Scientists demonstrated how the conversion of a plant derivative into fuels and other valuable chemicals can be achieved by loading single atoms of platinum onto titanium dioxide.... nanowerk · 5 days
Upgrading biomass with selective surface-modified catalysts  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
Scientists have designed a catalyst composed of very low concentrations of platinum (single atoms and clusters smaller than billionths of a meter) on the surface of titanium dioxide. They demonstrated how this catalyst significantly enhances the... more
Extremely active and selective immobilized catalyst for electrocatalytic carbon dioxide reduction  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Well-defined metal complexes with chemical stability and structural tunability are a promising class of electrocatalytic CO2 reduction (ECR) catalysts, especially immobilized metal phthalocyanines. However, the strong... more
Teaching old transition metals new tricks: Chemists activate palladium catalysis by light  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
In the production of compounds, chemists have the fundamental goal of finding strategies that are most selective and avoid waste products. Breakthroughs in this... more
A novel biofuel system for hydrogen production from biomass  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
A novel technology has been developed for hydrogen production from the process, which involves electron that is produced during the decomposition of biomass such as waste wood. The result produced... more
Selective capture of ions from wastewater with layered metal sulfide  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
It is important to develop chemically selective scavengers for ions such as Ba2+, Ni2+, and Co2+ from complex wastewater for environmental remediation and human health. The current natural... more
Scientists reveal hidden catalytic surface of Ni-Au core-shell in carbon dioxide hydrogenation  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
For years, core-shell structured particles have been recognized as well-designed catalysts that can facilitate reaction activity owing to their distinct synergism at the interface. more
Researchers develop chemically modified phage capsid that “stifles” influenza viruses  NEWS MEDICAL · 12 hours
A new approach brings the hope of new therapeutic options for suppressing seasonal influenza and avian flu: On the basis of an empty - and therefore non-infectious -... more
Biomass fuels can significantly mitigate global warming  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Biomass fuels derived from various grasses could significantly mitigate global warming by reducing carbon, according to a long-term field study by researchers at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU) and Michigan State University (MSU). more
Scientists develop novel technology to stimulate biomass and astaxanthin accumulation in haematococcus  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Chinese scientists with Institute of Technical Biology and Agriculture Engineering, Hefei Institutes of Physical Science applied low-temperature plasma technology to stimulate biomass and astaxanthin... more
Sugar brings a lot of carbon dioxide into the deeper sea  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
In the sunlit surface layer of the ocean, photosynthetic microalgae such as diatoms convert more carbon dioxide into biomass than Earth's tropical forests. Like land plants,... more
Atomic defect lines suppress deactivation of iron oxide catalysts  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Catalysts, or substances that accelerate chemical reactions, have various industrial applications. One widely used catalyst in catalytic converters is palladium, which helps turn toxic carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons from vehicle... more
Novel strategy to fabricate single-atom catalysts via electrochemical deposition  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Researchers from the University of Science and Technology of China (USTC) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) have reported a strategy to fabricate single-atom catalysts (SACs). They synthesized more... more
Forests: Carbon sequestration, biomass energy, or both?  Science Magazine · 6 days
There is a continuing debate over the role that woody bioenergy plays in climate mitigation. This paper clarifies this controversy and illustrates the impacts of woody biomass demand on forest harvests, prices, timber management... more
Scientists propose new method for large-scale production of thermally stable single-atom catalysts  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
A research group led by Prof. Qiao Botao from the Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics (DICP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences has proposed... more
Selective targeting of BD1 and BD2 of the BET proteins in cancer and immuno-inflammation  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
The two tandem bromodomains of the BET proteins enable chromatin binding to facilitate transcription. Drugs that inhibit both bromodomains equally... more
Exchange bias and quantum anomalous nomalous Hall effect in the MnBi2Te4/CrI3 heterostructure  Science Magazine · 4 weeks
The layered antiferromagnetic MnBi2Te4 films have been proposed to be an intrinsic quantum anomalous Hall (QAH) insulator with a large gap. It is crucial... more
'Fossil earthquakes' offer new insight into seismic activity deep below Earth's surface  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
A major international study has shed new light on the mechanisms through which earthquakes are triggered up to 40km beneath the earth's surface. more
Mitigating cavitation erosion using biomimetic gas-entrapping microtextured surfaces (GEMS)  Science Magazine · 4 days
Cavitation refers to the formation and collapse of vapor bubbles near solid boundaries in high-speed flows, such as ship propellers and pumps. During this process, cavitation bubbles focus fluid energy... more
Liquid-liquid phase separation drives skin barrier formation  Science Magazine · 3 weeks
At the body surface, skin’s stratified squamous epithelium is challenged by environmental extremes. The surface of the skin is composed of enucleated, flattened surface squames. They derive from underlying, transcriptionally active keratinocytes that display... more
Unique structural fluctuations at ice surface promote autoionization of water molecules  SCIENCE DAILY · 23 hours
Hydrated protons at the surface of water ice are of fundamental importance in a variety of physicochemical phenomena on earth and in the universe. Hydrated protons... more
Graphene underpins a new platform to selectively ID deadly strains of bacteria  nanowerk · 2 weeks
Prototype demonstrates the first selective, electrical detection of two pathogenic bacterial species. more
Leaf-inspired surface prevents frost formation  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Northwestern University researchers discovered a new way to significantly reduce frost formation on any surface. The finding could help decrease the amount of energy needed for de-frosting and could potentially result in fewer canceled flights, which can be... more
To predict an epidemic, evolution can't be ignored  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 weeks
Whether it's coronavirus or misinformation, scientists can use mathematical models to predict how something will spread across populations. But what happens if a pathogen mutates, or information becomes modified, changing the speed... more
Observational evidence of Karakoram anomaly  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
Stable or marginal mass loss dominating in Karakoram, known as the Karakoram Anomaly, has been reported widely through remotely sensed glacier surface elevation variations of either points (satellite laser altimetry) or surface (digital elevation models). more
Dimming Betelgeuse likely isn't cold, just dusty  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 weeks
Scientists report that the average surface temperature of Betelgeuse, calculated using observations taken Feb. 14, 2020, is significantly warmer than expected if its recent dimming had been triggered by a cooling of the star's... more
Modified nickelate materials could improve understanding of high-temperature superconductivity  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
The hunt for high-temperature superconductors could be aided by calculations by RIKEN physicists that have revealed the behavior of electrons in a nickel oxide material. more
Changes in surface sugarlike molecules help cancer metastasize  PHYS.ORG · 7 days
Changes in a specific type of sugarlike molecule, or glycan, on the surface of cancer cells help them to spread into other tissues, according to researchers at the University of California, Davis.... more
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