Evolution
Scientists Trace Evolution of Visual Individual Recognition in Paper Wasps  SCI-NEWS.COM · 10 hours
A team of researchers has sequenced and analyzed the genomes of Polistes fuscatus, a species of... more
Red Sea huge source of air pollution, greenhouse gases: study  PHYS.ORG · 12 hours
Hydrocarbon gases bubbling from the bottom of the Red Sea are polluting the atmosphere at a rate equivalent to the emissions of some large fossil fuel exporting countries,... more
Feral horses are destroying fragile post-fire habitat in the Australian Alps  PHYS.ORG · 14 hours
On Friday I flew in a helicopter over the fire-ravaged Kosciuszko National Park. I was devastated by what I saw. Cherished wildlife species are at grave... more
New AI tool predicts disease progression and evolution in neurodegenerative disorders  NEWS MEDICAL · 15 hours
Researchers have found that testing blood using an artificial intelligence algorithm successfully predicted disease progression in neurodegenerative disorders. more
Fat Cells Can Sense Light, Animal Study Shows  SCI-NEWS.COM · 16 hours
Light exposure regulates how two kinds of fat cells (adipocytes) work together to produce the raw materials that all other... more
Algae shown to improve gastrointestinal health  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
A green, single-celled organism called Chlamydomonas reinhardtii has served as a model species for topics spanning algae-based biofuels to plant evolution. While algae have been used as dietary nutraceuticals that provide beneficial oils, vitamins, proteins, carbohydrates... more
Benefits of conservation efforts may not yet be fully visible  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
Last year, a UN report on global biodiversity warned one million species are at risk of extinction within decades, putting the world's natural life-support systems in jeopardy. But... more
'Profound' evolution: Wasps learn to recognize faces  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
One wasp species has evolved the ability to recognize individual faces among their peers—something that most other insects cannot do—signaling an evolution in how they have learned to work together. more
Fungal decisions can affect climate  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
When we think of climate change, we tend to think about greenhouse gases, fossil fuels and pollution. Most of us don't think about fungi. more
New Species of Carnivorous Dinosaur Unveiled: Allosaurus jimmadseni  SCI-NEWS.COM · 2 days
A new species of carnivorous theropod dinosaur has been identified from the fossilized remains discovered in the 1990s in northeastern... more
Towering dinosaur with radioactive skull identified in Utah  LIVE SCIENCE · 2 days
Paleontologists have discovered the skeleton and radioactive skull of a previously unknown species of Allosaurus. more
Scientists to search for relatives of extinct Galapagos tortoises  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
A scientific expedition to the Galapagos Islands will spend ten days searching for relatives of two tortoise species believed to be extinct, including those of the archipelago's Lonesome George, park... more
'Jumping genes' help stabilize DNA folding patterns  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
"Jumping genes"—bits of DNA that can move from one spot in the genome to another—are well-known for increasing genetic diversity over the long course of evolution. Now, new research at Washington University School of... more
Jumping genes play surprising role in stabilizing DNA folding patterns  NEWS MEDICAL · 4 days
"Jumping genes" -- bits of DNA that can move from one spot in the genome to another -- are well-known for increasing genetic diversity over the long course... more
Researchers create novel platform to standardize paleoclimatology data  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
Sometimes the most unrelated things can produce the most innovative results. Take, for instance, aikido—a Japanese martial art that can be translated as the "way of unifying energy"—and paleoclimatology, a scientific field... more
715-Million-Year-Old Fungi Microfossils Found  SCI-NEWS.COM · 5 days
An international team of researchers has found the microscopic fungal filaments and mycelium-like structures in dolomitic shale from the Democratic Republic of Congo. The microfossils are at least... more
Jewel beetles' sparkle helps them hide in plain sight  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 days
Bright colors are often considered an evolutionary tradeoff in the animal kingdom. Yes, a male peacock's colorful feathers may help it attract a mate, but they also make it more... more
Chaos theory may explain instability in U.S. economy  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
Jeff Goldblum's character in "Jurassic Park" famously popularized the concept of chaos theory as it relates to science. But one University of Kansas professor is applying that theory to the economy. more
Tackling antibiotic resistance: Phage-mimicking antibacterial core-shell nanoparticles could help  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
According to the World Health Organization, one of the biggest health threats around the world is antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Every day people use antibiotics to prevent or fight back against infection,... more
New species of Allosaurus discovered in Utah  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
A remarkable new species of meat-eating dinosaur has been unveiled at the Natural History Museum of Utah. Paleontologists unearthed the first specimen in early 1990s in Dinosaur National Monument in northeastern Utah. The huge... more
Transcriptional scanning in the sperm may regulate rate of human evolution  NEWS MEDICAL · 5 days
Maturing sperm cells turn on most of their genes, not to follow their genetic instructions like normal, but instead to repair DNA before passing it to... more
Global warming could have a negative impact on biodiversity generation processes  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
In the current climate change scenario, an international team led by researchers from Pablo de Olavide University (UPO) and the Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM) has... more
New Research Tracks Evolution of Extinct Straight-Tusked Elephants  SCI-NEWS.COM · 6 days
Palaeoloxodon is an extinct genus of straight-tusked elephants that lived throughout Europe and Asia during the Pleistocene and Holocene. It... more
Unravelling arthropod genomic diversity over 500 million years of evolution  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
An international team of scientists report in the journal Genome Biology results from a pilot project, co-led by Robert Waterhouse, Group Leader at the SIB Swiss Institute of... more
Scanning system in sperm may control rate of human evolution  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Maturing sperm cells turn on most of their genes, not to follow their genetic instructions like normal, but instead to repair DNA before passing it to the next... more
Jewel beetles' sparkle helps them hide in plain sight  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Bright colors are often considered an evolutionary tradeoff in the animal kingdom. Yes, a male peacock's colorful feathers may help it attract a mate, but they also make it more... more
A new way to count and identify microscopic particles in fluids  nanowerk · 6 days
A new method is proposed to automate the measurement of nano- to microscale particles suspended in fluid. The single particle extinction and scattering (SPES) method can... more
Textile-based composites could weave future of aerospace engineering  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Advanced materials research at The University of Manchester has demonstrated a comprehensive picture of the evolution of damage in braided textile composites for the first time. This could lead the way to... more
EU strides forward on just transition, but risks stumbling on fossil fuels  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
The path to a climate neutral Europe became a little easier today, with the European Commission's proposal for a fund to help coal regions... more
Marine Biologists Solve Mystery of How ‘Walking’ Sharks Split  SCI-NEWS.COM · 6 days
An international team of marine biologists has found that members of the genus Hemiscyllium are the ‘youngest’ —... more
Molecular identification of fungi microfossils in a Neoproterozoic shale rock  Science Magazine · 6 days
Precambrian fossils of fungi are sparse, and the knowledge of their early evolution and the role they played in the colonization of land surface are limited. Here, we... more
First mushrooms appeared earlier than previously thought  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
According to a new study led by Steeve Bonneville from the Université libre de Bruxelles, the first mushrooms evolved on Earth between 715 and 810 million years ago, 300 million years earlier than the... more
Engineers develop recipe to dramatically strengthen body armor  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
According to ancient lore, Genghis Khan instructed his horsemen to wear silk vests underneath their armor to better protect themselves against an onslaught of arrows during battle. Since the time of Khan,... more
Neutron source enables a look inside dino eggs  SCIENCE DAILY · 6 days
Did the chicks of dinosaurs from the group oviraptorid hatch from their eggs at the same time? This question can be answered by the length and arrangement of the embryo's bones, which... more
Life aquatic for many spider species  SCIENCE DAILY · 7 days
Researchers have found that nearly one fifth of all spider families are associated with saltwater or freshwater aquatic habitats. Their findings address the common misconception that all spiders dwell on land, and reveal surprising evolutionary pathways... more
Neutron source enables a look inside dino eggs  PHYS.ORG · 7 days
Did the chicks of dinosaurs from the group oviraptorid hatch from their eggs at the same time? This question can be answered by the length and arrangement of the embryo's bones, which... more
The yellow black-faced triplefin deflects sunlight to break predator camouflage  PHYS.ORG · 7 days
Small fish use light for active sensing to detect potential predators. The yellow black-faced triplefin (Tripterygion delaisi) can reflect downwelling sunlight sideways with its iris, illuminating its immediate... more
Warm-blooded crocs thrived in Jurassic cold snap  PHYS.ORG · 7 days
They are revered throughout nature as chilling predators … now research shows crocodiles have not always been the cold-blooded creatures they are today. more
Interdisciplinary study reveals new insights into the evolution of sign languages  PHYS.ORG · 7 days
A new study, published in Royal Society Open Science, sheds light on the origins and evolution of European sign languages. Using phylogenetic network methods to compare... more
Interdisciplinary study reveals new insights into the evolution of signed languages  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
A new study, published in Royal Society Open Science, sheds light on the origins and evolution of European sign languages. Using phylogenetic network methods to compare... more
Scientists uncover new mode of evolution  LIVE SCIENCE · 1 week
Scientists have discovered a form of natural selection that doesn't rely on DNA. more
An asteroid wiped out the dinosaurs. Then, a volcano helped life flourish.  LIVE SCIENCE · 1 week
A massive meteorite impact and extreme volcanic activity occurred around the same time that Earth's large dinosaurs went extinct. But, did the volcanic activity... more
The little auks that lived in the Pacific  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Findings from a 700,000-year-old fossil bone indicate that a close relative of the most abundant seabird species in the North Atlantic, the modern dovekie, or 'little auk,' used to thrive in the... more
TB bacteria survive in amoebae found in soil  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
Scientists have discovered that the bacterium which causes bovine TB can survive and grow in small, single-celled organisms found in soil and dung. It is believed that originally the bacterium evolved to... more
Platypus on brink of extinction  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
New research calls for national action to minimize the risk of the platypus vanishing due to habitat destruction, dams and weirs. more
A simple way to predict tropical cyclones undergoing rapid intensification  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
"Yellow streaks in sunset sky, wind and daylong rain is nigh." This old weather proverb originates from fishermen who found colors and shapes in clouds at sunset could... more
Lizard and snake size unrelated to climate  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
For well over a century, scientists have thought climate is a key factor affecting the evolution of animal body sizes. However, a recent study has shown that, for squamates, a group of reptiles that... more
Human cultural evolution found to be just as slow as biological evolution  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
A team of researchers from several institutions in the U.K. and one in the U.S. has found that human culture evolves just as slowly... more
Five ways to turn carbon dioxide from pollution to a valuable product  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
It's far easier to avoid burning fossil fuels than it is to clean up CO2 emissions once they're in the Earth's atmosphere. But the... more
Modified plants to curb climate change  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Each year, an average of 120 gigatons of carbon dioxide (CO2) worldwide is released through soil and vegetation respiration. Plants are capable of taking in nearly 123 gigatons through photosynthesis in the same period. But as... more
UFOs May Be Piloted by Time-Traveling Humans, Book Argues  LIVE SCIENCE · 1 week
Could the creatures piloting UFOs be us? A recent book argues that reports of aliens here on Earth may be describing our distant human descendants, returning from the future to... more
Fossils of Earliest Known Scorpion Discovered  SCI-NEWS.COM · 1 week
The exceptionally preserved fossils of the oldest species of scorpion ever found have been unearthed in Wisconsin, the United States. The newly-discovered ancient scorpion... more
Tuberculosis bacteria survive in amoebae found in soil  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Scientists from the University of Surrey and University of Geneva have discovered that the bacterium which causes bovine TB can survive and grow in small, single-celled organisms found in soil and dung.... more
It was microbial mayhem in the Chicxulub crater, research suggests  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
New insights into how microbial life was quickly re-established following the mass extinction of the dinosaurs have been detailed for the first time by Curtin University-led research. more
Are Birds Dinosaurs?  LIVE SCIENCE · 1 week
Modern birds can trace their origins to theropods, a branch of mostly meat-eaters on the dinosaur family tree. more
Australia fires 'devastating habitats' of endangered species  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Australia's bushfires and other climate change effects are devastating the habitats of critically endangered species and driving the native platypus towards extinction, according to surveys highlighting the country's vulnerability to rising temperatures. more
Climate change pushing Australia's platypus towards extinction: researchers  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Prolonged drought and other effects of climate change are pushing Australia's unique platypus population towards extinction, scientists warned in a study published Monday. more
Study verifies a missing piece to urban air quality puzzle  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Despite the prominent health threat posed by fine particulate pollution, fundamental aspects of its formation and evolution continue to elude scientists. more
'Dancing dragon' shows feathers grew differently on dinosaurs and birds  REUTERS · 2 weeks
An exquisite fossil of a fierce little Chinese dinosaur dubbed the "dancing dragon" that lived 120... more
New Feathered Dinosaur Species Identified in China  SCI-NEWS.COM · 2 weeks
Paleontologists in China have identified a new species of microraptorine dromaeosaur closely related to the famous dinosaur Velociraptor. The newly-discovered dinosaur lived... more
Out of Deep-Sea Mud, a Strange Blob May Hold Secrets to the Origins of Complex Life  LIVE SCIENCE · 2 weeks
This unassuming little critter may hold the secrets to how the first multicellular life-forms evolved. more
A new method for dating ancient earthquakes  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Constraining the history of earthquakes produced by bedrock fracturing is important for predicting seismic activity and plate tectonic evolution. In a new study published in the Nature journal Scientific Reports Jan 17, 2020, a... more
Transformational innovation needed to reach global forest restoration goals  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
The U.N. and other international organizations agree that forest restoration is a critical part of the collective global effort to combat climate change, reduce extinctions, and improve the lives of... more
Mysterious little red jellies: A case of mistaken identity  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Little red jellies are commonplace near the deep seafloor in Monterey Bay and around the world. Most of them are small—less than five centimeters (two inches) across—and a ruddy red... more
An evolving understanding of extinction  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Few things related to science capture the imagination more than the magic of worlds past. This includes the origins of life, dinosaurs, mass extinctions, meteorite impacts, and the evolution of our species. Understanding the evolution of life is... more
Fins and limbs tell evolutionary tale  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
About 400 million years ago, our early ancestors took their first hesitant steps out of the primordial seas on to land. more
How biology creates networks that are cheap, robust, and efficient  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
From veins that deliver oxygen to tissues to xylem that send water into stems and leaves, vascular networks are a crucial component of life. In biology, there is... more
Black rhino population shows steady growth  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Good news stories can be hard to come by in an era of extinction, but the steady improvement in the fortunes of the black rhino is one of those stories. more
Research: Firms’ strategic decisions affect evolution of activism and emergence of mobilization  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 weeks
According to received wisdom, local activism against the establishment of industrial plants follows a cycle, with its highest intensity a short time after mobilization. more
Human ancestors may have eaten hard plant tissues without damaging teeth  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Hard plant foods may have made up a larger part of early human ancestors' diet than currently presumed, according to a new experimental study of modern... more
Study traces evolution of acoustic communication  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Imagine taking a hike through a forest or a stroll through a zoo and not a sound fills the air, other than the occasional chirp from a cricket. No birds singing, no tigers roaring, no monkeys... more
In death of dinosaurs, it was all about the asteroid -- not volcanoes  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Volcanic activity did not play a direct role in the mass extinction event that killed the dinosaurs, according to an international team... more
In death of dinosaurs, it was all about the asteroid—not volcanoes  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Volcanic activity did not play a direct role in the mass extinction event that killed the dinosaurs, according to an international, Yale-led team of researchers. It... more
New model shows how crop rotation helps combat plant pests  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
A new computational model shows how different patterns of crop rotation—planting different crops at different times in the same field—can impact long-term yield when the crops are threatened... more
Phonon hydrodynamics and ultrahigh-room-temperature thermal conductivity in thin graphite  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
Allotropes of carbon, such as diamond and graphene, are among the best conductors of heat. We monitored the evolution of thermal conductivity in thin graphite as a function of temperature... more
On impact and volcanism across the Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
The cause of the end-Cretaceous mass extinction is vigorously debated, owing to the occurrence of a very large bolide impact and flood basalt volcanism near the boundary. Disentangling their relative importance is... more
A high-resolution summary of Cambrian to Early Triassic marine invertebrate biodiversity  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
One great challenge in understanding the history of life is resolving the influence of environmental change on biodiversity. Simulated annealing and genetic algorithms were used to... more
'Living fossil' may upend basic tenet of evolutionary theory  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
A research team has discovered the first conclusive evidence that selection may also occur at the level of the epigenome -- a term that refers to an assortment of chemical... more
The mysterious, legendary giant squid's genome is revealed  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Important clues about the anatomy and evolution of the mysterious giant squid (Architeuthis dux) are revealed through publication of its full genome sequence. more
Scientists uncover how an explosion of new genes explain the origin of land plants  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Scientists have made a significant discovery about the genetic origins of how plants evolved from living in water to land... more
Glimpse into ancient hunting strategies of dragonflies and damselflies  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Dragonflies and damselflies are animals that may appear gentle but are, in fact, ancient hunters. The closely related insects shared an ancestor over 250 million years ago -- long before... more
Fossil is the oldest-known scorpion  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Scientists studying fossils collected 35 years ago have identified them as the oldest-known scorpion species, a prehistoric animal from about 437 million years ago. The researchers found that the animal likely had the capacity to breathe in both... more
'Living fossil' may upend basic tenet of evolutionary theory  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
The field of evolutionary biology has seen its share of spirited debates. But if there's one principle that virtually every expert in the field agrees on, it's that natural selection... more
Fossil is the oldest-known scorpion  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Scientists studying fossils collected 35 years ago have identified them as the oldest-known scorpion species, a prehistoric animal from about 437 million years ago. The researchers found that the animal likely had the capacity to breathe in both... more
MDI Biological Laboratory will use African turquoise killifish model to study aging  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 weeks
The study of therapies and interventions to expand healthy human lifespan has been limited by a lack of animal models: traditional vertebrate models such... more
This is the oldest scorpion known to science  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
Ancient arachnid could reveal clues about the evolution of modern scorpions and spiders more
Glimpse into ancient hunting strategies of dragonflies and damselflies  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Dragonflies and damselflies are animals that may appear gentle but are, in fact, ancient hunters. The closely related insects shared an ancestor over 250 million years ago—long before dinosaurs—and provide... more
Scientists uncover how an explosion of new genes explain the origin of land plants  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
The new study, led by scientists from the universities of Bristol and Essex and published today in Current Biology, challenge... more
Fossils of largest theropod to date found in Australia  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
A team of researchers from the University of New England, the Australian Age of Dinosaurs Natural History Museum and Swinburne University of Technology, all in Australia, has identified fossils found... more
Bird species are facing extinction hundreds of times faster than previously thought  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Extinction, or the disappearance of an entire species, is commonplace. Species have been forming, persisting and then shuffling off their mortal coil since life began on... more
Potential to adapt is revealed by evolutionary genomics  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Global climate change is going to drastically alter the environmental conditions for humans and nature. Animals and plants unable to cope with the new conditions are thus forced to shift their range... more
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