Environment
Medical News Today: Sustainable diet: Everything you need to know  MNT · 8 hours
Although there is no consensus on which diet is the most sustainable, there are many steps a person can take to reduce their environmental impact. Learn more here. more
UN climate talks unravelling, face failure  PHYS.ORG · 9 hours
A UN climate summit in Madrid risked collapsing Saturday after all-night negotiations between countries left them more divided than ever over on how to fight global warming and pay for its ravages. more
Five years of thirst: S.Africa's Eastern Cape battles brutal drought  PHYS.ORG · 17 hours
South African farmer Steve Bothma heaved a sigh of relief when the weatherman finally predicted rain. more
Salmon lose diversity in managed rivers, reducing resilience to environmental change  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
The manipulation of rivers in California is jeopardizing the resilience of native Chinook salmon. It compresses their migration timing to the point that they crowd their... more
NASA’s MAVEN Orbiter Maps Martian Upper Atmospheric Winds  SCI-NEWS.COM · 1 day
Using NASA’s Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution (MAVEN) spacecraft, a team of planetary researchers have measured the speed and direction... more
Barrels of ancient Antarctic air aim to track history of rare gas  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
An Antarctic field campaign last winter led by the US and Australia has successfully extracted some of the largest samples of air dating from... more
Climate talks head into overtime with key issues unresolved  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
Officials from almost 200 countries hunkered down for another night of talks late Friday as a U.N. climate meeting in Madrid went into overtime without agreement on key issues. more
The wild relatives of major vegetables, needed for climate resilience, are in danger  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
Growing up in the wild makes plants tough. Wild plants evolve to survive the whims of nature and thrive in difficult conditions,... more
GCN2 drives macrophage and MDSC function and immunosuppression in the tumor microenvironment  Science Magazine · 1 day
General control nonderepressible 2 (GCN2) is an environmental sensor controlling transcription and translation in response to nutrient availability. Although GCN2 is a putative therapeutic... more
Perinatal exposure to flame retardant alters epigenome, predisposing metabolic disease  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
A new study showed that environmentally relevant exposure to polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE), a brominated flame retardant, through the umbilical cord and breast milk permanently changed liver metabolism... more
Salmon lose diversity in managed rivers, reducing resilience to environmental change  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
The manipulation of rivers in California is jeopardizing the resilience of native Chinook salmon. It compresses their migration timing to the point that they crowd their... more
Breathable atmospheres may be more common in the universe than we first thought  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
The existence of habitable alien worlds has been a mainstay of popular culture for more than a century. In the 19th century,... more
Why linking climate change with conflict is no simple matter  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
From Sudan to Syria to Bangladesh, climate change is often presented as a powerful and simple root cause of violent conflict and mass migration. more
Climate change novels allow us to imagine possible futures: Read these crucial seven  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
Every day brings fresh and ever more alarming news about the state of the global environment. To speak of mere "climate change"... more
CryoSat maps ice shelf on the move  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
It is now almost 10 years since ESA's CryoSat was launched. Throughout its decade in orbit, this novel satellite, which carries a radar altimeter to measure changes in the height of the world's ice,... more
One of Europe's worst famines likely caused by devastating floods  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Europe's Great Famine of 1315–1317 is considered one of the worst population collapses in the continent's history. Historical records tell of unrelenting rain accompanied by mass crop failure,... more
A (sorta) good news story about a songbird and climate change  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
University of Manitoba researchers made a recent discovery that suggests Purple Martins, unlike other long-distance migratory songbirds, show promise of being able to adapt to climate... more
Wetlands, crops can mitigate storm damage to coastal cities, study finds  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Coastal cities can be spared some wind destruction from intensifying hurricanes or tropical storm systems if they have functional wetland ecosystems and agricultural croplands in the... more
Barrels of ancient Antarctic air aim to track history of rare gas  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Ancient air samples from one of Antarctica's snowiest ice core sites may add a new molecule to the record of changes to Earth's atmosphere... more
Micro-RNAs keep stem cells from growing up too fast  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
There comes a point in every cell's life when it has to decide what it wants to be when it grows up. Young cells, so-called stem cells, take their clues... more
CryoSat maps ice shelf on the move  ESA · 2 days
It is now almost 10 years since ESA’s CryoSat was launched. Throughout its decade in orbit, this novel satellite, which carries a... more
The first optical nanomanipulator on solid substrates  nanowerk · 2 days
Researchers show that by introducing a surfactant layer to modify the particle-substrate interactions, a variety of colloidal particles can be manipulated in a non-invasive and contactless way through coordinating optical heating and scattering forces.... more
UN talks struggle to stave off climate chaos  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
United Nations climate negotiations in Madrid were set to wrap up Friday with even the best-case outcome likely to fall well short of what science says is needed to avert a future... more
Fighting climate change, protecting nature go hand in hand  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
The preservation of Earth's pristine wildernesses and oceans, long treated as a separate issue to curbing climate change, is taking on more importance as scientists say they really need to... more
Supporting students in Puerto Rico after a hurricane’s devastation  MIT · 2 days
Postdoc Héctor De Jesús-Cortés works to build up the STEM pipeline from his homeland to MIT and beyond. more
Study reports case-specific monetary estimates for childhood illness linked to air pollution  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 days
A new study by researchers at the Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health (CCCEH) at Columbia Mailman School of Public Health is the first... more
Caribou migration linked to climate cycles and insect pests  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Caribou, the North American cousin of reindeer, migrate farther than any terrestrial animal. They can cover thousands of miles as they move between winter feeding grounds and summer calving grounds.... more
Climate cycles and insect pests drive migration timing of reindeer's North American cousin  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Biologists have discovered two unexpected drivers for migration timing that dispute long-held assumptions and provide insight into potential future effects of climate... more
Measuring the success of climate change adaptation and mitigation in terrestrial ecosystems  Science Magazine · 2 days
Natural and seminatural ecosystems must be at the forefront of efforts to mitigate and adapt to climate change. In the urgency of current circumstances,... more
Global circulation of Mars upper atmosphere  Science Magazine · 2 days
The thermosphere of Mars is the interface through which the planet is continuously losing its reservoir of atmospheric volatiles to space. The structure and dynamics of the thermosphere is driven by a global circulation that redistributes... more
Scientists map Mars' global wind patterns for the first time  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Today, a paper published in Science documents for the first time the global wind circulation patterns in the upper atmosphere of a planet, 120 to 300 kilometers above... more
High-precision map of Antarctic ice sheet bed topography  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Glaciologists have unveiled the most accurate portrait yet of the contours of the land beneath Antarctica's ice sheet -- and, by doing so, have helped identify which regions of the continent are... more
Model simulation experiments give scientists a clearer understanding of factors that influence monsoon behavior  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Monsoons can have a significant impact on human populations all around the world, bringing heavy rainfall associated with flooding, and... more
Harnessing nature's defences against tsunamis  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
As sea levels rise and adverse weather events become more common, vulnerable coastal communities are at increasing risk of devastation from storm surges and tsunamis. The death toll from tsunamis, at 260,000 during the past century, was higher... more
Novel study underscores microbial individuality  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
A single drop of seawater can contain a wide representation of ocean microbes from around the world—revealing novel insights into the ecology, evolution and biotechnology potential of the global microbiome. A new publication in Cell reports a staggering... more
Supporting structures of wind turbines contribute to wind farm blockage effect  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Much about the aerodynamic effects of larger wind farms remains poorly understood. New work looks to provide more insight in how the structures necessary for wind... more
Martian aurora offers climate change clues, research reports  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
A newly published study, presented on Dec. 12 at the American Geophysical Union (AGU) meeting, reveals that a type of Martian aurora originally detected by NASA's MAVEN spacecraft is in fact the... more
Team releases high-precision map of Antarctic ice sheet bed topography  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
A University of California, Irvine-led team of glaciologists has unveiled the most accurate portrait yet of the contours of the land beneath Antarctica's ice sheet—and, by doing so,... more
Biologist develops new model for analyzing photosynthesis in vivo  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
A RUDN University biologist has developed a model for the analysis of photosynthesis in vivo. This method calculates the absorption coefficient of light by chlorophyll based on its reflectivity. Analysis... more
Fundamental discoveries for future nanotools: Chemists distinguish multiple weak forces  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
The process of building a tiny cube has revealed some of the fundamental mysteries of how molecules bind together in natural environments. Researchers hope to apply this knowledge... more
Estimates of ecosystem carbon mitigation improved toward the goal of the Paris agreement  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Approximately 30 percent of CO2 emitted to the atmosphere by human activities, mainly through the use of fossil fuels and deforestation, is... more
Scientists use night vision to save bats  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
High-resolution radar and night vision cameras may help scientists protect bats from untimely deaths at wind farms, according to new research. more
Around 35,000 years ago, Central Iberia had a tundra-steppe landscape  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
A study just published by the journal Quaternary Science Reviews, headed by Nohemi Sala, an expert on taphonomy at the Centro Nacional de Investigación sobre la Evolución Humana... more
'Lost' Iron Meteorites May Lurk Beneath Antarctic Ice. Scientists on Quest to Find Them.  LIVE SCIENCE · 3 days
Scientists are scouring the remote Antarctic ice cap for rare meteorites chock-full of iron and holding secrets to the history... more
Revealing the physics of the sun with Parker Solar Probe  nanowerk · 3 days
Nearly a year and a half into its mission, Parker Solar Probe has returned gigabytes of data on the Sun and its atmosphere. Following the release of the... more
Fundamental discoveries for future nanotools: Chemists distinguish multiple weak forces  nanowerk · 3 days
The process of building a tiny cube has revealed some of the fundamental mysteries of how molecules bind together in natural environments. Researchers hope to apply this knowledge... more
Mammoth field fires up Norway's oil industry  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Under yellow metal legs stretching beneath the sea, billions of dollars lie buried. As the world tries hard to halt global warming, a huge oil field breathes new life into Norway's oil sector. more
NASA's Operation IceBridge completes 11 years of polar surveys  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
For eleven years from 2009 through 2019, the planes of NASA's Operation IceBridge flew above the Arctic, Antarctic and Alaska, gathering data on the height, depth, thickness, flow and change... more
Research confirms timing of tropical glacier melt at the end of the last ice age  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Findings on ice retreat across the global tropics clarifies how the low latitudes transformed during the end of... more
A terrestrial gamma-ray flash and ionospheric ultraviolet emissions powered by lightning  Science Magazine · 3 days
Terrestrial gamma-ray flashes (TGFs) are transient gamma-ray emissions from thunderstorms, generated by electrons accelerated to relativistic energies in electric fields. Elves are ultraviolet and optical emissions... more
Stepwise Earth oxygenation is an inherent property of global biogeochemical cycling  Science Magazine · 3 days
Oxygenation of Earth’s atmosphere and oceans occurred across three major steps during the Paleoproterozoic, Neoproterozoic, and Paleozoic eras, with each increase having profound consequences for the... more
Scientists link decline of baltic cod to hypoxia -- and climate change  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
If you want to know how climate change and hypoxia -- the related loss of oxygen in the world's oceans -- affect fish species... more
Revealing the physics of the Sun with Parker Solar Probe  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Nearly a year and a half into its mission, Parker Solar Probe has returned gigabytes of data on the Sun and its atmosphere. Following the release of the... more
Thunderquakes make underground fiber optic telecommunications cables hum  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Telecommunications lines designed for carrying internet and phone service can pick up the rumble of thunder underground, potentially providing scientists with a new way of detecting environmental hazards and imaging deep inside... more
Scrubbing carbon dioxide from smokestacks for cleaner industrial emissions  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Chemistry researchers have uncovered a better way to scrub carbon dioxide from smokestack emissions, which could be a key to mitigating global climate change. more
Water Vapor is Common in Atmospheres of Extrasolar Gas Giants, Study Shows  SCI-NEWS.COM · 3 days
In a study published recently in the Astrophysical Journal Letters, a team of astronomers analyzed spectroscopic atmospheric data from 19 exoplanets, ranging in size... more
Mountain goats' air conditioning is failing, study says  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
A new study says Glacier National Park's iconic mountain goats are in dire need of 'air conditioning.' more
Research confirms timing of tropical glacier melt at the end of the last ice age  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Tropical glaciers in Africa and South America began their retreat simultaneously at the end of the last ice... more
New research pinpoints which of the world's trees are climate-ready  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Botanists from Trinity College Dublin have discovered that "penny-pinching" evergreen species such as Christmas favourites, holly and ivy, are more climate-ready in the face of warming temperatures than... more
Mountain goats' air conditioning is failing, study says  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
A new study in the journal PLOS One says Glacier National Park's iconic mountain goats are in dire need of air conditioning. more
Dorsal-ventral patterned neural cyst from human pluripotent stem cells in a neurogenic niche  Science Magazine · 3 days
Despite its importance in central nervous system development, development of the human neural tube (NT) remains poorly understood, given the challenges of... more
Mid-Holocene Northern Hemisphere warming driven by Arctic amplification  Science Magazine · 3 days
The Holocene thermal maximum was characterized by strong summer solar heating that substantially increased the summertime temperature relative to preindustrial climate. However, the summer warming was compensated by weaker winter insolation, and... more
Rising CO2 drives divergence in water use efficiency of evergreen and deciduous plants  Science Magazine · 3 days
Intrinsic water use efficiency (iWUE), defined as the ratio of photosynthesis to stomatal conductance, is a key variable in plant physiology and... more
Characterizing smoking-induced transcriptional heterogeneity in the human bronchial epithelium at single-cell resolution  Science Magazine · 3 days
The human bronchial epithelium is composed of multiple distinct cell types that cooperate to defend against environmental insults. While studies have shown that smoking... more
High-latitude warming initiated the onset of the last deglaciation in the tropics  Science Magazine · 3 days
Atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations are thought to have synchronized global temperatures during Pleistocene glacial–interglacial cycles, yet their impact relative to changes in high-latitude insolation... more
Researchers develop first mathematical proof for key law of turbulence in fluid mechanics  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
What if engineers could design a better jet with mathematical equations that drastically reduce the need for experimental testing? Or what if... more
Scrubbing carbon dioxide from smokestacks for cleaner industrial emissions  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
An international team co-led by an Oregon State University chemistry researcher has uncovered a better way to scrub carbon dioxide from smokestack emissions, which could be a key to mitigating... more
One-third of recent global methane increase comes from tropical Africa  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Concentrations of methane, a greenhouse gas about 28 times more potent than carbon dioxide, have risen steadily in Earth's atmosphere since 2007. Although several potential explanations, including an... more
Insects' drag-based flight mechanism could improve tiny flying robots  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
Thrips don't rely on lift in order to fly. Instead, the tiny insects rely on a drag-based flight mechanism, staying afloat in airflow velocities with a large ratio of force... more
Breathing new life into the rise of oxygen debate  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
New research strongly suggests that the distinct 'oxygenation events' that created Earth's breathable atmosphere happened spontaneously, rather than being a consequence of biological or tectonic revolutions. The study not only... more
Scientists link decline of baltic cod to hypoxia—and climate change  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
If you want to know how climate change and hypoxia—the related loss of oxygen in the world's oceans—affect fish species such as the economically important Baltic cod, all... more
Why polar bears at sea have higher pollution levels than those staying on land  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
As the climate changes, myriad animal populations are being impacted. In particular, Arctic sea-ice is in decline, causing polar bears... more
Sorghum study illuminates relationship between humans, crops and the environment in domestication  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 days
A new study illustrates the concept of a domestication triangle, in which human genetics interact with sorghum genetics and the environment to influence the... more
Record low level of Bering Sea ice causes profound, widespread impacts  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Sea ice in the Bering Sea shrank to its lowest levels in recorded history in 2018, profoundly affecting northwest Alaska residents who depend on marine resources... more
Fiber-optic cables capture thunderquake rumbles  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Underground fiber-optic cables, like those that connect the world through phone and internet service, hold untapped potential for monitoring severe weather, according to scientists at Penn State. more
ISS sensors show terrestrial gamma-ray flash and ionospheric UV emissions spurred by lightning  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
A team of researchers from Denmark, Norway, Spain and Italy has found that both terrestrial gamma-ray flashes and ionospheric ultraviolet emissions are... more
Now Australian cities are choking on smoke, will we finally talk about climate change?  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
I moved to Sydney less than five weeks ago and the city has been shrouded in smoke haze on and... more
Refueling satellites in space with the help of a robot  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Many technologies that are essential for daily life—from communications to GPS navigation to weather forecasting—rely on the thousands of satellites that are orbiting Earth. When those satellites run... more
Saving nature vital to beating climate crisis, says WWF report  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
A new report, "Climate, Nature and our 1.5°C Future" published today clearly points towards nature being part of the solution to the climate crisis. more
Study maps abundance of plastic debris across European and Asian rivers  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Rivers in southeast Asia transport more plastic to the ocean than some rivers in Europe, evidence from a new study in Environmental Research Letters suggests. more
Making social change efforts more effective  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Many organizations take on big problems like alleviating poverty or combatting climate change. But how can they—and their funders—know that their efforts are working? What are the best ways to measure complex interventions and determine which... more
Property values plummeted and stayed down after Hurricane Ike  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Texas homes that took the biggest hit in value after 2008's Hurricane Ike were, surprisingly, not those within historic flood zones, new research finds. Instead, they were homes just outside... more
'Daring multi-level club solution' could offer key to combating climate change  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
'Climate clubs' offering membership for sub-national states, rather than just countries, could speed up progress towards a globally-harmonised climate change policy. more
Eutrophication remains a major problem for Europe's seas despite some progress  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
The shared vision for Europe's seas is a healthy marine environment where human-induced eutrophication is minimised. However, the European Environment Agency's (EEA) assessment, published today, shows... more
Can salmon eat their way out of climate change?  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Warm waters are a threat to cold water fish like salmon and trout. But a study led by researchers at University of California, Davis suggests that habitats with abundant food... more
Plant researchers examine bread aroma: Modern and old wheat varieties taste equally good  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Wheat is one of the world's most important agricultural crops. In recent decades, new varieties have been cultivated. Not only are they... more
Researcher surveys Great Salt Lake playa  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
The flat dry lakebed (also called a playa) surrounding Utah's Great Salt Lake is more than 750 square miles—an area bigger than Houston. The wide-open landscape is surprisingly varied and is the realm of coyotes, bison,... more
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The Earth needs multiple methods for removing CO2 from the air to avert worst of climate change
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