Mathematics
Electronic structure at coarse-grained resolutions from supervised machine learning  Science Magazine · 2 days
Computational studies aimed at understanding conformationally dependent electronic structure in soft materials require a combination of classical and quantum-mechanical simulations, for which the sampling of conformational space can be particularly... more
Kicking neural network design automation into high gear  MIT · 2 days
Algorithm designs optimized machine-learning models up to 200 times faster than traditional methods. more
New mathematical algorithm objectively classifies shapes of neurons in the brain  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 days
For nearly 100 years, scientists have been trying to name cells. They have been describing them in the same way that Darwin described animals and trees.... more
Blue Brain solves a century-old neuroscience problem  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
New research explains how the shapes of neurons can be classified using mathematical methods from the field of algebraic topology. Neuroscientists can now start building a formal catalogue for all the types of cells... more
Engineers demonstrate metamaterials that can solve equations  nanowerk · 3 days
This 'photonic calculus' would work by encoding parameters into the properties of an incoming electromagnetic wave and sending it through a metamaterial device; once inside, the device's unique structure would manipulate the wave in... more
Kicking neural network automation into high gear  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Algorithm designs optimized machine-learning models up to 200 times faster than traditional methods. more
Engineers demonstrate metamaterials that can solve equations  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Engineers have designed a metamaterial device that can solve integral equations. The device works by encoding parameters into the properties of an incoming electromagnetic wave; once inside, the device's unique structure manipulates the wave... more
Response to Comment on "Insulator-metal transition in dense fluid deuterium"  Science Magazine · 3 days
In their comment, Desjarlais et al. claim that a small temperature drop occurs after isentropic compression of fluid deuterium through the first-order insulator-metal transition. We show that their... more
Comment on "Insulator-metal transition in dense fluid deuterium"  Science Magazine · 3 days
Celliers et al. (Reports, 17 August 2018, p. 677), in an attempt to reconcile differences in inferred metallization pressures, provide an alternative temperature analysis of the Knudson et al. experiments (Reports, 26... more
Inverse-designed metastructures that solve equations  Science Magazine · 3 days
Metastructures hold the potential to bring a new twist to the field of spatial-domain optical analog computing: migrating from free-space and bulky systems into conceptually wavelength-sized elements. We introduce a metamaterial platform capable of solving integral equations using... more
Engineers demonstrate metamaterials that can solve equations  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
The field of metamaterials involves designing complicated, composite structures, some of which can manipulate electromagnetic waves in ways that are impossible in naturally occurring materials. more
Kicking neural network automation into high gear  MIT · 3 days
Algorithm designs optimized machine-learning models up to 200 times faster than traditional methods. more
A new method for ethical data science  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Artificial Intelligence is transforming our world, sometimes in ways that its creators did not intend. In Wellcome Data Labs we are developing a new method of applying approaches from the social sciences to the... more
Isolated seniors chat online to prevent cognitive decline  NEWS MEDICAL · 3 days
Right now, Gene Gilmer is as sharp as ever at 90 years of age. A retired school superintendent who earned his doctorate in math decades ago, Gilmer lives alone and worries about... more
Brain-inspired AI inspires insights about the brain (and vice versa)  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
Researchers have described the results of experiments that used artificial neural networks to predict with greater accuracy than ever before how different areas in the brain respond to... more
Study investigates pressure-induced superconducting transition in electrides  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Researchers at Northeast Normal University, in China, and University of the Basque Country, in Spain, have recently carried out a study investigating the superconducting transition of electrides. The researchers observed that a pressure-induced stable... more
Researchers teach neural networks to determine crowd emotions  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Scholars from the Higher School Of Economics have developed an algorithm that detects emotions in a group of people on a low-quality video. The solution provides a final decision in just one... more
NASA's Mars 2020 rover is put to the test  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
In a little more than seven minutes in the early afternoon of Feb. 18, 2021, NASA's Mars 2020 rover will execute about 27,000 actions and calculations as it speeds through... more
U.S. Mathematician Becomes First Woman To Win Abel Prize, 'Math's Nobel'  NPR · 5 days
"I find that I am bored with anything I understand," Karen Uhlenbeck once said. That sentiment is part of why she won what many call the... more
How suspicious parties can work together safely  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
Cryptographer Max Fillinger developed new methods to analyse a group of algorithms called commitments schemes. These schemes are building blocks for cryptographic protocols, which enable multiple parties that do not trust each other to... more
A new first: Scientists mimic nature's self-affinity using computer simulations  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 days
For the first time, researchers have simulated the process of surface roughness creation. This is a step forward in understanding the emergence of fractal characteristic of rough surfaces... more
Abel Prize for maths awarded to woman for first time  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
The Abel Prize in mathematics was on Tuesday awarded to Karen Uhlenbeck of the United States for her work on partial differential equations, the first woman to win... more
Sustainable pellet production saving lives  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
The world needs more efficient energy systems based on renewable raw material, an equation not easily solved. At Karlstad University, research and education are in progress to find sustainable energy systems, for instance, through a project in which... more
Researchers make a key discovery on how alpine streams work  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
An EPFL study has prompted scientists to rethink a standard approach used to calculate the velocity of gas exchange between mountain streams and the atmosphere. Research conducted in... more
Google research shows how AI can make ophthalmologists more effective  SCIENCE DAILY · 6 days
As artificial intelligence continues to evolve, diagnosing disease faster and potentially with greater accuracy than physicians, some have suggested that technology may soon replace tasks that physicians currently... more
Neural Networks Predict Planet Mass  ASTRO WATCH · 1 week
To find out how planets form astrophysicists run complicated and time consuming computer calculations. Members of the NCCR PlanetS at the University of Bern have now... more
Design and validation of world-class multilayered thermal emitter using machine learning  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
Scientists designed a multilayered metamaterial that realizes ultra-narrowband wavelength-selective thermal emission by combining the machine learning (Bayesian optimization) and thermal emission properties calculations (electromagnetic calculation). The... more
Speeding up artificial intelligence  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
A group at Politecnico di Milano has developed an electronic circuit able to solve a system of linear equations in a single operation in the timescale of a few tens of nanoseconds. The performance of this new circuit is superior... more
Design and validation of world-class multilayered thermal emitter using machine learning  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
NIMS, the University of Tokyo, Niigata University and RIKEN have jointly designed a multilayered metamaterial that realizes ultra-narrowband wavelength-selective thermal emission by combining the machine learning... more
Reversing the flow of time on a quantum computer  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
Researchers have developed an algorithm to simulate returning a particle briefly to the past. The results suggest new paths for exploring the backward flow of time in quantum systems. They... more
Observation of second sound in graphite at temperatures above 100 K  Science Magazine · 1 week
Wavelike thermal transport in solids, referred to as second sound, is an exotic phenomenon previously limited to a handful of materials at low temperatures. The rare... more
IQ a better predictor of adult economic success than math  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
IQ in childhood is a better indicator of adult wealth than math for very preterm and very low-weight babies, according to a new study. more
Researchers put machine learning on path to quantum advantage  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
There are high hopes that quantum computing's tremendous processing power will someday unleash exponential advances in artificial intelligence. AI systems thrive when the machine learning algorithms used to train them... more
IQ a better predictor of adult economic success than maths  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
IQ in childhood is a better indicator of adult wealth than maths for very preterm and very low-weight babies, according to a new study in PLOS One by... more
Researchers use algorithm from Netflix challenge to speed up biological imaging  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
Researchers have repurposed an algorithm originally developed for Netflix's 2009 movie preference prediction competition to create a method for acquiring classical Raman spectroscopy images of biological... more
Researchers use algorithm from Netflix challenge to speed up biological imaging  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Researchers have repurposed an algorithm originally developed for Netflix's 2009 movie preference prediction competition to create a method for acquiring classical Raman spectroscopy images of biological... more
On-the-spot genome analysis  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
By fine-tuning how algorithms carve up DNA data, researchers have made it possible to do genomic analysis on a smartphone. more
Origins and nature of 'math anxiety'  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
A report out today examines the factors that influence 'math anxiety' among primary and secondary school students, showing that teachers and parents may inadvertently play a role in a child's development of the condition, and that... more
Neural networks predict planet mass  nanowerk · 2 weeks
To find out how planets form astrophysicists run complicated and time consuming computer calculations. Scientists have now developed a totally novel approach to speed up this process dramatically. They use deep learning based on artificial neural networks, a... more
Neural networks predict planet mass  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
To find out how planets form astrophysicists run complicated and time consuming computer calculations. Scientists have now developed a totally novel approach to speed up this process dramatically. They use deep learning based on artificial neural networks, a... more
Neural networks predict planet mass  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
To find out how planets form, astrophysicists run complicated and time-consuming computer calculations. Members of the NCCR PlanetS at the University of Bern have now developed a totally novel approach to speed up this process dramatically. They use... more
Researchers improve description of defective oxides with first principles calculation  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Understanding how defects can affect ground-state properties, promote phase transitions, or enable entirely new functionalities in some strongly correlated oxides has become a subject of major interest in... more
Machine learning offers hope for improved diagnosis, treatment of children with juvenile arthritis  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 weeks
A team of scientists from VIB and KU Leuven has developed a machine learning algorithm that identifies children with juvenile arthritis with... more
Can artificial intelligence solve the mysteries of quantum physics?  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
A new study has demonstrated mathematically that algorithms based on deep neural networks can be applied to better understand the world of quantum physics, as well. more
Tied in knots: New insights into plasma behavior focus on twists and turns  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Whether zipping through a star or a fusion device on Earth, the electrically charged particles that make up the fourth state of... more
A robotic leg, born without prior knowledge, learns to walk  nanowerk · 2 weeks
New AI algorithms could allow robots to learn to move by themselves, imitating animals. more
Modern policing: Algorithm helps NYPD spot crime patterns  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
When a syringe-wielding drill thief tried sticking up a Home Depot near Yankee Stadium, police figured out quickly that it wasn't a one-off. A man had also used a syringe a few... more
New method of scoring protein interactions mines large data sets from a fresh angle  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Researchers have created a novel way to define individual protein associations in a quick, efficient, and informative way. These findings... more
A new way to calculate global intensive care unit mortality risk  MIT · 2 weeks
The GOSSIS algorithm was developed using data from hospitals around the world to spur greater multi-center collaboration and improved benchmarking. more
New method of scoring protein interactions mines large data sets from a fresh angle  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Researchers from the Stowers Institute for Medical Research have created a novel way to define individual protein associations in a... more
Recommendation for cryptographic key generation  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Cryptography is often used in information technology security environments to protect sensitive, high-value data that might be compromised during transmission or while in storage. It relies upon two basic components: an algorithm (i.e., cryptographic methodology) and a cryptographic... more
A Mathematician Wrote a 'Hipster Equation' to Figure Out Why All Hipsters Look Alike  LIVE SCIENCE · 2 weeks
If non-conformists base their decisions on opposing the mainstream, why do they all look alike? more
Mathematics of sea slug movement points to future robots  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Mathematicians recently discovered a lot of new, powerful geometries involved in frilly surfaces. They developed the mathematics to describe these surfaces -- inflected nonsmooth surfaces, which change the direction in... more
Controlling pressure-driven ionic flow by voltage at molecular scale  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Similar to our computers which handle electrons to perform the calculations and logics, all the circuitry in living beings is based on the transport of ions, such as sodium, chloride,... more
Researchers suggest LISA should be able to see ultralight bosons near supermassive black holes  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
An international team of researchers has found evidence that suggests the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA) should be able to... more
Looks matter when it comes to success in STEM, study shows  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Demand for science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) degrees is on the rise. However, there are many barriers to gaining one. more
Nano-bio-computing lipid nanotablet  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Nanoparticles can be used as substrates for computation, with algorithmic and autonomous control of their unique properties. However, scalable architecture to form nanoparticle-based computing systems is lacking at present. In a recent study published in Science Advances, Jinyoung Seo and... more
The speedy secrets of mako sharks -- 'cheetahs of the ocean'  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
To investigate how shortfin mako sharks achieve their impressive speeds, researchers tested real sharkskin samples, using digital particle image velocimetry. They discovered that a 'passive bristling'... more
Immunizing quantum computers against errors  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Building a quantum computer requires reckoning with errors—in more than one sense. Quantum bits, or "qubits," which can take on the logical values zero and one simultaneously, and thus carry out calculations faster, are extremely susceptible to perturbations.... more
Safeguarding hardware from cyberattack  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 weeks
Researchers have developed an algorithm that safeguards hardware from attacks designed to steal data. In the attacks, hackers detect variations of power and electromagnetic radiation in an electronic device's hardware and use the variation to steal encrypted information. more
A gentle method for unlocking the mysteries of the deep brain  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 weeks
Serious diseases are directly linked to the subcortical areas of the brain. Existing treatments for regulating and measuring the activity of the subcortical areas are highly... more
Machine learning could eliminate unnecessary treatments for children with arthritis  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 weeks
Machine learning algorithm was able to sort children with arthritis into seven distinct types of disease according to the location of painful joints in the body in a... more
Rethinking traffic congestion to make our cities more like the places we want them to be  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
Soon after becoming prime minister last year, Scott Morrison appointed a minister for "congestion busting", signalling... more
Consumer goods companies preparing for climate change impact  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
Companies behind some of the best-known consumer products—from soaps to sodas—are beginning to factor climate change into their business equation, according to a report published Monday. more
Nano-bio-computing lipid nanotablet  Science Magazine · 4 weeks
Using nanoparticles as substrates for computation enables algorithmic and autonomous controls of their unique and beneficial properties. However, scalable architecture for nanoparticle-based computing systems is lacking. Here, we report a platform for constructing nanoparticle logic gates and circuits at the... more
Learning Upgrade named co-winner of literacy XPrize  PHYS.ORG · 1 month
For more than two decades, San Diego's Learning Upgrade has developed "handcrafted" video games that use music to teach reading and math. more
U.S. Mathematician Becomes First Woman To Win Abel Prize, 'Math's Nobel'
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