Infections
Another possible consequence of the opioid epidemic: hormone deficiencies  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 hours
Many people who use opioid medications long term do not produce enough testosterone or another important hormone, cortisol, according to a new study. more
Improved PCOS symptoms correlate with gut bacterial composition  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 hours
Symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) improved with exposure to healthy bacteria in the gut, according to a study in a mouse model of this common women's endocrine disorder. more
Anti-TB drugs can increase risk of TB re-infection  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
Current treatments for tuberculosis (TB) are very effective in controlling TB infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). They don't, however, always prevent reinfection. Why this happens is one of the long-standing questions... more
Anti-TB drugs can increase susceptibility to Mtb reinfection  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 day
Current treatments for tuberculosis are very effective in controlling TB infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. They don't, however, always prevent reinfection. Why this happens is one of the long-standing questions in TB... more
Research identifies guidelines for prioritizing hepatitis C treatment in U.S. prisons  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 day
New research identifies guidelines for prioritizing the treatment of hepatitis C infections in the U.S. prison system, resulting in a significant improvement in health outcomes of... more
Medical News Today: What causes pain in the testicles?  MNT · 1 day
A range of medical conditions can cause testicular pain, from infections to testicular torsion, a medical emergency. Learn about these and other causes of pain in the testicles here. more
New model could revolutionize the way researchers investigate spread of pathogens  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 day
A sophisticated new analysis tool developed by Florida State University scientists may signal a new era in the study of population genetics. more
Medical News Today: How to get rid of tonsil stones  MNT · 1 day
Tonsil stones occur when bacteria, food, and other debris collect in the folds of the tonsils. In this article, learn how to remove tonsil stones at home. more
Study provides new pathway for controlling inflammation  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 day
UT Southwestern researchers have identified two proteins that act as gatekeepers to dampen a potentially life-threatening immune response to chronic infection. more
Caterpillars retrieve 'voicemail' by eating soil  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
Leaf-feeding caterpillars greatly enrich their intestinal flora by eating soil. It's even possible to trace the legacy effects of plants that previously grew in that soil through bacteria and fungi in the caterpillars. more
A social bacterium with versatile habits  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Related individuals of a soil bacterial species live in cooperative groups and exhibit astonishing genetic and behavioral diversity. more
New computational tool could change how we study pathogens  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
A sophisticated new analysis tool developed by Florida State University scientists may signal a new era in the study of population genetics. more
New mechanism to reduce inflammation  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Researchers have identified two proteins that act as gatekeepers to dampen a potentially life-threatening immune response to chronic infection. more
A social bacterium with versatile habits  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Related individuals of a soil bacterial species live in cooperative groups and exhibit astonishing genetic and behavioural diversity. ETH researchers recently published these findings in Science . more
Bacteria and innate immune factors in birth canal, cervix may be key to predicting preterm births  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 days
Spontaneous preterm birth, defined as birth before 37 weeks of gestation, and the related complications, are... more
Naltrexone implant more effective in reducing relapses in HIV patients with opioid addiction  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 days
When patients with HIV who are also battling opioid dependence go without addiction treatment, they are more likely to stop taking their... more
Presence of bacteria in urine does not always point to infection, shows study  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 days
Doctors should think carefully before testing patients for a urinary tract infection (UTI) to avoid over-diagnosis and unnecessary antibiotic treatment, according to... more
Fluctuating growth rate of bacteria helps it to develop resistance against antibiotic  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 days
If an antibiotic doesn't kill all the bacteria that infects a patient, the surviving bugs may be particularly adept at timing their resurgence. more
Recent research shows that ease of breastfeeding after C-section differs culturally  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 days
The increase in cesarean sections is on the verge of a global epidemic. Though the World Health Organization recommends an optimal C-section rate of 10-15 percent,... more
Ball pits used in children's physical therapy may contribute to germ transmission  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 days
Beware the ball pit. Ball pits used in children's physical therapy - similar to those made popular by restaurants catering to families - may... more
Certain bacteria and immune factors in vagina may cause or protect against preterm birth  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 days
Seven types of bacteria and certain immune factors in a woman's vagina and cervix may be responsible for increasing the... more
Ebola spreads to second largest city in DRC  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 days
Bunia is the second largest city in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). This week (20th of March 2019), the Health Ministry confirmed a case of the highly fatal Ebola virus infection... more
Analyzing a Facebook-fueled anti-vaccination attack: 'It's not all about autism'  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Pitt scientists find a viral anti-vaccination Facebook campaign wasn't 'all about autism,' but instead centered on four distinct themes. more
Protecting homes with netting window screens can reduce malaria parasite infection  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Protecting houses against mosquitoes with netting window screens can suppress malaria vector populations and dramatically reduce human parasite infection prevalence, according to new research. more
Bacteria bide their time when antibiotics attack  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Scientists have built a model to predict how long, on average, it takes to eradicate a bacterial infection with antibiotics. The model could help doctors fight resistance by prescribing antibiotics that neither over- or... more
First evidence bacterial-induced apoptosis in algae  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Biologists show the first evidence of apoptosis, or programmed cell death in algae. The outcomes have broad-reaching implications, from the development of targeted antibiotics to the production of biofuels in industry. more
Bacteria in urine: Not always an indication of infection  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Doctors should think carefully before testing patients for a urinary tract infection (UTI) to avoid over-diagnosis and unnecessary antibiotic treatment, according to updated asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) guidelines. more
Naltrexone implant helps HIV patients with opioid dependence prevent relapse  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
A new study shows that a naltrexone implant placed under the skin was more effective at helping HIV-positive patients with an opioid addiction reduce relapse and have better... more
Study identifies possible causes of and protectors against premature birth  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Seven types of bacteria and certain immune factors in a woman's vagina and cervix may be responsible for increasing the risk of spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB) or protect... more
Solving the efficiency of Gram-negative bacteria  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Researchers have discovered how antibiotic-resistant bacteria construct their defense system -- a finding that could lead to new treatments for currently untreatable infections. more
Pathogenic, drug-resistant bacteria found in wastewater treatment plants  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Infections caused by drug-resistant bacteria are a global public health threat causing serious illness and even death. In a new study, researchers conducted a survey of 20 municipal wastewater plants in England,... more
Study shows alarming increases of firearm deaths in US school-age children  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
From 1999 to 2017, 38,942 US children ages 5 to 18 years old were killed by firearms, averaging more than 2,000 deaths a year. In 2017... more
Study shows first evidence bacterial-induced apoptosis in algae  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
A new study by UAlberta biologists shows the first evidence of apoptosis, or programmed cell death in algae. The outcomes have broad-reaching implications, from the development of targeted antibiotics to the production... more
Medicine and personal care products may lead to new pollutants in waterways  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
When you flush the toilet, you probably don't think about the traces of the medicine and personal care products in your body that are... more
Examining ball pits as a playground for pathogenic germs  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Ball pits used in children's physical therapy -- similar to those made popular by restaurants catering to families -- may contribute to germ transmission between patients, according to new research. more
Pathogenic, drug-resistant bacteria found in wastewater treatment plants  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Infections caused by drug-resistant bacteria are a global public health threat causing serious illness and even death. Strains of the bacterium Enterococcus faecium (E. faecium) are generally harmless in healthy people, but... more
Why your gut may hold the key to cardiovascular health  MNT · 2 days
A new study examines the link between gut bacteria, aging, and cardiovascular health. The authors conclude that 'the fountain of youth may lie in the gut.' more
Medical News Today: Why your gut may hold the key to cardiovascular health  MNT · 3 days
A new study examines the link between gut bacteria, aging, and cardiovascular health. The authors conclude that 'the fountain of youth may... more
Bacteria bide their time when antibiotics attack  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
If an antibiotic doesn't kill all the bacteria that infects a patient, the surviving bugs may be particularly adept at timing their resurgence. more
Solving the efficiency of Gram-negative bacteria  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Superbugs, also known as Gram-negative bacteria, are causing a global health crisis. Each year in the United States, at least two million people contract an antibiotic-resistant infection, according to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC). Of... more
Caterpillars listen to voicemail by eating soil  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Leaf-eating caterpillars greatly enrich their intestinal flora by eating soil. Even effects of plants that previously grew in that soil can be found back in bacteria and fungi in caterpillars. Researchers from the Netherlands... more
First in-human pilot study shows positive results for ‘bacteria-phobic’ catheter  NEWS MEDICAL · 3 days
Camstent Ltd., the company applying proprietary bacteria-phobic polymer coatings to medical devices, has been notified of initial results from the first-in-man pilot study for its CE marked coated... more
Detecting fungal disease in crops with multispectral imaging system  NEWS MEDICAL · 3 days
The Videometerlab4 Multispectral Imaging System from Analytik now makes it possible to scan crop samples for Fusarium infection in under 10 seconds. more
Multi-drug resistant UTIs—is the answer in our food?  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are among the world's most common bacterial infections, affecting around 50 per cent of women and five per cent of men. They can present as low-level cystitis or... more
Fentanyl-Linked Deaths: The U.S. Opioid Epidemic's Third Wave  NPR · 3 days
Overdose deaths involving fentanyl are rising — up 113 percent on average each year from 2013 to 2016. Dealers are adding cheap fentanyl to the illicit drug supply, and some users get... more
Researchers develop and validate scale for rating severity of mononucleosis  NEWS MEDICAL · 3 days
One to five percent of college students develop infectious mononucleosis each year, and about 10 percent are diagnosed six months later with chronic fatigue syndrome - a complex... more
New mobile DNA element in Wolbachia may contribute to improved disease control strategies  NEWS MEDICAL · 3 days
Controlling mosquito-borne illnesses, such as Dengue or West Nile virus, has historically been difficult due to a lack of effective vaccines and... more
Study finds how Salmonella bacteria sense presence of bile acids in their surroundings  NEWS MEDICAL · 3 days
When bacteria enter the digestive tracts of their hosts, including humans, they encounter a highly acidic environment. more
Role of immunological imprinting in elicitation of new antibodies  NEWS MEDICAL · 3 days
We are repeatedly exposed to the influenza virus via infections, vaccinations and our communal environments. The annual flu shot is believed to be the best line of defense, and doctors... more
Appropriate doffing of personal protective equipment may reduce healthcare worker contamination  NEWS MEDICAL · 3 days
More than one-third of healthcare workers were contaminated with multi-drug resistant organisms after caring for patients colonized or infected with the bacteria, according to a study... more
Pollutants appear to weaken immune system and increase pathogen virulence  NEWS MEDICAL · 3 days
Many people view pollutants and pathogens as separate causes of illness. However, recent research indicates that the two can interact, changing how people and animals respond to infectious... more
UIC scientists identify hidden proteins in bacteria  NEWS MEDICAL · 3 days
Scientists at the University of Illinois at Chicago have developed a way to identify the beginning of every gene -- known as a translation start site or a start codon -- in bacterial cell... more
New study examines presence of microbes in tap water from residences, office buildings  NEWS MEDICAL · 3 days
Water is a source of concern for disseminating the bacteria Legionella pneumophila and Mycobacterium avium, which cause lung disease (legionellosis and pulmonary... more
Fentanyl-Linked Deaths: The U.S. Opioid Epidemic's Third Wave Begins  NPR · 3 days
Overdose deaths involving fentanyl are rising — up 113 percent on average each year from 2013 to 2016. Dealers are adding cheap fentanyl to the illicit drug supply, and some... more
Human microbiome metabolites tip the scale in intestinal E. coli infections  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
A multi-disciplinary team of biological engineers, microbiologists, and systems biologists, whose goal it is to uncover the causes of tolerance to infection exhibited by certain individuals... more
Hidden proteins found in bacteria  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Scientists have developed a way to identify the beginning of every gene -- known as a translation start site or a start codon -- in bacterial cell DNA with a single experiment and, through this method, they have... more
Mobile DNA element found in mosquito parasite has potential for infectious disease control  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Controlling mosquito-borne illnesses, such as Dengue or West Nile virus, has historically been difficult due to a lack of effective vaccines and... more
Researchers find hidden proteins in bacteria  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Scientists at the University of Illinois at Chicago have developed a way to identify the beginning of every gene—known as a translation start site or a start codon—in bacterial cell DNA with a single experiment and,... more
New mobile element found in mosquito parasite has potential for disease control  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
An interdisciplinary team of scientists has identified a new mobile DNA element in the Wolbachia parasite, which may contribute to improved control strategies for... more
Spaceflight Triggers Herpes Viruses to 'Reawaken'  SPACE.COM · 3 days
Being in outer space can have some odd effects on the body, including triggering dormant herpes viruses to reawaken, according to a recent review study. more
A hidden state in the turnover of a functioning membrane protein complex  Science Magazine · 3 days
Most membrane proteins exist in complexes that carry out critical cellular functions and exhibit rich dynamics. The bacterial flagellar motor, a large membrane-spanning ion-driven... more
How cardiolipin modulates the dynamics of respiratory complex I  Science Magazine · 3 days
Cardiolipin modulates the activity of membrane-bound respiratory enzymes that catalyze biological energy transduction. The respiratory complex I functions as the primary redox-driven proton pump in mitochondrial and bacterial respiratory chains,... more
Inhibiting the stringent response blocks Mycobacterium tuberculosis entry into quiescence and reduces persistence  Science Magazine · 3 days
The stringent response enables Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) to shut down its replication and metabolism under various stresses. Here we show that Mtb... more
Antibodies from earlier exposures affect response to new flu strains  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Research highlights role of immunological imprinting -- or how the immune system fights the flu after previous exposure to the virus via infections or vaccinations -- in the... more
Improper removal of personal protective equipment contaminates health care workers  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
More than one-third of healthcare workers were contaminated with multi-drug resistant organisms (MDRO) after caring for patients colonized or infected with the bacteria, according to a new study.... more
Human microbiome metabolites enhance colon injury by enterohemorrhagic E. coli, study shows  NEWS MEDICAL · 4 days
It remains mysterious why humans get infected by some bacterial or viral pathogens relatively easily while animals that have very similar tissues and immune... more
Bacterial contamination in household and office building tap water  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
Water is a source of concern for disseminating the bacteria Legionella pneumophila and Mycobacterium avium, which cause lung disease (legionellosis and pulmonary nontuberculous mycobacterium disease, respectively). A new study has... more
Wildlife tourism may negatively affect African elephants' behavior  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
Increasing numbers of tourists are interested in observing wildlife such as African elephants, and income generated from tourism potentially aids in the protection of animals and their habitats. However, a new study... more
Gut instinct: Bile acid-triggered bacterial adaptation characterized  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
An international team has shown how the Salmonella protein RamR senses bile acids present in the gut, leading to the activation of a multidrug efflux system that helps bacterial cells to get rid of... more
Bile acid-triggered bacterial adaptation characterized  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
When bacteria enter the digestive tracts of their hosts, including humans, they encounter a highly acidic environment. Bacteria have evolved elegant mechanisms to survive and colonize this habitat, such as highly resistant and impermeable outer membranes and systems... more
Pollutants, pathogens could team up to make us sick  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Many people view pollutants and pathogens as separate causes of illness. However, recent research indicates that the two can interact, changing how people and animals respond to infectious diseases. According... more
How a Viral Comet Crash Into Jupiter Helped Popularize the Internet  SPACE.COM · 4 days
A quarter century ago and thousands of miles away, a dramatic weeklong cosmic collision unfolded and helped the internet gain a foothold in people's lives. more
Does it make sense to delay children’s vaccines?  NEWS MEDICAL · 4 days
When Elyse Imamura's son was an infant, she and her husband, Robert, chose to spread out his vaccinations at a more gradual pace than the official schedule recommended. more
Merck to collaborate with GenScript for plasmid and virus manufacturing in China  NEWS MEDICAL · 4 days
Merck, a leading science and technology company, today announced the signing of a non-binding Memorandum of Understanding with Chinese biotech company GenScript for a... more
Individuals with infection history have higher risk of developing Sjögren's syndrome  NEWS MEDICAL · 4 days
Individuals with a history of infection had a two-fold increased risk of developing Sjögren's syndrome in a Journal of Internal Medicine study. Respiratory, skin, and urogenital... more
Wildlife tourism may negatively affect African elephants' behavior  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Increasing numbers of tourists are interested in observing wildlife such as African elephants, and income generated from tourism potentially aids in the protection of animals and their habitats. However, a new Journal... more
Better water testing, safer produce  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Salads were recently in the news—and off America's dinner tables—when romaine lettuce was recalled nationwide. Outbreaks of intestinal illness were traced to romaine lettuce contaminated with Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacteria. more
Researchers investigate whether Zika reservoirs are found in the Americas  NEWS MEDICAL · 4 days
Most emerging infectious diseases affecting people are zoonotic -- they make the jump from other animals to humans. more
Study finds previously unknown mechanism for microbes to save energy in lean times  NEWS MEDICAL · 4 days
In favorable conditions, many bacteria propel themselves to food sources and other sites of interest using whip-like molecular propellers known as flagella. more
New study identifies CD40 molecule as key entry point for dangerous bacteria  NEWS MEDICAL · 4 days
A new study identifies a single molecule as a key entry point used by two types of dangerous bacteria to break through cellular barriers... more
Cricket bacteria break down lignin, highlighting ecology's utility in applied R&D  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Researchers have discovered that a bacterium found in camel crickets is capable of breaking down lignin—the stuff that makes wood tough—opening new research pathways for the... more
Revealing the rules behind virus scaffold construction  nanowerk · 4 days
New insights into epistasis could impact future drug delivery and therapeutic strategies. more
Medical News Today: How to treat a sinus infection  MNT · 4 days
Sinus infections are common. They cause congestion, headaches, and pain in the face. Learn about how to get rid of a sinus infection in this article. more
Revealing the rules behind virus scaffold construction  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
A team of researchers including Northwestern Engineering faculty has expanded the understanding of how virus shells self-assemble, an important step toward developing techniques that use viruses as vehicles to deliver targeted drugs and therapeutics... more
Hepatitis B virus sheds light on ancient human population movements into Australia  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
Australian researchers have used hepatitis B virus genome sequences to deduce that the mainland Aboriginal population separated from other early humans at least 59,000... more
Zika study may 'supercharge' vaccine research  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
Scientists looking at the genetics of Zika virus have found a way to fast-track research which could lead to new vaccines. The study used a new technique to uncover Zika mutations that help foster virus replication... more
New model IDs primate species with potential to spread Zika in the Americas  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
In the Americas, primate species likely to harbor Zika -- and potentially transmit the virus -- are common, abundant, and often live... more
Fountain of youth for heart health may lie in the gut  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
As our collection of resident gut bacteria changes with age, it increasingly produces harmful metabolites that damage veins and blood vessels, driving disease, a new study... more
Food safety: Dung beetles and soil bacteria reduce risk of human pathogens  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
Food safety regulations increasingly pressure growers to remove hedgerows, ponds and other natural habitats from farms to keep out pathogen-carrying wildlife and livestock. Yet,... more
Revealing the rules behind virus scaffold construction  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
New insights into virus shell self-assembly could impact future drug delivery and therapeutic strategies. more
Norwegian aluminum producer hit by cyberattack  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Norwegian aluminum producer Norsk Hydro says it has been a targeted by "an extensive cyberattack" through a ransomware virus impacting its key operations and disrupting its IT systems. more
Ejecting flagella could help microbes save energy during nutrient depletion  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
In favorable conditions, many bacteria propel themselves to food sources and other sites of interest using whip-like molecular propellers known as flagella. However, according to new research, members... more
Starving bacteria can eject their tails to save energy and stay alive  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
When nutrients are dangerously low, a group of bacteria have been found to take the drastic measure of getting rid of their tails. more
Scientists Are Fighting Drug-Resistant Bacteria in Space with Silvery Shield  SPACE.COM · 4 days
While living in space weakens astronauts' bodies, microbes can thrive in the zero-gravity environment, growing stronger and even developing resistance to antibiotics. more
Different bacteria use same cell surface molecule to invade tissue and promote infection  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
A new study identifies a single molecule as a key entry point used by two types of dangerous bacteria to break through... more
E. ColiFDACDCE. Coli Outbreak
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Fresh