Infections
How microbes generate and use their energy to grow  SCIENCE DAILY · 35 minutes
Researchers have shed light on how bacteria and baker's yeast generate and use their energy to grow. Knowing about cells' energy use is essential for industrial biotech processes. more
Frying oil consumption worsened colon cancer and colitis in mice, study shows  SCIENCE DAILY · 10 hours
Food scientists have shown that feeding frying oil to mice exaggerated colonic inflammation, enhanced tumor growth and worsened gut leakage, spreading bacteria or toxic... more
Biomaterials smarten up with CRISPR  SCIENCE DAILY · 11 hours
The CRISPR-Cas system has become the go-to tool for researchers who study genes in an ever-growing list of organisms, and is being used to develop new gene therapies that potentially can correct a defect at a single nucleotide... more
What's killing sea otters? Parasite strain from cats  SCIENCE DAILY · 11 hours
Many wild southern sea otters in California are infected with the parasite Toxoplasma gondii, yet the infection is fatal for only a fraction of sea otters, which has long puzzled the scientific... more
UN: Ebola outbreak in Congo has killed nearly 2,000 people  ABC NEWS · 11 hours
The World Health Organization's emergencies chief said the ongoing Ebola outbreak in Congo is approaching a "stark" milestone with nearly 2,000 people killed by the virus in the... more
Key areas of measles virus polymerase to target for antiviral drug development  SCIENCE DAILY · 13 hours
Targeting specific areas of the measles virus polymerase, a protein complex that copies the viral genome, can effectively fight the measles virus and be... more
New approach to detection reveals unreported Zika outbreak in 2017  NEWS MEDICAL · 14 hours
Public health experts in the US have discovered that the Zika virus may still be spreading in the Americas, despite case reporting having approached close to zero. more
Study uncovers link between dietary zinc and protection against Streptococcus pneumoniae  NEWS MEDICAL · 17 hours
Researchers have uncovered a crucial link between dietary zinc intake and protection against Streptococcus pneumoniae, the primary bacterial cause of pneumonia. more
Public health officials unprepared for magnitude of heat waves and climate-related diseases  NEWS MEDICAL · 19 hours
An epidemic of chronic kidney disease that has killed tens of thousands of agricultural workers worldwide, is just one of many ailments poised to... more
UN: Possible to eradicate malaria, but probably not soon  ABC NEWS · 1 day
The World Health Organization says it's theoretically possible to wipe out malaria, but probably not with the flawed vaccine and other control methods being used at the moment more
Here's how early humans evaded immunodeficiency viruses  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
The cryoEM structure of a simian immunodeficiency virus protein bound to primate proteins shows how a mutation in early humans allowed our ancestors to escape infection while monkeys and apes did not. SIV's Nef... more
Heavy drinking and HIV don't mix, study finds  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
A new study finds that heavy alcohol consumption (three drinks or more/day for women and four drinks or more/day for men) is linked to alterations in immune function among people with HIV. more
Health care workers unprepared for magnitude of climate change  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
An epidemic of chronic kidney disease that has killed tens of thousands of agricultural workers worldwide, is just one of many ailments poised to strike as a result of climate... more
Memory T cells shelter in bone marrow, boosting immunity in mice with restricted diets  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
Even when taking in fewer calories and nutrients, humans and other mammals usually remain protected against infectious diseases they have... more
Dietary zinc protects against Streptococcus pneumoniae infection, study finds  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
Researchers have uncovered a crucial link between dietary zinc intake and protection against Streptococcus pneumoniae, the primary bacterial cause of pneumonia. more
What's killing sea otters? Scientists pinpoint parasite strain  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
Many wild southern sea otters in California are infected with the parasite Toxoplasma gondii, yet the infection is fatal for only a fraction of sea otters, which has long puzzled the scientific... more
Fasting reduces inflammation and improves chronic inflammatory diseases, study finds  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 day
Fasting regimens have gained public and scientific interest in recent years, but fasting shouldn't be dismissed as a fad. In a study published in Cell, Mount Sinai researchers... more
Virginia Tech professor wins NSF grant to study biofilm formation in bacteria  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 day
Should I stay or should I go? This is a common question people ask themselves in their journey through life, but bacteria are also... more
N6-methyladenosine RNA modification-mediated cellular metabolism rewiring inhibits viral replication  Science Magazine · 1 day
Host cell metabolism can be modulated by viral infection, affecting viral survival or clearance. The cellular metabolism rewiring mediated by N6-methyladenosine (m6A) modification in virus-host interaction remains largely unknown. Here... more
NAD+ cleavage activity by animal and plant TIR domains in cell death pathways  Science Magazine · 1 day
SARM1 (sterile alpha and TIR motif containing 1) is responsible for depletion of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide in its oxidized form (NAD+) during... more
Biomaterials smarten up with CRISPR  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
The CRISPR-Cas system has become the go-to tool for researchers who study genes in an ever-growing list of organisms, and is being used to develop new gene therapies that potentially can correct a defect at a single nucleotide... more
Experiments illuminate key component of plants' immune systems  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
Plants, like humans and animals, have over millions of years evolved complex immune systems that fend off invading pathogens. But unlike many animals, plants lack adaptive immunity conferred by antibodies. This means... more
Adaptation to life inside cattle may be driving E. coli to develop harmful features  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
A large-scale study of the genetic differences and similarities among E. coli bacteria from cattle and humans indicates that features... more
Scientists successfully innoculate, grow crops in salt-damaged soil  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
Researchers may have found a way to reverse falling crop yields caused by increasingly salty farmlands throughout the world. Scientists have used bacteria found in the roots of salt-tolerant plants to successfully... more
An unreported Zika outbreak in 2017 detected through travel surveillance and genetics  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
By sequencing virus genomes from infected travelers, analyzing travel patterns and mosquito modeling, researchers unearthed a spike in Zika cases from travelers returning from... more
Fasting Improves Inflammatory Diseases without Compromising Antimicrobial Immunity  SCI-NEWS.COM · 1 day
Short-term and intermittent fasting reduces chronic inflammation and improves chronic inflammatory diseases without affecting the immune system’s response to acute... more
Infected travelers reveal Cuba’s ‘hidden’ Zika outbreak  Science Magazine · 1 day
New study suggests there were 5707 cases on the island, though only 187 were reported more
Study started for bacteria-free space missions  ESA · 1 day
Bacteria grow everywhere, including inside the International Space Station. That is why ESA has selected the Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST) to... more
Bacterial sex drives evolution of microbes to conquer and colonize the gut  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
Bacterial sex drives evolution of microbes to conquer and colonize the gut. This discovery constitutes a paradigm shift and opens the possibility to design... more
Study explores obstacles to treating opioid use disorder with an effective medication  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 days
In an effort to find ways to improve long-term outcomes for people with opioid use disorder, University of Massachusetts Amherst epidemiology researcher Elizabeth Evans... more
Lungs feed deadly bacteria in cystic fibrosis  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 days
In cystic fibrosis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a much-feared pathogen. The bacterium easily colonizes the lungs of people with cystic fibrosis, leading to chronic infections that are almost impossible to eradicate and are ultimately fatal. more
Nigeria on the brink of being polio free  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 days
There have been no reported cases of polio in Nigeria for the last three years and the nation may soon be declared free of the crippling viral disease. According to the World... more
Medical News Today: Can you get a yeast infection from antibiotics?  MNT · 2 days
Taking certain antibiotics can lead to a yeast infection in the vagina. This is because the antibiotics kill bacteria that support vaginal health. Learn more here. more
Anti-vaccine activist shoves California lawmaker  ABC NEWS · 2 days
An anti-vaccine activist has been cited for assault after pushing a California lawmaker on a sidewalk near the Capitol more
Parasite needs chemical (lipid/nutrient) in cat intestines for sex  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Toxoplasma gondii is a microbial parasite that infects humans and but needs cats to complete its full life cycle. New research shows why: the sexual phase of the parasite's life... more
Viruses mobilize plant immunity to deter nonvector insect herbivores  Science Magazine · 2 days
A parasite-infected host may promote performance of associated insect vectors; but possible parasite effects on nonvector insects have been largely unexplored. Here, we show that Begomovirus, the largest genus of... more
Why initial UTIs increase susceptibility to further infection  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Researchers have discovered that an initial UTI can set the tone for subsequent infections. In mouse studies, the researchers found that a transient infection triggers a short-lived inflammatory response that rapidly eliminates... more
In cystic fibrosis, lungs feed deadly bacteria  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
A steady supply of its favorite food helps a deadly bacterium thrive in the lungs of people with cystic fibrosis, according to a new study. more
Analyzing genomes to improve disease control in poultry  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Marek's disease—a highly contagious viral disease caused by a herpesvirus—is a constant threat to poultry worldwide. It is also one of the most preventable diseases with vaccination. However, while vaccines prevent poultry... more
Texas cities increasingly susceptible to large measles outbreaks  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
The growing number of children arriving at Texas schools unvaccinated makes the state increasingly vulnerable to measles outbreaks in cities large and small, according to a computer simulation. The findings indicate that... more
Foodborne pathogen sheltered by harmless bacteria that support biofilm formation  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Pathogenic bacteria that stubbornly lurk in some apple-packing facilities may be sheltered and protected by harmless bacteria that are known for their ability to form biofilms, according to... more
Foodborne pathogen sheltered by harmless bacteria that support biofilm formation  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Pathogenic bacteria that stubbornly lurk in some apple-packing facilities may be sheltered and protected by harmless bacteria that are known for their ability to form biofilms, according to... more
Insight into cells' 'self-eating' process could pave the way for new dementia treatments  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Cells regularly go through a process called autophagy -- literally translated as 'self-eating' -- which helps to destroy bacteria and viruses after... more
Plant protection: Researchers develop new modular vaccination kit  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Simple, fast and flexible: it could become significantly easier to vaccinate plants against viruses in future. Scientists have developed a new method for this purpose. It enables the rapid identification and production... more
Repeated semen exposure promotes host resistance to infection in preclinical HIV model  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Contrary to the long-held view that semen can only act as a way to transmit HIV-1 from men to women, scientists found that frequent... more
Plant protection: Researchers develop new modular vaccination kit  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
It could become significantly easier to vaccinate plants against viruses in the future. Scientists at Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), the Leibniz Institute of Plant Biochemistry (IPB) and the National Research Council... more
For at least one species, ant nurseries are cleaner than human ones  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Azteca ants are better at limiting pathogenic microbes in their nurseries than humans, according to a new study. The research also found that the... more
Northern Antibiotics working on a new molecule to fight antibiotic-resistant bacteria  NEWS MEDICAL · 3 days
Each year, around 60,000 deaths are caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria in Europe and the U.S., and this number is growing. more
New rapid DNA test to diagnose chlamydia infection in koalas  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
A new DNA test to detect chlamydia infection in koalas which can be run in the field and gives on-the-spot results within 30 minutes has been developed in... more
University of Florida scientists aim to develop new antimicrobials for cows, humans  NEWS MEDICAL · 3 days
University of Florida scientists believe they can develop new antimicrobials that will benefit dairy cattle and, eventually, humans by treating bacteria that normally resist... more
Move to single-patient rooms reduced rates of hospital-acquired infections  NEWS MEDICAL · 3 days
The move to single-patient rooms at the McGill University Health Centre's Glen site in 2015 resulted in significantly reduced rates of hospital-acquired infections, suggests a study published today in the... more
Measles back in UK three years after elimination  NEWS MEDICAL · 3 days
The United Kingdom was declared to be free of measles infection three years back in 2016 by the World Health Organization (WHO). In a recent development, due to the increasing number of... more
New insight into the immune system may help doctors to better fight cancer  NEWS MEDICAL · 3 days
Your immune system's natural killer cells recognize and attack two major kinds of danger - cells infected by viruses and cells affected... more
Investigating organ crosstalk leads to a better understanding of sepsis  NEWS MEDICAL · 3 days
Sepsis, a complex systemic response to infection leading to organ failure, is generally studied at the level of individual organs; this research has hinted at altered metabolic changes. more
Medical News Today: What can cause red spots on the feet?  MNT · 3 days
There are many possible causes of red spots on the feet, including injuries, insect bites, irritations, and infections. Learn about some common causes and how to... more
Medical News Today: Yeast infection after sex: What to know  MNT · 3 days
While sexual activity does not cause a yeast infection, it can increase the risk of one developing by introducing new bacteria to the vagina. Learn more in this... more
Medical News Today: What chronic illnesses are people with HIV more likely to experience?  MNT · 3 days
An 'umbrella review of meta-analyses of observational studies' zooms in on the conditions that people living with HIV are at... more
Lung cell transplant boosts healing after the flu in mice  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
A serious case of the flu can cause lasting damage to the lungs. In a study in mice, researchers found that transplanting cells from the lungs of healthy... more
E. coli's secret weapon in launching infections  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Most types of Escherichia coli are harmless, but the ones that aren't can cause severe life-threatening diarrhea. These problematic bacteria launch infections by inducing intestinal cells to form tiny structures, called pedestals, that anchor... more
A new way to 'hoard' resources in nano-sized factories targeted for biotech  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Scientists have created a synthetic nano-sized factory, based on natural ones found in bacteria. This research could someday lead to new medical, industrial or... more
Studying organ crosstalk leads to a deeper understanding of sepsis  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Sepsis, a complex systemic response to infection leading to organ failure, is generally studied at the level of individual organs; this research has hinted at altered metabolic changes.... more
Folded paper creates portable lab for field laboratory tests  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Monitoring and tracking biological threats or epidemics require the ability to carry out medical and laboratory tests in the field during a disaster or other austere situations. Expensive laboratory equipment... more
Nanomedicine stops superbugs in their tracks  nanowerk · 3 days
A team of researchers has discovered a way to find and beat superbugs, providing a critical breakthrough against many deadly infectious diseases. more
All-in-one: New microbe degrades oil to gas  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
The tiny organisms cling to oil droplets and perform a great feat: As a single organism, they may produce methane from oil by a process called alkane disproportionation. Previously this was only known from... more
Study reveals E. coli's secret weapon in launching infections  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Most types of Escherichia coli are harmless, but the ones that aren't can cause severe life-threatening diarrhea. These problematic bacteria launch infections by inducing intestinal cells to form tiny structures,... more
Urgency for vaccine grows as virus ravages China's pigs  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Scientists are working to develop a vaccine to help guard the world's pork supply as a deadly virus ravages Asia's pig herds. more
Lipid signaling pathway may enhance T cell-mediated immunotherapy  NEWS MEDICAL · 4 days
The immune system surveils our body looking for things that don't belong, often bacteria and viruses. While cancer cells are abnormal cells that undergo unregulated cell growth, they are good at evading... more
Medical News Today: Can a person catch cystic fibrosis from someone else?  MNT · 4 days
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is not contagious. People only have the condition if they inherit specific faulty genes from both parents. Learn more about why... more
FDA approves new drug to treat adults with community-acquired bacterial pneumonia  NEWS MEDICAL · 4 days
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Xenleta (lefamulin) to treat adults with community-acquired bacterial pneumonia. more
National livestock movement bans may prove economically damaging  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
New research has pioneered an economic perspective on controlling livestock diseases. Focusing on Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD), bovine TB (bTB) and bluetongue virus (BTV), the researchers draw striking conclusions about the... more
Potential treatments for citrus greening  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
Over the course of 40 years, a biologist has become an expert in symbiotic bacteria that help alfalfa grow. She has published over 150 papers on this one topic but when she realized her lab's decades of highly... more
Are attitudes contagious? Nonverbal messages  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
A new study examined whether people can acquire attitudes toward other individuals from the nonverbal signals that are directed toward them. more
Potential treatments for citrus greening  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Over the course of 40 years, biologist Sharon Long has become an expert in symbiotic bacteria that help alfalfa grow. She has published over 150 papers on this one topic but when she realized her lab's decades of... more
Religion may play role in HPV vaccination rate for female college students  NEWS MEDICAL · 4 days
It's been more than a decade since a vaccine was introduced to prevent contraction of human papillomavirus, the most common sexually transmitted disease in... more
Mating behavior and movement patterns influence dynamics of animal diseases  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
Scientists have carried out an analysis of long-term data of an outbreak of classical swine fever in wild boars in the German federal state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern that occurred... more
National livestock movement bans may prove economically damaging  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
New research from the University of Warwick has pioneered an economic perspective on controlling livestock diseases. Focusing on Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD), bovine TB (bTB) and bluetongue virus (BTV), the researchers... more
Antacid helps tuberculosis bacteria to survive  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
In 2017, some 10 million people suffered from tuberculosis and 1.6 million died of the disease. One reason that infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis is so difficult to treat is because the bacteria can hide inside immune... more
How coastal mud holds the key to climate cooling gas  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Bacteria found in muddy marshes, estuaries and coastal sediment synthesise one of the Earth's most abundant climate cooling gases—according to new research from the University of East Anglia... more
Should doctors accept unvaccinated children as patients?  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
Four in 10 parents say they are very or somewhat likely to move their child to a different provider if their doctor sees families who refuse all childhood vaccines, according to a new national... more
Researchers study the microbiome of ciliates  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
A microbiome is a community of microorganisms that inhabit an ecological niche. Microbiomes exist in environmental biotopes, for example, a water body or forest soil, as well as in living multicellular host organisms such as humans,... more
Humic substances extracted from coal can help fight viruses  NEWS MEDICAL · 4 days
Scientists from Russia demonstrated a novel approach leveraging the combination of high-resolution mass spectrometry and chemoinformatics to identify biologically active molecular components of humic substances extracted from coal, and discovered... more
Physiological mechanisms leading to enterovirus opening revealed  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Enteroviruses are one of the most common human pathogens leading to high number of acute and chronic infections worldwide. The physiological events leading to successful enterovirus infection are still poorly understood. Researchers at the... more
A substance found in brown coal can help combat viruses  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
Scientists from Russia have demonstrated a novel approach leveraging high-resolution mass spectrometry and chemoinformatics to identify biologically active molecular components of humic substances extracted from coal, and discovered... more
UniSA researchers discover new way to find and beat superbugs  NEWS MEDICAL · 5 days
A team of researchers led by the University of South Australia has discovered a way to find and beat superbugs, providing a critical breakthrough against many deadly infectious... more
Implantable brain chip could solve obesity epidemic  NEWS MEDICAL · 5 days
Scientists have developed tiny brain chips that alter the area of the brain involved in binge eating. The device is now being tested in humans with obesity. more
Molecular mechanism of enterovirus infection uncovered  NEWS MEDICAL · 5 days
Researchers from the Nanoscience Center at the University of Jyväskylä in collaboration with those at the University of Helsinki have found that body proteins called albumin and certain ions within the attacked host cells can affect... more
UVA scientists reveal how E. coli knows to cause the worst possible infections  NEWS MEDICAL · 5 days
A pair of University of Virginia School of Medicine scientists have revealed how E. coli seeks out the most oxygen-free crevices of... more
Research shows how E. coli knows where and when to begin colonizing the colon  NEWS MEDICAL · 5 days
A pair of University of Virginia School of Medicine scientists have revealed how E. coli seeks out the most oxygen-free... more
Research reveals physiological events leading to successful enterovirus infection  NEWS MEDICAL · 5 days
Enteroviruses are one of the most common human pathogens leading to high number of acute and chronic infections worldwide. more
Beloved baby dugong 'Mariam' dies in Thailand with plastic in stomach  PHYS.ORG · 7 days
A sick baby dugong whose fight for recovery won hearts in Thailand and cast a spotlight on ocean conservation has died from an infection exacerbated by... more
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