Sustainable heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems, such as those that harness low-enthalpy geothermal energy, are needed to reduce collective energy use and mitigate the continued effects of a warming climate. Researchers use asymptotic expansion techniques to study the harmonic thermal response of vertical geothermal boreholes in such systems to sub-annual harmonic excitations.... SCIENCE DAILY · 2 months
Theory meets application: Machine learning techniques for geothermal exploration  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
When Jing Yang, assistant professor of electrical engineering, began looking for practical applications to her machine learning research, partnering with Chris Marone, professor of geosciences, for his work on safe... more
As governments adopt artificial intelligence, there's little oversight and lots of danger  PHYS.ORG · 7 days
Artificial intelligence systems can – if properly used – help make government more effective and responsive, improving the lives of citizens. Improperly used, however,... more
Team uncovers the power of dynamically rewiring swarm robotic systems  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Our world is filled with hopelessly complicated systems for transportation, finance, biological life, and others. These so-called complex systems, natural or man-made, are systems that are intrinsically challenging... more
Using computers to crack open centuries-old mathematical puzzles  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
In mathematics, no researcher works in true isolation. Even those who work alone use the theorems and methods of their colleagues and predecessors to develop new ideas. more
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For decades, experts have predicted that quantum computers will someday perform difficult tasks, such as simulating complex chemical systems, that can't be done by conventional computers. But so far, these machines haven't lived up to their potential because of error-prone... more
Research examines stream restorations with an eye on improving Chesapeake Bay  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
When it comes to improving the waters of the Chesapeake Bay, one Penn State Harrisburg researcher suggests taking the long view. As a geologist, Jennifer Sliko,... more
Engineers develop novel techniques to trick object detection systems  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
New adversarial techniques developed by engineers can make objects 'invisible' to image detection systems that use deep-learning algorithms. These techniques can also trick systems into thinking they see another object... more
The Emergency Launch Abort Systems of SpaceX and Boeing Explained  SPACE.COM · 14 hours
If anything goes wrong when a crew of astronauts launches into space, their spacecraft always has a built-in abort system to help them return to Earth safely. But... more
Morphing origami takes a new shape, expanding use possibilities  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Origami-based structures have been used to create deployable solar arrays for space, adaptable acoustic systems for symphony halls and even crash protection systems for flying drones. more
Rehearsal initiates systems memory consolidation, sleep makes it last  Science Magazine · 17 hours
After encoding, memories undergo a transitional process termed systems memory consolidation. It allows fast acquisition of new information by the hippocampus, as well as stable storage in neocortical long-term networks,... more
Anti-parity-time symmetry in diffusive systems  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
Various concepts related to parity-time symmetry, including anti–parity-time symmetry, have found broad applications in wave physics. Wave systems are fundamentally described by Hermitian operators, whereas their unusual properties are introduced by incorporation of gain and loss. We propose... more
New automated biological-sample analysis systems to accelerate disease detection  SCIENCE DAILY · 6 days
Microfluidics refers to the manipulation of fluids in microscale devices. Commonly called "labs on a chip," microfluidic systems are used to study and analyze very small-scale chemical or biological samples,... more
The mechanism of high-temperature superconductivity is found  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Russian physicist Viktor Lakhno from Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics, RAS considers symmetrical bipolarons as a basis of high-temperature superconductivity. The theory explains recent experiments in which a superconductivity was reached in lanthanum hydride... more
How artificial intelligence systems could threaten democracy  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
U.S. technology giant Microsoft has teamed up with a Chinese military university to develop artificial intelligence systems that could potentially enhance government surveillance and censorship capabilities. Two U.S. senators publicly condemned the partnership, but... more
New method enables quantum simulations on larger systems  PHYS.ORG · 7 days
Through randomly selected measurements, Austrian physicists can now determine the quantum entanglement of many-particle systems. With the newly developed method, quantum simulations can be extended to a larger number of quantum particles.... more
With EGS, Air Force aims to run spaceflight software problems to ground  SPACE NEWS · 2 weeks
U.S. Air Force Space Command is finalizing a plan to revamp ground control systems for military satellite constellations. Current systems suffer from problems such... more
How to ice-proof the next generation of aircraft  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
To prevent ice formation on aircraft during flight, current systems utilize the heat generated by burning fuel, but these high-temperature, fuel-dependent systems cannot be used on the proposed all-electric, temperature-sensitive materials of... more
Researchers find naturally occurring photocurrents in inorganic mineral systems  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
A team of researchers with members affiliated with several institutions in China, one in Canada and one in the U.S. has found evidence of naturally occurring photocurrents in inorganic mineral... more
AI for Earth observation and numerical weather prediction  SPACE NEWS · 1 week
Machine learning and other artificial intelligence techniques could help forecasters get more out of these data by improving accuracy and... more
Scientists discover hydration is key to improving catalyst performance for industrial use  nanowerk · 2 weeks
Scientists have used neutron scattering to identify the secret to a metal-organic framework's (MOF) ability to efficiently convert chemicals, through a process called catalysis,... more
How to ice-proof the next generation of aircraft  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
35,000 feet is standard cruising altitude for a commercial jet airplane, but at those lofty heights the air temperature plummets below -51 degrees Celsius and ice can easily form on wings. To... more
Improving ACA’s Insurance Coverage Provisions will lead to better care for patients  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 week
The American College of Physicians published a paper today in the Annals of Internal Medicine that examines ways to improve the Affordable Care Act. more
Scientists develop a new method for improving the efficiency of air purifiers  PHYS.ORG · 22 hours
Clean air is something that we are continuously proud of in our little Estonia, and it has been called, partly in jest, one of... more
No such thing as 'sugar rush'! Sugar worsens mood rather than improving it  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
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Farming for natural profits in China  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
Expanding monoculture threatens valuable services from land, such as flood control, water purification and climate stabilization. A new approach promises to protect these benefits, while improving biodiversity and human livelihoods in rural areas around the world. more
Aeolus well on the way to improving forecasts  ESA · 3 weeks
Assessing the accuracy of data being returned by completely new technology in space is a challenging task. But this is... more
Droughts could hit aging power plants hard  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 weeks
Droughts will pose a much larger threat to U.S. power plants with once-through cooling systems than scientists previously suspected, a new study shows. If surface waters warm 3 degrees Celsius and river flows drop... more
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