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Electroplating: The birth of a single nucleus caught in camera
SCIENCE DAILY Electroplating, or electrodeposition, is one of the most important processes in chemistry, in which a metal cation in solution can be reduced to its elemental form by applying... 5 hours
Arsenic trioxide could be powerful therapy to extend lives of certain glioblastoma patients
NEWS MEDICAL From Sherlock Holmes to Agatha Christie, arsenic is often the poison of choice in popular whodunits. But in ultra-low dosage, and in... 6 hours
Loops of liquid metal can improve future fusion power plants, scientists say
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers have proposed an innovative design to improve the ability of future fusion power plants to generate safe, clean and abundant energy in a... 11 hours
Loops of liquid metal can improve future fusion power plants, scientists say
PHYS.ORG Researchers led by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) have proposed an innovative design to improve the ability of... 13 hours
Electroplating: The birth of a single nucleus caught in camera
PHYS.ORG Electroplating, or electrodeposition, is one of the most important processes in chemistry, in which a metal cation in solution can be reduced to its elemental form by applying... 13 hours
Researchers turn atomic force microscope measurements into color images
PHYS.ORG A French and Japanese research group has developed a new way of visualizing the atomic world by turning data scanned by an atomic force microscope into clear color images. The... 13 hours
Active sieving could improve dialysis and water purification filters
PHYS.ORG Physicists from École Normale Supérieure and Paris Science and Letters University in France have proven theoretically that active sieving, as opposed to its passive counterpart, can improve the separation abilities... 15 hours
World first for reading digitally encoded synthetic molecules
SCIENCE DAILY For the first time ever, using mass spectrometry, researchers have successfully read several bytes of data recorded on a molecular scale using synthetic polymers. Their work sets a new benchmark for the... 16 hours
Keratin, proteins from 54 million-year-old sea turtle show survival trait evolution
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers have retrieved original pigment, beta-keratin and muscle proteins from a 54 million-year-old sea turtle hatchling. The work adds to the growing body of evidence supporting... 16 hours
Researchers make the slipperiest surfaces adhesive
PHYS.ORG The convenience of non-stick, Teflon-coated cookware is appreciated in kitchens worldwide, particularly by anyone doing the washing up. The chemical making up Teflon, polytetrafluoroethylene or PTFE, is one of the slipperiest materials known. Outside the kitchen,... 16 hours
Quantum physics paves the way for new chemical products
PHYS.ORG Research by an OU molecular physicist has discovered that electrons can control chemical reactions in experiments leading to purer, cheaper chemical products. 17 hours
Optical frequency comb offers a convenient way to generate elusive terahertz frequencies 
PHYS.ORG Optical frequency combs are widely-used, high-precision tools for measuring and detecting different frequencies—a.k.a. colors—of light. Unlike conventional lasers, which emit a single frequency, these... 17 hours
Chemists develop optical imaging tool to target cancer cells
PHYS.ORG Dr. Ning Fang of the Chemistry Department at Georgia State University has developed a new optical imaging technique, Single Particle Orientation and Rotational Tracking (SPORT), to image rotational motions in... 17 hours
Microbes leave 'fingerprints' on Martian rocks
PHYS.ORG Scientists around Tetyana Milojevic from the Faculty of Chemistry at the University of Vienna are in search of unique biosignatures, which are left on synthetic extraterrestrial minerals by microbial activity. The biochemist and astrobiologist investigates these... 17 hours
Researchers take a step toward quantum mechanical analysis of plant metabolism
PHYS.ORG Hurricanes, traffic jams, demographic development – to predict the effect of such events, computer simulations are required. Many processes in nature, however, are so complicated that... 19 hours
A new way to harness wasted methane
PHYS.ORG Methane gas, a vast natural resource, is often disposed of through burning, but new research by scientists at MIT could make it easier to capture this gas for use as fuel or a chemical... 19 hours
World first for reading digitally encoded synthetic molecules
PHYS.ORG Using mass spectrometry, researchers have for the first time read several bytes of data recorded on a molecular scale using synthetic polymers. Their work sets a new benchmark for the amount of... 19 hours
Keratin, proteins from 54 million-year-old sea turtle show survival trait evolution
PHYS.ORG Researchers from North Carolina State University, Lund University in Sweden and the University of Hyogo in Japan have retrieved original pigment, beta-keratin and muscle proteins from... 20 hours
Novel gene expression signature assay could help enhance lymphoma management
NEWS MEDICAL Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is an aggressive cancer and the most frequently diagnosed non-Hodgkin lymphoma worldwide (nearly 40% of cases). Recent advancements indicate that both the prognosis... 24 hours
Magic mushrooms chemical Psilocybin for treatment of hard-to treat depression
NEWS MEDICAL A new study from UK has found efficacy of psilocybin – a chemical found in “magic mushrooms”, in severe depression. The study involved 19 patients with severe depression.... 1 day
Light curves of the neutron star merger GW170817/SSS17a: Implications for r-process nucleosynthesis
Science Magazine On 17 August 2017, gravitational waves were detected from a binary neutron star merger, GW170817, along with a coincident short gamma-ray burst, GRB170817A. An... 1 day
BU researcher wins NIH award for research on molecular mechanism of senile cardiac amyloidosis
NEWS MEDICAL Lawreen H. Connors, PhD, associate professor of pathology and laboratory medicine and biochemistry at Boston University School of Medicine, is... 1 day
Chemical treatment improves quantum dot lasers
PHYS.ORG One of the secrets to making tiny laser devices such as opthalmic surgery scalpels work even more efficiently is the use of tiny semiconductor particles, called quantum dots. In new research at Los Alamos National Laboratory's... 1 day
Scientists log newfound understanding of water's responses to changing temperatures
PHYS.ORG A team of chemists has uncovered new ways in which frozen water responds to changes in temperature to produce novel formations. Its findings have implications for climate research... 1 day
An epigenetic key to unlock behavior change
PHYS.ORG When it comes to behaviour, researchers have moved beyond the "nature versus nurture" debate. It's understood that genes and environment both play a role. However, how they interact at a molecular level to shape... 1 day
Chemical treatment improves quantum dot lasers
SCIENCE DAILY One of the secrets to making tiny laser devices such as opthalmic surgery scalpels work even more efficiently is the use of tiny semiconductor particles, called quantum dots. In new research the ~nanometer-sized dots are being... 1 day
Cocktail tests on toxic waste called for
SCIENCE DAILY Surprisingly low concentrations of toxic chemicals -- from fungicides to antidepressants -- can change the way some aquatic creatures swim and feed, according to new research. In addition, depending on the cocktail of toxins... 2 days
Quantum simulator: First functioning component
SCIENCE DAILY Hurricanes, traffic jams, demographic development – to predict the effect of such events, computer simulations are required. Many processes in nature, however, are so complicated that conventional computers fail. Quantum simulators may solve this problem. One of the... 2 days
Violation of the exponential decay law discovered in open quantum systems
PHYS.ORG (Phys.org)—Ever since the early days of quantum mechanics, the decay dynamics of unstable quantum systems has been thought to follow an exponential decay law, just like... 2 days
Researchers to investigate cellular changes leading to development of glioblastoma
NEWS MEDICAL Glioblastoma is the most common of malign brain tumors in adults, and it currently has no cure. Now a research team led by Dr Claudia Barros, from the... 2 days
Fungicides and antidepressants in rivers alter the swimming and feeding behaviour of aquatic animals
PHYS.ORG Surprisingly low concentrations of toxic chemical products in rivers including fungicides to antidepressants can change the swimming and feeding behaviours... 2 days
Medical News Today: Everything you need to know about ketones
MNT Ketone is a chemical produced by the body when fats are broken down for energy. In this article, we explain ketone tests and how to understand the results. 2 days
Scientists Identify New Molecular Pathway that Controls Aging
SCI-NEWS.COM A team of researchers led by Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine has discovered a conserved molecular pathway that... 2 days
Genome-wide data from a 40,000-year-old man in China reveals complicated genetic history of Asia
PHYS.ORG The biological makeup of humans in East Asia is shaping up to be a very complex story, with greater diversity... 2 days
A range of substances with antitumor properties synthesized
PHYS.ORG Scientists from RUDN University have synthesized a number of new cytotoxic substances that can damage cells. The results of the study could be used in cancer therapy. The compounds were obtained by... 2 days
Upconversion fluorescence in metal organic frameworks
PHYS.ORG NUS chemists have developed a new class of crystalline materials to potentially harvest near-infrared (NIR) radiation. 2 days
meet isolde targeting new discoveries Meet ISOLDE: Targeting new discoveries
CERN Harriet Jarlett The target lab at ISOLDE (Image: Christoph Madsen/CERN) For Richard Catherall, the age-old alchemist’s dream of changing one element into another is a simple... 2 days
meet isolde fresh faces bring fresh ideas Meet Isolde: Fresh faces bring fresh ideas
CERN Harriet Jarlett The RILIS experiment at ISOLDE. The laser in the experiment has great selectivity, it’s able to select and ionise just... 2 days
meet isolde what can isolde do for cancer research Meet ISOLDE: What can ISOLDE do for cancer research?
CERN Harriet Jarlett ISOLDE now has a new facility dedicated to producing radioistopes for medical research (Image:Maximilien Brice/CERN) CERN... 2 days
meet isolde future physics with hie isolde Meet ISOLDE: Future physics with HIE-ISOLDE
CERN Harriet Jarlett HIE-ISOLDE has innovated many new ideas, particularly in space-saving solutions. One way the engineers kept the system compact was to build cryomodules... 2 days
Medical News Today: How does rabies cause aggression?
MNT New research investigates the molecular mechanism that allows the rabies virus to induce aggressive behavior in the infected host. 4 days
Researchers identify new molecular pathway that controls aging in worms
NEWS MEDICAL Investigators at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine and University Hospitals Health System have identified a new molecular pathway that controls lifespan and healthspan in worms and... 4 days
What Is a Polymer?
LIVE SCIENCE Polymers are materials made of long, repeating chains of molecules. There are natural and synthetic polymers, including proteins and rubber, and glass and epoxies. 4 days
TSRI scientists develop molecular model for improving design of osteoporosis treatments
NEWS MEDICAL Using advanced mass spectrometry technology, scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have developed a molecular model that may provide a new framework... 4 days
a star that devoured its own planets A Star That Devoured Its Own Planets
ASTRO WATCH A devourer of worlds lurks around 350 light-years away. According to a recent study comparing the chemical composition of a pair of... 4 days
Cell biology: Cell contacts in embryonic development determine cellular fate
SCIENCE DAILY The average human consists of about 37.2 trillion cells. But not all cells are created equal: while muscle cells contain the molecular machinery to contract and relax your... 4 days
Classical strong metal-support interactions between gold nanoparticles and titanium dioxide
Science Magazine Supported metal catalysts play a central role in the modern chemical industry but often exhibit poor on-stream stability. The strong metal–support interaction (SMSI) offers a route to control... 4 days
The sea cucumber genome points to genes for tissue regeneration
SCIENCE DAILY A new high-definition genome sequence of the sea cucumber provides molecular insights into its ability to regenerate. 4 days
Worms reveal secrets of aging
SCIENCE DAILY Investigators have identified a new molecular pathway that controls lifespan and healthspan in worms and mammals. Researchers have shown that worms with excess levels of certain proteins lived longer and healthier than normal worms. In addition, mice with... 4 days
'Roadmap' to aid osteoporosis treatment development
SCIENCE DAILY Scientists have developed a molecular model that may provide a new framework for improving the design of osteoporosis treatments. 4 days
Enzymatic synthesis of core 2 O-glycans governs the tissue-trafficking potential of memory CD8+ T cells
Science Magazine Trafficking of memory CD8+ T cells out of the circulation is essential to provide protective immunity against intracellular... 4 days
Scientists unveil 'roadmap' to aid osteoporosis treatment development
PHYS.ORG Using advanced mass spectrometry technology, scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have developed a molecular model that may provide a new framework for improving the design of... 5 days
Atrazine alters the sex ration in Blanchard's cricket frogs
PHYS.ORG A study published recently in Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry found that Blanchard's cricket frogs are highly sensitive to atrazine. When exposed, there were up to 55% fewer males than females... 5 days
Cold therapy may be effective at controlling cancer treatment side effects
SCIENCE DAILY A new study finds that cryotherapy, specifically having chemotherapy patients wear frozen gloves and socks for 90-minute periods, is useful for preventing symptoms of neuropathy. 5 days
Cold molecules on collision course
SCIENCE DAILY Using a new cooling technique scientists succeed at observing collisions in a dense beam of cold and slow dipolar molecules. 5 days
Possible new treatment pathway for severe allergic asthma
SCIENCE DAILY Research demonstrates that blocking the action of two pro-inflammatory molecules significantly reduces symptoms of allergic asthma in mice, which could lead to development of a new treatment for people with a severe... 5 days
Astronomers Spot Planet-Eating Star 326 Light-Years Away
SCI-NEWS.COM A research team led by Princeton University astrophysicists has discovered a co-moving pair of bright Sun-like stars, HD 240430 and HD 240429,... 5 days
Luring hornets: Scientists unlock sex pheromone of notorious honey bee predator
SCIENCE DAILY Biologists have developed a solution for controlling the invasive Asian hornet Vespa velutina based on the insect's natural chemical mating instincts. They deciphered the sex pheromone... 5 days
Cold molecules on collision course
PHYS.ORG How do chemical reactions proceed at extremely low temperatures? The answer requires the investigation of molecular samples that are cold, dense, and slow at the same time. Scientists around Dr. Martin Zeppenfeld from the Quantum Dynamics Division of... 5 days
Plasmons in an open box create miniature laser
PHYS.ORG Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have developed the first miniature laser in which the light is guided along the floor of an open metallic trench. The laser... 5 days
How molecular riboswitches work in bacteria
PHYS.ORG Many bacteria have molecular control elements via which they can switch genes on and off. These riboswitches also open up new options in the development of antibiotics or the detection and decomposition of environmental toxins. Researchers... 5 days
New protein study broadens knowledge of molecular basis for disease
PHYS.ORG Determining how proteins function on a molecular level is crucial to understanding the underlying basis for disease. Now scientists at the University of Notre Dame are one step... 5 days
Converting carbon dioxide to carbon monoxide using water, electricity
PHYS.ORG Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago and the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis have determined how electrocatalysts can convert carbon dioxide to carbon monoxide using water and electricity.... 5 days
Scientists one step closer to unraveling mystery of how intrinsically disordered proteins work
NEWS MEDICAL Determining how proteins function on a molecular level is crucial to understanding the underlying basis for disease. Now scientists at the University... 5 days
How switches work in bacteria
SCIENCE DAILY Many bacteria have molecular control elements, via which they can switch on and off genes. These riboswitches also open up new options in the development of antibiotics or for the detection and decomposition of environmental toxins. Researchers have... 5 days
New protein study broadens knowledge of molecular basis for disease
SCIENCE DAILY Scientists are one step closer to unraveling the mystery of how intrinsically disordered proteins work, according to new research. 5 days
Mechanism for precise targeting of the immune response uncovered
SCIENCE DAILY The immune system checks the health of cells of the body by examining a kind of molecular passport. Sometimes cells present the wrong passport, which can lead to autoimmune diseases,... 5 days
International team reconstructs nanoscale virus features from correlations of scattered X-rays
SCIENCE DAILY Key algorithms have been developed which helped scientists achieve a goal first proposed more than 40 years ago -- using angular correlations of X-ray snapshots from... 5 days
Even modest oil exposure can harm coastal and marine birds
PHYS.ORG Many birds and other wildlife die following an oil spill, but there are also other potential long-terms effects of oil exposure on animals. In a recent Environmental Toxicology... 5 days
Chemistry provides a new supply of a promising cancer and HIV treatment
SCIENCE DAILY Supplies of a promising drug for cancer, HIV and possibly other diseases is dwindling, and scientists have struggled to extract more from the marine... 5 days
Satellites map photosynthesis at high resolution
SCIENCE DAILY Life on Earth is impossible without photosynthesis. It provides food and oxygen to all higher life forms and plays an important role in the climate system, since this process regulates the uptake of carbon dioxide from... 5 days
Watching wildfires
SCIENCE DAILY A team of researchers is continuing an effort to research how climate influences wildfire frequency. The group developed the Physical Chemical Fire Frequency Model just a few years ago. The model focuses on two variables -- temperature and precipitation --... 5 days
A cryofuge for cold-collision experiments with slow polar molecules
Science Magazine Ultracold molecules represent a fascinating research frontier in physics and chemistry, but it has proven challenging to prepare dense samples at low velocities. Here we present a solution to this... 5 days
Structure of the TAPBPR-MHC I complex defines the mechanism of peptide loading and editing
Science Magazine Adaptive immunity is shaped by a selection of peptides presented on major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC I) molecules. The... 5 days
Chemistry provides a new supply of a promising cancer and HIV treatment
PHYS.ORG A drug isolated from a marine pest holds promise for treating some of the world's nastiest diseases, and researchers would love to find out... 5 days
The sea cucumber genome points to genes for tissue regeneration
PHYS.ORG A new high-definition genome sequence of the sea cucumber provides molecular insights into its ability to regenerate, according to a new study publishing 12 October in the open... 5 days
Satellites map photosynthesis at high resolution
PHYS.ORG Life on Earth is impossible without photosynthesis. It provides food and oxygen to all higher life forms and plays an important role in the climate system, regulating the uptake of carbon dioxide (CO2) from the Earth's... 5 days
Watching plant photosynthesis... from space
PHYS.ORG VIDEO University of Sydney and NASA researchers have developed a revolutionary new technique to image plant photosynthesis using satellite-based remote-sensing, with potential applications in climate change monitoring. 5 days
Study Identifies New Gene Variation Associated with Increased Risk of Nicotine Addiction
SCI-NEWS.COM Europeans and European/African Americans with a variant of the DNA Methyltransferase 3 Beta (DNMT3B) gene have an increased risk of developing nicotine dependence, smoking... 5 days
Imaging the halogen bond in self-assembled halogenbenzenes on silver
Science Magazine Halogens are among the most electronegative elements, and the variations in size and polarizability of halogens require different descriptions of the intermolecular bonds they form. Here we use the inelastic... 5 days
Anti-Markovnikov alkene oxidation by metal-oxo-mediated enzyme catalysis
Science Magazine Catalytic anti-Markovnikov oxidation of alkene feedstocks could simplify synthetic routes to many important molecules and solve a long-standing challenge in chemistry. Here we report the engineering of a cytochrome P450 enzyme by directed evolution... 5 days
OCO-2 advances photosynthesis observation from space via solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence
Science Magazine Quantifying gross primary production (GPP) remains a major challenge in global carbon cycle research. Spaceborne monitoring of solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence (SIF), an integrative photosynthetic signal of molecular origin,... 5 days
Response to Comment on "Selective anaerobic oxidation of methane enables direct synthesis of methanol"
Science Magazine Periana argues that the stepwise reaction of methane with water is thermodynamically unfavorable and therefore impractical. We reply by presenting... 5 days
Rough microparticles can cause big problems
SCIENCE DAILY Research finds the surface texture of microparticles in a liquid suspension can cause internal friction that significantly alters the suspension's viscosity -- effectively making the liquid thicker or thinner. The finding can help address problems for... 5 days
Chemists use modified DNA nucleotides to create new materials
SCIENCE DAILY Chemists have demonstrate that they can repurpose DNA to create new substances with possible medical applications. 6 days
Study reveals new threat to the ozone layer
PHYS.ORG VIDEO "Ozone depletion is a well-known phenomenon and, thanks to the success of the Montreal Protocol, is widely perceived as a problem solved," says University of East Anglia's David Oram. But an international... 6 days
Researchers explore ways to remove antibiotics polluting lakes and rivers
PHYS.ORG Pharmaceuticals, including antibiotics, are an increasingly common pollutant in water systems, said Catherine Hui Niu, associate professor in the Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering at the University... 6 days
study shows how rough microparticles can cause big problems Study shows how rough microparticles can cause big problems
PHYS.ORG VIDEO New research from North Carolina State University, MIT and the University of Michigan finds that the surface texture of microparticles in a liquid suspension can cause internal friction that significantly... 6 days
A method to screen unknown molecules of coral reefs for their therapeutic potential
PHYS.ORG Coral reefs harbor an incredible diversity of life, both sea creatures we can see and microbial life that we cannot. These organisms... 6 days
Discovery of peripheral neuropathy cause suggests potential preventive measures
SCIENCE DAILY In discovering how certain chemotherapy drugs cause the nerve damage known as peripheral neuropathy, researchers have found a potential approach to preventing this common and troublesome side effect of cancer... 6 days
TSRI scientists demonstrate repurposing of DNA to create new substances
NEWS MEDICAL DNA evolved to store genetic information, but in principle this special, chain-like molecule can also be adapted to make new materials. Chemists at The Scripps Research Institute have... 6 days
Researchers mimic two natural energy processes with a single catalyst
PHYS.ORG Nature is quite good at doing certain kinds of chemistry. For example, water is continuously transformed into its constituents, oxygen, protons, and electrons, and back again as a... 6 days
Researchers find potential approach to prevent peripheral neuropathy
NEWS MEDICAL In discovering how certain chemotherapy drugs cause the nerve damage known as peripheral neuropathy, researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute have found a potential approach to preventing this common and troublesome side effect... 6 days
Chemists use modified DNA nucleotides to create new materials
PHYS.ORG DNA evolved to store genetic information, but in principle this special, chain-like molecule can also be adapted to make new materials. Chemists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have now... 6 days
scientists discover more about the ingredients for star formation Scientists Discover More About the Ingredients for Star Formation
ASTRO WATCH Astronomers have shed fresh light on the importance of hydrogen atoms in the birth of new stars. Only... 6 days
Some plants grow bigger -- and 'meaner' -- when clipped, study finds
SCIENCE DAILY Some plants behave like the mythical monster Hydra: Cut off their heads and they grow back, bigger and better than before. A new study... 6 days
Deciphering biological meaning from an atlas of gene expression across 42 tissue types
SCIENCE DAILY The human genome encodes instructions for which genes are expressed in what cell type, along with other molecules that control how much... 6 days
Brain chemical abnormalities in earliest stage of psychosis identified
SCIENCE DAILY A new study of young people experiencing a first episode of psychosis reports elevations in the brain chemicals glutamate and glycine. 6 days
Medical News Today: Are stem cells and regenerative medicine living up to their promises?
MNT The use of stem cells, materials, or molecules to regenerate tissues and organs promises to revolutionize medicine. How long until... 7 days
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Study reveals new threat to the ozone layer
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Watching plant photosynthesis... from space
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Study shows how rough microparticles can cause big problems
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Video: The 2017 Nobel Prize in Chemistry: Cryo-electron microscopy explained
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Team reconstructs nanoscale virus features from correlations of scattered X-rays
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BREAKING: Nobel Prize in Chemistry goes to two American researchers, one Swiss for developing cryo-electron microscopy
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How U.S. chemical warfare in Vietnam unleashed an enduring disaster
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