Energy
Mutation reduces energy waste in plants  SCIENCE DAILY · 45 minutes
In a way, plants are energy wasters: in order to protect themselves from excessive electron transport, they continuously quench light energy and don't use it for photosynthesis and biomass production. A mutation can make them work... more
Film photosensitizer: Highly efficient singlet oxygen generation  PHYS.ORG · 1 hour
Photosensitized generation of singlet oxygen has attracted a great deal of interest reaching applications in various fields owing to its high biological activity and strong oxidation, including organic synthesis, wastewater treatment, and photodynamic therapy... more
Mutation reduces energy waste in plants  PHYS.ORG · 1 hour
To this end, the team identified several thousand proteins, determined their respective amounts in mutant and reference lines and combined the findings with measurements of photosynthetic performance. Their findings were published in the journal Nature Communications... more
A unique heat storage technology gathers steam  nanowerk · 7 hours
Many processes that generate electricity also produce heat, a potent energy resource that often goes untapped everywhere from factories to vehicles to power plants. An innovative system currently being developed can quickly store heat... more
Report: Outbreak triggers drop in climate-changing emissions  PHYS.ORG · 8 hours
Despite mocking the idea of climate change, President Donald Trump will preside over one of the country's sharpest drops in climate-damaging emissions on record, as the economic paralysis from the coronavirus tamps down energy... more
Are gamma-ray bursts powered by a star's collapsing magnetic fields?  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
In its final moments of life, a distant massive star releases an intense burst of high-energy gamma radiation - a Gamma Ray Burst (GRB) - the brightest sources... more
Are gamma-ray bursts powered by a star's collapsing magnetic fields?  nanowerk · 1 day
Groundbreaking research suggests the brightest source of energy in the universe is powered by the collapse of a dying star's magnetic field. more
Bending microwaves and forbidding frequencies with simulated metamaterials  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
Using plasma to control microwaves for beaming direct energy toward a specific point is explored for their durability in high-energy electric fields and their reconfigurable structure. High power microwave beams, similar to... more
Researchers discover new method to generate nanobubbles in water  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
Researchers at University College Dublin (UCD) have discovered a new energy-efficient method to generate and release substantial volumes of metastable, nano-scale gas bubbles in water, in excess of natural solubility... more
Brown fat cells can translate energy into heat in an unexpected way  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 days
When we are exposed to sufficient cold or exercise, small clusters of brown fat cells in our bodies begin to burn up energy. more
The ocean's 'biological pump' captures more carbon than expected  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Every spring in the Northern Hemisphere, the ocean surface erupts in a massive bloom of phytoplankton. Like plants, these single-celled floating organisms use photosynthesis to turn light into energy, consuming... more
Researchers report new understanding of energy fluctuations in fluids  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
The Casimir Force is a well-known effect originating from the quantum fluctuation of electromagnetic fields in a vacuum. Now an international group of researchers have reported a counterpoint to that... more
Researchers provide new clue to solar coronal heating problem  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Coronal heating is a topic dedicated to explaining how the corona may be heated up to a temperature of millions of degrees, far above that of the photosphere. To transport... more
Brown fat can burn energy in an unexpected way  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Researchers have discovered an unexpected biological pathway by which brown fat cells can translate energy into heat. more
A new method to generate substantial volumes of nanobubbles in water  nanowerk · 2 days
Researchers have discovered a new energy-efficient method to generate and release substantial volumes of metastable, nano-scale gas bubbles in water, in excess of natural solubility levels.... more
New understanding of energy fluctuations in fluids  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
The Casimir Force is a well-known effect originating from the quantum fluctuation of electromagnetic fields in a vacuum. Now an international group of researchers have reported a counterpoint to that theory, adding to the... more
Lignin research yields additional answers into bacteria's role  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
A collaboration between the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and three other national laboratories has yielded new insight into the ability of bacteria to break down the hardy part of a plant... more
Fluctuation-induced force in homogeneous isotropic turbulence  Science Magazine · 5 days
Understanding force generation in nonequilibrium systems is a notable challenge in statistical physics. We uncover a fluctuation-induced force between two plates immersed in homogeneous isotropic turbulence using direct numerical simulations. The force is a nonmonotonic function... more
Quantum biology revisited  Science Magazine · 5 days
Photosynthesis is a highly optimized process from which valuable lessons can be learned about the operating principles in nature. Its primary steps involve energy transport operating near theoretical quantum limits in efficiency. Recently, extensive research was motivated by the hypothesis... more
Direct observation of minibands in a twisted graphene/WS2 bilayer  Science Magazine · 5 days
Stacking two-dimensional (2D) van der Waals materials with different interlayer atomic registry in a heterobilayer causes the formation of a long-range periodic superlattice that may bestow the heterostructure with properties... more
Quantum computation solves a half-century-old enigma: Elusive vibrational states of magnesium dimer found  Science Magazine · 5 days
The high-lying vibrational states of the magnesium dimer (Mg2), which has been recognized as an important system in studies of ultracold and... more
New laser technique will allow more powerful—and smaller—particle accelerators  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
By observing electrons that have been accelerated to extremely high energies, scientists are able to unlock clues about the particles that make up our universe. more
Isolating an elusive phosphatetrahedrane  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
A research team in the Department of Chemistry at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge U.S., explored a synthetic pathway to generate a phosphatetrahedrane framework. During the synthetic route, the team replaced a single carbon vertex with another p-block... more
Photocatalytic optical fibers convert water into solar fuel  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
Researchers at the University of Southampton have transformed optical fibers into photocatalytic microreactors that convert water into hydrogen fuel using solar energy. more
Potential Texas-OPEC alliance shows more oil production doesn't make U.S. 'energy independent'  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
While the coronavirus consumes our attention, a small revolution is underway in energy policy: Texas officials are discussing whether to join hands with OPEC. more
Clean cooking with LPG could avert 28,000 premature deaths, reduce global temperatures  NEWS MEDICAL · 6 days
A new study, published in Environmental Health Perspectives, has found that clean cooking with liquified petroleum gas could avert 28,000 premature deaths and reduce... more
Damaged powerhouses of cells can self-repair in a kind of workshop mode  NEWS MEDICAL · 6 days
If the energy supply of a cell is disturbed by damage, it can protect itself from functional losses and repair itself in a kind... more
Smaller scale solutions needed for rapid progress towards emissions targets  SCIENCE DAILY · 6 days
Low-carbon technologies that are smaller scale, more affordable, and can be mass deployed are more likely to enable a faster transition to net-zero emissions, according to a new... more
Repair instead of renew: Damaged powerhouses of cells have their own 'workshop mode'  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
If the energy supply of a cell is disturbed by damage, it can protect itself from functional losses and repair itself in... more
Electrically neutral radical: A strong chemical reducing agent when exposed to light  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
A combined team of researchers from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Kent State University has discovered an electrically neutral radical... more
New household energy strategy in Cameroon to help avert 28,000 deaths and reduce global temperatures  PHYS.ORG · 6 days
A new study, published in Environmental Health Perspectives, has found that clean cooking with liquefied petroleum gas (LPG)... more
Bacteria on nanowires convert sunlight, carbon dioxide and water to organic building blocks  nanowerk · 6 days
Researchers have developed a hybrid system combining bacteria and nanowires that can capture the energy of sunlight to convert carbon dioxide and... more
On Mars or Earth, biohybrid can turn carbon dioxide into new products  SCIENCE DAILY · 7 days
Chemists have created a hybrid system of bacteria and nanowires that captures energy from sunlight and transfers it to the bacteria to turn carbon... more
Uncertain climate future could disrupt energy systems  SCIENCE DAILY · 7 days
Scientists have published a new study proposing an optimization methodology for designing climate-resilient energy systems and to help ensure that communities will be able to meet future energy needs given weather and climate variability. more
Scientists see energy gap modulations in a cuprate superconductor  SCIENCE DAILY · 7 days
Scientists studying high-Tc superconductors have definitive evidence for the existence of a state of matter known as a pair density wave -- first predicted by theorists some 50 years ago.... more
Scientists see energy gap modulations in a cuprate superconductor  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
For years physicists have been trying to decipher the electronic details of high-temperature superconductors. These materials could revolutionize energy transmission and electronics because of their ability to carry electric current... more
More protein and good for the planet: 9 reasons we should be eating microalgae  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
As the climate warms, the land we use for growing energy-intensive crops such as wheat and corn is becoming less... more
An all-organic proton battery energized for sustainable energy storage  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Sustainable energy storage is in great demand. Researchers at Uppsala University have therefore developed an all-organic proton battery that can be charged in a matter of seconds. The battery can... more
Textile-fiber-embedded multiluminescent device for future wearable devices  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Dr. Soon Moon Jeong's research team in the Division of Energy Technology at DGIST has developed a new structure of luminescence technology. This will enable the production of light-emitting elements that overcome the limitations... more
Optical telescopes obtain long-term monitoring results of flux variability in blazars  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Blazars are a special kind of rare active galactic nuclei. They are currently the most likely candidates for high-energy neutrinos. Their relativistic jets may be the... more
High Altitude Water Cherenkov observatory tests speed of light  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
New measurements confirm, to the highest energies yet explored, that the laws of physics hold no matter where you are or how fast you're moving. Observations of record-breaking gamma rays... more
Scientists list four key actions to halt global warming  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
The latest edition of the JRC's Global Energy and Climate Outlook (GECO), identifies four technological dynamics in the energy sector that have the power to limit global warming to below... more
Biochemists trap and visualize an enzyme as it becomes active  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
How do you capture a cellular process that transpires in the blink of an eye? Biochemists at MIT have devised a way to trap and visualize a vital... more
A chemical embrace from the perfect host  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
An industrial process that currently consumes vast amounts of energy in petrochemical plants around the globe could be replaced by an alternative process so efficient that it requires no heating or elevated pressure. more
Skyrmion 'whirls' show promise for low-energy computer circuitry  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
UNSW material scientists have shed new light on a promising new way to store and process information in computers and electronic devices that could significantly cut down the energy required to maintain... more
New metabolism discovered in bacteria  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
They make sauerkraut sour, turn milk into yogurt and cheese, and give rye bread its intensive flavour: bacteria that ferment nutrients instead of using oxygen to extract their energy. Acetobacterium woodii (short: A. woodii) is one of these... more
Resolving spatial and energetic distributions of trap states in metal halide perovskite solar cells  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
In a new report published on Science, Zhenyi Ni and a research team in applied physical sciences, mechanical and materials... more
Renal denervation effective in patients with untreated high blood pressure  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 week
Three months after undergoing renal denervation —a procedure that delivers energy to overactive nerves leading to the kidney to decrease their activity—patients with untreated high blood pressure had... more
Energy-harvesting design aims to turn Wi-Fi signals into usable power  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Any device that sends out a Wi-Fi signal also emits terahertz waves —electromagnetic waves with a frequency somewhere between microwaves and infrared light. These high-frequency radiation waves, known... more
3D-printed nanowire sensors could make breath tests for diabetes possible  nanowerk · 2 weeks
Researchers have developed a procedure to produce extremely sensitive and energy-efficient sensors using 3D printing. more
Copper boosts pig growth, and now we know why  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Pigs have better feed conversion rates with copper in their diets, but until now, scientists didn't fully understand why. Existing research from the University of Illinois shows copper doesn't change... more
Copper boosts pig growth, and now we know why  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Pigs have better feed conversion rates with copper in their diets, but until now, scientists didn't fully understand why. Existing research from the University of Illinois shows copper doesn't change... more
Ultra-large electric field-induced strain in potassium sodium niobate crystals  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
Electromechanical coupling in piezoelectric materials allows direct conversion of electrical energy into mechanical energy and vice versa. Here, we demonstrate lead-free (KxNa1–x)NbO3 single crystals with an ultrahigh large-signal piezoelectric coefficient... more
High-frequency rectification via chiral Bloch electrons  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
Rectification is a process that converts electromagnetic fields into a direct current. Such a process underlies a wide range of technologies such as wireless communication, wireless charging, energy harvesting, and infrared detection. Existing rectifiers are mostly... more
A novel physical mechanism of liquid flow slippage on a solid surface  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
Viscous liquids often exhibit flow slippage on solid walls. The occurrence of flow slippage has a large impact on the liquid transport and the... more
Mitigating cavitation erosion using biomimetic gas-entrapping microtextured surfaces (GEMS)  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
Cavitation refers to the formation and collapse of vapor bubbles near solid boundaries in high-speed flows, such as ship propellers and pumps. During this process, cavitation bubbles focus fluid energy... more
Bubbles go with the flow: Simulating behavior of fluids moving through pipes  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Researchers at the Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo, used a sophisticated physical model to simulate the behavior of fluids moving through... more
Energy-harvesting design aims to turn Wi-Fi signals into usable power  MIT · 2 weeks
Device for harnessing terahertz radiation might enable self-powering implants, cellphones, other portable electronics. more
A new battery chemistry promises safer high-voltage lithium-ion batteries  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
For the first time, researchers who explore the physical and chemical properties of electrical energy storage have found a new way to improve lithium-ion batteries. They successfully increased not only... more
3-D printed sensors could make breath tests for diabetes possible  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
The production of highly sensitive sensors is a complex process: It requires many steps and the almost dust-free environment of special cleanrooms. A research team from Materials Science... more
Longer lives not dependent on increased energy use  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Growing consumption of energy and fossil fuels over four decades did not play a significant role in increasing life expectancy across 70 countries. New research has quantified the importance of different development... more
SLAC structural biologist discovers a strange cavity in key tuberculosis protein  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 weeks
Researchers from the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have discovered a strange new feature of a protein that’s thought to be important in the... more
Research into perovskite-silicon tandem cells shows new path to take  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Researchers at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), working in collaboration with their counterparts in the Republic of Korea, have validated the potential of using a combination of... more
Toward biorecycling: A microbe could help degrade polyurethane-based plastics  nanowerk · 2 weeks
A strain of an extremophile group of bacteria is capable of ingesting toxic organic compounds as its sole source of carbon, nitrogen and energy. more
Longer lives not dependent on increased energy use  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Growing consumption of energy and fossil fuels over four decades did not play a significant role in increasing life expectancy across 70 countries. more
Reducing reliance on nitrogen fertilizers with biological nitrogen fixation  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Crop yields have increased substantially over the past decades, occurring alongside the increasing use of nitrogen fertilizer. While nitrogen fertilizer benefits crop growth, it has negative effects on the environment... more
Flux-induced topological superconductivity in full-shell nanowires  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
Hybrid semiconductor-superconductor nanowires have emerged as a promising platform for realizing topological superconductivity (TSC). Here, we present a route to TSC using magnetic flux applied to a full superconducting shell surrounding a semiconducting nanowire core. Tunneling... more
Engineers find ankle exoskeleton aids running  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Researchers find that a motorized device that attaches around the ankle and foot can drastically reduce the energy cost of running. more
Innovative thinner electrolyte can improve functioning of solid oxide fuel cells  nanowerk · 2 weeks
Scientists have synthesized a new thin film that could make energy production more efficient and cleaner. more
Ankle exoskeletons can drastically reduce the energy cost of running, study finds  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 weeks
Running is great exercise but not everyone feels great doing it. In hopes of boosting physical activity - and possibly creating a new mode... more
Renewable energy developments threaten biodiverse areas  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
More than 2000 renewable energy facilities are built in areas of environmental significance and threaten the natural habitats of plant and animal species across the globe. more
Zero-energy bound states in the high-temperature superconductors at the two-dimensional limit  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
Majorana zero modes (MZMs) that obey the non-Abelian statistics have been intensively investigated for potential applications in topological quantum computing. The prevailing signals in tunneling experiments... more
How to run 50% faster without external energy  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
Technological innovations may enable next-generation running shoes to provide unprecedented mobility. But how could a running shoe increase the speed of motion without providing external energy? We found that the top speed... more
Forests: Carbon sequestration, biomass energy, or both?  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
There is a continuing debate over the role that woody bioenergy plays in climate mitigation. This paper clarifies this controversy and illustrates the impacts of woody biomass demand on forest harvests, prices, timber management... more
Researchers discover giant cavity in key tuberculosis molecule  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Researchers from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have discovered a strange new feature of a protein that's thought to be important in the development of tuberculosis: The protein contains... more
Innovative thinner electrolyte can improve functioning of solid oxide fuel cells  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
In this post-industrialization age, electricity has become the backbone of our society. However, using fossil fuels to generate it is not the best option because of... more
A demonstrator magnet produces a record magnet field  CERN · 2 weeks
A demonstrator magnet produces a record magnet field Corinne Pralavorio cmenard Wed, 03/25/2020 - 10:06 One of the keys to pushing the energy limits of accelerators is being able to reach higher... more
Upconverting nanolasers from subwavelength plasmons  nanowerk · 2 weeks
To design these nanolasers, researchers combined arrays of nanopillars with nanoparticles that can absorb two photons of light and emit them as a single photon with higher energy. more
Creating stretchable thermoelectric generators  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
For the first time, a soft and stretchable organic thermoelectric module has been created that can harvest energy from body heat. The breakthrough was enabled by a new composite material that may have widespread use in smart clothing, wearable electronics... more
Creating stretchable thermoelectric generators  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
For the first time, a soft and stretchable organic thermoelectric module has been created that can harvest energy from body heat. The breakthrough was enabled by a new composite material that may have widespread use in smart clothing, wearable electronics... more
Team develops photosynthetic proteins for expanded solar energy conversion  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
A team of scientists, led by the University of Bristol, has developed a new photosynthetic protein system enabling an enhanced and more sustainable approach to solar-powered technological devices. more
Scientists develop a new cathode material for metal-ion batteries  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Researchers from the Skoltech Center for Energy Science and Technology (CEST) created a new cathode material based on titanium fluoride phosphate, which achieved superior energy performance and stable operation at... more
Scientists invent symmetry-breaking for the first time in a nanoscale device that can mimic human brain  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Over the last decade, artificial intelligence (AI) and its applications such as machine learning have gained... more
Buildings grown by bacteria: New research to turn cells into mini-factories for materials  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Buildings are not unlike a human body. They have bones and skin; they breathe. Electrified, they consume energy, regulate temperature and generate... more
Chinese astronomers detect gamma-ray emission from two star-forming galaxies  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Astronomers from Nanjing University in China have detected gamma ray emission from two star-forming galaxies designated M33 and Arp 299. The finding, which is detailed in a paper published March... more
Researchers show possibility to control cell bioenergetics by changing mitochondria content  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 weeks
Researchers at the University of California, Irvine have shown that they can give cells a short-term boost of energy through mitochondrial transplantation. more
A key development in the drive for energy-efficient electronics  nanowerk · 2 weeks
Scientists have made a breakthrough in the development of a new generation of electronics that will require less power and generate less heat. It involves exploiting the complex quantum properties... more
Wrapped, layered semiconductors catch the light  nanowerk · 2 weeks
Researchers discovered a new way to integrate semiconductor layers to make heterostructures. They found that layers of different compounds of tin and sulfur spontaneously separated during synthesis. This unique structure translates into excellent light absorption and... more
A key development in the drive for energy-efficient electronics  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Scientists have made a breakthrough in the development of a new generation of electronics that will require less power and generate less heat. more
New material developed could help clean energy revolution  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Researchers developed a promising graphene-carbon nanotube catalyst, giving them better control over hugely important chemical reactions for producing green technology and clean energy. more
New catalyst material could fuel clean energy revolution  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Fuel cells and water electrolyzers that are cheap and efficient will form the cornerstone of a hydrogen fuel based economy, which is one of the most promising clean and sustainable alternatives to... more
Aluminosilicate glasses can serve as visible luminescence materials  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Broadband emissions in the visible spectral range can be achieved by pumping Pr3+ doped in crystal, ceramic and glass. Fluoride glasses are commonly used as host material of gain fiber due to... more
Chasing lithium ions on the move in a fast-charging battery  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
A team of scientists led by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory has captured in real time how lithium ions... more
A milestone in ultrafast gel fabrication from unconventional self-healing noble metal gels  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Electrocatalysis is extensively involved in many important energy-related processes such as the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) for fuel cells, the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER)... more
Tiny double accelerator recycles energy  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
A team of scientists has built a miniature double particle accelerator that can recycle some of the laser energy fed into the system to boost the energy of the accelerated electrons a second time. The device uses terahertz... more
Solar energy tracker powers down after 17 years  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
After nearly two decades, the Sun has set for NASA's SOlar Radiation and Climate Experiment (SORCE), a mission that continued and advanced the agency's 40-year record of measuring solar irradiance and studying... more
Single-asperity sliding friction across the superconducting phase transition  Science Magazine · 3 weeks
In sliding friction, different energy dissipation channels have been proposed, including phonon and electron systems, plastic deformation, and crack formation. However, how energy is coupled into these channels is debated, and especially,... more
Reversible spin storage in metal oxide--fullerene heterojunctions  Science Magazine · 3 weeks
We show that hybrid MnOx/C60 heterojunctions can be used to design a storage device for spin-polarized charge: a spin capacitor. Hybridization at the carbon-metal oxide interface leads to spin-polarized charge trapping after an applied... more
Tiny double accelerator recycles energy  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
A team of DESY scientists has built a miniature double particle accelerator that can recycle some of the laser energy fed into the system to boost the energy of the accelerated electrons a second time. The device uses... more
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