Microbiology
Researchers capture high-resolution X-ray and NMR image of key immune regulator  NEWS MEDICAL · 27 minutes
A new study by investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital provides a biophysical and structural assessment of a critical immune regulating protein called human T-cell immunoglobulin... more
Researchers shed new light on how to combat Shiga and ricin toxins  NEWS MEDICAL · 27 minutes
Min Dong, PhD, and his lab are world experts in toxins and how to combat them. They've figured out how Clostridium difficile's most potent... more
Lifespan extension at low temperatures is genetically controlled, study suggests  PHYS.ORG · 56 minutes
Why do we age? Despite more than a century of research (and a vast industry of youth-promising products), what causes our cells and organs to deteriorate with age... more
Lifespan extension at low temperatures depends on individual's genes, study shows  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 hours
Why do we age? Despite more than a century of research (and a vast industry of youth-promising products), what causes our cells and organs to deteriorate... more
Medical News Today: What is the link between HPV and HIV?  MNT · 6 hours
HPV and HIV are both sexually transmitted infections caused by viruses. They are separate conditions with different symptoms, treatments, and preventions. A person with HIV may... more
Ocean fertilization by unusual microbes extends to frigid waters of Arctic Ocean  SCIENCE DAILY · 10 hours
Microbes that provide natural fertilizer to the oceans by 'fixing' nitrogen from the atmosphere into a form useable by other organisms are active in... more
Rapid genetic evolution linked to lighter skin pigmentation  SCIENCE DAILY · 10 hours
The gene that causes lighter skin pigmentation, SLC24A5, was introduced from eastern African to southern African populations just 2,000 years ago. Strong positive selection caused this gene to rise in frequency among... more
Ebola vaccine is having ‘major impact’ but Congo outbreak may still explode  Science Magazine · 11 hours
Armed conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo hampers health care response and vaccine distribution to combat deadly virus more
Rapid genetic evolution linked to lighter skin pigmentation in a southern African population  PHYS.ORG · 11 hours
Populations of indigenous people in southern Africa carry a gene that causes lighter skin, and scientists have now identified the rapid evolution... more
Regrowing damaged nerves hinges on shutting down key genes  SCIENCE DAILY · 12 hours
Neurons in the brain and spinal cord don't grow back after injury, unlike those in the rest of the body. Now, researchers have identified some of the key steps taken... more
Ocean fertilization by unusual microbes extends to frigid waters of Arctic Ocean  PHYS.ORG · 12 hours
Microbes that provide natural fertilizer to the oceans by "fixing" nitrogen from the atmosphere into a form useable by other organisms were once thought... more
Key cellular mechanism that triggers pneumonia in humans  SCIENCE DAILY · 12 hours
Researchers have demonstrated that influenza virus impairs the immune response to pneumococcus, especially monocyte activity. more
Personalized medicine tool for inherited colorectal cancer syndrome  SCIENCE DAILY · 13 hours
An international team of researchers has developed, calibrated, and validated a novel tool for identifying the genetic changes in Lynch syndrome genes that are likely to be responsible for causing symptoms of... more
Novel personalized medicine tool for assessing inherited colorectal cancer syndrome risk developed  NEWS MEDICAL · 13 hours
An international team of researchers led by Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah has developed, calibrated, and validated a novel tool for... more
Imaging atomic structure of important immune regulator  SCIENCE DAILY · 13 hours
A new study provides a biophysical and structural assessment of a critical immune regulating protein called human T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain containing protein-3 (hTIM-3). Understanding the atomic structure of hTIM-3 provides new insights... more
Researchers explore how glial cells develop in the brain from neural precursor cells  NEWS MEDICAL · 13 hours
Two types of cells are active in the brain: nerve cells and glial cells. The latter have long been regarded primarily as... more
Breast tumors recruit bone marrow cells to boost their growth, study reveals  NEWS MEDICAL · 13 hours
Tel Aviv University researchers have discovered that breast cancer tumors boost their growth by recruiting stromal cells that originate in bone marrow. more
Researchers develop biotechnological tool to produce antifungal proteins in plants  NEWS MEDICAL · 14 hours
Researchers from the Spanish Research Council (CSIC) at the Centre for Research in Agricultural Genomics and the Institute for Plant Molecular and Cellular Biology (IBMCP), in collaboration with... more
Scientists find answers to how cancer spreads  NEWS MEDICAL · 14 hours
How does cancer spread? While studying human brain tumor cells, a team of scientists at the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre found some answers to this crucial, yet so far unanswered... more
Researchers image atomic structure of important immune regulator  PHYS.ORG · 14 hours
A new study by investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital provides a biophysical and structural assessment of a critical immune regulating protein called human T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain containing protein-3 (hTIM-3).... more
Study uncovers 11 new genes associated with epilepsy  NEWS MEDICAL · 15 hours
The largest study of its kind, led by international researchers including scientists at RCSI, has discovered 11 new genes associated with epilepsy. more
Cancer cells distinguished by artificial intelligence-based system  nanowerk · 15 hours
Researchers have developed a system using artificial intelligence that can automatically differentiate between different types of cancer cell. more
Genetic study of epilepsy points to potential new therapies  SCIENCE DAILY · 16 hours
The largest study of its kind, led by international researchers has discovered 11 new genes associated with epilepsy. It greatly advances knowledge of the underlying biological causes of epilepsy and... more
New light on blocking Shiga and ricin toxins -- And on an iconic biological process  SCIENCE DAILY · 16 hours
Researchers, setting their sights on Shiga toxin (player in the current E. coli outbreak from romaine lettuce) and... more
How glial cells develop in the brain from neural precursor cells  SCIENCE DAILY · 16 hours
A research team studied how glial cells develop in the brain from neural precursor cells. They discovered that differentiation involves three stages and that three proteins... more
Cancer cells distinguished by artificial intelligence-based system  SCIENCE DAILY · 16 hours
A research team has created a system that uses a convolutional neural network to learn the features distinguishing different cancer cells, based on images from a phase-contrast microscope. This system accurately differentiated human and... more
Hair color gene study sheds new light on roots of redheads' locks  SCIENCE DAILY · 16 hours
Scientists have discovered eight additional genes linked to red hair, helping to solve a mystery of how redheads inherit their flaming locks. more
New light on blocking Shiga and ricin toxins—And on an iconic biological process  PHYS.ORG · 16 hours
Min Dong, Ph.D., and his lab are world experts in toxins and how to combat them. They've figured out how Clostridium difficile's... more
Key players in the marine nitrogen cycle use cyanate and urea  PHYS.ORG · 16 hours
The ammonia oxidizing archaea, or Thaumarchaeota, are among the most abundant marine microorganisms. Yet, scientists are still discovering which factors allow them to thrive in the... more
Strep bacteria compete for 'ownership' of human tissue  PHYS.ORG · 16 hours
A well-accepted principle in the animal kingdom—from wasps to deer—is that creatures already occupying a habitat nearly always prevail over competitors from the same species that arrive later. Such infighting for the... more
Underground life has a carbon mass hundreds of times larger than humans'  PHYS.ORG · 17 hours
Microorganisms living underneath the surface of the earth have a total carbon mass of 15 to 23 billion tons, hundreds of times more than... more
Using machine learning to design peptides  PHYS.ORG · 17 hours
Scientists and engineers have long been interested in synthesizing peptides—chains of amino acids responsible for conducting many functions within cells—to both mimic nature and to perform new activities. A designed peptide, for example, could be a... more
Undiplomatic immunity: Mutation causing arterial autoimmune disease revealed  SCIENCE DAILY · 18 hours
Takayasu arteritis is an autoimmune disease resulting in chronic aortic inflammation leading to aneurysm or aortic regurgitation. Researchers showed that it is caused by MLX gene mutation. This mutation increased oxidative stress... more
Medical News Today: Herpes simplex: Everything you need to know  MNT · 18 hours
Herpes simplex is a very common virus that affects billions of people globally. It can cause sores around the mouth or on the genitals and surrounding areas. Learn... more
Proteins imaged in graphene liquid cell have higher radiation tolerance  PHYS.ORG · 18 hours
Electron microscopy is one of the main methods used to examine protein structure. Studying these structures is of key importance to elucidate their function feeding fundamental information into... more
How does cancer spread?  SCIENCE DAILY · 18 hours
How does cancer spread? While studying human brain tumour cells, a team of scientists found some answers to this crucial, yet so far unanswered question. They looked at a gene called EGFRvIII, which is present in patients with glioblastoma --... more
Genetic changes associated with physical activity reported  SCIENCE DAILY · 19 hours
Time spent sitting, sleeping and moving appears to be determined, in part, by our genes, researchers have shown. more
Genes play a role in physical activity and sleep  NEWS MEDICAL · 19 hours
Time spent sitting, sleeping and moving is determined in part by our genes, University of Oxford researchers have shown. more
DNA find: Tiny wallaby the last living link to extinct giant kangaroos  PHYS.ORG · 20 hours
A QUT-led collaboration with University of Adelaide reveals that Australia's pint-sized banded hare-wallaby is the closest living relative of the giant short-faced kangaroos which... more
Proteins imaged in graphene liquid cell have higher radiation tolerance  nanowerk · 20 hours
By preparing a microtubule sample in a graphene liquid cell, researchers demonstrate that the radiation tolerance of proteins proteins in liquid-phase electron microscopy is increased by an order... more
Novel nanowire memristor to artificially reproduce functions of biological synapses  NEWS MEDICAL · 22 hours
Emulating and understanding the human brain is one of the most important challenges for modern technology: on the one hand, the ability to artificially reproduce the processing of... more
Ex-Nissan chief Ghosn charged, served with fresh arrest warrant  PHYS.ORG · 23 hours
Japanese prosecutors Monday formally charged Carlos Ghosn with financial misconduct for under-reporting his salary and also served a fresh warrant on separate allegations, meaning the tycoon will likely spend Christmas... more
HPV type 16 or 18 associated with cervical cancer risk in young women  NEWS MEDICAL · 24 hours
The human papilloma virus can cause cervical cancer. According to new guidelines in Sweden, women over thirty therefore undergo initial screening for... more
Cervical cancer risk is higher in women with positive HPV, but no cellular abnormalities  NEWS MEDICAL · 24 hours
Researchers have uncovered an increased risk of cervical cancer in women whose cervical cells test positive for certain high-risk human... more
New artificial intelligence-based system to differentiate between different types of cancer cells  NEWS MEDICAL · 24 hours
In cancer patients, there can be tremendous variation in the types of cancer cells from one patient to another, even within the same disease.... more
Researchers use new technique to probe hydrogen bonds  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 day
Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University have used nuclear resonance vibrational spectroscopy to probe the hydrogen bonds that modulate the chemical reactivity of enzymes, catalysts and biomimetic complexes. more
Novel therapeutic targets based on biology of aging show promise for Alzheimer's disease  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 day
A scientific strategy that explores therapeutic targets based on the biology of aging is gaining ground as an effective approach to prevent... more
Researchers discover a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 day
Researchers have discovered a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy - a powerful tool capable of measuring the force between two atoms, imaging the structure of individual cells and the... more
Risk Analysis publishes special issue on communicating about Zika virus  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 day
Today, Risk Analysis, an International Journal, published a special issue, "Communicating About Zika," which features several articles that were originally presented as works-in-progress at the Zika Communication Summit... more
Research advances offer hope for patient-tailored AML treatment  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 day
Advances in rapid screening of leukemia cells for drug susceptibility and resistance are bringing scientists closer to patient-tailored treatment for acute myeloid leukemia. more
Insights into protein-protein interactions and methods for designing small molecule inhibitors  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 day
Proteins are polymers of amino acids that are linked by peptide bonds and they are one of the major classes of bio-molecules existing in a living... more
Study evaluates placental mesenchymal stem cell sheets for myocardial repair and regeneration  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 day
The placenta offers an abundant source of placenta-derived mesenchymal stem cells (pMSCs), which a new study has shown can readily form cell sheets that... more
Lund University researchers succeed in obtaining dendritic cells by direct reprogramming  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 day
For the first time, a research team at Lund University in Sweden has successfully reprogrammed mouse and human skin cells into immune cells called dendritic cells. more
Potential seen for tailoring treatment for acute myeloid leukemia  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Rapid screening of leukemia cells for drug susceptibility and resistance are bringing scientists closer to patient-tailored treatment for acute myeloid leukemia. Research on the differing drug response patterns of leukemia... more
A code for reprogramming immune sentinels  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
For the first time, a research team has successfully reprogrammed mouse and human skin cells into immune cells called dendritic cells. The process is quick and effective, representing a pioneering contribution for applying direct reprogramming for... more
Mount Sinai researcher awarded $2.5 million to advance understanding of neurodegenerative diseases  NEWS MEDICAL · 3 days
Ivan Marazzi, PhD, Assistant Professor of Microbiology at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, was awarded $2.5 million in funding by the... more
MIT researchers develop antimicrobial peptides from South American wasp’s venom  NEWS MEDICAL · 3 days
The venom of insects such as wasps and bees is full of compounds that can kill bacteria. Unfortunately, many of these compounds are also toxic for humans, making... more
Myeloma tumor cells: Profiling a killer in warm blood  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Israeli scientists and physicians develop a new technology for profiling the unique genetic makeup of myeloma tumor cells that will allow better diagnosis and treatment. more
Silicosis is on the rise, but is there a therapeutic target?  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Researchers have identified a key mechanism of lung inflammation induced by silica exposure, which leads to silicosis, an incurable disease. Their study in mice and patients... more
New molecular tool identifies sugar-protein attachments  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Researchers have developed a new molecular tool they call EXoO, which decodes where on proteins specific sugars are attached -- a possible modification due to disease. The study describes the development of the tool and its... more
A new molecular player involved in T cell activation  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Scientists have imaged live T cells to reveal the role of CLIP-170 in T-cell activation, a critical process in the immune response. more
Glutamate receptor affects the development of brain cells after birth  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Whenever we learn or save information, the so-called ionotropic glutamate receptors play a crucial role in the brain. A subgroup of glutamate receptors are kainate receptors. They had... more
Researchers probe hydrogen bonds using new technique  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Researchers have used nuclear resonance vibrational spectroscopy to probe the hydrogen bonds that modulate the chemical reactivity of enzymes, catalysts and biomimetic complexes. The technique could lead to the development of better catalysts for... more
Predicting the transmission of rare, genetically based diseases  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
A research team traced the gene mutations underlying a rare genetic disease back to two European founding families who arrived in the province in the 17th century. more
'Chemo brain' caused by malfunction in three types of brain cells, study finds  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
In a new study explaining the cellular mechanisms behind cognitive impairment from chemotherapy, scientists have demonstrated that a widely used chemotherapy drug,... more
What sets primates apart from other mammals?  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Researchers have discovered information about a gene that sets primates -- great apes and humans -- apart from other mammals, through the study of a rare developmental brain disorder. more
Researchers probe hydrogen bonds using new technique  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University have used nuclear resonance vibrational spectroscopy to probe the hydrogen bonds that modulate the chemical reactivity of enzymes, catalysts and biomimetic complexes. The technique could lead to the development... more
New ways to look at protein-RNA networks  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
For their vital tasks, all RNA molecules in our cells require proteins as binding partners. Scientists have developed the first method with which they can analyze the composition of the entire RNA-protein network of... more
Newly identified T cells could play a role in cancer and other diseases  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Researchers have identified a new type of T cell called a phospholipid-reactive T cell that is able to recognize phospholipids, the molecules... more
3Q: Eric Alm on the mysteries of the microbiome  MIT · 4 days
“A diet or treatment of the microbiome may lead to increased diversity, but that does not mean it's better or healthier for you,” says the engineering professor. more
Bacterial 'sleeper cells' evade antibiotics and weaken defence against infection  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
New research unravels how so-called bacterial persister cells manipulate our immune cells, potentially opening new avenues to finding ways of clearing these bacterial cells from the body, and... more
Seeing and avoiding the 'blind spot' in atomic force measurements  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
Researchers have discovered a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy -- a powerful tool capable of measuring the force between two atoms, imaging the structure of individual cells... more
Tiny bubbles break each other up  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
Engineers have fine-tuned a microfluidic process for producing uniform bubbles to make ordered foams with bubbles in two or three distinct sizes. The customizable, 'wet' foams are intended for applications that include chemical and biological studies. more
Double the stress slows down evolution  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
Bacteria evolve resistance to antibiotics more slowly if they also have to defend themselves against predators. more
Neutrophils: New insights and open questions  Science Magazine · 4 days
Neutrophils are the first line of defense against bacteria and fungi and help combat parasites and viruses. They are necessary for mammalian life, and their failure to recover after myeloablation is fatal. Neutrophils are short-lived, effective... more
Good things come in threes  Science Magazine · 4 days
Ectopic expression of PU.1, IRF8, and BATF3 reprograms mouse and human fibroblasts into dendritic cells. See related Research Article by Rosa et al. more
Direct reprogramming of fibroblasts into antigen-presenting dendritic cells  Science Magazine · 4 days
Ectopic expression of transcription factors has been used to reprogram differentiated somatic cells toward pluripotency or to directly reprogram them to other somatic cell lineages. This concept has been explored in the... more
Engineering a light-responsive, quorum quenching biofilm to mitigate biofouling on water purification membranes  Science Magazine · 4 days
Quorum quenching (QQ) has been reported to be a promising approach for membrane biofouling control. Entrapment of QQ bacteria in porous matrices... more
Medical News Today: Weight may affect the risk of flu hospitalization  MNT · 4 days
Hospitalization due to flu or flu-like viruses is more likely in underweight adults or those with obesity in the morbid range or higher, says a new... more
Scientists unravel how bacterial persister cells manipulate our immune cells  NEWS MEDICAL · 4 days
New research, from scientists at Imperial College London, unravels how so-called bacterial persister cells manipulate our immune cells, potentially opening new avenues to finding ways of clearing these... more
Infectivity of different HIV-1 strains may depend on which cell receptors they target  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
Distinct HIV-1 strains may differ in the nature of the CCR5 molecules to which they bind, affecting which cells they can infect... more
Seeing and avoiding the 'blind spot' in atomic force measurements  nanowerk · 4 days
Researchers have discovered a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy - a powerful tool capable of measuring the force between two atoms, imaging the structure of individual cells... more
Researchers Sequence Genome of Turquoise-Fronted Amazon Parrot  SCI-NEWS.COM · 4 days
A team of scientists from the United States and Brazil has successfully sequenced the genome of the turquoise-fronted Amazon parrot (Amazona aestiva)... more
Mice display altered immune system following spaceflight  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
Based on examinations of mice that had been on board the Bion-M1 biosatellite, new research demonstrates that the outer space environment impairs the production of B lymphocytes, the white blood cells responsible for antibody... more
Engineers repurpose wasp venom as an antibiotic drug  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
The venom of insects such as wasps and bees is full of compounds that can kill bacteria. Unfortunately, many of these compounds are also toxic for humans, making it impossible to use... more
Circulating tumor cell count could help choose treatment for metastatic breast cancer patients  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
Circulating tumor-cell (CTC) count could be used to choose hormone therapy or chemotherapy as frontline treatment for patients with estrogen receptor-positive (ER+),... more
Eliminating the latent reservoir of HIV  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
A new study suggests that a genetic switch that causes latent HIV inside cells to begin to replicate can be manipulated to completely eradicate the virus from the human body. Cells harboring latent HIV are 'invisible'... more
Two-dimensional materials skip the energy barrier by growing one row at a time  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
A new study could provide engineers new design rules for creating microelectronics, membranes, and tissues, and open up better production methods for... more
Machine-learning enables a previously-unseen look at polymers helpful in biomedical field  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Polymers—molecules of repeating chemicals—are the basis of many materials: plastic water bottles, rubber tires, even the keratin in your hair. When certain kinds of polymers are... more
Seeing and avoiding the 'blind spot' in atomic force measurements  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Researchers have discovered a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy—a powerful tool capable of measuring the force between two atoms, imaging the structure of individual cells and the... more
Oldest ever traces of the plague found in Falköping  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
In a 5,000 year old grave outside Falköping, scientists have found the oldest traces of the plague bacterium's DNA in the world. An international research team including archaeologists from the... more
How to mass-produce flies the right way  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
As flies increasingly make the buzz, a consortium of EU researchers studied their biology and ecological features to improve artificial and mass rearing practices. more
A solution to fracture for durable solar cells  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Micro cracks in solar cells are a frequent challenge for manufacturers of solar photovoltaic modules. EU-funded researchers introduced an innovative pre-stressing technique to retard the growth of cracks and make durable solar... more
Algae
Lund University researchers succeed in obtaining dendritic cells by direct reprogramming
NEWS MEDICAL
Opening Pandora's Box: Gene editing and its consequences
PHYS.ORG
Two-dimensional materials skip the energy barrier by growing one row at a time
PHYS.ORG
Why biodiversity is key to our survival
PHYS.ORG
Discovery of gene that is calorie-burning and reduces fat storage
NEWS MEDICAL
Bacteria under stress can live without cell wall
PHYS.ORG
Gut microbiome differs among ethnicities, researchers find
PHYS.ORG
Nanoscale tweezers can perform single-molecule 'biopsies' on individual cells
PHYS.ORG
Study shows mitochondrial DNA can be passed through fathers – what does this mean for genetics?
PHYS.ORG
Lizards quickly adapt to threat from invasive fire ants, reversing geographical patterns of lizard traits
PHYS.ORG
Flexible electronic skin aids human-machine interactions
PHYS.ORG
New tricks of TALEs: Discovery of a new principle of gene regulation by molecular displacement
PHYS.ORG
Fine-tuning cell death: new component of death machinery revealed
PHYS.ORG
Is the future of dog health in a DNA test?
PHYS.ORG
Chinese Scientist Says He's First To Create Genetically Modified Babies Using CRISPR
NPR
Breakthrough Alzheimer's discovery
NEWS MEDICAL
A hydrogel that adheres firmly to cartilage and meniscus
PHYS.ORG
Canopy cameras shed new light on monkey business in Brazil
PHYS.ORG
A Mexican cavefish with a scarred heart
PHYS.ORG
Getting rid of sweat at the push of a button
PHYS.ORG
More than H2O: Technology simultaneously measures 71 elements in water, other liquids
PHYS.ORG
Feeling the pressure with universal tactile imaging
PHYS.ORG
New research studies adhesiveness in ants as a way to improve synthetic adhesives
PHYS.ORG
Visualizing 'unfurling' microtubule growth
PHYS.ORG
Scientists uncover crucial biological circuits that regulate lipids and their role in overall health
PHYS.ORG
Fresh