the core of operating nuclear reactors. Nuclear reactions deposit an extraordinary amount of heat... more
Advances in cryo-EM materials may aid cancer and biomedical research  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Cryogenic-Electron Microscopy (cryo-EM) has been a game changer in the field of medical research, but the substrate, used to freeze and view samples under a microscope, has not... more
Watching molecules split in real time  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Using a new X-ray technique, a team of researchers was able to watch in real time as a molecule split apart into two new molecules. The method could be used to look at chemical reactions that... more
First-ever open public alerts now available from LIGO  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Two new probable gravitational waves—ripples in the fabric of spacetime caused by cataclysmic cosmic events and first predicted by Albert Einstein over 100 years ago—have been detected by the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave... more
College Students Hatch Nuclear-Powered Magnetic Plan to Protect Marsonauts from Cosmic Rays  SPACE.COM · 2 days
A team of undergraduate students at Drake University in Iowa is developing a magnetic shield to defend interplanetary astronauts from the intense cosmic radiation... more
Scientists create first billion-atom biomolecular simulation  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory have created the largest simulation to date of an entire gene of DNA, a feat that required one billion atoms to model and will help researchers to better understand and... more
Quantum gas turns supersolid  nanowerk · 2 days
Scientists report on the observation of supersolid behavior in dipolar quantum gases of erbium and dysprosium. In the dysprosium gas these properties are unprecedentedly long-lived. This sets the stage for future investigations into the nature of this exotic phase of... more
Overlooked molecular machine in cell nucleus may hold key to treating aggressive leukemia  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Many people fighting a very aggressive form of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) don't survive more than five years. These very sick patients... more
Heterogeneous catalyst goes enzymatic  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Researchers demonstrated enzyme-like heterogeneous catalysis for the first time. They developed a highly active heterogeneous TiO2 photocatalyst incorporated with many single copper atoms. They used this catalyst for the photocatalytic hydrogen production, and found that the catalyst is as active... more
Breakthrough in boiling  MIT · 2 days
High-fidelity simulations by MIT nuclear researchers point the way to optimizing heat transfer in current and next-generation reactors. more
Repelling charges prevent Cooper pairs from 'island hopping' in insulating state  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Superconductors are able to conduct electricity with zero resistance thanks to Cooper pairs, electron duos that team up and skate through a material unimpeded. In 2007,... more
From 2-D to 1-D: atomically quasi '1-D' wires using a carbon nanotube template  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University have used carbon nanotube templates to produce nanowires of transition metal monochalcogenide (TMM), which are only 3... more
Building a printing press for new quantum materials  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Checking out a stack of books from the library is as simple as searching the library's catalog and using unique call numbers to pull each book from their shelf locations. Using a... more
Building a printing press for atomically thin 2D materials  nanowerk · 3 days
Researchers are developing an automated system to synthesize entirely new materials made from stacked atomically thin two-dimensional sheets and to characterize their exotic quantum properties. more
What Makes the Strong Force So Special?  SPACE.COM · 3 days
All four known forces of nature have their own unique place — and the strong nuclear force governs the very small. more
Quantum-material-based proton-irradiation-immune electronics for space travel  nanowerk · 3 days
Proton radiation damage is an important failure mechanism for electronic devices in near-Earth orbits and deep space. The future of space exploration depends crucially on the development of new electronic technologies that are immune to space... more
Through thick and thin: Neutrons track lithium ions in battery electrodes  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 days
Lithium-ion batteries are expected to have a global market value of $47 billion by 2023, but their use in heavy-duty applications such as electric vehicles is... more
Room temperature polariton lasing in quantum heterostructure nanocavities  Science Magazine · 5 days
Ultralow-threshold coherent light emitters can be achieved through lasing from exciton-polariton condensates, but this generally requires sophisticated device structures and cryogenic temperatures. Polaritonic nanolasers operating at room temperature lie on the crucial... more
Combinatorial optimization by simulating adiabatic bifurcations in nonlinear Hamiltonian systems  Science Magazine · 5 days
Combinatorial optimization problems are ubiquitous but difficult to solve. Hardware devices for these problems have recently been developed by various approaches, including quantum computers. Inspired by recently proposed... more
Direct observation of valley-coupled topological current in MoS2  Science Magazine · 5 days
The valley degree of freedom of electrons in two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides has been extensively studied by theory (1–4), optical (5–9), and optoelectronic (10–13) experiments. However, generation and detection of pure valley... more
U.S. military Electron launch first test for York satellite  SPACE NEWS · 5 days
Rocket Lab is preparing to launch in late April or early May three U.S. military satellites including the... more
Warming: Plants are also stressed out  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 days
What will a three-degree-warmer world look like? When experiencing stress or damage from various sources, plants use chloroplast-to-nucleus communication to regulate gene expression and help them cope. Now, researchers have found that GUN1 -- a gene... more
Coincidence helps with quantum measurements  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 days
Through randomly selected measurements, physicists can determine the quantum entanglement of many-particle systems. With the newly developed method, quantum simulations can be extended to a larger number of quantum particles. Researchers now report on the first successful demonstration... more
Scientists uncover a link between RNA editing and chloroplast-to-nucleus communication  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
What will a three-degree-warmer world look like? How will plants fare in more extreme weather conditions? When experiencing stress or damage from various sources, plants use chloroplast-to-nucleus communication... more
Through thick and thin: Neutrons track lithium ions in battery electrodes  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Lithium-ion batteries are expected to have a global market value of $47 billion by 2023. They are used in numerous applications, because they offer relatively high... more
Successful tests of a cooler way to transport electricity  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Like a metal python, the huge pipe snaking through a CERN high-tech hall is actually a new electrical transmission line. This superconducting line is the first of its kind and... more
Helium Hydride Ion Spotted in Space for First Time  SCI-NEWS.COM · 6 days
When the Universe was still very young, only a few kinds of atoms existed. Astrophysicists believe that around... more
Counting antigens with gold nanoparticles  nanowerk · 6 days
Researchers propose a gold nanoparticle (GNP) probe-assisted sandwich-counting strategy in vitro that relies on a GNP probe, an antibody-functionalized chip to 'count' antigen molecules using a scanning electron microscope. more
New book traces expeditions to test Einstein's theory of relativity  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
No Shadow of a Doubt, a new book by Daniel Kennefick, associate professor of physics at the University of Arkansas, tells the story of two research teams, organized... more
Carrier lifetimes of >1 {mu}s in Sn-Pb perovskites enable efficient all-perovskite tandem solar cells  Science Magazine · 6 days
All-perovskite-based polycrystalline thin-film tandem solar cells have the potential to deliver efficiencies of > 30%. However, the performance of all-perovskite-based... more
Artificial intelligence speeds efforts to develop clean, virtually limitless fusion energy  SCIENCE DAILY · 6 days
Scientists are applying deep learning -- a powerful new version of the machine learning form of artificial intelligence -- to forecast sudden disruptions that can halt... more
Probing entanglement in a many-body-localized system  Science Magazine · 6 days
An interacting quantum system that is subject to disorder may cease to thermalize owing to localization of its constituents, thereby marking the breakdown of thermodynamics. The key to understanding this phenomenon lies in the system’s entanglement,... more
Probing Renyi entanglement entropy via randomized measurements  Science Magazine · 6 days
Entanglement is a key feature of many-body quantum systems. Measuring the entropy of different partitions of a quantum system provides a way to probe its entanglement structure. Here, we present and experimentally demonstrate a... more
New method enables quantum simulations on larger systems  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Through randomly selected measurements, Austrian physicists can now determine the quantum entanglement of many-particle systems. With the newly developed method, quantum simulations can be extended to a larger number of quantum particles.... more
CEBAF turns on the charm  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
The world's most advanced particle accelerator for investigating the quark structure of the atom's nucleus has just charmed physicists with a new capability. The production of charm quarks in J/ψ (J/psi) particles by CEBAF at the Department of... more
Successful tests of a cooler way to transport electricity  CERN · 6 days
Successful tests of a cooler way to transport electricity Camille Monnin camonnin Thu, 04/18/2019 - 14:52 Like a metal python, the huge pipe snaking through a CERN high-tech hall is... more
Demonstrating a weak topological insulator in bismuth iodide  PHYS.ORG · 7 days
Topological insulators are one of the most exciting discoveries of the 21st century. They can be simply described as materials that conduct electricity on their surface or edge, but are insulating in... more
Capturing energy flow in a plasma by measuring scattered light  PHYS.ORG · 7 days
Whether studying the core of our sun or the inside of a fusion reactor, scientists need to determine how energy flows in plasma. Scientists use simulations to calculate... more
Spin flipper upends protons  PHYS.ORG · 7 days
Protons spin. It's an intrinsic property that can affect experiments at accelerators that use beams of protons. Yet flipping proton spins could offer insights into nuclear physics experiments that study the first moments of the universe in a laboratory setting.... more
Optical tweezers achieve new feats of capturing atoms  nanowerk · 7 days
In a new study, scientists showed that it could load groups of individual atoms into large grids with an efficiency unmatched by existing methods. more
Luminescing nanosized crystals are showing promise for peering deeply into body tissues  PHYS.ORG · 7 days
Investigations of 'quantum dots' for looking deeply into body tissues are rapidly evolving, but more work is required to ensure they are safe, according... more
Making a fast ion transporter  PHYS.ORG · 7 days
An international team of researchers at Institute for Molecular Science in Japan and Max Planck Institute of Biophysics in Germany has revealed an ion transport mechanism of sodium/proton antiporter by simulating its motion. Based on the simulations, they... more
Scientists invent way to trap mysterious 'dark world' particle at Large Hadron Collider  PHYS.ORG · 7 days
Now that they've identified the Higgs boson, scientists at the Large Hadron Collider have set their sights on an even more elusive... more
Captain Marvel, Special Relativity and 'Avengers: Endgame' Connection Explained  SPACE.COM · 7 days
Einstein's theory of relativity is super important in the new "Avengers: Endgame" teaser trailer and at the end of "Captain Marvel." more
Elusive molecule, first in Universe, detected in space  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
In the beginning, more than 13 billion years ago, the Universe was an undifferentiated soup of three simple, single-atom elements. more
Artificial intelligence speeds efforts to develop clean, virtually limitless fusion energy  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Artificial intelligence (AI), a branch of computer science that is transforming scientific inquiry and industry, could now speed the development of safe, clean and virtually limitless... more
Making a fast ion transporter  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
An international team of researchers reveals an ion transport mechanism of sodium/proton antiporter by simulating its motion. Based on the simulations, they now design a faster transporter by making mutation on ''gate'' of the transporter. more
A 192-heme electron transfer network in the hydrazine dehydrogenase complex  Science Magazine · 1 week
Anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) is a major process in the biogeochemical nitrogen cycle in which nitrite and ammonium are converted to dinitrogen gas and water through the highly... more
Three studies show how tumors hijack the immune system to resist radiation therapy  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
Treg cells turn off the immune system. Three recent studies show that targeting tregs may increase the effectiveness of anti-cancer immunotherapies. more
Boom! Another Neutron-Star Crash Spotted  SPACE.COM · 1 week
Astronomers have apparently spotted another epic neutron-star crash — and they didn't need gravitational waves to do it. more
World-record quantum computing  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
A world-record result in reducing errors in semiconductor electron 'spin qubits', a type of building block for quantum computers, has been achieved. more
Improving quantum computers  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
For decades, experts have predicted that quantum computers will someday perform difficult tasks, such as simulating complex chemical systems, that can't be done by conventional computers. But so far, these machines haven't lived up to their potential because of error-prone... more
World-record quantum computing result for Sydney teams  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
A world-record result in reducing errors in semiconductor 'spin qubits', a type of building block for quantum computers, has been achieved using the theoretical work of quantum physicists at the University of Sydney Nano... more
Researchers use noise data to increase reliability of quantum computers  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
A new technique by researchers at Princeton University, University of Chicago and IBM significantly improves the reliability of quantum computers by harnessing data about the noisiness of operations... more
Direct imaging of active orbitals in quantum materials  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
In quantum materials based on transition metals, rare-earth and actinide elements, electronic states are characterized by electrons in orbitals d and f, combined with the solid's strong band formation. Until now, to... more
Researchers develop the next generation of endoscopy technology  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Biotechnologists, physicists, and medical researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have developed technology for microscopic imaging in living organisms. A miniaturised multi-photon microscope, which could be used in an endoscope in future, excites... more
Scientists develop way to identify topological materials  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
In the decades since they were first theorized, scientists have suggested that the exotic properties of topological materials—that is, materials that maintain their electrical properties even in the face of radical temperature shifts or... more
Scientists create first billion-atom biomolecular simulation
PHYS.ORG
What Makes the Strong Force So Special?
SPACE.COM
Successful tests of a cooler way to transport electricity
PHYS.ORG
Spinning new targets for accelerators
PHYS.ORG
Research provides speed boost to quantum computers
PHYS.ORG
New model accurately predicts harmful space weather
PHYS.ORG
Team harnesses spin of electrons to power tech devices
PHYS.ORG
Scientists capture live, atomic-level detail of nanoparticle formation
PHYS.ORG
Video: Building spaceships
PHYS.ORG
Van Allen Probes prepare for final descent into Earth's atmosphere
PHYS.ORG
Protein 'spat out' by cancer cells promotes tumor growth
SCIENCE DAILY
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