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Wood frogs research clarifies risks posed to animals by warming climate
PHYS.ORG As conditions warm, fish and wildlife living at the southern edge of their species' ranges are most at risk, according to Penn State researchers who led... 3 hours
Pork products associated with carrying hepatitis E virus in Britain
NEWS MEDICAL Pork products that are being sold at a leading supermarket has been associated with carrying a deadly hepatitis virus warns the researchers at the Public Health England (PHE). 7 hours
Nanomaterial wrap for improved tissue imaging
NEWS MEDICAL Researchers at Tokai University describe in Advanced Materials how wrapping biological tissue in a nanosheet of a particular organic material results in high-quality microscopy images. Application of the wrap prevents the sample from drying out, and... 7 hours
No guts no glory: Harvesting the microbiome of athletes
SCIENCE DAILY Scientists have tapped into the microbiome of elite runners and rowers, and have identified particular bacteria that may aid athletic performance. The goal is to develop probiotic supplements that may... 18 hours
Testing TVs and tablets for 'green' screens
SCIENCE DAILY Today, researchers report preliminary results suggesting that under simulated landfill conditions, quantum dots can leach out of TVs and tablets. But because this happens in such tiny amounts, the team says that in the... 18 hours
New Bioimaging technique is fast and economical
SCIENCE DAILY A new approach to optical imaging makes it possible to quickly and economically monitor multiple molecular interactions in a large area of living tissue -- such as an organ or a small animal; technology... 2 days
Millions of Americans to gaze upon Monday's once-in-a-lifetime eclipse
REUTERS (Reuters) - Twilight will fall at midday on Monday, stars will glimmer and birds will roost in an... 2 days
Here's What It's Like to Be the Planetary Protection Officer at NASA
SPACE.COM John Rummel, a biology professor at East Carolina University, reflects on his experiences as NASA's planetary protection officer, a job that requires a lot... 2 days
New technique quickly, economically monitors multiple molecular interactions in living tissues
NEWS MEDICAL A new approach to optical imaging makes it possible to quickly and economically monitor multiple molecular interactions in a large area of living tissue -- such... 2 days
Eggshell-like mineral layer on avian flu viruses may be cause for human infections
NEWS MEDICAL Avian flu can be transmitted from birds to humans; transmission among humans, however, is limited. The reason may be an eggshell-like mineral... 2 days
New bioimaging technique is fast and economical
PHYS.ORG A new approach to optical imaging makes it possible to quickly and economically monitor multiple molecular interactions in a large area of living tissue—such as an organ or a small animal; technology that could... 3 days
Ocean channel in Bahamas marks genetic divide in Brazilian free-tailed bats
PHYS.ORG Brazilian free-tailed bats are expert flyers, capable of migrating hundreds of miles and regularly traveling more than 30 miles a night. But they pull up short... 3 days
Ocean channel in Bahamas marks genetic divide in Brazilian free-tailed bats
SCIENCE DAILY Brazilian free-tailed bats are expert flyers, capable of migrating hundreds of miles and regularly traveling more than 30 miles a night. But they pull up short... 3 days
Zika virus activates de novo and cross-reactive memory B cell responses in dengue-experienced donors
Science Magazine Zika virus (ZIKV) shares a high degree of homology with dengue virus (DENV), suggesting that preexisting immunity to DENV could... 3 days
Will Animals Freak Out During the Eclipse?
LIVE SCIENCE Humans aren't the only ones who get spooked during a solar eclipse; animals may change their behavior too, research shows. 3 days
Research identifies new gene fusions and mutations linked to GIST tumors
NEWS MEDICAL Researchers at UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center, with colleagues from Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center and Fox Chase Cancer Center, have determined that a specific... 3 days
Two-step process leads to cell immortalization and cancer
SCIENCE DAILY Immortalization of cells is a necessary step in the development of cancer, and scientists think that the main cause is turning on an enzyme -- telomerase -- that lengthens chromosomal telomeres and... 3 days
Viruses and aphids that help crops? Scientists think it may be possible
SCIENCE DAILY Scientists are making an effort to help corn stand up to stress brought on by drought and disease by using viruses and aphids to... 3 days
Gene variant activity is surprisingly variable between tissues
SCIENCE DAILY Every tissue has its own pattern of active alleles, a large-scale study has found. Researchers were able to show that the differential allele activity is regulated by tissue-specific, regulatory DNA elements known... 3 days
Citrus fruits were the clear status symbols of the nobility in the ancient Mediterranean
SCIENCE DAILY New research reveals that citrons and lemons were status symbols for the ancient Roman ruling elite. It also plots the... 3 days
Histone 1, the guardian of genome stability
SCIENCE DAILY Genomic instability is the main risk factor for tumor development in humans. Therefore understanding its origin and and exploring therapeutic targets is paramount. Histone 1 silences a region of the genome that causes irreparable... 3 days
Mechanisms explaining positional diversity of the hindlimb in tetrapod evolution
SCIENCE DAILY Elucidating how body parts in their earliest recognizable form are assembled in tetrapods during development is essential for understanding the nature of morphological evolution. Researchers found in eight... 3 days
Mineral layer around avian flu pathogen may be the cause for human infections
SCIENCE DAILY Avian flu can be transmitted from birds to humans; transmission among humans, however, is limited. The reason may be an eggshell-like mineral... 3 days
In search of Edwards' pheasant: Amost extinct?
SCIENCE DAILY Scientists say we need to improve our information about little-known species to reduce the risk of one going extinct just because no-one is interested in looking for it. 3 days
Mechanisms explaining positional diversity of the hindlimb in tetrapod evolution
PHYS.ORG In the evolution of tetrapods, the position of the hindlimb has diversified along with the vertebral formula, which is the number of small bones forming the vertebra. Tetrapods,... 3 days
First successful wild whale shark health assessments performed
SCIENCE DAILY For the first time ever, scientists successfully performed health assessments, including collecting blood and biological samples, taking measurements and attaching satellite tracking tags, to a population of wild whale sharks -- the... 3 days
Kids learn moral lessons more effectively from stories with humans than human-like animals
SCIENCE DAILY A new study found that four to 6-year-olds shared more after listening to books with human characters than books with anthropomorphic (human-like)... 3 days
Calves should receive more pain relief during husbandry procedures, researchers find
PHYS.ORG Calves may not be receiving the right level of pain relief when undergoing routine animal husbandry procedures including castration and disbudding, new research has found. 3 days
how we inherit masculine and feminine behaviours a new idea about environment and genes How we inherit masculine and feminine behaviours: a new idea about environment and genes
PHYS.ORG VIDEO The now infamous Google memo, written by engineer James Damore, has inflamed longstanding debates about the differences between women and... 3 days
Migrating birds use a magnetic map to travel long distances
PHYS.ORG Birds have an impressive ability to navigate. They can fly long distances, to places that they may never have visited before, sometimes returning home after months away. 3 days
Detecting defects hidden in hides
PHYS.ORG An Agricultural Research Service (ARS) scientist has found a way to spot defects in the animal hides that become footwear, sporting goods, fashion accessories, and other leather goods. 3 days
Genome analysis with near-complete privacy possible, say researchers
SCIENCE DAILY It is now possible to scour complete human genomes for the presence of disease-associated genes without revealing any genetic information not directly associated with the inquiry, say researchers. 3 days
Cat-Sized Marsupial Relative Lived in Turkey 43 Million Years Ago
SCI-NEWS.COM Fossils discovered in Turkey represent a new species that is a previously unknown relative of modern-day... 3 days
Exclusive: Inside The Lab Where Scientists Are Editing DNA In Human Embryos
NPR NPR gets exclusive access to a lab in Portland, Ore., where scientists have begun editing the DNA in human embryos to try to prevent... 3 days
Super-photostable fluorescent labeling agent for super-resolution microscopy
PHYS.ORG Chemists at ITbM, Nagoya University have developed a super-photostable fluorescent dye called PhoxBright 430 (PB430) to visualize cellular ultra-structure by super-resolution microscopy. The exceptional photostability of this new dye enables continuous STED imaging. With... 3 days
A First Look: Inside The Lab Where Scientists Are Editing DNA In Human Embryos
NPR NPR gets exclusive access to a lab in Portland, Ore., where scientists have begun editing the DNA in human embryos... 3 days
The Western Ghats of India revealed two new primitive species of earthworm
PHYS.ORG The Western Ghats mountains lie at the southwestern continental margin of Peninsular India and extend all the way from Gujarat to Kerala. The massif... 3 days
Citrus: From luxury item to cash crop
PHYS.ORG New research from Tel Aviv University reveals that citrons and lemons were clear status symbols for the ancient Roman ruling elite and plots the route and evolution of the citrus trade in the ancient... 3 days
Climate change and habitat conversion combine to homogenize nature
PHYS.ORG Climate change and habitat conversion to agriculture are working together to homogenize nature, indicates a study in the journal Global Change Biology led by the University of California, Davis. 3 days
Scientists reveal differences between human and murine microglia used in degenerative disease research
NEWS MEDICAL The results of a new research showed that many of the genes that are expressed by microglia are different between humans and... 3 days
Worm atlas profiles gene readouts in every cell type in the animal
SCIENCE DAILY A worm atlas has been built that profiles gene readouts for every kind of cell in the animal. This is the first time this... 3 days
Slowing dangerous bacteria may be more effective than killing them
SCIENCE DAILY A new study suggests it may be possible to slow dangerous infections by manipulating the messages microbes send to one another, allowing the body to defeat an infection... 3 days
Super-photostable fluorescent labeling agent for super-resolution microscopy
SCIENCE DAILY Chemists have developed a super-photostable fluorescent dye, PhoxBright 430 (PB430), to visualize cellular ultrastructure by super resolution microscopy. The exceptional photostability of this new dye enables continuous STED imaging and together with its ability... 3 days
Antibiotics found to weaken body's ability to fight off disease
SCIENCE DAILY Adding another reason for doctors to avoid the overuse of antibiotics, new research shows that a reduction in the variety of microbes in the gut interferes with the... 3 days
Disrupted gut microbiome makes children more susceptible to amoebic dysentery
SCIENCE DAILY Children with lower diversity of microbial species in their intestines are more susceptible to severe infection with the Entamoeba histolytica parasite, according to a new study. 3 days
New gene catalog of ocean microbiome reveals surprises
SCIENCE DAILY Oceanographers report completing the largest single-site microbiome gene catalog constructed to date. With this new information, the team discovered nutrient limitation is a central driver in the evolution of ocean microbe genomes. 3 days
Bacteria stab amoebae with micro-daggers
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers have discovered a type of bacteria that uses tiny daggers to prevent itself from being eaten by amoebae. The scientists also resolved the three-dimensional structure of the mechanism that allows the micro-daggers to be shot quickly. 3 days
Genuinely extinct or just not worth looking for? Scientists set out to discover just how endangered certain species are
PHYS.ORG Scientists are heading off in search of a rare species... 3 days
Antibiotic use makes immune cells less effective in fighting infections
NEWS MEDICAL Adding another reason for doctors to avoid the overuse of antibiotics, new research shows that a reduction in the variety of microbes in the gut interferes with the... 3 days
Abnormal eating schedules affect skin’s protection from harmful UV rays of the sun
NEWS MEDICAL Sunbathers may want to avoid midnight snacks before catching some rays. A study in mice from the O'Donnell Brain Institute and UC Irvine shows... 3 days
New gene catalog of ocean microbiome reveals surprises
PHYS.ORG Microbes dominate the planet, especially the ocean, and help support the entire marine food web. In a recent report published in Nature Microbiology, University of Hawai'i at Mānoa (UHM) oceanography professor Ed... 4 days
'Switch' turns on immune cells' tumor-killing ability
SCIENCE DAILY Molecular biologists report for the first time how a microRNA molecule known as Lethal-7 (let-7) serves as a molecular control hub to direct the function of cytotoxic T lymphocytes by putting the brakes on... 4 days
Gene that makes large, plump tomatoes identified
SCIENCE DAILY Farmers can grow big, juicy tomatoes thanks to a mutation in the cell size regulator gene that occurred during the tomato domestication process. 4 days
New technique overcomes genetic cause of infertility
SCIENCE DAILY Scientists have created healthy offspring from genetically infertile male mice, offering a potential new approach to tackling a common genetic cause of human infertility. 4 days
Evolutionary history of imperiled salmon stocks
SCIENCE DAILY New technologies for analyzing DNA may transform how imperiled species are considered and managed for conservation protection, according to a study. These technologies can be applied to a wide range of species around the world --... 4 days
Reed warblers have a sense for magnetic declination
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers recently showed that migratory reed warblers depend on an internal geomagnetic map to guide them on their long-distance journeys. But it wasn't clear how the birds were solving the difficult 'longitude... 4 days
Disrupted gut microbiome makes children more susceptible to amoebic dysentery
MNT Children with lower diversity of microbial species in their intestines are more susceptible to severe infection with the Entamoeba histolytica parasite, according to a new study published in... 4 days
New Pathology Atlas maps genes in cancer to accelerate progress in personalized medicine
SCIENCE DAILY A new Pathology Atlas is launched today with an analysis of all human genes in all major cancers showing the consequence of... 4 days
When will yellow fever strike Brazil again? Monkeys and mosquitoes hold clues
Science Magazine Researchers track an elusive virus in the rainforest 4 days
Distinct phases of Polycomb silencing to hold epigenetic memory of cold in Arabidopsis
Science Magazine Gene silencing by Polycomb complexes is central to eukaryotic development. Cold-induced epigenetic repression of FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC) in the plant Arabidopsis... 4 days
DNA replication-coupled histone modification maintains Polycomb gene silencing in plants
Science Magazine Propagation of patterns of gene expression through the cell cycle requires prompt restoration of epigenetic marks after the twofold dilution caused by DNA replication. Here, we show that... 4 days
Fertile offspring from sterile sex chromosome trisomic mice
Science Magazine Having the correct number of chromosomes is vital for normal development and health. Sex chromosome trisomy (SCT) affects 0.1% of the human population and is associated with infertility. We show that during... 4 days
Mutations in the promoter of the telomerase gene TERT contribute to tumorigenesis by a two-step mechanism
Science Magazine TERT promoter mutations (TPMs) are the most common non-coding mutations in cancer. The timing and consequences... 4 days
In situ architecture, function, and evolution of a contractile injection system
Science Magazine Contractile injection systems mediate bacterial cell-cell interactions by a bacteriophage tail–like structure. In contrast to extracellular systems, the type 6 secretion system (T6SS) is defined by... 4 days
Collaborative environmental governance: Achieving collective action in social-ecological systems
Science Magazine Managing ecosystems is challenging because of the high number of stakeholders, the permeability of man-made political and jurisdictional demarcations in relation to the temporal and spatial extent of biophysical processes,... 4 days
A central neural circuit for itch sensation
Science Magazine Although itch sensation is an important protective mechanism for animals, chronic itch remains a challenging clinical problem. Itch processing has been studied extensively at the spinal level. However, how itch information is transmitted to... 4 days
Deriving genomic diagnoses without revealing patient genomes
Science Magazine Patient genomes are interpretable only in the context of other genomes; however, genome sharing enables discrimination. Thousands of monogenic diseases have yielded definitive genomic diagnoses and potential gene therapy targets. Here we show how... 4 days
How microbes survive in the open ocean
Science Magazine 4 days
Comprehensive single-cell transcriptional profiling of a multicellular organism
Science Magazine To resolve cellular heterogeneity, we developed a combinatorial indexing strategy to profile the transcriptomes of single cells or nuclei, termed sci-RNA-seq (single-cell combinatorial indexing RNA sequencing). We applied sci-RNA-seq to profile nearly... 4 days
Zones, spots, and planetary-scale waves beating in brown dwarf atmospheres
Science Magazine Brown dwarfs are massive analogs of extrasolar giant planets and may host types of atmospheric circulation not seen in the solar system. We analyzed a long-term Spitzer Space... 4 days
Preventing mussel adhesion using lubricant-infused materials
Science Magazine Mussels are opportunistic macrofouling organisms that can attach to most immersed solid surfaces, leading to serious economic and ecological consequences for the maritime and aquaculture industries. We demonstrate that lubricant-infused coatings exhibit very low preferential mussel... 4 days
A pathology atlas of the human cancer transcriptome
Science Magazine Cancer is one of the leading causes of death, and there is great interest in understanding the underlying molecular mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis and progression of individual tumors. We used systems-level... 4 days
Bacteria stab amoebae with micro-daggers
PHYS.ORG Bacteria have to watch out for amoeba. Hungry amoebae hunt them: they catch them with their pseudopodia and then absorb and digest them. 4 days
Worm atlas profiles gene readouts in every cell type in the animal
PHYS.ORG The roundworm stars in the first-ever compilation of gene readouts in every kind of cell in an animal. The readouts, which were taken at... 4 days
Male fruit flies can smell a good mate based on her metabolism
PHYS.ORG A female fruit fly must balance her energy usage between making eggs now and storing nutrients for later. This balance affects the pheromones that... 4 days
Slippery liquid surfaces confuse mussels
PHYS.ORG It all began with a bet at a conference in Italy in 2013. Nicolas Vogel, Ph.D., then a postdoctoral fellow in Joanna Aizenberg's lab at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University and Harvard's John... 4 days
Researchers describe gene that makes large, plump tomatoes
PHYS.ORG Farmers can grow big, juicy tomatoes thanks to a mutation in the Cell Size Regulator gene that occurred during the tomato domestication process. Esther van der Knaap of the University of Georgia,... 4 days
Early Indian Ocean trade routes bring chicken, black rat to eastern Africa
PHYS.ORG The earliest introduction of domestic chickens and black rats from Asia to the east coast of Africa came via maritime routes between the 7th... 4 days
Peroxisomes identified as 'fighters' in the battle against bacterial infections
SCIENCE DAILY Peroxisomes are required for cells in the innate immune response to bacteria and fungi. Now scientists have found that peroxisomes are necessary for proper functioning of the innate... 4 days
Scientists develop novel immunotherapy technology for prostate cancer
SCIENCE DAILY A novel immunotherapeutic strategy for the treatment of cancer based on the use of synthetic DNA to directly encode protective antibodies against a cancer-specific protein has been described in a new article. 4 days
Research provides clues to how infectious bacteria may increase risk of cancer
NEWS MEDICAL Gastric carcinoma is one of the most common causes of cancer-related deaths, primarily because most patients present at an advanced stage of the disease. 4 days
Medical News Today: Vitamin C may stop leukemia from progressing
MNT New research finds that high-dose vitamin C can genetically 'reprogram' leukemic cells to mature and die normally, instead of replicating to cause cancer. 4 days
Researchers identify role of blood-filtering organs in fighting against viral infections
NEWS MEDICAL New information about how and where the innate immune system fights off viral infections that enter through the skin could lead to better treatments for viruses... 4 days
Astronomers Map Atmosphere of Dying Supergiant Antares
SPACE.COM One day, our sun will grow so large that it will swallow Earth. To understand that future stage, scientists must look beyond the solar system to study the full evolutionary cycles of stars. 4 days
Smithsonian manatee count informs policy recommendations
PHYS.ORG All three of the world's manatee species are threatened with extinction: the Amazonian Manatee, the African Manatee and the West Indian Manatee. The Antillean Manatee, an endangered subspecies, feeds and calves in rivers and coastal wetlands... 4 days
Reed warblers have a sense for magnetic declination
PHYS.ORG Researchers recently showed that migratory reed warblers depend on an internal geomagnetic map to guide them on their long-distance journeys. But it wasn't clear how the birds were solving the relatively difficult... 4 days
Turkey bones may help trace fate of ancient cliff dwellers
PHYS.ORG Researchers say they have found a new clue into the mysterious exodus of ancient cliff-dwelling people from the Mesa Verde area of Colorado more than 700 years ago:... 4 days
Scientists compare soil microbes in no-till, conventional tilling systems of Pacific Northwest farms
PHYS.ORG In recent decades, growers have increasingly been adopting no-till farming to reduce soil erosion and decrease fuel, labor, and inputs. 4 days
Slowing dangerous bacteria may be more effective than killing them, researchers report
PHYS.ORG Researchers at the University of Illinois have discovered a mechanism that allows bacteria of the same species to communicate when their survival is threatened.... 4 days
Hemorrhagic fevers: Countering inflammation to prevent circulatory failure
PHYS.ORG Hemorrhagic fevers are severe viral diseases that are often fatal. Researchers from the University of Basel have now identified messenger substances of the immune system, which in infected mice lead to the... 4 days
How the genome sets its functional micro-architecture
PHYS.ORG The genes that are involved in the development of the fetus are activated in different tissues and at different times. Their expression is carefully regulated by so-called "enhancer sequences", which are often located far... 4 days
First successful wild whale shark health assessments performed
PHYS.ORG For the first time ever, scientists successfully performed health assessments, including collecting blood and biological samples, taking measurements and attaching satellite tracking tags, to a population of wild whale sharks - the... 4 days
Whales turn tail at ocean mining noise
SCIENCE DAILY A new international study has measured the effect of loud sounds on migrating humpback whales as concern grows as oceans become noisier. Scientists have said one of the main sources of ocean noise was... 4 days
Pig-to-person spread of flu at fairs a continued concern
SCIENCE DAILY The spread of influenza among pigs is common at fairs and other gatherings, and protective measures including cutting the length of time pigs and people congregate make good sense for... 4 days
Can previous exposure to West Nile alter the course of Zika?
SCIENCE DAILY West Nile virus is no stranger to the U.S.-Mexico border; thousands of people in the region have contracted the mosquito-borne virus in the past. But could... 4 days
Probiotics can prevent sepsis in infants, study shows
SCIENCE DAILY A special mixture of good bacteria in the body reduced the incidence of sepsis in infants in India by 40 percent at a cost of only $1 per infant, new research has... 4 days
Are stem cells the link between bacteria and cancer?
SCIENCE DAILY A new mechanism of stomach gland regeneration reveals impact of Helicobacter pylori infection. 4 days
‘Euro Devil’: Fossil of carnivorous marsupial relative discovered in E Europe
SCIENCE DAILY Scientists have discovered fossil remains of a new carnivorous mammal in Turkey, one of the biggest marsupial relatives ever discovered in the northern hemisphere. 4 days
How the genome sets its functional micro-architecture
SCIENCE DAILY Scientists now show how DNA is organized into specific regions, and that this depends on a combination of genomic distance and the presence of the CTCF protein. 4 days
Florida flood risk study identifies priorities for property buyouts
SCIENCE DAILY A study of flood damage in Florida proposes prioritizing property buyouts based on flood risk, ecological value, and socioeconomic conditions. Forecasters say an above-normal hurricane season is likely in the... 4 days
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How we inherit masculine and feminine behaviours: a new idea about environment and genes
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NASA protects its super heroes from space weather
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Larvaceans provide a pathway for transporting microplastics into deep-sea food webs
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When collecting bird sperm, method matters
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Popular sungazer lizards under threat from poaching
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Anchovies eat plastic because it smells like prey
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How home security resembles dancing honeybees
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Video: How animals glow
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