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McCain completes round of radiation, chemo for brain cancer
ABC NEWS The daughter of U.S. Sen. John McCain of Arizona says the 80-year-old lawmaker has completed the first round of radiation and chemotherapy as he battles an aggressive form of brain... 1 day
astrophysicists explain the mysterious behavior of cosmic rays Astrophysicists Explain the Mysterious Behavior of Cosmic Rays
ASTRO WATCH A team of scientists from Russia and China has developed a model which explains the nature of high-energy cosmic rays... 1 day
Multiple-wavelength neutron holography with pulsed neutrons
Science Magazine Local structures around impurities in solids provide important information for understanding the mechanisms of material functions, because most of them are controlled by dopants. For this purpose, the x-ray absorption fine structure method, which provides radial... 1 day
Identifying time scales for violation/preservation of Stokes-Einstein relation in supercooled water
Science Magazine The violation of the Stokes-Einstein (SE) relation D ~ (/T)–1 between the shear viscosity and the translational diffusion constant D at temperature T is of great... 1 day
Correlation-induced superconductivity dynamically stabilized and enhanced by laser irradiation
Science Magazine Studies on out-of-equilibrium dynamics have paved a way to realize a new state of matter. Superconductor-like properties above room temperatures recently suggested to be in copper oxides achieved by selectively... 1 day
Crystallization-induced emission enhancement: A novel fluorescent Au-Ag bimetallic nanocluster with precise atomic structure
Science Magazine We report the first noble metal nanocluster with a formula of Au4Ag13(DPPM)3(SR)9 exhibiting crystallization-induced emission enhancement (CIEE), where DPPM denotes bis(diphenylphosphino)methane and... 1 day
Mach-Zehnder interferometry using spin- and valley-polarized quantum Hall edge states in graphene
Science Magazine Confined to a two-dimensional plane, electrons in a strong magnetic field travel along the edge in one-dimensional quantum Hall channels that are protected against... 1 day
Probing topology by "heating": Quantized circular dichroism in ultracold atoms
Science Magazine We reveal an intriguing manifestation of topology, which appears in the depletion rate of topological states of matter in response to an external drive. This phenomenon is presented... 1 day
A quick and easy way to shut down instabilities in fusion devices
PHYS.ORG Scientists have discovered a remarkably simple way to suppress a common instability that can halt fusion reactions and damage the walls of reactors built... 1 day
Quick and easy way to shut down instabilities in fusion devices
SCIENCE DAILY Scientists have discovered a remarkably simple way to suppress a common instability that can halt fusion reactions and damage the walls of reactors built to create... 1 day
Engineers deliver new key components to help power a fusion energy experiment
PHYS.ORG Fusion power, which lights the sun and stars, requires temperatures of millions of degrees to fuse the particles inside plasma, a soup of charged... 1 day
Abnormal eating schedules affect skin’s protection from harmful UV rays of the sun
NEWS MEDICAL Sunbathers may want to avoid midnight snacks before catching some rays. A study in mice from the O'Donnell Brain Institute and UC Irvine shows... 2 days
proton m launches military satellite into orbit Proton-M Launches Military Satellite into Orbit
ASTRO WATCH A military communications satellite, known as Blagovest 11L, has been successfully launched into space by a Proton-M heavy-lift rocket. The launch vehicle thundered off... 2 days
Why It's Dangerous to Condition Your Hair After a Nuclear Attack
LIVE SCIENCE Last week, when North Korea was threatening to send a ballistic missile toward the U.S. territory of Guam, the island's inhabitants were warned that in the... 2 days
Comprehensive single-cell transcriptional profiling of a multicellular organism
Science Magazine To resolve cellular heterogeneity, we developed a combinatorial indexing strategy to profile the transcriptomes of single cells or nuclei, termed sci-RNA-seq (single-cell combinatorial indexing RNA sequencing). We applied sci-RNA-seq to profile nearly... 2 days
In situ architecture, function, and evolution of a contractile injection system
Science Magazine Contractile injection systems mediate bacterial cell-cell interactions by a bacteriophage tail–like structure. In contrast to extracellular systems, the type 6 secretion system (T6SS) is defined by... 2 days
Methanogenic heterodisulfide reductase (HdrABC-MvhAGD) uses two noncubane [4Fe-4S] clusters for reduction
Science Magazine In methanogenic archaea, the carbon dioxide (CO2) fixation and methane-forming steps are linked through the heterodisulfide reductase (HdrABC)–[NiFe]-hydrogenase (MvhAGD) complex that uses flavin-based electron bifurcation to... 2 days
america was once tricked into believing nuclear war had begun America Was Once Tricked Into Believing Nuclear War Had Begun
HISTORY VIDEO For 40 minutes in 1971, it seemed the end was near. 2 days
TED-Ed: The hunt for dark matter
CERN VIDEO Around 85% of the matter in our Universe is a mystery. If this dark matter has never been observed, how do we know what it is, and how do scientists know where to start looking? This... 2 days
NASA Protects its super heroes from space weather
SCIENCE DAILY When astronauts travel in space they can't see or even feel radiation. However, NASA's Human Research Program (HRP) is studying the effects radiation plays on the human body and developing ways to... 2 days
Sharp X-ray pulses from the atomic nucleus
PHYS.ORG X-rays make the invisible visible: they permit the way materials are structured to be determined all the way down to the level of individual atoms. In the 1950s it was x-rays which revealed the... 3 days
Psychology of Hate: What Motivates White Supremacists?
LIVE SCIENCE Nascent supremacists are like atoms missing a proton. They're lacking something socially or emotionally, and white supremacist groups step in to fill the void. 3 days
Newly upgraded laser peers further into the extreme universe at SLAC's LCLS
PHYS.ORG Scientists at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory recently upgraded a powerful optical laser system used to create shockwaves that generate high-pressure... 3 days
Magnetic resonance is used to evaluate food quality
PHYS.ORG The applications and benefits of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) in medicine are well known, but the technology is also used in other areas, such as agribusiness, where its applications include quality analysis... 3 days
Physicists measure complementary properties using quantum clones
PHYS.ORG (Phys.org)—In quantum mechanics, it's impossible to precisely and simultaneously measure the complementary properties (such as the position and momentum) of a quantum state. Now in a new study, physicists have cloned quantum states and... 3 days
129I waste used to track ocean currents for 15,000 km after discharge from nuclear plants
PHYS.ORG Radioactive 129I has travelled the equivalent of a third of the way round the globe, since being released... 3 days
"Fixed-field" accelerator transports multiple particle beams at a wide range of energies through a single beam pipe
PHYS.ORG An advanced particle accelerator designed at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory... 4 days
Scientists reveal engineered fusion protein that could recover blood vessel health
NEWS MEDICAL Scientists from Boston Children's Hospital Vascular Biology Program have revealed an engineered fusion protein that could recover blood vessel health following the onset of hypertension, atherosclerosis,... 4 days
nuclear command and control problems dominate u s air force focus gao finds Nuclear command and control problems dominate U.S. Air Force focus, GAO finds
SPACE NEWS While the U.S Air Force is taking more steps to oversee nuclear command, control, and communications (NC3), the service must focus more on short-term... 4 days
Eating habits affect skin's protection against sun
SCIENCE DAILY Sunbathers may want to avoid midnight snacks before catching some rays, new research recommends. A study in mice shows that eating at abnormal times disrupts the biological clock of the skin, including the daytime... 4 days
Deep-UV probing method detects electron transfer in photovoltaics
SCIENCE DAILY Scientists have developed a new method to efficiently measure electron transfer in dye-sensitized transition-metal oxide photovoltaics. 4 days
Relativistic self-focusing gives mid-IR driven electrons a boost
SCIENCE DAILY For the first time, scientists have observed the production of relativistic electrons driven by low-energy, ultrashort mid-infrared laser pulses. 4 days
Elusive Neutrinos Detected in Never-Before-Seen Interaction
SPACE.COM For the first time, scientists have proven a phenomenon, called coherent scattering, experimentally with the world's smallest neutrino detector. 4 days
Suspected WWII-Era Bomb Discovered at Fukushima Power Plant
LIVE SCIENCE The Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant is facing another threat: What is thought to be an undetonated World War II-era bomb discovered on the grounds of the power plant. 4 days
Unique imaging of a dinosaur's skull tells evolutionary tale
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers using Los Alamos' unique neutron-imaging and high-energy X-ray capabilities have exposed the inner structures of the fossil skull of a 74-million-year-old tyrannosauroid dinosaur nicknamed the Bisti Beast in the... 4 days
'Acidic patch' regulates access to genetic information
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers have uncovered new details about the way in which DNA, which is tightly packed into the cell's nucleus, is unwound so that it can be read and transcribed into proteins. 4 days
Relativistic self-focusing gives mid-IR driven electrons a boost
PHYS.ORG Conventional particle accelerators can range from large room-sized devices to facilities multiple kilometers across. One of the ways that scientists have looked to reduce the size and expense of future accelerators is... 4 days
Atomically thin layers bring spintronics closer to applications
SCIENCE DAILY Scientists have created a graphene-based device, in which electron spins can be injected and detected with unprecedented efficiency. The result is a hundredfold increase of the spin signal, big enough to be... 4 days
video dark matter hunt with lux zeplin Video: Dark matter hunt with LUX-ZEPLIN
PHYS.ORG VIDEO Researchers at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory are on a quest to solve one of physics' biggest mysteries: What exactly is dark matter – the invisible substance that accounts for 85 percent of... 4 days
New thruster design increases efficiency for future spaceflight
PHYS.ORG Hall thrusters (HTs) are used in earth-orbiting satellites, and also show promise to propel robotic spacecraft long distances, such as from Earth to Mars. The propellant in a HT, usually xenon, is... 4 days
CERN Physicists Find Direct Evidence of High Energy Light-By-Light Scattering
SCI-NEWS.COM Physicists from the ATLAS experiment, one of the four major experiments at CERN’s Large Hadron Collider... 4 days
Machine learning tackles quantum error correction
PHYS.ORG (Phys.org)—Physicists have applied the ability of machine learning algorithms to learn from experience to one of the biggest challenges currently facing quantum computing: quantum error correction, which is used to design noise-tolerant quantum computing protocols. In... 4 days
cosmic opportunity for radiation research at esa Cosmic opportunity for radiation research at ESA
ESA Cosmic radiation is considered the main health hazard to human spaceflight and space exploration of the Moon, Mars and beyond, which is... 5 days
Physicists Experiment with ‘Super-Photons’
SCI-NEWS.COM A team of physicists at the University of Bonn in Germany has developed a technique to create optical ‘wells’ for a photonic Bose-Einstein condensate. “Thousands of photons can... 5 days
Can the eclipse tell us if Einstein was right about general relativity?
SCIENCE-NEWS During the eclipse, astronomers will reproduce the 1919 experiment that confirmed Einstein’s general theory of relativity. 5 days
Deep-UV probing method detects electron transfer in photovoltaics
PHYS.ORG Sensitized solar cells consisting of a molecular or solid-state sensitizer that serves to collect light and inject an electron into a substrate that favors their migration are among the most studied photovoltaic... 5 days
Can the eclipse tell us if Einstein right about general relativity?
SCIENCE-NEWS During the eclipse, astronomers will reproduce the 1919 experiment that confirmed Einstein’s general theory of relativity. 5 days
ATLAS observes direct evidence of light-by-light scattering
PHYS.ORG Physicists from the ATLAS experiment at CERN have found the first direct evidence of high energy light-by-light scattering, a very rare process in which two photons – particles of light – interact and change... 5 days
X-ray imaging with a significantly enhanced resolution
PHYS.ORG Physicists from Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) and Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY, Hamburg) have developed a method to improve the quality of X-ray images over conventional methods. The technique, incoherent diffractive imaging (IDI), could image individual atoms... 5 days
lungs in space research project could lead to new lung therapeutics Lungs in space: research project could lead to new lung therapeutics
PHYS.ORG VIDEO Space travel can cause a lot of stress on the human body as the change in gravity, radiation and other factors creates a hostile environment. While... 5 days
'Acidic patch' regulates access to genetic information
PHYS.ORG Chromatin remodelers—protein machines that pack and unpack chromatin, the tightly wound DNA-protein complex in cell nuclei—are essential and powerful regulators for critical cellular processes, such as replication, recombination and gene transcription and repression. In... 5 days
Unique imaging of a dinosaur's skull tells evolutionary tale
PHYS.ORG Researchers using Los Alamos' unique neutron-imaging and high-energy X-ray capabilities have exposed the inner structures of the fossil skull of a 74-million-year-old tyrannosauroid dinosaur nicknamed the Bisti Beast in the... 5 days
Scientists aim to find out how lung cells react in space
NEWS MEDICAL Space travel can cause a lot of stress on the human body as the change in gravity, radiation and other factors creates a hostile environment. 5 days
ATLAS sees first direct evidence of light-by-light scattering at high energy
SCIENCE DAILY Physicists from the ATLAS experiment have found the first direct evidence of high energy light-by-light scattering, a very rare process in which two photons – particles... 5 days
Exotic quantum states made from light
SCIENCE DAILY Physicists have managed to create optical hollows and more complex patterns into which the light of a Bose-Einstein condensate flows. The creation of such highly low-loss structures for light is a prerequisite for complex light circuits,... 5 days
Two-faced 2-D material: flat sandwich of sulfur, molybdenum and selenium
SCIENCE DAILY Mterials scientists replace all the atoms on top of a three-layer, two-dimensional crystal to make a transition-metal dichalcogenide with sulfur, molybdenum and selenium. The new material has unique... 5 days
Single molecules can work as reproducible transistors -- at room temperature
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers have now reproducibly demonstrated current blockade -- the ability to switch a device from the insulating to the conducting state where charge is added and... 5 days
X-ray imaging with a significantly enhanced resolution
SCIENCE DAILY Physicists have come up with a method that could significantly improve the quality of X-ray images in comparison to conventional methods. Incoherent diffractive imaging (IDI) could help to image individual atoms in nanocrystals or... 5 days
atlas observes direct evidence of light by light scattering ATLAS observes direct evidence of light-by-light scattering
CERN Katarina Anthony A light-by-light scattering event measured in the ATLAS detector (Image: ATLAS/CERN) Physicists from the ATLAS experiment at CERN have found the... 5 days
Exotic quantum states made from light
PHYS.ORG Light particles (photons) occur as tiny, indivisible portions. Many thousands of these light portions can be merged to form a single super-photon if they are sufficiently concentrated and cooled. The individual particles merge with each other,... 5 days
Normally aloof particles of light seen ricocheting off each other
SCIENCE-NEWS Scientists spot evidence of photons interacting at the Large Hadron Collider. 5 days
NASA Reignites Program for Nuclear Thermal Rockets
PHYS.ORG In its pursuit of missions that will take us back to the moon, to Mars, and beyond, NASA has been exploring a number of next-generation propulsion concepts. Whereas existing concepts have their advantages –... 6 days
stars orbiting supermassive black hole show einstein was right again Stars orbiting supermassive black hole show Einstein was right again
PHYS.ORG VIDEO At the center of our galaxy, roughly 26,000 light years from Earth, lies the supermassive black hole (SMBH) known as Sagittarius A*. Measuring 44 million km across, this... 6 days
Researchers obtain decacene, the largest acene ever synthesised
PHYS.ORG An international collaboration between synthetic chemists and surface scientists unveils a molecule formed by the linear fusion of 10 benzene rings, the longest acene prepared to date. 6 days
New research initiative turns laser focus on high-energy-density physics
PHYS.ORG Atoms behave much differently when squeezed to pressures more than a million—or even a billion—times the atmospheric pressure on Earth. Understanding how atoms react under such high-pressure conditions can lead... 6 days
TRAPPIST-1 is older than our solar system
PHYS.ORG If we want to know more about whether life could survive on a planet outside our solar system, it's important to know the age of its star. Young stars have frequent releases of high-energy... 6 days
Properties of a massive galaxy 800 million years after the Big Bang
PHYS.ORG Searches for the most distant galaxies have now probed earlier than the first billion years in the history of the universe, early enough to... 6 days
Israel moves to curb strike at nuclear plant
PHYS.ORG Israel's government approved Sunday emergency measures to end a "disruptive" months-long strike over pay by scientists working at the country's top secret nuclear research centre. 6 days
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America Was Once Tricked Into Believing Nuclear War Had Begun
HISTORY
TED-Ed: The hunt for dark matter
CERN
Video: Dark matter hunt with LUX-ZEPLIN
PHYS.ORG
Lungs in space: research project could lead to new lung therapeutics
PHYS.ORG
Stars orbiting supermassive black hole show Einstein was right again
PHYS.ORG
Does light experience time?
Parallel State