Energy
How microbes generate and use their energy to grow  SCIENCE DAILY · 15 minutes
Researchers have shed light on how bacteria and baker's yeast generate and use their energy to grow. Knowing about cells' energy use is essential for industrial biotech processes. more
Ionic liquid-based click-ionogels  Science Magazine · 6 hours
Gels that are freeze-resistant and heat-resistant and have high ultimate tensile strength are desirable in practical applications owing to their potential in designing flexible energy storage devices, actuators, and sensors. Here, a simple method for fabricating ionic liquid (IL)–based click-ionogels... more
Laser-produced uranium plasma evolves into more complex species  PHYS.ORG · 9 hours
When energy is added to uranium under pressure, it creates a shock wave, and even a tiny sample will be vaporized like a small explosion. By using smaller, controlled explosions, physicists can... more
Breath! Respiring microbes generate more energy  PHYS.ORG · 9 hours
How do cells generate and use energy? This question might seem simple, but the answer is far from simple. Furthermore, knowing how microbial cell factories consume energy and how proteins are allocated to do so is... more
Research details impact of energy development on deer habitat use  SCIENCE DAILY · 12 hours
Mule deer avoid areas close to such human disturbance, even when there's quality forage in those areas. more
A new method for quantifying crystal semiconductor efficiency  PHYS.ORG · 12 hours
Japanese scientists have found a new way to detect the efficiency of crystal semiconductors. For the first time ever, the team used a specific kind of photoluminescence spectroscopy, a way to detect... more
A new method for quantifying crystal semiconductor efficiency  nanowerk · 16 hours
Researchers used a specific kind of photoluminescence spectroscopy, a way to detect light, to characterize the semiconductors. The emitted light energy was used as an indicator of the crystal's quality. more
Research details impact of energy development on deer habitat use  PHYS.ORG · 18 hours
For every acre of mule deer habitat taken by roads, well pads and other oil and gas development infrastructure in Wyoming's Green River Basin, an average of 4.6... more
Structure of protein nanoturbine revealed  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
Cells rely on protein complexes known as ATP synthases or ATPases for their energy needs. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) molecules power most of the processes sustaining life. Structural biologist Professor Leonid Sazanov and his research group from the Institute... more
Slow electrons to combat cancer  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
Slow electons can be used to destroy cancer cells - but how exactly this happens has not been well understood. Now scientists have been able to demonstrate that a previously little-observed effect actually plays a pivotal role: Due... more
Slow electrons to combat cancer  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
Ion beams are often used today in cancer treatment: this involves electrically charged atoms being fired at the tumour to destroy cancer cells. Although, it's not actually the ions themselves that cause the decisive damage. When ions penetrate... more
Physicists create world's smallest engine  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
The research explains how random fluctuations affect the operation of microscopic machines like this tiny motor. In the future, such devices could be incorporated into other technologies to recycle waste heat and thus improve energy efficiency. more
New technique could streamline design of intricate fusion device  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Stellarators, twisty machines that house fusion reactions, rely on complex magnetic coils that are challenging to design and build. Now, a physicist at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton... more
Artificial intelligence could help data centers run far more efficiently  MIT · 2 days
MIT system “learns” how to optimally allocate workloads across thousands of servers to cut costs, save energy. more
Physicists create world's smallest engine  nanowerk · 2 days
The research explains how random fluctuations affect the operation of microscopic machines like this tiny motor. In the future, such devices could be incorporated into other technologies to recycle waste heat and thus improve energy efficiency. more
Life on the thermodynamic edge: Respiratory growth of an acetotrophic methanogen  Science Magazine · 2 days
Although two-thirds of the nearly 1 billion metric tons of methane produced annually in Earth’s biosphere derives from acetate, the in situ process has escaped rigorous... more
'Electron pairing' found well above superconductor's critical temperature  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Physicists have found "electron pairing," a hallmark feature of superconductivity, at temperatures and energies well above the critical threshold where superconductivity happens. more
Large cosmological simulation to run on Mira  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
An extremely large cosmological simulation—among the five most extensive ever conducted—is set to run on Mira this fall and exemplifies the scope of problems addressed on the leadership-class supercomputer at the U.S. Department of... more
Migratory Songbirds Trade Off Safety for Lower Energy Expenditure, New Study Shows  SCI-NEWS.COM · 3 days
Each spring and fall, millions of birds switch to migrating at night. Most of these are small songbirds migrating long distances that need to... more
All-in-one: New microbe degrades oil to gas  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Crude oil and gas naturally escape from the seabed in many places known as "seeps." There, these hydrocarbons move up from source rocks through fractures and sediments toward the surface, where they leak out... more
Catalysts for climate protection  nanowerk · 4 days
Researchers have developed various new technological solutions for using the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide, which is generated during combustion processes, as a raw material for the production of chemicals, fuels or chemical energy storage systems. more
Toward an 'orrery' for quantum gauge theory  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Physicists at ETH Zurich have developed a new approach to couple quantized gauge fields to ultracold matter. The method might be the basis for a versatile platform to tackle problems ranging from condensed-matter to... more
Scientists extract hydrogen gas from oil and bitumen, giving potential pollution-free energy  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Scientists have developed a large-scale economical method to extract hydrogen (H2) from oil sands (natural bitumen) and oil fields. This can be used to... more
Research using mechanics and physics could predict diseases that 'stress out' cells  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
Using ultrasonic tweezers, live imaging and a micro-mechanical substrate, researchers found energy patterns in cellular allostasis that could predict the presence of disease. more
Towards an 'orrery' for quantum gauge theory  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
Physicists have developed a new approach to couple quantized gauge fields to ultracold matter. The method might be the basis for a versatile platform to tackle problems ranging from condensed-matter to high-energy physics. more
Lithium fluoride crystals 'see' heavy ions with high energies  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Lithium fluoride crystals have recently been used to register the tracks of nuclear particles. Physicists from the Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Cracow have... more
Materials that can revolutionize how light is harnessed for solar energy  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
Scientists have designed organic molecules capable of generating two excitons per photon of light, a process called singlet fission. The excitons can live for much longer... more
Researchers develop materials that can revolutionize how light is harnessed for solar energy  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Researchers at Columbia University have developed a way to harness more power from singlet fission to increase the efficiency of solar cells,... more
Lab-based dark energy experiment narrows search options for elusive force  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
An experiment to test a popular theory of dark energy has found no evidence of new forces, placing strong constraints on related theories. more
Scientists complete LSST's digital sensor array  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
After 16 years of dedicated planning and engineering, scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory have completed a 3.2 gigapixel sensor array for the camera that will be used in the Large... more
New discipline proposed: Macro-energy systems -- the science of the energy transition  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
Researchers propose a new academic discipline, 'macro-energy systems,' as the science of the energy transition. more
Microorganisms build the best fuel efficient hydrogen cells  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 days
With billions of years of practice, nature has created the most energy efficient machines. One, [Ne-Fi] hydrogenase, is the oldest in microorganisms and is used for hydrogen metabolism. Using Fourier transform infrared... more
Holography and criticality in matchgate tensor networks  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Tensor networks take a central role in quantum physics as they can provide an efficient approximation to specific classes of quantum states. The associated graphical language can also easily describe and pictorially reason about... more
Lab-based dark energy experiment narrows search options for elusive force  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
An experiment to test a popular theory of dark energy has found no evidence of new forces, placing strong constraints on related theories. more
DIY tech gives people more freedom in managing diabetes  NEWS MEDICAL · 5 days
When Sam Mazaheri was 9, he was diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes. That means Sam's body makes little or no insulin, a hormone that turns food into energy. more
Medical News Today: The power of electromagnetic energy on breast cancer cells  MNT · 6 days
Electromagnetic energy could be used to halt the movement of breast cancer cells, reducing metastatic cases. New research explains how. more
Highly stable hybrid perovskite light-emitting diodes based on Dion-Jacobson structure  Science Magazine · 1 week
Organic-inorganic hybrid halide perovskites are emerging as promising materials for next-generation light-emitting diodes (LEDs). However, the poor stability of these materials has been the main obstacle challenging their... more
For superconductors, discovery comes from disorder  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Discovered more than 100 years ago, superconductivity continues to captivate scientists who seek to develop components for highly efficient energy transmission, ultrafast electronics or quantum bits for next-generation computation. However, determining what causes substances to become—or... more
Expanded ion beams light new way for next-generation electronic devices, energy storage, smart homes  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
A new type of lens is lighting the way for expanded uses of large ions and building blocks for new... more
Mitochondria--Striking a balance between host and endosymbiont  Science Magazine · 1 week
Mitochondria are organelles with their own genome that arose from α-proteobacteria living within single-celled Archaea more than a billion years ago. This step of endosymbiosis offered tremendous opportunities for energy production and metabolism and... more
How buildings can cut 80 percent of their carbon emissions by 2050  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
Energy use in buildings -- from heating and cooling your home to keeping the lights on in the office -- is responsible for over... more
Moon glows brighter than sun in images from NASA's Fermi  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
If our eyes could see high-energy radiation called gamma rays, the Moon would appear brighter than the Sun! That's how NASA's Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope has seen our... more
How buildings can cut 80% of their carbon emissions by 2050  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
Energy use in buildings -- from heating and cooling your home to keeping the lights on in the office -- is responsible for over one-third of... more
ATLAS Experiment releases new search for strong supersymmetry  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
New particles sensitive to the strong interaction might be produced in abundance in the proton-proton collisions generated by the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) – provided that they aren't too heavy. These particles... more
Scientists find a way to create long-life, fast-charging batteries  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
A group of researchers led by Skoltech Professor Pavel Troshin studied coordination polymers, a class of compounds with scarcely explored applications in metal-ion batteries, and demonstrated their possible future use... more
Ammonia for fuel cells  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Fuel cells are pollution-free power sources that convert chemical energy to electricity with high efficiency and zero emissions. Fuel cell cars, trucks, and buses would allow people to travel long distances with convenient refueling and less of a carbon footprint. more
Shift to renewable electricity a win-win at statewide level  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Amid rollbacks of the Clean Power Plan and other environmental regulations at the federal level, several U.S. states, cities, and towns have resolved to take matters into their own hands... more
Drought spells changes for soil microbes  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and Kansas State University found that soil drying significantly affected the structure and function of soil microbial communities. more
Researchers use blockchain to drive electric-vehicle infrastructure  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
Researchers have integrated the use of blockchain into energy systems, a development that could result in expanded charging infrastructure for electric vehicles. more
Electronic waste is mined for rare earth elements  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Rare earth elements are the "secret sauce" of numerous advanced materials for energy, transportation, defense and communications applications. Their largest use for clean energy is in permanent magnets, which retain magnetic properties... more
Europe has the untapped onshore capacity to meet global energy demand  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
Europe has the capacity to produce more than 100 times the amount of energy it currently produces through onshore windfarms, new analysis has revealed. more
Control of excitons in a 2D semiconductor  nanowerk · 1 week
Scientists have developed a method to control the binding energies of excitons in a two-dimensional (2D) semiconductor for advanced photonic and optoelectronic applications. more
Scientists discover key factors in how some algae harness solar energy  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Scientists have discovered how diatoms—a type of alga that produce 20 percent of the Earth's oxygen—harness solar energy for photosynthesis. more
Key factors in how some algae harness solar energy  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
Scientists have discovered how diatoms -- a type of alga that produce 20 percent of the Earth's oxygen -- harness solar energy for photosynthesis. The discovery could help lead to... more
Growth of wind energy points to future challenges, promise  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
Advances in adapting the technology and better methods for predicting wind conditions have fanned significant growth of the use of wind turbines for electricity in the last 40 years. A... more
How two water molecules dance together  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
Researchers have gained new insights into how water molecules interact. For the first time, they were able to completely observe all of the movements between the water molecules, known as intermolecular vibrations. A certain movement of... more
Solar physics with the Square Kilometre Array  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Although solar physics is one of the most mature branches of astrophysics, the sun confronts researchers with a large number of outstanding fundamental problems. These problems include the determination of the structure and dynamics... more
High temperature thermal shocks increase stability of single-atom catalysts  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Catalysts are essentially boosters that increase the rate of a chemical reaction, and are widely used in the fields of petroleum refining, coal and natural gas conversion, and ammonia production,... more
Atomic 'Trojan horse' could inspire new generation of X-ray lasers and particle colliders  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
How do researchers explore nature on its most fundamental level? They build "supermicroscopes" that can resolve atomic and subatomic details. This won't... more
New type of electrolyte could enhance supercapacitor performance  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Supercapacitors, electrical devices that store and release energy, need a layer of electrolyte—an electrically conductive material that can be solid, liquid, or somewhere in between. Now, researchers at MIT and several other... more
Researchers convert used car batteries into units that could power farms in the developing world  nanowerk · 2 weeks
Researchers have found a way not just to recycle used car batteries, but repurpose them as small energy... more
New type of electrolyte could enhance supercapacitor performance  nanowerk · 2 weeks
Novel class of 'ionic liquids' may store more energy than conventional electrolytes - with less risk of catching fire. more
Fidgeting activity could have ‘meaningful’ health effects in early childhood  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 weeks
Children are often told off for fidgeting - but a study involving the University of Strathclyde has found that it could help them to use up energy amounting... more
Northern tropical dry trend may just be normal variation  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Rainfall variations in the tropics not only potentially influence 40% of the world's population and the stability of the global ecosystem, but also the global hydrologic cycle and energy balance. more
Over-55s shouldn't wait for retirement to make time for their health  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
People in middle-age need to keep up their physical activity levels if they are to enjoy a fit and healthy retirement -- according to a new... more
Supercapacitors turbocharged by laxatives  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
An international team of scientists has worked out a way to improve energy storage devices called supercapacitors, by designing a new class of detergents chemically related to laxatives. more
Supercapacitors turbocharged by laxatives  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
An international team of scientists, including a professor of chemistry from the University of Bristol, has worked out a way to improve energy storage devices called supercapacitors, by designing a new class of detergents chemically related to laxatives. more
New type of electrolyte could enhance supercapacitor performance  MIT · 2 weeks
Novel class of “ionic liquids” may store more energy than conventional electrolytes — with less risk of catching fire. more
Turning off backscattering to improve optical data transmission  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Engineers have found a way to redirect misfit light waves to reduce energy loss during optical data transmission. In a study, researchers exploited an interaction between light and sound waves to suppress... more
Researchers turn off backscattering, aim to improve optical data transmission  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Engineers at the University of Illinois have found a way to redirect misfit light waves to reduce energy loss during optical data transmission. In a study, researchers exploited... more
Installing solar panels on agricultural lands maximizes their efficiency  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
A new study finds that if less than 1% of agricultural land was converted to solar panels, it would be sufficient to fulfill global electric energy demand. more
Evidence for a strain-tuned topological phase transition in ZrTe5  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
A phase transition between topologically distinct insulating phases involves closing and reopening the bandgap. Near the topological phase transition, the bulk energy spectrum is characterized by a massive Dirac dispersion,... more
Iridescence-controlled and flexibly tunable retroreflective structural color film for smart displays  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
Structural color materials, which use nano- or microstructures to reflect specific wavelengths of ambient white light, have drawn much attention owing to their wide applications ranging... more
High-energy lasers could be used to treat Alzheimer's disease in the future  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
The aggregation of amyloid protein fibrils is involved in diseases such as amyloidosis and even Alzheimer's. Thus, dissociation of these amyloid fibrils is crucial... more
Researchers identify type of parasitic bacteria that saps corals of energy  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Researchers have proposed a new genus of bacteria that flourishes when coral reefs become polluted, siphoning energy from the corals and making them more susceptible to... more
Ultrahigh-energy density lead-free dielectric films via polymorphic nanodomain design  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
Dielectric capacitors with ultrahigh power densities are fundamental energy storage components in electrical and electronic systems. However, a long-standing challenge is improving their energy densities. We report dielectrics with ultrahigh... more
ATLAS delivers new direct measurement of the top-quark decay width with improved precision  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
As the heaviest known particle, the top quark plays a key role in studies of fundamental interactions. Due to its short lifetime,... more
Neural networks will help manufacture carbon nanotubes  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Thin films made of carbon nanotubes hold a lot of promise for advanced optoelectronics, energy and medicine, however with their manufacturing process subject to close supervision and stringent standardization requirements, they are unlikely to... more
A key piece to understanding how quantum gravity affects low-energy physics  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Researchers have, for the first time, identified the sufficient and necessary conditions that the low-energy limit of quantum gravity theories must satisfy to preserve the main... more
Researchers identify type of parasitic bacteria that saps corals of energy  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Researchers at Oregon State University have proposed a new genus of bacteria that flourishes when coral reefs become polluted, siphoning energy from the corals and making... more
Zooming in on top-quark production  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
As the heaviest known elementary particle, the top quark has a special place in the physics studied at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN. Top quark-antiquark pairs are copiously produced in collisions recorded by the ATLAS detector,... more
Dynamic tuning of FRET in a green fluorescent protein biosensor  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) between mutants of green fluorescent protein is widely used to monitor protein-protein interactions and as a readout mode in fluorescent biosensors. Despite the... more
Microbial rhodopsins are major contributors to the solar energy captured in the sea  Science Magazine · 2 weeks
All known phototrophic metabolisms on Earth rely on one of three categories of energy-converting pigments: chlorophyll-a (rarely -d), bacteriochlorophyll-a (rarely -b), and... more
Cheap renewable energy: Cracking the photosynthetic process that enables plants to split wat  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Scientists have cracked a key step in nature's water-splitting recipe, which powers all plant life on Earth and may be harnessed to... more
Researchers uncover hidden topological insulator states in bismuth crystals  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
The search for better materials for computers and other electronic devices has focused on a group of materials known as "topological insulators" that have a special property of conducting electricity... more
Astrophysical shock phenomena reproduced in the laboratory  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Vast interstellar events where clouds of charged matter hurtle into each other and spew out high-energy particles have now been reproduced in the lab with high fidelity. The work, by MIT researchers and an... more
Simulations demonstrate ion heating by plasma oscillations for fusion energy  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Fusion scientists succeeded in proving that ions can be heated by plasma oscillations driven by high-energy particles. This has been confirmed by performing a large-scale simulation with a... more
Hotter, wetter, dryer: Uptick in extreme weather, temps  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Researchers have analyzed seasonal changes in water and energy balances over the Appalachian region. They forecast up to a 10-degree jump in average temperature, increased evaporation along mountain ridges, more frequent droughts... more
Ionic thermal up-diffusion boosts energy harvesting  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Salinity gradient energy is recognized as a promising candidate for the substitution of traditional fossil fuels. Recently nanofluidic salinity gradient energy harvesting via ion channels or membranes has drawn increasing interest due to the advances in... more
Simulations demonstrate ion heating by plasma oscillations for fusion energy  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
A research team of fusion scientists succeeded in proving that ions can be heated by plasma oscillations driven by high-energy particles. This has been confirmed by performing a... more
Energy development wins when it's pitted against endangered species  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Widespread species decline at the hands of humans is a powerful tale. According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature, more than 27 percent of 100,000 assessed species are... more
New milestone reached in the study of electroweak symmetry breaking  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
In the Standard Model of particle physics, elementary particles acquire their masses by interacting with the Higgs field. This process is governed by a delicate mechanism: electroweak symmetry... more
Whole body vibration helps reduce inflammation, thanks to the gut microbiome  NEWS MEDICAL · 3 weeks
Whole body vibration appears to improve many symptoms of type II diabetes mellitus, wherein glucose and destructive inflammation shoots up. The procedure helps the body use... more
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