Fossil Fuels
Astronomers Peer Deep into Turbulent Atmosphere of Jupiter  SCI-NEWS.COM · 1 day
An international team of astronomers has managed to peer deep into the Jovian atmosphere using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array... more
Industry guidance touts untested tech as climate fix  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
Draft guidelines for how industry fights climate change promote the widespread use of untested technologies that experts fear could undermine efforts to slash planet-warming greenhouse gas emissions, AFP can reveal. more
Research details impact of energy development on deer habitat use  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
For every acre of mule deer habitat taken by roads, well pads and other oil and gas development infrastructure in Wyoming's Green River Basin, an average of 4.6... more
Elevated Levels of Oxygen Gave Rise to North American Dinosaurs, Scientists Say  SCI-NEWS.COM · 2 days
A team of researchers from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and the University of Texas Austin has used a new technique to analyze tiny amounts of... more
Geologists get called 'dirty polluters', but we're needed to fight climate change  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
When people hear we are geologists, we are often asked if we have found any oil lately. Sadly—and wrongly—the most common view of geology... more
Identified: Molecular structure that breaks down an important component of smog  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Nitrogen oxides, also known as NOx, form when fossil fuels burn at high temperatures. When emitted from industrial sources such as coal power plants, these pollutants... more
Life on the thermodynamic edge: Respiratory growth of an acetotrophic methanogen  Science Magazine · 3 days
Although two-thirds of the nearly 1 billion metric tons of methane produced annually in Earth’s biosphere derives from acetate, the in situ process has escaped rigorous... more
Newly-Discovered Microbe Turns Oil into Methane  SCI-NEWS.COM · 3 days
Methanoliparia, a species of archaea from deep-sea oil seeps of the Gulf of Mexico, splits long-chain hydrocarbons into methane and carbon dioxide, according to... more
A step closer to solving the methane mystery on Mars  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Scientists have taken an important step towards revealing the mysterious source of methane on Mars, by refining estimates of the gas in the planet's atmosphere. more
Monitoring CO2 leakage sites on the ocean floor  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Injecting carbon dioxide (CO2) deep below the seabed could be an important strategy for mitigating climate change, according to some experts. However, scientists need a reliable way to monitor such sites for... more
New analysis technique suggests there is far less gas to be fracked in U.K. than thought  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
A team of researchers from the University of Nottingham, the British Geological Survey (BGS) and Advanced... more
Monitoring CO2 leakage sites on the ocean floor  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Injecting carbon dioxide (CO2) deep below the seabed could be an important strategy for mitigating climate change, according to some experts. However, scientists need a reliable way to monitor such sites for... more
Origin of massive methane reservoir identified  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
New research from Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) published Aug. 19, 2019, in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science provides evidence of the formation and abundance of abiotic methane—methane formed by chemical reactions that... more
Origin of massive methane reservoir identified  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
New research provides evidence of the formation and abundance of abiotic methane -- methane formed by chemical reactions that don't involve organic matter -- on Earth and shows how the gases could have a similar origin... more
All-in-one: New microbe degrades oil to gas  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Crude oil and gas naturally escape from the seabed in many places known as "seeps." There, these hydrocarbons move up from source rocks through fractures and sediments toward the surface, where they leak out... more
Catalysts for climate protection  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
How can we achieve the internationally agreed climate targets? The Fraunhofer Institute for Interfacial Engineering and Biotechnology IGB makes the greenhouse gas CO2 usable as a carbon source for the chemical industry. With a patented catalyst synthesis, screening for the... more
All-in-one: New microbe degrades oil to gas  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
The tiny organisms cling to oil droplets and perform a great feat: As a single organism, they may produce methane from oil by a process called alkane disproportionation. Previously this was only known from... more
Catalysts for climate protection  nanowerk · 4 days
Researchers have developed various new technological solutions for using the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide, which is generated during combustion processes, as a raw material for the production of chemicals, fuels or chemical energy storage systems. more
Scientists extract hydrogen gas from oil and bitumen, giving potential pollution-free energy  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
Scientists have developed a large-scale economical method to extract hydrogen (H2) from oil sands (natural bitumen) and oil fields. This can be used to... more
'UFOs' Are Flying Out from Supermassive Black Holes and Reshaping Galaxies  LIVE SCIENCE · 5 days
These jets of matter act like snowplows that shove gas around inside galaxies. And for the first time astronomers have spotted it happening. more
How coastal mud holds the key to climate cooling gas  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
Bacteria found in muddy marshes, estuaries and coastal sediment synthesise one of the Earth's most abundant climate cooling gases—according to new research from the University of East Anglia... more
Uncertainty in greenhouse gas emissions estimates  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 days
National or other emissions inventories of greenhouse gases that are used to develop strategies and track progress in terms of emissions reductions for climate mitigation contain a certain amount of uncertainty, which inevitably has an impact... more
Microorganisms build the best fuel efficient hydrogen cells  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 days
With billions of years of practice, nature has created the most energy efficient machines. One, [Ne-Fi] hydrogenase, is the oldest in microorganisms and is used for hydrogen metabolism. Using Fourier transform infrared... more
Robotic tool operations bring in-space refueling closer to reality  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
NASA's Robotic Refueling Mission 3 (RRM3) completed an initial set of tool operations, bringing the idea of using water ice or methane from other worlds as fuel for spacecraft one... more
Spotting merging galaxies  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
Over 30 years ago, the Infrared Astronomy Satellite discovered that the universe contained many extremely luminous galaxies, some more than a thousand times brighter than our own Milky Way, but which are practically invisible at optical wavelengths. These galaxies are... more
Image: Hubble's portrait of star's gaseous glow  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Although it looks more like an entity seen through a microscope than a telescope, this rounded object, named NGC 2022, is certainly not algae or tiny, blobby jellyfish. Instead, it is a vast orb... more
Health plan’s ‘Cadillac tax’ may finally be running out of gas  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 week
The politics of health care are changing. And one of the most controversial parts of the Affordable Care Act — the so-called Cadillac tax — may... more
Fracking has less impact on groundwater than traditional oil and gas production  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Conventional oil and gas production methods can affect groundwater much more than fracking, according to hydrogeologists Jennifer McIntosh from the University of Arizona and... more
New research could provide better food and faster analysis of blood tests  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Gas chromatography is a method of analysis that most people have experienced at one time or another without necessarily knowing it. For example, gas... more
Better food and faster analysis of blood tests  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
Researchers have figured out how to use deep learning to speed up the analysis of gas chromatographic data. Because this type of analysis is used in many parts of society, the new... more
Methane emissions spike: Is there one main culprit?  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
The level of methane in the atmosphere has risen dramatically in the last decade—and climate scientists are worried. Although there's still roughly 60 times less of it floating around than carbon dioxide,... more
Offshore oil and gas rigs leak more greenhouse gas than expected  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
A survey of offshore installations extracting oil and natural gas in the North Sea revealed far more leakage of methane, a powerful greenhouse gas, than currently... more
To monitor air quality, scientists chase methane plumes in dead of night  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
As days turn to nights in Broomfield, Colorado, residents may spot a white Chevrolet Tahoe with a pole jutting out its top slowly moving... more
Controlled hydraulic fracturing sculpts mammalian embryos into shape  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, is a process most often associated with shale gas extraction, but a team of researchers from Institut Curie at the Sorbonne, and the Center for Interdisciplinary Research in... more
Study reports high-harmonic generation in an epsilon-near-zero material  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
High-harmonic generation (HHG) is a nonlinear optical phenomenon through which high harmonics of an intense laser beam are generated in a target material, typically a gas. Physicists have been studying HHG in... more
Ice sheets impact core elements of the Earth's carbon cycle  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
The Earth's carbon cycle is crucial in controlling the greenhouse gas content of our atmosphere, and ultimately our climate. more
Shift to renewable electricity a win-win at statewide level  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Amid rollbacks of the Clean Power Plan and other environmental regulations at the federal level, several U.S. states, cities, and towns have resolved to take matters into their own hands... more
Ice sheets impact core elements of the Earth's carbon cycle  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
The Earth's carbon cycle is crucial in controlling the greenhouse gas content of our atmosphere, and ultimately our climate. more
App allows inspectors to find gas pump skimmers faster  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
Computer scientists have developed an app that allows state and federal inspectors to detect devices that steal consumer credit and debit card data at gas pumps. The devices, known as... more
A planetary body may have smashed into Jupiter, creating its weird core  SCIENCE-NEWS · 1 week
A planetary body smashing into Jupiter may have jostled the gas giant’s insides during its formative years, creating the strange interior seen today. more
New study: Fracking prompts global spike in atmospheric methane  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
As methane concentrations increase in the Earth's atmosphere, chemical fingerprints point to a probable source: shale oil and gas, according to new Cornell University research published today (14 August) in... more
Fracking prompts global spike in atmospheric methane, study suggests  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
As methane concentrations increase in the Earth's atmosphere, chemical fingerprints point to a probable source: shale oil and gas, according to new research. more
Key factors in how some algae harness solar energy  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Scientists have discovered how diatoms -- a type of alga that produce 20 percent of the Earth's oxygen -- harness solar energy for photosynthesis. The discovery could help lead to... more
Making microbes that transform greenhouse gases  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
A new technique will help not only reduce greenhouse gas emissions, but the potential to reduce the overall dependence on petroleum. more
Finding a cosmic fog within shattered intergalactic pancakes  nanowerk · 2 weeks
In a new study, researchers report on the most detailed simulation ever of a large patch of the intergalactic medium (IGM). For the first time, they were able to see how cold,... more
Finding a cosmic fog within shattered intergalactic pancakes  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
In a new study, researchers report on the most detailed simulation ever of a large patch of the intergalactic medium (IGM). For the first time, they were able to see how cold,... more
Second baby planet found using pioneering technique  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Monash astrophysicists using the ALMA telescope in Chile have a made a world-first discovery with the sighting of a second new 'baby' planet (two to three times heavier than Jupiter) inside a gas and... more
Cloaked Black Hole Found Hidden Behind Gas Cloud in Early Universe  LIVE SCIENCE · 2 weeks
A cloaked black hole found lurking behind a cloud of gas dates to the early cosmic years of the universe. more
High temperature thermal shocks increase stability of single-atom catalysts  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Catalysts are essentially boosters that increase the rate of a chemical reaction, and are widely used in the fields of petroleum refining, coal and natural gas conversion, and ammonia production,... more
Natural-gas leaks are important source of greenhouse gas emissions in Los Angeles  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
In discussions of anthropogenic climate change, carbon dioxide generally gets the spotlight, but it is not the only greenhouse gas spewed into the atmosphere... more
Natural-gas leaks are important source of greenhouse gas emissions in Los Angeles  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Scientist have found that methane in L.A.'s air correlates with the seasonal use of gas for heating homes and businesses. more
Study gauges trees' potential to slow global warming in the future  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Like the eponymous character in Shel Silverstein's classic children's tale, trees are generous with their gifts, cleaning the air we breathe and slowing the ravages of... more
Methane not released by wind on Mars, experts find  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Wind erosion has been ruled out as the primary cause of methane gas release on Mars, Newcastle University academics have shown. more
Mars: Cause of methane spikes still unknown  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
New study rules out wind erosion as the source of methane gas on Mars and moves a step closer to answering the question of whether life exists on other planets. more
Hubble Captures Beautiful Planetary Nebula Image  SCI-NEWS.COM · 2 weeks
The NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope has produced a stunning image of NGC 2022, a vast orb of gas in space, cast off by an... more
Behavioral science models can help identify the greenest dietary changes  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Spreading the gospel of veggie-only diets may not be the most effective way to help reduce overall, food-related greenhouse gas emissions, according to a new model based on... more
Dense gas detected in intercore bridges in the S235 star-forming region  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Using the Nobeyama Radio Observatory (NRO), astronomers have investigated a massive star-forming region known as S235. The study resulted in detecting high-density gas in this region,... more
Amid protest, Hawaii astronomers lose observation time  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Asteroids, including those that might slam into Earth. Clouds of gas and dust on the verge of forming stars. Planets orbiting stars other than our own. more
To rein in global warming, healthy forests and sustainable diets are key, UN says  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Slashing greenhouse gas emissions from cars and power plants won't be enough to avoid the worst effects of climate change.... more
Hubble Snaps Super-Sharp Image of Jupiter  SCI-NEWS.COM · 2 weeks
The NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope obtained a detailed image of Jupiter on June 27, 2019, when the gas giant was approximately 400 million miles... more
Vegan food's sustainability claims need to give the full picture  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
The IPCC special report, Climate Change and Land, released last night, has found a third of the world's greenhouse gas emissions come from the "land": largely farming, food... more
Protein factors increasing yield of a biofuel precursor in microscopic algae  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Scientists have identified a protein, Lipid Remodeling reguLator 1 (LRL1), in microscopic algae that is involved in the production of triacylglycerol, a biofuel precursor. They further... more
Alternatives to burning can increase Indian farmers' profits and cut pollution  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
A new economic study in the journal Science shows that thousands of farmers in northern India could increase their profits if they stop burning their rice... more
Using lasers to visualize molecular mysteries in our atmosphere  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Molecular interactions between gases and liquids underpin much of our lives, but difficulties in measuring gas-liquid collisions have so far prevented the fundamental exploration of these processes. Researchers hope their... more
Oil rigs could pump CO2 emissions into rocks beneath North Sea  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
North Sea oil and gas rigs could be modified to pump vast quantities of carbon dioxide emissions into rocks below the seabed, research shows. more
Protein factors increasing yield of a biofuel precursor in microscopic algae  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
As an alternative to traditional fossil fuels, biofuels represent a more environmentally friendly and sustainable fuel source. Plant or animal fats can be converted to biofuels... more
Using lasers to visualize molecular mysteries in our atmosphere  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Invisible to the human eye, molecular interactions between gases and liquids underpin much of our lives, including the absorption of oxygen molecules into our lungs, many industrial processes and the... more
Oil rigs could pump emissions below North Sea  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
North Sea oil and gas rigs could be modified to pump vast quantities of carbon dioxide emissions into rocks below the seabed, research shows. more
ESO’s VLT Survey Telescope Observes Seagull Nebula  SCI-NEWS.COM · 2 weeks
The VLT Survey Telescope (VST), a large telescope at ESO’s Paranal Observatory, has taken a brilliant picture of the Seagull Nebula, which... more
A 160,000-year-old history of tectonically controlled methane seepage in the Arctic  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
The geological factors controlling gas release from Arctic deep-water gas reservoirs through seabed methane seeps are poorly constrained. This is partly due to limited data on... more
ALMA dives into black hole's 'sphere of influence'  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
ALMA has made the most precise measurements of cold gas swirling around a supermassive black hole -- the cosmic behemoth at the center of the giant elliptical galaxy NGC 3258. more
Natural gas storage research could combat global warming  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
To help combat global warming, a team is working on a new porous polymer that can store natural gas more effectively than anything currently being used. more
Medical News Today: Portable breath monitor quickly detects life threatening lung disease  MNT · 3 weeks
A new, portable gas chromatography breath analyzer can detect acute respiratory distress syndrome with 90% accuracy in 30 minutes, scientists report. more
Ionic thermal up-diffusion boosts energy harvesting  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Salinity gradient energy is recognized as a promising candidate for the substitution of traditional fossil fuels. Recently nanofluidic salinity gradient energy harvesting via ion channels or membranes has drawn increasing interest due to the advances in... more
The limits of rainforest growth  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Trees are seen as saviors in an era of climate change. Via their leaves, they absorb carbon dioxide and transform the greenhouse gas into oxygen and biomass. According to estimates by the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC),... more
Coming to a farm near you: The humble microbe boosting Europe's food industry  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Farmers who want to produce bigger chickens, fewer greenhouse gas-filled cow burps or healthier animals are increasingly able to turn to one... more
Improving the magnetic bottle that controls fusion power on Earth  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Scientists who use magnetic fields to bottle up and control on Earth the fusion reactions that power the sun and stars must correct any errors in the shape... more
Polyoxometalate-based coordination frameworks for methane generation in photoreduction of carbon dioxide  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Excessive CO2 discharge derived from the continuous burning of fossil fuels has caused global warming and environmental issues. Artificial conversion of excess CO2 into serviceable energy... more
Power generation achieved by a self-assembled biofuel cell  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Researchers have developed the first fully functional biofuel cell whose biocatalysts (enzymes that play a critical role in power generation) directly self-assemble onto the electrodes. In about 5 minutes, enzyme-nanoparticle hybrids added... more
Why Is There So Much Oil in the Arctic?  LIVE SCIENCE · 3 weeks
Beneath the Arctic lie billions of barrels of oil. But as the international energy race intensifies, we wonder, how did all that oil get there in the first place? more
Scientists Find a Boiling, Toxic Wasteland of an Exoplanet, and It's Shaped Like a Football  LIVE SCIENCE · 3 weeks
This first-of-its-kind discovery reveals a new category of ultrahot exoplanet, one so thoroughly cooked that your cast-iron skillet... more
'Wood' you like some fresh water?  nanowerk · 3 weeks
A membrane made of a sliver of wood could be the answer to renewably sourced water cleaning. Most membranes that are currently used to distill fresh water from salty are made of polymers based on fossil... more
Scientists Find a Boiling, Toxic Wasteland of an Exoplanet, and It's Shaped Liked a Football  LIVE SCIENCE · 3 weeks
This first-of-its-kind discovery reveals a new category of ultrahot exoplanet, one so thoroughly cooked that your cast-iron skillet... more
Observation of a transition between dynamical phases in a quantum degenerate Fermi gas  Science Magazine · 3 weeks
A proposed paradigm for out-of-equilibrium quantum systems is that an analog of quantum phase transitions exists between parameter regimes of qualitatively distinct... more
Very little public support for relaxing rules and regulations around fracking  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
A major new public attitudes survey on fracking reveals very little public support for relaxing the rules and regulations around fracking -- a key demand of... more
Climate battle will 'succeed or fail' in Asia: UN  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
The battle to combat climate change will "succeed or fail" based on what happens in Asia, where growing energy needs are increasing demand for fossil fuels, UN officials said Friday. more
A small number of leaky natural gas wells produce large emissions of greenhouse gases  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Wells that extract natural gas from underground often leak large amounts of methane, a powerful greenhouse gas, into the air.... more
Supercomputing improves biomass fuel conversion  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Fuels made from agricultural or forestry wastes known as lignocellulosic biomass have long been a champion in the quest to reduce use of fossil fuels. But plant cell walls have some innate defenses that make the process to... more
From greenhouse gas to fuel  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
Scientists have revealed a new approach to convert carbon dioxide gas into valuable chemicals and fuels. more
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Methane emissions spike: Is there one main culprit?
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