Like animals and humans, plants possess a kind of immune system. It can e.g. recognize pathogenic fungi by the chitin in their cell walls, triggering disease resistance. Some fungi hide from the immune system by modifying some of the chitin building blocks, converting chitin into chitosan. Researchers of the University of Münster now found that plants can react to a certain pattern in this chitosan, stimulating their immune system. They are already developing a chitosan-based plant immune-stimul... PHYS.ORG · 2 months
Blocking sugar structures on viruses and tumor cells  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
During a viral infection, viruses enter the body and multiply in its cells. Viruses often specifically attach themselves to the sugar structures of the host cells, or present characteristic sugar structures on... more
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Sugar-poor diets wreak havoc on bumblebee queens' health  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 weeks
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Without enough sugar in their diets, bumblebee queens can experience difficulty reproducing and shorter lifespans. more
How enzymes build 'sugar trees'  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 month
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The cost of excessive sugar in the diet  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 week
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The blood-thinning drug heparin is used all over the world. But, the underlying sugar structures of heparin and the wider family of heparan sulfate sugars in... more
Sugar brings a lot of carbon dioxide into the deeper sea  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
The oceans are a very important reservoir for carbon in the system of the earth. However, many aspects of the marine carbon cycle are still unknown.... more
Dietary sugar has negative impact on health independent of obesity  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 week
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Study finds sugar content as key factor for people when making healthy food choices  NEWS MEDICAL · 4 weeks
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Polymerization in the actin ATPase clan regulates hexokinase activity in yeast  Science Magazine · 1 month
The actin fold is found in cytoskeletal polymers, chaperones, and various metabolic enzymes. Many actin-fold proteins, such as the carbohydrate kinases, do not polymerize. We found... more
How AI could help translate the written language of ancient civilizations  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
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SNIPRs take aim at disease-related mutations  PHYS.ORG · 1 month
A typo appearing in the draft of a novel is no great calamity. Nature, however, is often less forgiving of errors. A change in just one letter of the genetic code can have catastrophic consequences for... more
Changes in 3D genetic structure equally important as DNA code mutations in childhood leukemia  NEWS MEDICAL · 5 days
A study found that children with aggressive blood cancers have different superstructures of the proteins that control gene access. more
Harnessing human genetics to uncover clues to longevity  NEWS MEDICAL · 5 days
The genetic code within DNA has long been thought to determine whether one becomes sick or resists illnesses. DNA contains the information that makes all cells that compose our bodies and allows... more
Mouthpart homologies and life habits of Mesozoic long-proboscid scorpionflies  Science Magazine · 3 weeks
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New artificial pancreas may provide life-changing support to diabetic people  NEWS MEDICAL · 4 weeks
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Speak math, not code  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
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U-M startup offers free coronavirus sequencing kits for researchers  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 weeks
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Cracking the code to sea cucumber farming  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
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New type of artificial binding proteins for blocking sugar structures on cell surfaces  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 weeks
The laboratory directed by Arne Skerra, Professor of Biological Chemistry, has its focus on designing artificial binding proteins for therapeutic applications. more
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