Geology
Huge volcano on Jupiter's moon Io erupts on regular schedule  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
Volcanic eruptions are difficult to predict, but observations have shown the largest and most powerful volcano on Io, a large moon of Jupiter, has been erupting on a... more
Researchers see need for action on forest fire risk  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
How do humans affect forest fires? And what can we learn from forest fires in the past for the future of forestry? An international team of researchers led by Elisabeth... more
Is huge volcano on Jupiter's moon Io about to erupt this month?  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Volcanic eruptions are difficult to predict, but observations have shown the largest and most powerful volcano on Io, a large moon of Jupiter, has... more
Ancient volcanoes reveal Earth's recycled crust  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Ancient volcanoes dating back billions of years could provide new insights into how the Earth's surface is recycled, according to scientists at the University of St Andrews. more
Researchers simulate processes prevailing in early magma oceans  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
The reason why the Earth's atmosphere has contained so much oxygen since about two billion years ago compared to the atmospheres of other known planets has for a long time remained a... more
Remote Russian Volcano Turns the Skies Purple  LIVE SCIENCE · 2 days
The eruption of a remote Russian volcano in June has been tingeing sunrises and sunsets the world over a gorgeous purple hue. more
Geochemists measure new composition of Earth's mantle  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Geochemists have investigated the volcanic rocks that build up the Portuguese island group of the Azores in order to gather new information about the compositional evolution of the Earth's interior. The results suggest that... more
Geochemists measure new composition of Earth's mantle  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
What is the chemical composition of the Earth's interior? Because it is impossible to drill more than about ten kilometres deep into the Earth, volcanic rocks formed by melting Earth's deep interior often provide... more
Climate signature identified in rivers globally  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
For decades geoscientists have been trying to detect the influence of climate on the formation of rivers, but up to now there has been no systematic evidence. A new study discovers a clear climatic signature on... more
New research identifies a climate signature in rivers globally  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
For decades geoscientists have been trying to detect the influence of climate on the formation of rivers, but up to now there has been no systematic evidence. more
Gravity surveys using a mobile atom interferometer  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Mobile gravimetry is an important technique in metrology, navigation, geodesy and geophysics. Although atomic gravimeters are presently used for accuracy, they are constrained by instrumental fragility and complexity. In a new study, Xuejian Wu... more
Farmers, chefs fight to save classic ingredients in Mexican cuisine  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
Speaking against a backdrop of two soaring, snow-capped volcanoes, Asuncion Diaz explains his fight to save the original poblano chile, one of the most important ingredients in Mexican... more
Explosive Nitrogen Created Craters That Pock Titan  ASTRO WATCH · 5 days
The topography of Titan, the largest of moon of Saturn, seems serene in Cassini mission images, but lakes of liquid methane that... more
Undergraduate engineers advance shock wave mitigation research  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
A team of undergraduate engineers at UC San Diego has discovered a method that could make materials more resilient against massive shocks such as earthquakes or explosions. The students, conducting research in the structural... more
Groovy! These grooved patterns better mitigate shock waves  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 days
Engineers have discovered a method that could make materials more resilient against massive shocks such as earthquakes or explosions. They found that cutting small grooves in obstacle materials diminished the impacts of... more
Philippine capital jolted by quake  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
An earthquake that struck east of the Philippine capital Manila on Friday set buildings swaying and sent scores into the streets, but authorities said they did not expect any damage. more
Volcanoes kill more people long after eruptions – those deaths are avoidable  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
You may think of volcanic eruptions as spectacular but brief explosions. But in reality, these destructive forces wreak havoc before headlines are made and... more
Building mountain biodiversity: Geological and evolutionary processes  Science Magazine · 6 days
Mountain regions are unusually biodiverse, with rich aggregations of small-ranged species that form centers of endemism. Mountains play an array of roles for Earth’s biodiversity and affect neighboring lowlands through biotic interchange, changes in... more
Students make neutrons dance beneath university campus  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
Nuclear reactors are still the primary source for strong neutron beams to create isotopes for geologic dating, radiography and medicine, but researchers have now enlisted engineering students in building a tabletop neutron source that... more
Students make neutrons dance beneath UC Berkeley campus  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
In an underground vault enclosed by six-foot concrete walls and accessed by a rolling, 25-ton concrete-and-steel door, University of California, Berkeley, students are making neutrons dance to a new tune: one better... more
What happens if the Antarctic ice sheet becomes destabilized?  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Phil Bart has traveled to Antarctica seven times since the late 1980s—a feat that very few can say. Thirty years is a microscopic blip on a geological time scale, and... more
New volcanic eruption forecasting technique  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
Volcanic eruptions and their ash clouds pose a significant hazard to population centers and air travel, especially those that show few to no signs of unrest beforehand. Geologists are now using a technique traditionally used in weather and... more
Researchers unveil new volcanic eruption forecasting technique  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Volcanic eruptions and their ash clouds pose a significant hazard to population centers and air travel, especially those that show few to no signs of unrest beforehand. Geologists are now using a technique traditionally... more
Researchers unearth 'new' extinction  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
A team of scientists has concluded that earth experienced a previously underestimated severe mass-extinction event, which occurred about 260 million years ago, raising the total of major mass extinctions in the geologic record to six. more
Earthquake fault long thought dormant could devastate Los Angeles, researchers say  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Scientists citing new research say an earthquake fault along the Los Angeles coast, previously believed to be dormant, is active and could cause a destructive 6.4... more
The surprising way a volcanic eruption fueled a bloom of ocean algae  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
When Hawaii's Kilauea volcano erupted in 2018, it destroyed some 700 homes and sent hundreds of millions of tons of lava pouring into the... more
New research provides better look at ocean plate under Central America  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Convection in Earth's mantle is the "engine" driving plate tectonics. Hot material rises to the Earth's surface from the boundary between the planet's core and mantle,... more
Geologists uncover history of lost continent buried beneath Europe  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
Most of “Greater Adria” is now trapped in Earth’s mantle, but some of its rocks ended up high in the Alps more
Geologists uncover history lost continent buried beneath Europe  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
Most of ‘Greater Adria’ is now trapped in Earth’s mantle, but some of its rocks ended up high in the Alps more
Kilauea lava fuels phytoplankton bloom off Hawai'i Island  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
When Kilauea Volcano erupted in 2018, it injected millions of cubic feet of molten lava into the nutrient-poor waters off the Big Island of Hawai'i. The lava-impacted seawater contained high concentrations of... more
Castelli Romani  ESA · 2 weeks
Earth observation image of the week: Copernicus Sentinel-2 takes us over the Castelli Romani, a volcanic area just outside of Rome in Italy more
Kilauea lava fuels phytoplankton bloom in the North Pacific Ocean  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
From June to August 2018, the eruption of Kīlauea volcano on the island of Hawai‘i injected millions of cubic meters of molten lava into the nutrient-poor waters of... more
Kīlauea lava fuels phytoplankton bloom off Hawai'i Island  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
When Kīlauea Volcano erupted in 2018, it injected millions of cubic feet of molten lava into the nutrient-poor waters off the Big Island of Hawai'i. The lava-impacted seawater contained high concentrations of... more
Role of earthquake motions in triggering a 'surprise' tsunami  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Geologists, geophysicists, and mathematicians show how coupled computer models can accurately recreate the conditions leading to the world's deadliest natural disasters of 2018, the Palu earthquake and tsunami, which struck... more
Researchers uncover role of earthquake motions in triggering a 'surprise' tsunami  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
In newly published research, an international team of geologists, geophysicists, and mathematicians show how coupled computer models can accurately recreate the conditions leading to the world's... more
Ancient animal species: Fossils dating back 550 million years among first animal trails  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
A geoscientist calls the unearthed fossils, including the bodies and trails left by an ancient animal species, the most convincing sign of... more
Earthquake study casts doubt on early warnings but hints at improved forecasting  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
A recent study investigated around 100,000 localized seismic events to search for patterns in the data. Scientists discovered that earthquakes of differing magnitudes have... more
Ancient animal species: Fossils dating back 550 million years among first animal trails  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
In a remarkable evolutionary discovery, a team of scientists co-led by a Virginia Tech geoscientist has discovered what could be among the... more
Earthquake study casts doubt on early warnings but hints at improved forecasting  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
A recent study has investigated around 100,000 localized seismic events to search for patterns in the data. University of Tokyo Professor Satoshi Ide discovered... more
Understanding the link between fracking and earthquakes  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Researchers studying hydraulic fracturing have answered a longstanding question over how the practice can sometimes cause moderate earthquakes and may be able to use their model to forecast when quakes linked to fracking might... more
Oldest lake in Europe reveals more than one million years of climate history  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
The collected geological samples allow the scientists to reconstruct the climate developments of the past 1.3 million years. more
What drives plate tectonics?  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Plate tectonics was founded in the late 1960s, and it concerns the distribution and movements of plates, the uppermost layer of the Earth. Plate movements not only control the distributions of earthquakes, volcanoes, and mineral resources in the crust, but... more
Marine Geologists Find Freshwater in Norwegian Sea  SCI-NEWS.COM · 2 weeks
An international team of marine geologists has found evidence for meteoric water flow at 2,625 feet (800 m) below sea level near... more
New research considers what lies below the moon's surface  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
A new study by geologists in Canada and the United States suggests a repository of precious metals may be locked deep below the moon's surface. more
Sensor used at CERN could help gravitational wave hunters  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
It started with a relatively simple goal: create a prototype for a new kind of device to monitor the motion of underground structures at CERN. But the project—the result of... more
Cedar Break National Monument  LIVE SCIENCE · 2 weeks
Cedar Breaks National Monument is one of the geological paradises of the Colorado Plateau and well worth consideration for a visit. more
Hints of a Volcanically Active Exomoon  ASTRO WATCH · 3 weeks
A rocky extrasolar moon (exomoon) with bubbling lava may orbit a planet 550 light-years away from us. This is suggested by an international team... more
The 'universal break-up criterion' of hot, flowing lava?  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Thomas Jones' "universal break-up criterion" won't help with meltdowns of the heart, but it will help volcanologists study changing lava conditions in common volcanic eruptions. more
Reconstructing Anak Krakatau flank collapse that caused Dec. 2018 Indonesian tsunami  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
A new study presents the detailed observation of a tsunami-generating volcano collapse by remote sensing. The study analyzes the 2018 collapse of Anak Krakatau, which triggered... more
The 'universal break-up criterion' of hot, flowing lava?  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
The new 'universal break-up criterion' won't help with meltdowns of the heart, but it will help volcanologists study changing lava conditions in common volcanic eruptions. more
Reconstructing the Anak Krakatau flank collapse that caused the December 2018 Indonesian tsunami  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
A new study published in Geology presents the detailed observation of a tsunami-generating volcano collapse by remote sensing. The paper by Rebecca... more
Rising seas threaten Egypt's fabled port city of Alexandria  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Egypt's coastal city of Alexandria, which has survived invasions, fires and earthquakes since it was founded by Alexander the Great more than 2,000 years ago, now faces a new menace... more
Deep-sea sediments reveal solar system chaos: An advance in dating geologic archives  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
Scientists used geologic records from deep-sea drill cores to extend the astronomical time scale beyond 50 million years, by about 8 million years. Using... more
Hints of a volcanically active exo-moon  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
A rocky extrasolar moon (exomoon) with bubbling lava may orbit a planet 550 light-years away from us. This is suggested by an international team of researchers on the basis of theoretical predictions matching observations. The 'exo-Io'... more
6.3-Magnitude Earthquake Strikes Off Oregon Coast  LIVE SCIENCE · 3 weeks
A strong earthquake struck off the coast of Oregon today (Aug. 29), according to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). more
Solar System chaos and the Paleocene-Eocene boundary age constrained by geology and astronomy  Science Magazine · 3 weeks
Astronomical calculations reveal the Solar System’s dynamical evolution, including its chaoticity, and represent the backbone of cyclostratigraphy and astrochronology. An absolute, fully... more
Crowdsourced archaeology shows how humans have influenced Earth for thousands of years  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Humans' ability to transform the natural environment is often considered a modern phenomenon, from increasing deforestation, soil erosion and greenhouse gas emissions. This year,... more
Hints of a volcanically active exomoon  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
A rocky extrasolar moon (exomoon) with bubbling lava may orbit a planet 550 light-years away from us. This is suggested by an international team of researchers led by the University of Bern on the basis of... more
Burgundy wine grapes tell climate story, show warming accelerated in past 30 years  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
A newly published series of dates of grape harvest covering the past 664 years is the latest line of evidence confirming how... more
The role of aseismic slip in hydraulic fracturing-induced seismicity  Science Magazine · 3 weeks
Models for hydraulic fracturing–induced earthquakes in shales typically ascribe fault activation to elevated pore pressure or increased shear stress; however, these mechanisms are incompatible with experiments and rate-state frictional models,... more
Fresh water found in the Norwegian Sea  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
When we the found fresh water leaking from the seabed, we were very surprised," explains scientist and marine geologist Wei-Li Hong at the Geological Survey of Norway (NGU). more
'Surrey swarm' earthquakes not caused by nearby oil extraction, study suggests  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
Research has found no evidence that oil extraction caused recent earthquakes known as the 'Surrey swarm' in Surrey and Sussex, England. more
Isotopes in feces show where secretive jaguars hunt  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
To track secretive jaguars in the forested mountains of Belize, biologists turned to geology and feces analysis. Researchers discovered that jaguar scat reveals where the big cats were hunting in the mountains... more
Italy's Stromboli volcano erupts anew, spewing fiery lava  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
The Stromboli volcano has erupted, spewing fiery chunks of lava onto the tiny Italian island and alarming residents and tourists. more
Image: Raft of rubble  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Captured by the Copernicus Sentinel-2 mission on 21 August 2019, this image features a huge raft of pumice rock drifting in the Pacific Ocean. The pumice is believed to have come from an underwater volcano near Tonga, which erupted on... more
'Surrey swarm' earthquakes not caused by nearby oil extraction, says study  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
The series of 34 small earthquakes between April 2018 and May 2019 occurred within 10 km of two active oil extraction sites at Brockham and Horse... more
An exoplanet within arm's reach: The Earth  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Exobiology is an exciting discipline. It is based simultaneously on the latest data from astrophysics, planetary geology and the origins of life on Earth, all of which are evolving as we continue to study... more
Utah's red rock metronome  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
At about the same rate that your heart beats, a Utah rock formation called Castleton Tower gently vibrates, keeping time and keeping watch over the sandstone desert. Swaying like a skyscraper, the red rock tower taps into the deep vibrations... more
Crack in Pacific seafloor caused volcanic chain to go dormant  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
Geologists have discovered that 50 million years ago a chain of volcanoes between Northeast Asia and Russia were forced into a period of dormancy that lasted for 10... more
Most of California's Big Earthquakes Are Preceded by Ghostly 'Foreshocks' Weeks in Advance  LIVE SCIENCE · 3 weeks
Foreshocks — the tiny, sometimes imperceptible tremors that precede massive earthquakes — are way more common than we thought. more
Crack in Pacific seafloor caused volcanic chain to go dormant  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
From his geology lab at the University of Houston, Jonny Wu has discovered that a chain of volcanoes stretching between Northeast Asia and Russia began a period of... more
Utah's red rock metronome: Seismic readings reveal Castleton Tower's unseen vibrations  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
At about the same rate that your heart beats, a Utah rock formation called Castleton Tower gently vibrates, keeping time and keeping watch over the sandstone... more
Deducing the scale of tsunamis from the 'roundness' of deposited gravel  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Scientists from Tokyo Metropolitan University and Ritsumeikan University have found a link between the "roundness" distribution of tsunami deposits and how far tsunamis reach inland. They... more
Simulated training for timely NICU evacuations  NEWS MEDICAL · 3 weeks
In late August 2011, a magnitude 5.8 earthquake - the strongest east of the Mississippi since 1944 - shook Washington, D.C., with such force that it cracked the Washington Monument and damaged the National Cathedral. more
Deducing the scale of tsunamis from the 'roundness' of deposited gravel  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 weeks
Scientists have found a link between the 'roundness' distribution of tsunami deposits and how far tsunamis reach inland. They sampled the 'roundness' of gravel from different... more
Evidence found of low slip earthquakes impeding progression of large destructive quakes  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Japan has found evidence of slow slip earthquakes impeding the progression of large destructive quakes.... more
High diversity of harvestmen in Atlantic Rainforest and ancient geological events  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
In the southern Atlantic Rainforest remnants between Rio de Janeiro State in Southeast Brazil and Santa Catarina State in South Brazil, there are some 600 species... more
Detecting hydrothermal vents in volcanic lakes  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 weeks
Changes in the behaviour of hydrothermal vents may be indicative of changes in the volcanic system underneath, thus being a useful precursor for the next generation of early warning systems. New exploration approaches will help improving... more
The slow earthquake spectrum in the Japan Trench illuminated by the S-net seafloor observatories  Science Magazine · 4 weeks
Investigating slow earthquake activity in subduction zones provides insight into the slip behavior of megathrusts, which can provide important clues... more
Detecting hydrothermal vents in volcanic lakes  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
Geothermal manifestations at Earth's surface can be mapped and characterized by a variety of well-established exploration methods. However, mapping hydrothermal vents in aquatic environments is more challenging as conventional methods can no longer be applied. In... more
Geologists get called 'dirty polluters', but we're needed to fight climate change  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
When people hear we are geologists, we are often asked if we have found any oil lately. Sadly—and wrongly—the most common view of geology... more
Explaining earthquakes we can't feel  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 weeks
Researchers have explained mysterious slow-moving earthquakes known as slow slip events with the help of computer simulations. The answer, they learned, is in rocks' pores. more
Switching on the Atlantic Ocean heat pump  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 weeks
34 million years ago the warm 'greenhouse climate' of the dinosaur age ended and the colder 'icehouse climate' of today commenced. Antarctica glaciated first and geological data imply that the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation,... more
Underground links between quakes and eruptions of Japan's biggest active volcano  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 weeks
To better understand subsurface processes associated with earthquakes and eruptions of Mount Aso, researchers investigated a very long period (VLP) seismicity dataset collected over two years.... more
Switching on the Atlantic heat pump  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
34 million years ago, the warm greenhouse climate of the dinosaur age ended, and the colder icehouse climate of today commenced. Antarctica glaciated first, and geological data imply that the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation, the global... more
Underground links between quakes and eruptions of Japan's biggest active volcano  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
The threat of explosive volcanic eruptions looms over many cities around the world. Earthquakes, another major geological hazard, are known to have some relationships with the... more
Researchers explain slow-moving earthquakes known as 'slow slip events'  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
The Earth's subsurface is an extremely active place, where the movements and friction of plates deep underground shape our landscape and govern the intensity of hazards above. While the Earth's... more
Earthquake early-warning sensors being expanded to high-risk areas in California and Nevada  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
An infusion of federal funding will help expand or strengthen the U.S. Geological Survey's earthquake early-warning system around Lake Tahoe, Death Valley, Mammoth and... more
New analysis technique suggests there is far less gas to be fracked in U.K. than thought  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
A team of researchers from the University of Nottingham, the British Geological Survey (BGS) and Advanced... more
Earthquake-warning system that could provide smartphone alerts to Pacific Northwest gets funding boost  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
The U.S. Geological Survey is greatly increasing funding for the region's seismic network, putting it on track to send public alerts of... more
Scientists finally know how big earthquakes start: with many smaller ones  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
The vast majority of earthquakes we feel come soon after smaller ones, according to new research that offers new insights into how seismology works. more
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