Fossil Fuels
Red Sea huge source of air pollution, greenhouse gases: study  PHYS.ORG · 11 hours
Hydrocarbon gases bubbling from the bottom of the Red Sea are polluting the atmosphere at a rate equivalent to the emissions of some large fossil fuel exporting countries,... more
Atomic layer 3D printing  nanowerk · 19 hours
A team of scientists and engineers plan to combine expertise in the chemical control of atomic layer deposition, in gas delivery, microelectromechanical devices, and microprocessing and automation, in order to demonstrate the potential of atomic-layer 3D printing. more
Airborne measurements point to low EPA methane estimates in south central US  PHYS.ORG · 21 hours
Approximately twice as much methane is seeping into the atmosphere than the Environmental Protection Agency estimates from oil and gas facilities in the south... more
Algae shown to improve gastrointestinal health  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
A green, single-celled organism called Chlamydomonas reinhardtii has served as a model species for topics spanning algae-based biofuels to plant evolution. While algae have been used as dietary nutraceuticals that provide beneficial oils, vitamins, proteins, carbohydrates... more
Northeast governors slow to embrace regional climate pact  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
Supporters of a regional pact that would tackle transportation emissions are struggling to win over several New England governors concerned that the climate change initiative will increase gas prices. more
Buildings made of wood instead of cement and steel could be important global carbon sinks  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
A material revolution replacing cement and steel in urban construction with wood can have double benefits for climate... more
Ecofriendly catalyst for converting methane into useful gases using light instead of heat  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Methane is present in the natural gas that is abundant in the Earth's crust, and has found many uses in modern applications,... more
Fungal decisions can affect climate  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
When we think of climate change, we tend to think about greenhouse gases, fossil fuels and pollution. Most of us don't think about fungi. more
Climate costs lowest if warming is limited to 2 degrees Celsius  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Using computer simulations of a model by U.S. Nobel Laureate William Nordhaus, researchers have weighted climate damage from increasing weather extremes, decreasing labor productivity and other... more
Astronomers Discover Class of Strange Objects Near Our Galaxy’s Enormous Black Hole  ASTRO WATCH · 3 days
Astronomers from UCLA’s Galactic Center Orbits Initiative have discovered a new class of bizarre objects at the center of our galaxy, not far from... more
New pQA portable quadrupole analyser  NEWS MEDICAL · 4 days
Hiden Analytical introduce the new pQA portable quadrupole analyser. The Hiden pQA portable gas analyser is a versatile mass spectrometer and offered with a range of interchangeable sampling inlets to suit a broad application range. more
Sustainable agriculture: Guaranteeing yield while reducing greenhouse gases  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
The NUMAPS group of the UPV/EHU has analyzed the benefits of adding nitrification inhibitors to ammonium-based fertilizers. The study was conducted on a wheat crop and compared a conventional tillage management system... more
Study: U.S. biofuels not to blame for Indonesia and Malaysia deforestation  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
Since 1990, the United States has ramped up its production of biofuels—to about 16 billion gallons of ethanol and 1.6 billion gallons of biodiesel in 2017.... more
Being exposed to diesel exhaust particles raises pneumococcal disease risk  NEWS MEDICAL · 5 days
Air pollution is a long-standing global problem, which is responsible for 7 million deaths each year, with 7 percent of these attributed to pneumonia. A new study highlights... more
Exposure to diesel exhaust particles linked to pneumococcal disease susceptibility  SCIENCE DAILY · 6 days
A new study shows that exposure to diesel exhaust particles (DEPs) can increase an individual's susceptibility to pneumococcal disease. more
EU strides forward on just transition, but risks stumbling on fossil fuels  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
The path to a climate neutral Europe became a little easier today, with the European Commission's proposal for a fund to help coal regions... more
Climate change 'a strategic dilemma' for Persian Gulf, expert says  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Climate change poses a strategic dilemma for oil-exporting states of the Persian Gulf, according to a new paper by an expert in the Center for Energy Studies at... more
Study: Exposure to diesel exhaust particles can increase individual's susceptibility to pneumococcal disease  NEWS MEDICAL · 6 days
A new study, published in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, shows that exposure to diesel exhaust particles (DEPs) can increase... more
Climate-friendly food choices protect the planet, promote health, reduce health costs  SCIENCE DAILY · 6 days
Increased uptake of plant-based diets in New Zealand could substantially reduce greenhouse gas emissions while greatly improving population health and saving the healthcare system billions of... more
Climate-friendly eating patterns confer potential health gains, protect the planet  NEWS MEDICAL · 6 days
Increased uptake of plant-based diets in New Zealand could substantially reduce greenhouse gas emissions while greatly improving population health and saving the healthcare system billions of dollars in... more
Deep diving scientists discover bubbling CO2 hotspot  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Diving 200 feet under the ocean surface to conduct scientific research can lead to some interesting places. For University of Texas at Austin Professor Bayani Cardenas, it placed him in the middle of a... more
Atmospheric CO2 levels from 2.7 billion years ago inferred from micrometeorite oxidation  Science Magazine · 6 days
Earth’s atmospheric composition during the Archean eon of 4 to 2.5 billion years ago has few constraints. However, the geochemistry of recently discovered iron-rich... more
Astronomers Map Surroundings of Supermassive Black Hole  SCI-NEWS.COM · 7 days
As material spirals towards a black hole, it is heated up and emits X-rays that, in turn, echo and reverberate as they... more
High-speed, precise liquid and gas handling products at SLAS 2020  NEWS MEDICAL · 7 days
Festo debuts a new generation of high speed, flexible, and precise liquid dispensing and gas handling products at SLAS, January 27-29, in San Diego. more
Novel software tool extracts important chemical exposure data  PHYS.ORG · 7 days
Southwest Research Institute is introducing Floodlight, a novel software tool that efficiently discovers the vast numbers of chemical components—previously known and unknown—present in the food, air, drugs and products we are exposed... more
Emissions of potent greenhouse gas have grown, contradicting reports of huge reductions  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
Despite reports that global emissions of the potent greenhouse gas were almost eliminated in 2017, an international team of scientists has found atmospheric levels... more
Researchers find a way to harness the entire spectrum of sunlight  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Scientists for the first time have developed a single molecule that can absorb sunlight efficiently and also act as a catalyst to transform solar energy into... more
Five ways to turn carbon dioxide from pollution to a valuable product  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
It's far easier to avoid burning fossil fuels than it is to clean up CO2 emissions once they're in the Earth's atmosphere. But the... more
Modified plants to curb climate change  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Each year, an average of 120 gigatons of carbon dioxide (CO2) worldwide is released through soil and vegetation respiration. Plants are capable of taking in nearly 123 gigatons through photosynthesis in the same period. But as... more
New exhaust gas measurement registers ultrafine pollutant particles for the first time  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
A few days ago, the European Commission presented its Green Deal, which aims to make the EU climate neutral by 2050 in order to... more
Emissions of potent greenhouse gas rises, contradicting reports of huge reductions  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Despite reports that global emissions of the potent greenhouse gas hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) were almost eliminated in 2017, an international team of scientists, led by the University... more
VLT Sees Newborn Stars in Emission Nebula Gum 26  SCI-NEWS.COM · 1 week
The European Southern Observatory (ESO) has released a stunning image snapped by the FOcal Reducer and low dispersion... more
The dynamic behaviour of a black hole corona  ESA · 1 week
Image: These illustrations show the surroundings of a black hole feeding on ambient gas as mapped using ESA’s XMM-Newton X-ray... more
A wearable gas sensor for health and environmental monitoring  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
A highly sensitive, wearable gas sensor for environmental and human health monitoring may soon become commercially available. more
A wearable gas sensor for health and environmental monitoring  nanowerk · 2 weeks
A highly sensitive wearable gas sensor for environmental and human health monitoring may soon become commercially available. more
XMM-Newton discovers scorching gas in Milky Way's halo  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
ESA's XMM-Newton has discovered that gas lurking within the Milky Way's halo reaches far hotter temperatures than previously thought and has a different chemical make-up than predicted, challenging our understanding of our... more
The carbon footprint of dinner: How 'green' are fish sticks?  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Fish sticks may be a tasty option for dinner, but are they good for the planet? A new study of the climate impacts of seafood products reveals that... more
New wearable gas sensor may soon be available for environmental and health monitoring  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 weeks
A highly sensitive, wearable gas sensor for environmental and human health monitoring may soon become commercially available, according to researchers at Penn... more
Colloidal quantum dot photodetectors can now see further than before  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Optical sensing in the mid to long infrared (5 microns [um]) is becoming of utmost importance in different fields since it is proving to be an excellent tool... more
A wearable gas sensor for health and environmental monitoring  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
A highly sensitive, wearable gas sensor for environmental and human health monitoring may soon become commercially available, according to researchers at Penn State and Northeastern University. more
Cyanobacteria in water and on land identified as source of methane  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Cyanobacteria, also known as blue-green algae, are among the most common organisms on Earth. A research team has now shown for the first time that Cyanobacteria... more
XMM-Newton discovers scorching gas in Milky Way’s halo  ESA · 2 weeks
ESA’s XMM-Newton has discovered that gas lurking within the Milky Way’s halo reaches far hotter temperatures than previously thought and... more
Blue-green algae found to produce greenhouse gas methane  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
An international team of researchers has found that cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) produce the greenhouse gas methane. In their paper published in the journal Science Advances, the group describes tests they carried out... more
Florida buys Everglades land to prevent oil drilling  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis on Wednesday announced a massive land buyout that will kill a plan to drill for oil in the Everglades. more
New obstacles ahead in China's pollution fight: report  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
China's fight against pollution faces new threats from rising levels of harmful ozone gas despite an "impressive" reduction in other airborne particles, according to a report released Thursday. more
Aquatic and terrestrial cyanobacteria produce methane  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
Evidence is accumulating to challenge the paradigm that biogenic methanogenesis, considered a strictly anaerobic process, is exclusive to archaea. We demonstrate that cyanobacteria living in marine, freshwater, and terrestrial environments produce methane at substantial rates under... more
Atmospheric fungal nanoparticle bursts  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
Aerosol nanoparticles play an important role in the climate system by affecting cloud formation and properties, as well as in human health because of their deep reach into lungs and the circulatory system. Determining nanoparticle sources and composition is a... more
'Soil photosynthesis' helps to mitigate environmental pollution  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
NOx gases is the generic term used to refer to the group of gases made up of nitric oxide and nitrogen dioxide, gases that result from burning fossil fuel, and also from forest fires,... more
New assessment of gas locked in ice in European waters  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
A study led by the University of Southampton has mapped several sites in Europe containing gas hydrate—a relatively clean fuel which could help bridge the gap between fossil... more
Air pollution from oil and gas production sites visible from space  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Oil and gas production has doubled in some parts of the United States in the last two years, and scientists can use satellites to see impacts... more
New assessment of gas locked in ice in European waters  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
A study has mapped several sites in Europe containing gas hydrate - a relatively clean fuel which could help bridge the gap between fossil fuels and renewables. more
Air pollution from oil and gas production sites visible from space  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
US and European satellites help scientists measure nitrogen dioxide from drilling, production and flaring. more
Building materials come alive with help from bacteria  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
New living building materials can grow and multiply -- and may help to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions from infrastructure in the future. more
Cassini Reveals Saturn’s Ultraviolet Auroras in Unprecedented Detail  SCI-NEWS.COM · 2 weeks
At the end of its mission in 2017, NASA’s Cassini spacecraft performed a set of ‘Grand Finale’ orbits bringing it... more
Sulfur hexafluoride: The truths and myths of this greenhouse gas  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
The atmospheric concentration of the highly-potent greenhouse gas SF6 has never been higher. Fingers have been pointed at the expanding renewables industry, but is that a fair assessment? more
Hot gas feeds spiral arms of the Milky Way  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
An international research team, with significant participation of astronomers from the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy (MPIA), has gained important insights into the origin of the material in the spiral... more
Greenhouse gases from oil and gas projected to continue to increase  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
The fracking boom across the country has resulted in greenhouse gas emissions steadily climbing each year since the United States has become the largest producer of... more
CO2Meter, Inc. launches new MicroSENS Hightemp Incubator IR CO2 sensor for life science industries  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 weeks
CO2Meter Inc., a leading, worldwide manufacturer of high-quality gas detection and monitoring solutions, has released a new CO2 Sensor for... more
Winter is an important driver for nitrous oxide emissions from boreal lakes  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Boreal lakes emit greenhouse gases, but the magnitude of the emissions is still inadequately quantified. While the emissions of carbon dioxide and methane have... more
Microorganisms fed with toxic gas to produce biofuel  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Today, various processes are used to convert organic waste into biogas. By combining two different processes, it is possible to obtain even more of valuable substances such as hydrogen and methane. The... more
How to make it easier to turn plant waste into biofuels  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Researchers have developed a new process that could make it much cheaper to produce biofuels such as ethanol from plant waste and reduce reliance on fossil... more
Study points to global streams and rivers' contribution to climate change  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
A new study led by Auburn University researchers and published in the journal, Nature Climate Change, shows a four-fold increase in emissions of the potent greenhouse... more
How to make it easier to turn plant waste into biofuels  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Researchers have developed a new process that could make it much cheaper to produce biofuels such as ethanol from plant waste and reduce reliance on fossil... more
New climate models suggest Paris goals may be out of reach  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
New climate models show carbon dioxide is a more potent greenhouse gas than previously understood, a finding that could push the Paris treaty goals for capping... more
Meteorite contains the oldest material on Earth: 7-billion-year-old stardust  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Stars have life cycles. They're born when bits of dust and gas floating through space find each other and collapse in on each other and heat up. They burn for... more
Future subtropical warming accelerates tropical climate change  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
In response to future fossil fuel burning, climate computer models simulate a pronounced warming in the tropical oceans. This warming can influence the El Niño phenomenon and shift weather and rainfall patterns across the... more
Climate gas budgets highly overestimate methane discharge from Arctic Ocean  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
The atmospheric concentration of methane, a potent greenhouse gas, has almost tripled since the beginning of industrialisation. Methane emissions from natural sources are poorly understood. This is especially... more
Study shows link between lead exposure risk and brain structure in children  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 weeks
Though leaded gas and lead-based paint were banned decades ago, the risk of lead exposure is far from gone. A new study led by... more
Future subtropical warming accelerates tropical climate change  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
In response to future fossil fuel burning, climate computer models simulate a pronounced warming in the tropical oceans. This warming can influence the El Niño phenomenon and shift weather and rainfall patterns across the... more
Climate gas budgets highly overestimate methane discharge from Arctic Ocean  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
There is a huge seasonal variability in methane seeps in the Arctic Ocean, according to a new article. more
NOAA finds new liquified natural gas pipeline in Oregon will not jeopardize species  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
NOAA Fisheries has issued a final biological opinion on construction and operation of the Jordan Cove terminal in Coos Bay, Oregon, and... more
The interiors of stars  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
The interiors of stars are largely mysterious regions because they are so difficult to observe directly. Our lack of understanding about the physical processes there, like rotation and the mixing of hot gas, introduces considerable ambiguity about how stars shine... more
'Green methane' from artificial photosynthesis could recycle CO2  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
A new artificial photosynthesis approach uses sunlight to turn carbon dioxide into methane, which could help make natural-gas-powered devices carbon neutral. more
The gathering firestorm in southern Amazonia  Science Magazine · 3 weeks
Wildfires, exacerbated by extreme weather events and land use, threaten to change the Amazon from a net carbon sink to a net carbon source. Here, we develop and apply a coupled ecosystem-fire model to quantify how... more
First sighting of hot gas sloshing in galaxy cluster  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
ESA's XMM-Newton X-ray observatory has spied hot gas sloshing around within a galaxy cluster—a never-before-seen behaviour that may be driven by turbulent merger events. more
New technique could accelerate waste-to-methane production  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
University of Alberta engineers have found a way to turn waste fat, oil and grease into a steady supply of renewable energy. more
Visualizing chemical reactions, e.g. from H2 and CO2 to synthetic natural gas  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
Scientists have designed a reactor that can use IR thermography to visualize dynamic surface reactions and correlate it with other rapid gas analysis methods... more
Study looks at how the global energy mix could change over the next 20 years  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
When it comes to fulfilling ambitious energy and climate commitments, few nations successfully walk their talk. A case... more
X-ray and optical view of the Perseus galaxy cluster  ESA · 3 weeks
Image: This image shows the Perseus galaxy cluster – one of the most massive known objects in the... more
X-ray and optical view of the Coma galaxy cluster  ESA · 3 weeks
Image: This image shows the bright, nearby, and massive Coma galaxy cluster in X-ray and optical light, as seen... more
First sighting of hot gas sloshing in galaxy cluster  ESA · 3 weeks
ESA’s XMM-Newton X-ray observatory has spied hot gas sloshing around within a galaxy cluster – a never-before-seen behaviour... more
Researchers discover new building blocks of catalyst zeolite nanopores  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Zeolites crystals, used among other things for refining petroleum to gasoline and biomass into biofuels, are the most-used catalysts by weight on the planet, and discovering mechanisms of how they... more
Researchers discover new building blocks of catalyst zeolite nanopores  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
Zeolites crystals, used among other things for refining petroleum to gasoline and biomass into biofuels, are the most-used catalysts by weight on the planet, and discovering mechanisms of how they... more
Observation of an isomerizing double-well quantum system in the condensed phase  Science Magazine · 3 weeks
Molecular isomerization fundamentally involves quantum states bound within a potential energy function with multiple minima. For isolated gas-phase molecules, eigenstates well above the isomerization saddle points... more
Hydrophobic zeolite modification for in situ peroxide formation in methane oxidation to methanol  Science Magazine · 3 weeks
Selective partial oxidation of methane to methanol suffers from low efficiency. Here, we report a heterogeneous catalyst system for enhanced methanol productivity... more
Astronomers Find 9,000-Light-Year-Long Wave-Shaped Structure in Milky Way  SCI-NEWS.COM · 3 weeks
Using data from ESA’s Gaia star-mapping spacecraft, a team of astronomers from Austria and the United States has discovered a... more
Greening at high latitudes may inhibit the expansion of midlatitude deserts  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Desertification has always been a serious challenge for human beings, especially in arid and semi-arid regions. Projections from CMIP5 support the expansion of arid and semi-arid... more
From a by-product of the biodiesel industry to sustainable production of a valuable chemical  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Although governments, academia and organizations all around the world have been emphasizing the crisis concerning the use of fossil fuels... more
Brake dust air pollution may have same harmful effects on immune cells as diesel exhaust  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Metal particles from the abrasion of brake pads—up to a fifth of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) air pollution... more
Catalytic protocells get zingy  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
Artificial cells capable of oxygen gas production and chemical signalling have been prepared using a combination of synthetic and biological catalysts. more
Catalytic protocells get zingy  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Artificial cells capable of oxygen gas production and chemical signalling have been prepared using a combination of synthetic and biological catalysts through an international collaboration between the University of Bristol and the University of Padua in Italy. more
Cosmic bubbles reveal the first stars  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
Astronomers have identified several overlapping bubbles of hydrogen gas ionized by the stars in early galaxies, a mere 680 million years after the Big Bang. This is the earliest direct evidence from the period when the... more
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