Evolution
Wind turbine design and placement can mitigate negative effect on birds  SCIENCE DAILY · 28 minutes
Wind energy is increasingly seen as a sustainable alternative to fossil fuels, as it contributes to a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. However, the rapid expansion... more
Adaptive Genetic Variants from Archaic Hominins Found in Melanesians  SCI-NEWS.COM · 8 hours
Modern individuals from the Pacific islands of Melanesia harbor adaptive copy number variants (CNVs) that they inherited from... more
Young climate activists in Africa struggle to be heard  PHYS.ORG · 14 hours
As Greta Thunberg and the Extinction Rebellion inspire climate protesters across the globe, young African activists say they still struggle to make themselves heard. more
Novel excitations near quantum criticality in geometrically frustrated antiferromagnet CsFeCl3  Science Magazine · 1 day
The investigation of materials that exhibit quantum phase transition provides valuable insights into fundamental problems in physics. We present neutron scattering under pressure in a triangular-lattice antiferromagnet that... more
Kayakers find partially fossilized bear skull in Kansas  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
Two sisters have found a partially fossilized bear skull while kayaking the Arkansas River in south-central Kansas. more
Lifestyle is a threat to gut bacteria: Ötzi proves it, study shows  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
The evolution of dietary and hygienic habits in Western countries is associated with a decrease in the bacteria that help in digestion. These very... more
Evolution tells us we might be the only intelligent life in the universe  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
Are we alone in the universe? It comes down to whether intelligence is a probable outcome of natural selection, or an improbable... more
Nearly Complete Specimen of Saurornitholestes langstoni Unearthed in Canada  SCI-NEWS.COM · 1 day
A fossil site in Canada has yielded the best-preserved specimen of the dromaeosaurid dinosaur Saurornitholestes langstoni ever found.... more
Oddness of Australian creatures goes way back  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
Australian creatures like the echidna and the koala are celebrated for their oddness. The fossil record shows that this oddity reaches far back into prehistory, as illustrated in the form of a fossil horseshoe... more
An evolution in the understanding of evolution  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
Remember domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species and Charles Darwin's "tree of life" metaphor we learned about in high school biology? That way of describing living-things lineages is just science's best guess... more
A new approach to reconstructing protein evolution  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
There are an estimated 20,000 to 30,000 proteins at work in cells, where they carry out numerable functions, says computational molecular biologist Roman Sloutsky at the University of Massachusetts Amherst. "One of the central... more
Building models to reconstruct evolutionary change more accurately than ever before  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 days
Remember domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species and Darwin's tree of life metaphor we learned about in high school biology? That way of describing... more
Newly discovered microbes band together, 'flip out'  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Scientists have found a new species of choanoflagellate. This close relative of animals forms sheets of cells that 'flip' inside-out in response to light, alternating between a cup-shaped feeding form and a ball-like swimming... more
Black Holes Stunt Growth of Dwarf Galaxies  ASTRO WATCH · 2 days
Astronomers at the University of California, Riverside, have discovered that powerful winds driven by supermassive black holes in the centers of dwarf... more
Giant Dinosaurs Evolved Various Brain-Cooling Mechanisms: Study  SCI-NEWS.COM · 2 days
Different groups of gigantic dinosaurs had different thermoregulatory strategies to help moderate brain temperatures in the face of high heat loads, according... more
Phylogenetic analysis forces rethink of termite evolution  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Despite their important ecological role as decomposers, termites are often overlooked in research. Evolutionary biologists have constructed a new family tree for this unassuming insect brood, shedding unexpected light on its evolutionary history. more
Museums put ancient DNA to work for wildlife  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Scientists who are trying to save species at the brink of extinction are finding help in an unexpected place. more
An evolution in the understanding of evolution  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
An engineering professor and her former Ph.D. student share a new, more accurate method for modeling evolutionary change. more
Oxygen fugacities of extrasolar rocks: Evidence for an Earth-like geochemistry of exoplanets  Science Magazine · 2 days
Oxygen fugacity is a measure of rock oxidation that influences planetary structure and evolution. Most rocky bodies in the Solar System formed at oxygen... more
Museums put ancient DNA to work for wildlife  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Scientists who are trying to save species at the brink of extinction are finding help in an unexpected place. Researchers increasingly are embracing the power of ancient DNA from old museum specimens... more
Paleontologists discover complete Saurornitholestes langstoni specimen  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
The discovery of a nearly complete dromaeosaurid Saurornitholestes langstoni specimen is providing critical information for the evolution of theropod dinosaurs, according to new research by a University of Alberta paleontologist. more
Paleontologists discover complete Saurornitholestes langstoni specimen  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
The discovery of a nearly complete dromaeosaurid Saurornitholestes langstoni specimen is providing critical information for the evolution of theropod dinosaurs, according to new research. more
Arthropods formed orderly lines 480 million years ago  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Researchers studied fossilized Moroccan Ampyx trilobites, which lived 480 million years ago and showed that the trilobites had probably been buried in their positions -- all oriented in the same direction. Scientists... more
480-million-year-old arthropods formed orderly queues  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Fossils of ancient arthropods discovered in linear formation may indicate a collective behaviour either in response to environmental cues or as part of seasonal reproductive migration. The findings, which are being published in Scientific Reports this week, suggest... more
Phylogenetic analysis forces rethink of termite evolution  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Despite their important ecological role as decomposers, termites are often overlooked in research. Evolutionary biologists at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) have constructed a new family tree for this... more
Old friends and new enemies: How evolutionary history can predict insect invader impacts  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Scientists have developed a model that could help foresters predict which nonnative insect invasions will be most problematic. This could help managers... more
A secret in saliva: Food and germs helped humans evolve into unique member of great apes  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Researchers discovered that the human diet -- a result of increased meat consumption, cooking and agriculture... more
Huge dinosaurs evolved different cooling systems to combat heat stroke  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Different dinosaur groups independently evolved gigantic body sizes, but they all faced the same problems of overheating and damaging their brains. more
How human brain development diverged from great apes  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, Institute of Molecular and Clinical Ophthalmology Basel, and ETH Zurich, Switzerland, have presented new insights into the development of the... more
Old friends and new enemies: How evolutionary history can predict insect invader impacts  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
About 450 nonnative, plant-eating insect species live in North American forests. Most of these critters are harmless, but a handful wreak havoc... more
New study shows huge dinosaurs evolved different cooling systems to combat heat stroke  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Different dinosaur groups independently evolved gigantic body sizes, but they all faced the same problems of overheating and damaging their brains. Researchers... more
Scientists discover novel virus that may shed light on viral evolution  NEWS MEDICAL · 3 days
Viruses are non-living creatures, consisting of genetic material encased in a protein coat. Once the virus infects a living organism, it can replicate itself and continue... more
What gives a 3-meter-long Amazonian fish some of the toughest scales on Earth  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Arapaima gigas is a big fish in a bigger river full of piranhas, but that doesn't mean it's an easy meal. It's... more
What gives a three-meter-long Amazonian fish some of the toughest scales on Earth  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Arapaima gigas is a big fish in a bigger river full of piranhas, but that doesn't mean it's an easy meal. The... more
Novel virus type may shed light on viral evolution  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Viruses are non-living creatures, consisting of genetic material encased in a protein coat. Once the virus infects a living organism, it can replicate itself and continue on. But what happens... more
Researchers uncover novel virus type that may shed light on viral evolution  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Viruses are nonliving creatures consisting of genetic material encased in a protein coat. Once the virus infects a living organism, it can replicate itself... more
Plant skeletons: Weighing the environmental impacts of a byproduct of biofuel combustion  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
As a renewable resource, biomass presents an appealing alternative to fossil fuels for energy production. Burning plants, however, is not a completely clean process;... more
Natural loss of foot muscle in rodents shares mechanisms often associated with disease and injury  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Researchers have developed new insight on how the natural loss of foot muscles occurred in rodents and other... more
Did early mammals turn to night life to protect their sperm?  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Humans are diurnal -- we are active in the day and sleep at night. But diurnalism is by far the exception rather the rule in mammals.... more
Geologists reveal anoxia caused loss in biodiversity in ancient seas  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Since 2016, the researchers of the Department of Geology at Tallinn University of Technology have been engaged in a research project analyzing the causes of Silurian biodiversity crisis.... more
New understanding of the evolution of cosmic electromagnetic fields  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Electromagnetism was discovered 200 years ago, but the origin of the very large electromagnetic fields in the universe is still a mystery. more
The brain does not follow the head  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
The human brain is about three times the size of the brains of great apes. This has to do, among other things, with the evolution of novel brain structures that enabled complex behaviors such... more
Study: Natural loss of foot muscles in rodents shares similarities with skeletal muscle atrophy  NEWS MEDICAL · 4 days
New insight on how the natural loss of foot muscles occurred in rodents and other species during their evolution has... more
Brain changes occurred independent of evolutionary rearrangements in the braincase  NEWS MEDICAL · 4 days
The human brain is about three times the size of the brains of great apes. This has to do, among other things, with the evolution of novel brain... more
Examining age, sustainability of fossil aquifers in Arabian Peninsula  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
What does the presence of 1,000 year old water mean for the future of water supplies under the desert regions of Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Jordan, Oman, Yemen and the United... more
Study 'cures' oldest case of deafness in human evolution  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
An international team of researchers has published a new study examining a 430,000-year-old cranium of a human ancestor that was previously described as deaf, representing the oldest case of deafness... more
Sperm and egg cell 'immune response' protects koala DNA  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
Discovery of a type of immunity that protects koalas' DNA from viruses has importance for the survival of koalas and our fundamental understanding of evolution. A team of scientists are... more
Study 'cures' oldest case of deafness in human evolution  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
An international team of researchers including faculty at Binghamton University, State University of New York, has published a new study examining a 430,000-year-old cranium of a human ancestor that was... more
Searching for water  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
In a place like Delaware, where it rains frequently, water is a renewable resource. Natural processes will replenish the water that is being used or consumed. In an area where rain is not as plentiful, such as the Arabian Peninsula,... more
Did early mammals turn to night life to protect their sperm?  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Humans are diurnal—we are active in the day and sleep at night. But diurnalism is by far the exception rather the rule in mammals. About 250-230... more
New understanding of the evolution of cosmic electromagnetic fields  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Next year is the 200 year anniversary of the discovery of electromagnetism by the Danish physicist H.C. Ørsted. Even 200 years after its discovery, the existence of electromagnetism still brings... more
Survival strategy found in living corals which was only seen in fossil records  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
Some corals can recover after massive mortality episodes caused by the water temperature rise. This survival mechanism in the marine environment --... more
Eocene-Epoch Stingray Had Unique Body Plan  SCI-NEWS.COM · 4 days
A new species of prehistoric stingray with an exceptional anatomy, which greatly differs from living species, has been identified from fossils found in Italy.... more
Changes in the brain occurred independently of braincase evolution  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
The human brain is about three times the size of the brains of great apes. This has to do, among other things, with the evolution of novel brain structures that... more
Taming the wild cheese fungus  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
The flavors of fermented foods are heavily shaped by the fungi that grow on them, but the evolutionary origins of those fungi aren't well understood. Experimental findings offer microbiologists a new view on how those molds evolve from... more
Taming the wild cheese fungus  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
The flavors of fermented foods are heavily shaped by the fungi that grow on them, but the evolutionary origins of those fungi aren't well understood. Experimental findings published this week in mBio offer microbiologists a new view on... more
Investing in love and affection pays off for species that mate for life  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 days
A new study by biologists explains how sexual cooperation and bonding evolves in bird species that form pair bonds. more
Op-ed | The space industry: A closer look at the new ecosystem  SPACE NEWS · 5 days
Since Sputnik first launched and man set foot on the moon, the changes, evolution and expansion of human activities in space has been rapid... more
Evolutionary history of oaks  SCIENCE DAILY · 5 days
Oaks have a complex evolutionary history that has long eluded scientists. New research, however, provides the most detailed account to date of the evolution of oaks, recovering the 56-million-year history that has made the oaks one of the most diverse,... more
The language of metabolites can be decoded with new genome technology  NEWS MEDICAL · 5 days
A team of microbiologists and genomicists has invented a genetic engineering tool that advances the study of secondary metabolites, which will expand our understanding of how... more
Researchers map the evolutionary history of oaks  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
How oaks are related has long posed a challenge to scientists. Dr. Andrew Hipp, senior scientist at The Morton Arboretum, led an international team of 24 scientists to unravel the history of global oak... more
Study Sheds New Light on Evolution of Yellow Hypergiants  SCI-NEWS.COM · 5 days
In a study published this month in the journal Astronomy & Astrophysics, astronomers analyzed the properties of four... more
The nature of obscured active galactic nuclei  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
Most galaxies host a supermassive black hole (SMBH) at their nucleus, one whose mass exceeds a million solar-masses. When material actively accretes onto the SMBH, associated processes can produce an active galactic nucleus (AGN)... more
Black holes stunt growth of dwarf galaxies  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Astronomers at the University of California, Riverside, have discovered that powerful winds driven by supermassive black holes in the centers of dwarf galaxies have a significant impact on the evolution of these galaxies by... more
Black holes stunt growth of dwarf galaxies  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
Astronomers have discovered that powerful winds driven by supermassive black holes in the centers of dwarf galaxies have a significant impact on the evolution of these galaxies by suppressing star formation. more
Bacteria contradict Darwin: Survival of the friendliest  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
New microbial research at the University of Copenhagen suggests that 'survival of the friendliest' outweighs 'survival of the fittest' for groups of bacteria. Bacteria make space for one another and sacrifice properties if it... more
Bacteria contradict Darwin: Survival of the friendliest  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
New microbial research suggests that 'survival of the friendliest' outweighs 'survival of the fittest' for groups of bacteria. Bacteria make space for one another and sacrifice properties if it benefits the bacterial community as... more
Manufacturers say wider range of satellites they build is stressing mission assurance  SPACE NEWS · 1 week
Manufacturers speaking Oct. 10 at the Satellite Innovation conference here said they are trying to evolve their approaches to mission assurance — making sure... more
Fossilized dinosaur proteins, and making a fridge from rubber bands  Science Magazine · 1 week
Have you ever tried to scrub off the dark, tarlike residue on a grill? That tough stuff is made up of polymers—basically just byproducts of cooking—and it is... more
Meet Siamraptor suwati, a new species of giant predatory dinosaur from Thailand  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
Fossils discovered in Thailand represent a new genus and species of predatory dinosaur, according to a new study. more
New insights into salamander limb development  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
A new paper by University of Kentucky researchers was recently published in the journal eLife, offering new insights and implications into the study of limb development and the evolution of vertebrate limbs. more
Fossil fuel industry sees the future of their product in hard-to-recycle plastic  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Plastic pollution and the climate crisis are two inseparable parts of the same problem, though they aren't treated as such. Many countries have implemented... more
Why Humans' Extinct 'Hobbit' Relatives Were So Small  LIVE SCIENCE · 1 week
The diminutive size of the extinct human relative called the Hobbit, or Homo floresiensis, could come down to really fast evolution. more
New Giant Carnivorous Dinosaur Unveiled: Siamraptor suwati  SCI-NEWS.COM · 1 week
Paleontologists have announced the discovery of a new genus and species of carcharodontosaurian dinosaur, based on the fossilized remains found in Thailand.... more
Ancient fossils reveal fresh clues about early life on land  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Slime has been present on Earth for a very long time—almost 2 billion years, according to a recent reassessment of fossil evidence. more
Scientists speed up the evolution of yeast to create tastier and healthier alcohol  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Researchers across Europe have started to speed up the evolutionary process of yeast to develop new or better flavours for wine and... more
Fossils of 'shark-toothed' carnivorous dinosaur found in Thailand  REUTERS · 1 week
Fossils of a large carnivorous dinosaur that was a top predator about 115 million years ago have been unearthed in... more
Chemical evolution -- One-pot wonder  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
Before life, there was RNA: Scientists show how the four different letters of this genetic alphabet could be created from simple precursor molecules on early Earth -- under the same environmental conditions. more
Directed evolution of an {alpha}1,3-fucosyltransferase using a single-cell ultrahigh-throughput screening method  Science Magazine · 1 week
Fucosylated glycoconjugates are involved in a variety of physiological and pathological processes. However, economical production of fucosylated drugs and prebiotic supplements has been hampered by the... more
Living evidence of a fossil survival strategy raises hope for warming-affected corals  Science Magazine · 1 week
Climate change is affecting reef-building corals worldwide, with little hope for recovery. However, coral fossils hint at the existence of environmental stress–triggered survival strategies... more
Meet Siamraptor suwati, a new species of giant predatory dinosaur from Thailand  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Fossils discovered in Thailand represent a new genus and species of predatory dinosaur, according to a study released October 9, 2019 in the open-access... more
Pioneers of lithium-ion battery win 2019 Nobel chemistry prize  REUTERS · 1 week
Scientists John Goodenough, Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino won the 2019 Nobel Prize for Chemistry on Wednesday for... more
Scientists discover new patterns in the evolution of the influenza virus  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 weeks
Researchers from Skoltech have found that the devious influenza virus is capable of new patterns of evolution and mutation in order to escape treatment with the... more
Insights on treatment and prognosis of male breast cancer  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
A recent analysis reveals that treatment of male breast cancer has evolved over the years. In addition, certain patient-, tumor-, and treatment-related factors are linked with better survival. more
Scientists identify molecule that could have helped cells thrive on early Earth  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
A new study offers an explanation for how ''protocells'' could have emerged on early Earth, eventually leading to the cells we know today. The... more
New patterns discovered in the evolution of influenza virus  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 weeks
Skoltech scientists discovered new patterns in the evolution of the influenza virus. This may help predict mutations in the viral genome and ultimately help design better vaccines. more
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