New DNA analysis has revealed surprising genetic diversity in a bacterium that poses a persistent threat to the algae biofuels industry. With the evocative name Vampirovibrio chlorellavorus, the predatory pest sucks out the contents of the algae cells (thus the vampire reference) and reduces a productive, thriving, green algae pond to a vat of rotting sludge.... PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
Vampire algae killer's genetic diversity poses threat to biofuels  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 weeks
New DNA analysis has revealed surprising genetic diversity in a bacterium that poses a persistent threat to the algae biofuels industry. With the evocative name Vampirovibrio chlorellavorus, the predatory pest... more
Protein factors increasing yield of a biofuel precursor in microscopic algae  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
As an alternative to traditional fossil fuels, biofuels represent a more environmentally friendly and sustainable fuel source. Plant or animal fats can be converted to biofuels... more
Key factors in how some algae harness solar energy  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
Scientists have discovered how diatoms -- a type of alga that produce 20 percent of the Earth's oxygen -- harness solar energy for photosynthesis. The discovery could help lead to... more
Human genetic diversity of South America reveals complex history of Amazonia  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
The vast cultural and linguistic diversity of Latin American countries is still far from being fully represented by genetic surveys. Western South America in particular holds... more
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Scientists hoping to get more diversity of ancestry among medical research volunteers need to grapple with the history of medical exploitation, says a Columbia University bioethicist. more
Human genetic diversity of South America reveals complex history of Amazonia  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
The vast cultural and linguistic diversity of Latin American countries is still far from being fully represented by genetic surveys. Western South America in particular holds... more
Upcycling of proteins protects DNA from parasites  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Of the three billion base pairs in the human genome, less than two percent contain the information encoding the ~20,000 proteins. That is, because at least half of our genetic material originated from selfish... more
Increasing value of ivory poses major threat to elephant populations  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
The global price of ivory increased tenfold since its 1989 trade ban by the Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), new research has found. more
Convention on Biological Diversity adopts indicator to track conservation of useful plants  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
The Biodiversity Indicators Partnership officially adopted in July a new indicator to track progress on the conservation of thousands of economically and culturally important... more
Concerns about prevalent orchid viruses  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Researchers have investigated the evolution of the two most prevalent orchid viruses using information representing their global distribution. The study revealed that considerable international trade of cultivated orchids has effectively 'homogenized' the genetic diversity of the viruses. In... more
Cryptic genetic variation accelerates evolution by opening access to diverse adaptive peaks  Science Magazine · 4 weeks
Cryptic genetic variation can facilitate adaptation in evolving populations. To elucidate the underlying genetic mechanisms, we used directed evolution in Escherichia coli to accumulate... more
Study raises concerns about prevalent orchid viruses  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
In a Plants, People, Planet study, researchers investigated the evolution of the two most prevalent orchid viruses using information representing their global distribution. The study revealed that considerable international trade of cultivated orchids has... more
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Plastic waste that finds its way into oceans and rivers poses a global environmental threat with damaging health consequences for animals, humans, and ecosystems. Now, using tiny coil-shaped carbon-based magnets, researchers in Australia have... more
Leptospirosis is far more widespread in Puerto Rico than previously believed  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 weeks
The bacterial disease Leptospirosis poses a serious health threat to the residents of Puerto Rico, as new research, conducted in part at Texas State University, suggests... more
Algae living inside fungi: How land plants first evolved  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 weeks
New research presents evidence that algae could have piggybacked on fungi to leave the water and to colonize the land, over 500 million years ago. more
Increasing value of ivory poses major threat to elephant populations  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
The global price of ivory increased tenfold since its 1989 trade ban by the Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), new research has found. The... more
Greening devastates the citrus industry: New research offers a solution  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
Citrus Huanglongbing (HLB), also known as greening, is one of the most serious citrus plant diseases in the world. Infected trees produce bitter fruits that are green, misshapen,... more
Greening devastates the citrus industry—new research offers a solution  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Citrus Huanglongbing (HLB), also known as greening, is one of the most serious citrus plant diseases in the world. Infected trees produce bitter fruits that are green, misshapen, and unsuitable... more
Microbiologists provide framework for assessing ecological diversity  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Microbiologists have developed a mathematical framework for quantitatively assessing ecological diversity in an ecological community whether deterministic or stochastic. A recent study examines the mechanisms controlling biological diversity and provides guidance for use of... more
Simpler than expected: A microbial community with small diversity cleans up algal blooms  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Algae take up carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere and turn the carbon into biomass while releasing the oxygen back to the... more
Algae living inside fungi: How land plants first evolved  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
Scientists think that green algae are plants water-living ancestors, but we are not sure how the transition to land plants happened. more
Slow start for blue-green algae on Alberta lakes  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
There have been fewer health advisories than usual about blue-green algae in Alberta lakes this past summer but that doesn't mean the problem is going away, explained a University of Alberta biologist. more
[Reviews] The 1918 influenza pandemic: 100 years of questions answered and unanswered  Science Magazine · 4 weeks
The 2018–2019 period marks the centennial of the "Spanish" influenza pandemic, which caused at least 50 million deaths worldwide. The unprecedented nature of the... more
Simpler than expected: A microbial community with small diversity cleans up algal blooms  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
Algae blooms regularly make for pretty, swirly satellite photos of lakes and oceans. They also make the news occasionally for poisoning fish,... more
Strange Forest 'Superorganism' Is Keeping This Vampire Tree Alive  LIVE SCIENCE · 4 weeks
By grafting their roots together in a hidden underground network, trees could be forming giant "superorganisms" that span entire forests. more
Climate change 'disrupts' local plant diversity, study reveals  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Faster rates of climate change could be increasing the diversity of plant species in many places, according to research from the University of York. more
Study reveals profound patterns in globally important algae  PHYS.ORG · 9 hours
A globally important ocean algae is mysteriously scarce in one of the most productive regions of the Atlantic Ocean, according to a new paper in Deep Sea Research I. A massive dataset... more
Bermuda's baitfish populations  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
A new study used DNA markers to characterize the genetic diversity of Bermuda's baitfish populations. The island's baitfish were shown to exist in highly mixed populations of up to six different species indicating that individual fish from multiple locations around... more
Profound patterns in globally important algae  SCIENCE DAILY · 9 hours
A globally important ocean algae is mysteriously scarce in one of the most productive regions of the Atlantic Ocean, according to a new article. A massive dataset has revealed patterns in the regions where Atlantic coccolithophores... more
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