Energy
Mitochondria are the 'canary in the coal mine' for cellular stress  SCIENCE DAILY · 17 hours
Mitochondria, tiny structures present in most cells, are known for their energy-generating machinery. Now, researchers have discovered a new function of mitochondria: they set off molecular... more
Mitochondria are the 'canary in the coal mine' for cellular stress  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
Mitochondria, tiny structures present in most cells, are known for their energy-generating machinery. Now, Salk researchers have discovered a new function of mitochondria: they set off... more
Full voltage manipulation of the resistance of a magnetic tunnel junction  Science Magazine · 2 days
One of the motivations for multiferroics research is to find an energy-efficient solution to spintronic applications, such as the solely electrical control of magnetic tunnel junctions.... more
Direct imaging of short-range order and its impact on deformation in Ti-6Al  Science Magazine · 2 days
Chemical short-range order (SRO) within a nominally single-phase solid solution is known to affect the mechanical properties of alloys. While SRO has been indirectly... more
Moongoose females compete over reproduction  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
A new study on wild banded mongooses reveals that females may use spontaneous abortion to cope with reproductive competition, and to save their energy for future breeding attempts in better conditions. more
Energy Department emphasizing roles in supporting space industry  SPACE NEWS · 2 days
The Department of Energy, whose interaction with the space industry has largely been in nuclear power systems, is working to... more
A long, hard look underground is required to reach net zero, say experts  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Advances and investment in geothermal energy, carbon capture and storage (CCS) and bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS) are "critical" to... more
The limits of ocean heavyweights: Prey curb whales' gigantic size  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Scientists collected data from hundreds of feeding whales, allowing them to determine how much energy species of different sizes invest to capture their prey and which of these... more
Scientists 'tune in' to proton spin precession  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have developed a non-invasive way to measure the "spin tune" of polarized protons at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC)—an important factor for maintaining... more
NIH-funded research finds differences in energy use by immune T cells in ME/CFS  NEWS MEDICAL · 3 days
New findings published in the Journal of Clinical Investigation suggest that specific immune T cells from people with myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome... more
Global circulation of Mars upper atmosphere  Science Magazine · 3 days
The thermosphere of Mars is the interface through which the planet is continuously losing its reservoir of atmospheric volatiles to space. The structure and dynamics of the thermosphere is driven by a global circulation that redistributes... more
Nearly quantized conductance plateau of vortex zero mode in an iron-based superconductor  Science Magazine · 3 days
Majorana zero modes (MZMs) are spatially-localized zero-energy fractional quasiparticles with non-Abelian braiding statistics that hold promise for topological quantum computing. Owing to the particle-antiparticle... more
Chernobyl-Level Radiation Exposure Increases Bumblebees’ Appetite for Nectar  SCI-NEWS.COM · 3 days
A team of researchers from the University of Stirling and the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology in the UK has... more
Study unveils new nonlinear dynamics of spinning bosonic stars  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Although researchers have been studying dark matter and trying to observe it, its nature is a longstanding scientific mystery. The standard cosmological model suggests that approximately one-quarter of cosmological energy... more
Scientists find cheaper way to make hydrogen energy out of water  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Hydrogen-powered cars may soon become more than just a novelty after a UNSW-led team of scientists demonstrated a much cheaper and sustainable way to create the... more
Scientists harvest energy from light using bio-inspired artificial cells  nanowerk · 3 days
By replicating biological machinery with non-biological components, scientists have found ways to create artificial cells that accomplish a key biological function of converting light into chemical energy. more
A terrestrial gamma-ray flash and ionospheric ultraviolet emissions powered by lightning  Science Magazine · 3 days
Terrestrial gamma-ray flashes (TGFs) are transient gamma-ray emissions from thunderstorms, generated by electrons accelerated to relativistic energies in electric fields. Elves are ultraviolet and optical emissions... more
Pathways toward post-petrochemistry  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
Ethylene, or ethene, is a primary feedstock for the chemical industry, including as a starting material for the production of a wide variety of plastics. Scientists have now introduced a new electrochemical technique for selective and energy-efficient production of ethylene... more
Heat energy leaps through empty space, thanks to quantum weirdness  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
A surprising new study shows that heat energy can leap across a few hundred nanometers of a complete vacuum, thanks to a quantum mechanical phenomenon called the Casimir... more
Heat energy leaps through empty space, thanks to quantum weirdness  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
If you use a vacuum-insulated thermos to help keep your coffee hot, you may know it's a good insulator because heat energy has a hard time moving through... more
Is there dark matter at the center of the Milky Way?  nanowerk · 4 days
A new analysis puts dark matter back in the game as a possible source of energy excess at the galactic center. more
Electroreduction of carbon monoxide for the highly selective production of ethylene  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Ethylene, or ethene, is a primary feedstock for the chemical industry, including as a starting material for the production of a wide variety of plastics. In... more
Sustainable separation technology makes new applications possible  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Membranes are widely used to separate substances from each other, for example in water treatment or kidney dialysis. Membrane technology saves energy and water, and has a small CO2 footprint. Unfortunately, large quantities of... more
Metal-organic frameworks as high-performance water desalination membranes  nanowerk · 4 days
Reverse osmosis (RO) is one of the most effective desalination technologies for producing freshwater from seawater. The reverse osmosis membrane water reclamation processes is very energy intensive - not exactly an advantage given the... more
Is there dark matter at the center of the Milky Way?  MIT · 4 days
A new analysis puts dark matter back in the game as a possible source of energy excess at the galactic center. more
Mitochondrial dysfunction may underlie prolonged muscle weakness after sepsis  NEWS MEDICAL · 5 days
Damage to energy-producing mitochondria may underlie prolonged muscle weakness following a sepsis-like condition in mice, according to a new study published today in eLife. more
Researchers discover mysterious holes in the seafloor off Central California  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
During a recent survey of the deep seafloor off Big Sur, MBARI researchers discovered thousands of mysterious holes or pits in the seafloor. Scientists and resource managers want... more
Scientists develop a truck to produce biofertilizer  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
Organic fertilizers could hold the key to transforming Europe´s agriculture forever. A new EU-funded project now aims to build a production plant on a truck to give every farmer the opportunity to easily access... more
Green hydrogen: Research to enhance efficiency  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Laboratory experiments and a parabolic flight campaign have enabled an international team of researchers from the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) to gain new insights into water electrolysis, in which hydrogen is obtained from water by applying electric... more
New function for plant enzyme could lead to green chemistry  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have discovered a new function in a plant enzyme that could have implications for the design of new... more
Scientists show point defects in cathode crystals may speed lithium absorption  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Here's a case where detours speed up traffic. The result may be better batteries for transportation, electronics and solar energy storage. more
Green hydrogen: Research to enhance efficiency  SCIENCE DAILY · 6 days
Laboratory experiments and a parabolic flight campaign have enabled an international team of researchers to gain new insights into water electrolysis, in which hydrogen is obtained from water by applying electric energy. Water electrolysis could play... more
Proton-hydrogen collision model could impact fusion research  SCIENCE DAILY · 6 days
A new study uses new techniques to calculate the cross sections of atoms which have been excited to higher energy levels. Researchers analyzed the behavior over a wide range of impact energies. more
Green hydrogen: Research to enhance efficiency  nanowerk · 6 days
Laboratory experiments and a parabolic flight campaign have enabled an international team of researchers to gain new insights into water electrolysis, in which hydrogen is obtained from water by applying electric energy. more
Proton-hydrogen collision model could impact fusion research  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
The motions of plasmas may be notoriously difficult to model, but they can be better understood by analysing what happens when protons are scattered by atoms of hydrogen. In itself, this property is characterised... more
Shape-programmable dielectric liquid crystal elastomer actuators  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
Materials scientists aim to use bioinspired soft robots to carry out advanced interactions between humans and robots, but the associated technology remains to be developed. For example, soft actuators must perform quickly with force to deliver... more
Spin on perovskite research advances potential for quantum computing  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
The next generation of information technology could take advantage of spintronics—electronics that use the minuscule magnetic fields emanating from spinning electrons as well as the electric charges of the electrons... more
How to build a 3D map of the universe - and why  nanowerk · 1 week
Because we don't know what?s pushing the universe outward ever more quickly, 'dark energy' is scientists? shorthand for the mysterious process. To understand the... more
Inverting singlet and triplet excited states using strong light-matter coupling  Science Magazine · 1 week
In organic microcavities, hybrid light-matter states can form with energies that differ from the bare molecular excitation energies by nearly 1 eV. A timely question, given the recent... more
Printing of wirelessly rechargeable solid-state supercapacitors for soft, smart contact lenses with continuous operations  Science Magazine · 1 week
Recent advances in smart contact lenses are essential to the realization of medical applications and vision imaging for augmented reality... more
Astronomy fellowship demonstrates measures to dismantle bias, increase diversity in STEM  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
In 2017, the Heising-Simons Foundation—a family foundation that works in climate and clean energy, science, education, and human rights—established the 51 Pegasi b Fellowship to support... more
Gaining insight into the energy balance of earthquakes  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Researchers at EPFL's Computational Solid Mechanics Laboratory and the Weizmann Institute of Science have modeled the onset of slip between two bodies in frictional contact. Their work, a major step forward in... more
Finding time for play  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Before I step into the classroom, I hear children's voices and feel the energy these five- and six-year-olds radiate. Once inside, I see bins of materials strewn about—a scene of organized chaos. The bins are full of toys, blocks, interactive... more
Understanding the impact of deep-sea mining  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Resting atop Thomas Peacock's desk is an ordinary-looking brown rock. Roughly the size of a potato, it has been at the center of decades of debate. Known as a polymetallic nodule, it spent 10 million years... more
A New Theory for How Black Holes and Neutron Stars Shine Bright  ASTRO WATCH · 1 week
For decades, scientists have speculated about the origin of the electromagnetic radiation emitted from celestial regions that host black holes and neutron stars—the most... more
As China rapidly adopts clean energy, use of traditional stoves persists  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
Old habits are hard to break. A new study of replacement of traditional wood and coal burning stoves with clean energy in China suggests that, without... more
Scientists Find Meteorite-Eating Microorganism  SCI-NEWS.COM · 1 week
A species of archaea called Metallosphaera sedula is capable of growth on stony meteorites, utilizing metals trapped within these extraterrestrial objects as the sole energy source, according to... more
As China rapidly adopts clean energy, use of traditional stoves persists  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Old habits are hard to break. A McGill-led study of replacement of traditional wood and coal burning stoves with clean energy in China suggests that, without... more
The tangled tale of Kilaueas 2018 eruption as told by geochemical monitoring  Science Magazine · 1 week
Changes in magma chemistry that affect eruptive behavior occur during many volcanic eruptions, but typical analytical techniques are too slow to contribute to hazard... more
Episodes of particle ejection from the surface of the active asteroid (101955) Bennu  Science Magazine · 1 week
Active asteroids are those that show evidence of ongoing mass loss. We report repeated instances of particle ejection from the surface of... more
Response to Comment on "The role of electron-electron interactions in two-dimensional Dirac fermions"  Science Magazine · 1 week
Hesselmann et al. question one of our conclusions: the suppression of Fermi velocity at the Gross-Neveu critical point for the specific case... more
Graphene takes off in composites for planes and cars  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
The Graphene Flagship brought together top European researchers and companies to discuss the most disruptive ways graphene could enhance composites used in the aerospace, automotive and energy industries. The multidisciplinary... more
Fusion by strong lasers  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Nuclear physics usually involves high energies, as illustrated by experiments to master controlled nuclear fusion. One of the problems is how to overcome the strong electrical repulsion between atomic nuclei which requires high energies to make them fuse. But fusion... more
Supermassive Black Hole Triggers Star Formation in Multiple Galaxies  SCI-NEWS.COM · 1 week
Enormous black holes usually affect their surroundings through the so-called ‘negative feedback’ — in other words, suppressing the... more
Ultrafast x-ray optics  nanowerk · 1 week
Scientists have demonstrated a new micro-electro-mechanical-system (MEMS) resonator. By using this device with a hard (higher energy) X-ray, scientists can now control how long the X-ray pulses are, down to 300 picoseconds long. more
Transition to renewable energy needs to consider global threat to species  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
A new study has shown the extent to which countries drive biodiversity loss overseas through their demand for electric power. For some countries more than half... more
Capital costs: Research offers truer calculation of 'footprint' of purchases  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
If one wants to calculate the environmental impact of purchasing a product or services, they must consider the role of the capital assets that went into their production—machinery,... more
New high-performance triboelectric materials fabricated from by-products of petroleum refining process  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Triboelectric generation is an energy harvesting technique that generates electricity through induction of triboelectric effects using discarded physical energy. Materials employed to triboelectric generators (TEG) are... more
Researchers achieve quantum control of an oscillator using a Josephson circuit  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Superconducting circuits, which have zero electrical resistance, could enable the development of electronic components that are significantly more energy-efficient than most chips used today. Importantly, superconducting... more
Hydrogen research fuels new solar ideas for green energy  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
New research led by Curtin University explores the use of methanol as a storage for hydrogen fuel, providing a potential green option for the extraction and creation of this zero... more
Global carbon emissions growth slows, but hits record high  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Coal use is down dramatically in the United States and the European Union, and renewable energy is gaining traction. But rising natural gas and oil use in 2019 increased the... more
Mapping the energy transport mechanism of chalcogenide perovskite for solar energy use  nanowerk · 2 weeks
Engineers have characterized the thermal energy conversion mechanism in the lattice of an advanced nanomaterial called chalcogenide perovskite and demonstrated its tunability - important... more
Mapping the energy transport mechanism of chalcogenide perovskite for solar energy use  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
For solar cells to be widely used in the coming decades researchers must resolve two major challenges: increasing efficiency and lowering toxicity. more
Saturn's largest moon, Titan, may offer insights for Earth  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Scientists studying the weather and climate of Titan, Saturn's largest moon, have reported a significant seasonal variation in its energy budget, a finding which could yield new insights into climate... more
Diamonds in your devices: Powering the next generation of energy storage  nanowerk · 2 weeks
Using conductive nanodiamond as electrode material in a water-based cell significantly increases its energy storage capacity. more
A study of Saturn's largest moon may offer insights for earth  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Scientists studying the weather and climate of Titan, Saturn's largest moon, have reported a significant seasonal variation in its energy budget—that is the amount of solar... more
Meteorite-loving microorganism  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Chemolithotrophic microorganisms derive their energy from inorganic sources. Research into the physiological processes of these organisms—which are grown on meteorite—provides new insights into the potential of extraterrestrial materials as a source of accessible nutrients and energy for microorganisms of the... more
Diamonds in your devices: Powering the next generation of energy storage  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Our use of battery-operated devices and appliances has been increasing steadily, bringing with it the need for safe, efficient, and high-performing power sources. To this end,... more
Imaging technique gives catalytic 2-D material engineering a better view  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
The properties of 2-D transition metal dichalcogenides are attracting a great deal of interest, and one of the reasons is their catalytic activity. In particular, better catalysts are... more
Making higher-energy light to fight cancer  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Researchers have achieved photon up-conversion, the emission of light with energy higher than the one that excites the material, using carefully designed structures containing silicon nanocrystals and specialized organic molecules. The accomplishment brings scientists one step... more
Creating the conditions for a globally just energy transition  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
How can the energy transition be organized in a globally just way? Will developing countries struggle to transition to clean energy because they lack the financial and technical means? more
Face mask can help combat mild cases of sleep condition  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
A night time face mask can improve energy levels and vitality in people who suffer from the condition sleep apnea, which is associated with snoring and breathing problems... more
Scientists invent a way to see attosecond electron motions with an X-ray laser  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Researchers at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have invented a way to observe the movements of electrons with powerful... more
Molecular vibrations lead to high performance laser  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Lasers. They are used for everything from entertaining our cats to encrypting our communications. Unfortunately, lasers can be energy intensive and many are made using toxic materials like arsenic and gallium. To make lasers... more
Potential solution to overheating mobile phones  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Researchers have developed a revolutionary way to encode computational information without using electrical current. As a global first, this could lead to faster technological devices that could efficiently use energy without overheating. more
Creating the conditions for a globally just energy transition  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
How can energy transition be organized in a globally just way? Will developing countries struggle to transition to clean energy because they lack the financial and technical means? A new... more
New membrane technology to boost water purification and energy storage  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Imperial College London scientists have created a new type of membrane that could improve water purification and battery energy storage efforts. more
Researchers discover new way to split and sum photons with silicon  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
A team of researchers at The University of Texas at Austin and the University of California, Riverside have found a way to produce a long-hypothesized phenomenon—the... more
Solving the thermoelectric 'trade-off' conundrum with metallic carbon nanotubes  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Scientists from Tokyo Metropolitan University have used aligned "metallic" carbon nanotubes to create a device which converts heat to electrical energy (a thermoelectric device) with a higher power output than... more
Solar cell degradation: Daylight damage-saving time  nanowerk · 2 weeks
A research team studies the process by which the performance of advanced solar cells degrades over time; this work may help promote the adoption of renewable energy produced by robust, high-efficiency organic photovoltaics. more
China plans new coal plants, trims support for clean energy  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
As world leaders gather in Spain to discuss how to slow the warming of the planet, a spotlight falls on China—the top emitter of greenhouse gases. more
Electro-optical device provides solution to faster computing memories and processors  nanowerk · 2 weeks
First-of-a-kind electro-optical device provides solution to faster and more energy efficient computing memories and processors. more
Highly efficient hot electron harvesting from graphene before electron-hole thermalization  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
Although the unique hot carrier characteristics in graphene suggest a new paradigm for hot carrier–based energy harvesting, the reported efficiencies with conventional photothermoelectric and photothermionic emission pathways are... more
DNA-assembled nanoarchitectures with multiple components in regulated and coordinated motion  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
Coordinating functional parts to operate in concert is essential for machinery. In gear trains, meshed gears are compactly interlocked, working together to impose rotation or translation. In photosynthetic... more
Trace CO2 capture by an ultramicroporous physisorbent with low water affinity  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
CO2 accumulation in confined spaces represents an increasing environmental and health problem. Trace CO2 capture remains an unmet challenge because human health risks can occur at... more
Researchers find potential solution to overheating mobile phones  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Modern computer memory encodes information by switching magnetic bits within devices. Now, a ground-breaking study conducted by researchers from NUS Electrical and Computer Engineering has found a new efficient way of using... more
Svalbard reindeer populations rebounding from centuries of hunting  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
As reindeer go, the animals living on the Norwegian arctic archipelago of Svalbard might not be Santa's first choice. They're a smaller subspecies of their common mainland relatives, and to save energy... more
Protein changes precede photoisomerization of retinal chromophore  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
The sequence of changes that light triggers in a bacterial photoreceptor starts with its protein scaffolding rather than the light-absorbing chromophore, an all-RIKEN team has shown. This finding goes against conventional wisdom and sheds... more
Thermo-chemical power generation integrated with forced convection cooling  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology combine forced convection cooling with thermo-electrochemical energy conversion to create a self-sustaining liquid cooling system. A liquid electrolyte is circulated through a cell to cool a... more
Researchers find potential solution to overheating mobile phones  nanowerk · 2 weeks
Researchers have developed a revolutionary way to encode computational information without using electrical current. As a global first, this could lead to faster technological devices that could efficiently use energy without overheating. more
Oriented attachment induces fivefold twins by forming and decomposing high-energy grain boundaries  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
Natural and synthetic nanoparticles composed of five-fold twinned crystals domains have unique properties. The formation mechanism of these five-fold twinned nanoparticles is poorly understood.... more
Glucose-dependent control of leucine metabolism by leucyl-tRNA synthetase 1  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
Despite the importance of glucose and amino acids for energy metabolism, interactions between the two nutrients are not well understood. We provide evidence for a role of leucyl-tRNA synthetase 1... more
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