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Medical News Today: What you should know about laser hair removal versus electrolysis
MNT A look at laser hair removal versus electrolysis. Included is detail on how the procedures differ. ADD MORE ADD MORE ADD MORE... 2 days
HKBU experts develop new generation of smart anti-cancer drug molecules
NEWS MEDICAL The toxic nature of chemotherapy poses a great challenge to clinical treatment of cancer. A team of scholars from the School of Chinese Medicine of Hong Kong Baptist... 2 days
Scientists advance knowledge of plant reproduction
SCIENCE DAILY Two groups of plant molecular biologists have long studied how pollen tubes and pistils, the male and female parts of flowers, communicate to achieve fertilization in plants. Now they report that they have identified a pair... 2 days
Shoe-box-sized chemical detector
SCIENCE DAILY A chemical sensor prototype will be able to detect 'single-fingerprint quantities' of substances from a distance of more than 100 feet away, and its developers are working to shrink it to the size of a shoebox. 2 days
Chemical potential-electric double layer coupling in conjugated polymer-polyelectrolyte blends
Science Magazine Conjugated polymer–polyelectrolyte blends combine and couple electronic semiconductor functionality with selective ionic transport, making them attractive as the active material in organic biosensors and bioelectronics, electrochromic displays, neuromorphic computing, and... 2 days
Real-space analysis of diffusion behavior and activation energy of individual monatomic ions in a liquid
Science Magazine Investigation of the local dynamic behavior of atoms and molecules in liquids is crucial for revealing the origin... 2 days
Molecular behavior of zero-dimensional perovskites
Science Magazine Low-dimensional perovskites offer a rare opportunity to investigate lattice dynamics and charge carrier behavior in bulk quantum-confined solids, in addition to them being the leading materials in optoelectronic applications. In particular, zero-dimensional (0D) inorganic perovskites of the Cs4PbX6... 2 days
A shoe-box-sized chemical detector
PHYS.ORG A chemical sensor prototype developed at the University of Michigan will be able to detect "single-fingerprint quantities" of substances from a distance of more than 100 feet away, and its developers are working to shrink it to the size of... 2 days
Potato blight's chemical attack mechanism explained
PHYS.ORG A team of international researchers headed by scientists from the University of Tübingen has deciphered the workings of a cytolytic toxin, which is produced by some of the world's most devastating crop diseases. The Cytolysin is... 3 days
Combination of warmer water, chemical exposure intensifies harmful effects in a coastal fish
PHYS.ORG Warmer water temperatures, combined with exposure to chemicals already known to be harmful to aquatic life, could threaten organisms that have temperature-sensitive... 3 days
How can changing climate affect a civilization?
PHYS.ORG William (Billy) D'Andrea is a Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory paleoclimatologist and a Center for Climate and Life Fellow; he studies how environments have changed over time by reconstructing climate history using the molecules preserved in... 3 days
Engineers develop floating solar fuels rig for seawater electrolysis
PHYS.ORG VIDEO In a single hour, more energy from the sun hits the Earth than all the energy used by humankind in an entire year. Imagine if the sun's energy could be... 3 days
Study provides insights into molecular mechanisms regulating cellular fate of SCCs
NEWS MEDICAL Researchers at Kanazawa University report in EMBO Reports, 7 December 2017, new molecular mechanisms regulating cellular fate of squamous cell carcinomas. 3 days
Scientists create atomic scale map that tracks how brain signals connect to neurons
NEWS MEDICAL Scientists at Johns Hopkins have used supercomputers to create an atomic scale map that tracks how the signaling chemical glutamate binds to... 3 days
Finding a lethal parasite's vulnerabilities
PHYS.ORG An estimated 100 million people around the world are infected with Strongyloides stercoralis, a parasitic nematode, yet it's likely that many don't know it. The infection can persist for years, usually only causing mild symptoms. But if the... 3 days
First-of-its-kind chemical oscillator offers new level of molecular control
PHYS.ORG DNA molecules that follow specific instructions could offer more precise molecular control of synthetic chemical systems, a discovery that opens the door for engineers to create molecular machines with new... 3 days
Rutgers studies highlight need for salon clients, workers to protect themselves from health risks
NEWS MEDICAL Clients who frequent hair and nail salons exhibit more skin and fungal diseases than those who visit less often and... 3 days
Study tests accuracy of laboratory-developed cancer tests and FDA-approved companion diagnostics
NEWS MEDICAL Cancer molecular testing can drive clinical decision making and help a clinician determine if a patient is a good candidate for a targeted therapeutic drug. 3 days
Charting how brain signals connect to neurons
SCIENCE DAILY Scientists have used supercomputers to create an atomic scale map that tracks how the signaling chemical glutamate binds to a neuron in the brain. The findings, say the scientists, shed light on the dynamic... 3 days
One in five materials chemistry papers may be wrong, study suggests
SCIENCE DAILY Can companies rely on the results of one or two scientific studies to design a new industrial process or launch a new product? In at least... 3 days
First-of-its-kind chemical oscillator offers new level of molecular control
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers successfully constructed a first-of-its-kind chemical oscillator that uses DNA components. DNA molecules that follow specific instructions could offer more precise molecular control of synthetic chemical systems, a discovery that... 3 days
Computational strategies overcome obstacles in peptide therapeutics development
PHYS.ORG New computational strategies reported this week in Science might help realize the promise of peptide-based drugs. Peptides are similar to protein molecules, but differ in their smaller size, structure and functions. 3 days
life s building blocks observed in spacelike environment Life’s Building Blocks Observed in Spacelike Environment
ASTRO WATCH Where do the molecules required for life originate? It may be that small organic molecules first appeared on earth and were later... 3 days
One in five materials chemistry papers may be wrong, study suggests
PHYS.ORG Can companies rely on the results of one or two scientific studies to design a new industrial process or launch a new product? In at least... 3 days
Researchers share perspective on key elements of ozone layer recovery
PHYS.ORG VIDEO Each year, ozone-depleting compounds in the upper atmosphere destroy the protective ozone layer, and in particular above Antarctica. The ozone layer acts as Earth's sunscreen by absorbing harmful... 3 days
NASA researchers share perspective on key elements of ozone layer recovery
SCIENCE DAILY Each year, ozone-depleting compounds in the upper atmosphere destroy the protective ozone layer, and in particular above Antarctica. While different compounds each release either reactive chlorine... 3 days
Toxic chemicals in salons, lack of education lead to adverse health effects
SCIENCE DAILY Clients who frequent hair and nail salons exhibit more skin and fungal diseases than those who visit less often and nail salon technicians are... 3 days
Spaghetti-like, DNA 'noodle origami' the new shape of things to come for nanotechnology
SCIENCE DAILY Scientists have invented a major new advance in DNA nanotechnology. Dubbed 'single-stranded origami,' their new strategy uses one long, thin noodle-like strand... 3 days
Clearing the air
SCIENCE DAILY A greater understanding of the dynamics of chemical reactions is leading to better models of atmospheric chemistry. Through this work, scientists are gaining insight into a key chemical able to break down some major air pollutants. 3 days
Researchers identify a pair of receptors essential to male-female plant communications
PHYS.ORG Two groups of plant molecular biologists, at the University of Massachusetts Amherst and Peking University, China, have long studied how pollen tubes and pistils, the male... 3 days
Cracking the code of coenzyme Q biosynthesis
SCIENCE DAILY Coenzyme Q (CoQ) is a vital cog in the body's energy-producing machinery, a kind of chemical gateway in the conversion of food into cellular fuel. But six decades removed from its discovery, scientists still... 3 days
Mechanically robust, readily repairable polymers via tailored noncovalent cross-linking
Science Magazine Expanding the range of healable materials is an important challenge for sustainable societies. Noncrystalline, high molecular weight polymers generally form mechanically robust materials, which, however, are difficult to repair once... 3 days
Arabidopsis pollen tube integrity and sperm release are regulated by RALF-mediated signaling
Science Magazine In flowering plants, fertilization requires complex cell-to-cell communication events between the pollen tube and the female reproductive tissues, which are controlled by extracellular signaling... 3 days
Vasohibins/SVBP are tubulin carboxypeptidases (TCPs) that regulate neuron differentiation
Science Magazine Reversible detyrosination of α-tubulin is crucial to microtubule dynamics and functions, and defects have been implicated in cancer, brain disorganization, and cardiomyopathies. The identity of the tubulin tyrosine carboxypeptidase (TCP)... 3 days
Enzyme-free nucleic acid dynamical systems
Science Magazine Chemistries exhibiting complex dynamics—from inorganic oscillators to gene regulatory networks—have been long known but either cannot be reprogrammed at will or rely on the sophisticated enzyme chemistry underlying the central dogma. Can simpler molecular mechanisms, designed from scratch,... 3 days
DNA: Supercoiling pushes molecular handcuffs along chromatin fibres
SCIENCE DAILY As it squeezes down the chromatin fiber, the cohesin protein complex extrudes a growing loop of DNA -- a bit like the quick-lacing system of trail-running shoes. But what is powering the... 3 days
Structure of molecular light switch -- channelrhodopsin -- determined
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers discover structure and mechanism of action of molecular light switch, paving the way for new applications. 3 days
Supercoiling pushes molecular handcuffs along chromatin fibres
PHYS.ORG Gene regulation relies on complex structural arrangements and processes at the molecular level. One of them, called 'chromatin loop extrusion', strikingly resembles the quick-lacing system of some trail running shoes: as the buckle is... 4 days
Protein environment makes catalyst efficient for hydrogen production
PHYS.ORG The interaction of protein shell and active centre in hydrogen-producing enzymes is crucial for the efficiency of biocatalysts. A team from Ruhr-Universität Bochum and the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Energy Conversion... 4 days
Study sheds new light on production of hydroxyl radicals, which help break down air pollutants
PHYS.ORG Residents in some areas of the developing world are currently coping with dangerous levels of air pollution. Recent... 4 days
Medical News Today: Parkinson's: Could this existing drug halt disease progression?
MNT A 50-year-old drug that is commonly used to treat tapeworm infections is found to contain a molecule that can protect against Parkinson's disease. 4 days
Parkinson's: Could this existing drug halt disease progression?
MNT A 50-year-old drug that is commonly used to treat tapeworm infections is found to contain a molecule that can protect against Parkinson's disease. 4 days
NIH-funded study to explore hearing loss risk in Detroit firefighters
NEWS MEDICAL Firefighters face potential exposure to various hazardous chemicals that increase their risk for numerous health issues. During responses to fires or other hazardous events, they may be exposed... 4 days
Belgian researchers create transplantable artificial ovary prototype
NEWS MEDICAL Belgian researchers have taken important steps towards creating transplantable artificial ovaries. Once successful, these could be of value to women struggling with infertility or cancer patients who cannot conceive after undergoing radiation or chemotherapy. 4 days
Microbes help turn Greek yogurt waste into fuel
SCIENCE DAILY Consumers across the world enjoy Greek yogurt for its taste, texture, and protein-packed punch. Reaching that perfect formula, however, generates large volumes of food waste in the form of liquid whey. Now... 4 days
Three papers help to crack the code of coenzyme Q biosynthesis
PHYS.ORG Coenzyme Q (CoQ) is a vital cog in the body's energy-producing machinery, a kind of chemical gateway in the conversion of food into cellular fuel. But... 4 days
Chemical tipping point of magma determines explosive potential of volcanoes
SCIENCE DAILY Scientists provide evidence, for the first time, that a subtle tipping point of the chemistry of magmas clearly separates effusive from explosive eruptions worldwide. 4 days
Machine learning unifies the modeling of materials and molecules
Science Magazine Determining the stability of molecules and condensed phases is the cornerstone of atomistic modeling, underpinning our understanding of chemical and materials properties and transformations. We show that a machine-learning model,... 4 days
Chemical tipping point of magma determines explosive potential of volcanoes
PHYS.ORG Volcanic eruptions are the most spectacular expression of the processes acting in the interior of any active planet. Effusive eruptions consist of a gentle and steady flow of... 4 days
Microbes help turn Greek yogurt waste into fuel
PHYS.ORG Consumers across the world enjoy Greek yogurt for its taste, texture, and protein-packed punch. Reaching that perfect formula, however, generates large volumes of food waste in the form of liquid whey. Now... 4 days
Batteries: Catching radical molecules before they disappear
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers have managed to stabilize short-lived radical ions which could be used for rechargeable batteries. 4 days
Cocktail effects of pesticides and environmental chemicals
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers have addressed an international environmental problem by developing a model that can predict how certain chemicals amplify the effects of pesticides and other chemical compounds. Pesticide expert hopes that it will make environmental... 4 days
Scientists develop new artificial ovary prototype
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers have taken important steps towards creating transplantable artificial ovaries. Once successful, these could be of value to women struggling with infertility or cancer patients who cannot conceive after undergoing radiation or chemotherapy. The research team... 4 days
Perking up and crimping the 'bristles' of polyelectrolyte brushes
SCIENCE DAILY A molecular-sized brush that looks like a shoe brush has properties with great potential for the materials industry and medicine, but polyelectrolyte brushes can be sensitive, and getting them to... 4 days
Laser-driven technique for creating fusion is now within reach, say researchers
PHYS.ORG A laser-driven technique for creating fusion that dispenses with the need for radioactive fuel elements and leaves no toxic radioactive waste is now within reach, say... 4 days
Humans can feel molecular differences between nearly identical surfaces
SCIENCE DAILY How sensitive is the human sense of touch? Sensitive enough to feel the difference between surfaces that differ by just a single layer of molecules, a team of researchers has... 4 days
Russian nuclear plant says it emits leaked nuclear isotope
PHYS.ORG A senior executive at the Russian nuclear processing plant suspected of being behind a spike of radioactivity over Europe this fall admitted Wednesday that the isotope recorded does emerge as... 4 days
Humans can feel molecular differences between nearly identical surfaces
PHYS.ORG How sensitive is the human sense of touch? Sensitive enough to feel the difference between surfaces that differ by just a single layer of molecules, a team of researchers at... 4 days
Technology detecting RNase activity
PHYS.ORG A KAIST research team of Professor Hyun Gyu Park at Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering developed a new technology to detect the activity of RNase H, a RNA degrading enzyme. The team used highly efficient signal amplification reaction termed... 4 days
Reprogramming bacteria instead of killing them could be the answer to antibiotic resistance
PHYS.ORG Changing someone's genetic programming is easier than you might think. While techniques for altering DNA at the molecular level are becoming more... 4 days
Chemical 'pressure' tuning magnetic properties
PHYS.ORG Unusual, tiny vortexes spinning on the surface of certain magnets could offer a way to reduce the energy demands of computers. Controlling the vortexes is key. Scientists found that chemical substitution in a well-studied magnet acted as an... 5 days
A milk protein could be used to give foods cancer-fighting, immune-boosting properties
PHYS.ORG Scientists from A*STAR have developed a system to transport a functional protein to the tissues of the digestive tract where it may confer a... 5 days
Catching radical molecules before they disappear
PHYS.ORG While in most molecules, each electron finds a partner to pair up with, some electrons in radical molecules are left alone and unpaired. This configuration grants radicals with some unusual and interesting properties, which disappear as... 5 days
Drug blocks Zika and dengue viruses in study
PHYS.ORG A small-molecule inhibitor tested by researchers at Yale and Stanford may be the answer to blocking the spread of harmful mosquito-borne pathogens, including Zika and dengue viruses, according to a new study... 5 days
A metallopeptide targets and disrupts mitochondrial function in breast cancer stem cells
PHYS.ORG Killing malignant mitochondria is one of the most promising approaches in the development of new anticancer drugs. Scientists from the UK have now synthesized... 5 days
Researchers report findings about the control of cell division
PHYS.ORG Experts from the University of Seville and the Andalusian Centre for Molecular Biology and Regenerative Medicine (Cabimer) have published a new study on the mechanisms that regulate cell division and... 5 days
Caris Life Sciences reveals identification of new mechanism of action to treat NHL
NEWS MEDICAL Caris Life Sciences, a leading innovator in molecular science focused on fulfilling the promise of precision medicine, today announced a data presentation,... 5 days
Tapeworm drug could provide new hope for patients with Parkinson's disease
NEWS MEDICAL Researchers at Cardiff University, in collaboration with the University of Dundee, have identified a drug molecule within a medicine used to treat tapeworm infections which could... 5 days
Radiation responsive molecules derived from horse chestnuts aid cancer imaging
NEWS MEDICAL Research at The City College of New York shows that cancer imaging can be simplified by a photonic process utilizing molecules derived from horse chestnuts. 5 days
Study identifies potassium as key to circadian rhythms in red blood cells
NEWS MEDICAL An innovative new study from the University of Surrey and Cambridge's MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, published in the prestigious journal Nature Communications, has... 5 days
A whole-body approach to understanding chemosensory cells
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers have found a key protein (Skn-1a) acts as a master regulator for the generation of chemosensory cells in mice. As these cells are known to detect bitter or toxic substances, the study provides... 5 days
A new weapon against bone metastasis?
SCIENCE DAILY A new antibody fights bone metastasis by undermining cancer's defense strategy and allowing chemotherapy to work. 5 days
Visualizing single molecules in whole cells with a new spin
SCIENCE DAILY Scientists have adapted DNA-PAINT technology to microscopes that are widespread among cell biology laboratories, called confocal microscopes, and that are used by researchers to image whole cells and... 5 days
Enhancing chemotherapy's efficiency against leukemia
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers have found a mechanism through which certain types of leukemia resist chemotherapy, revealing novel molecular targets to improve this therapy's efficiency. 5 days
Life's building blocks observed in spacelike environment
SCIENCE DAILY Where do the molecules required for life originate? It may be that small organic molecules first appeared on earth and were later combined into larger molecules, such as proteins and carbohydrates. But a second... 5 days
How honey bee gut bacteria help to digest their pollen-rich diet
SCIENCE DAILY The honey bee gut is colonized by specialized bacteria that help digest components of the floral pollen diet and produce molecules that likely promote bee health.... 5 days
Team develops cancer imaging aid from horse chestnuts
PHYS.ORG Research at The City College of New York shows that cancer imaging can be simplified by a photonic process utilizing molecules derived from horse chestnuts. The study with potential to better detect... 5 days
Visualizing single molecules in whole cells with a new spin
PHYS.ORG Cell biologists traditionally use fluorescent dyes to label and visualize cells and the molecules within them under a microscope. With different super-resolution microscopy methods, they can even light... 5 days
Electrical and chemical coupling between Saturn and its rings
SCIENCE DAILY A Langmuir probe, flown to Saturn on the Cassini spacecraft, has made exciting discoveries in the atmosphere of the planet. They discovered that there is a strong coupling, both chemically... 5 days
Cancer imaging aid developed from horse chestnuts
SCIENCE DAILY Cancer imaging can be simplified by a photonic process utilizing molecules derived from horse chestnuts, research shows. 5 days
How honey bee gut bacteria help to digest their pollen-rich diet
PHYS.ORG The honey bee gut is colonized by specialized bacteria that help digest components of the floral pollen diet and produce molecules that likely promote bee health.... 5 days
Typhoid fever toxin has a sweet tooth
SCIENCE DAILY Although the insidious bacterium Salmonella typhi has been around for centuries, very little is actually known about its molecular mechanisms. A new study addresses this knowledge gap and may lead to novel, targeted treatments. 5 days
Chemical found in marijuana could help HIV patients maintain their mental function
NEWS MEDICAL A chemical found in marijuana, known as tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, has been found to potentially slow the process in which mental decline can occur... 5 days
Study reveals novel molecular targets to improve chemotherapy’s efficiency against leukemia
NEWS MEDICAL Researchers from Instituto de Medicina Molecular João Lobo Antunes have found a mechanism through which certain types of leukemia resist chemotherapy, thus revealing novel molecular targets... 5 days
Personality and mood swings in bacteria
PHYS.ORG Bacteria can control where they go using a signaling network of protein molecules. Scientists at AMOLF have developed a microscopy method that allows them to see how individual bacteria use this network to make decisions. They... 5 days
A whole-body approach to understanding chemosensory cells
PHYS.ORG Growing evidence shows that sensory cells which enable us to taste sweetness, bitterness and savoriness (umami) are not limited to the tongue. These so-called Trpm5-expressing chemosensory cells are also found in the respiratory system,... 5 days
Life's building blocks observed in spacelike environment
PHYS.ORG Where do the molecules required for life originate? It may be that small organic molecules first appeared on earth and were later combined into larger molecules, such as proteins and carbohydrates. But a second... 5 days
New insight into unique plant chemical could inform future drug development
PHYS.ORG Researchers have unearthed new insight into a plant compound that could be used to help develop improved herbicides and treatments for human disease. 5 days
Protein Daple coordinates single-cell and organ-wide directionality in the inner ear
SCIENCE DAILY Sensory hair cells in the inner ear combine into hair bundles to convert sound waves into electrical signals. Both single-cell and organ-wide directionality are critical for... 5 days
Scientists discover path to improving game-changing battery electrode
SCIENCE DAILY A comprehensive picture has now been gained of how the same chemical processes that give cathodes their high capacity are also linked to changes in atomic structure that sap performance. 5 days
Marijuana may help HIV patients keep mental stamina longer
SCIENCE DAILY A chemical found in marijuana, known as tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, has been found to potentially slow the process in which mental decline can occur in up to 50 percent of... 5 days
Cystic fibrosis: Discovery of a key molecule for improving treatments
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers identify a promising avenue for improving treatments for people with cystic fibrosis. They found that adding molecules called quorum-sensing inhibitors to current drugs not only reduces bacterial... 5 days
New instrument identifies unexploded artillery shells
SCIENCE DAILY Society faces threats through the malicious use of chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear and/or explosive (CBRNE) materials. The detection of illicit trafficking or other criminal acts, as well as many security and safety applications, call for novel... 5 days
new cern facility can help medical research into cancer New CERN facility can help medical research into cancer
CERN VIDEO As in the ISOLDE facility, the targets at MEDICIS have to be handled by robots because they are... 6 days
Scientists design an instrument to identify unexploded artillery shells
PHYS.ORG Society faces threats through the malicious use of chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear and/or explosive (CBRNE) materials. The detection of illicit trafficking or other criminal acts, as well as many security... 6 days
Myriad Genetics announces new data on EndoPredict test at 2017 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium
NEWS MEDICAL Myriad Genetics, Inc., a leader in molecular diagnostics and personalized medicine, today announced new results from two studies... 6 days
Scientists create molecule of love with less complications
PHYS.ORG A new and improved version of the 'love hormone' oxytocin has been developed by University of Queensland researchers. 6 days
Newly discovered molecular chaperones may soon be part of therapies for Huntington's disease
NEWS MEDICAL Huntington's disease is a neurodegenerative disease. It is always fatal. The disease is caused by a defect in the Huntingtin gene. To... 6 days
Building 3-D models of molecules with RealityConvert
PHYS.ORG VIDEO Denis Fourches wants to make the search for new drugs faster and less expensive. So he uses powerful computers to help model interactions between chemical compounds and biological targets to predict the compound's effectiveness,... 6 days
Hot vibrating gases under the electron spotlight
PHYS.ORG Natural gas is used in refineries as the basis for products like acetylene. The efficiency of gaseous reactions depends on the dynamics of the molecules—their rotation, vibration and translation (directional movement). These motions provide... 6 days
Engineers develop floating solar fuels rig for seawater electrolysis
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Researchers share perspective on key elements of ozone layer recovery
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Building 3-D models of molecules with RealityConvert
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Searching for the CRISPR Swiss-army knife
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New CERN facility can help medical research into cancer
CERN
Molecular beacon signals low oxygen with ultrasound
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Using neural networks to predict outcomes of organic chemistry
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