Biology
New structure for HIV-1 viral shell proposed  NEWS MEDICAL · 32 minutes
The matrix shell of the HIV-1 virus may have a different shape than previously thought, and a newly proposed model has significant implications for understanding how the virus functions, according to a new study... more
Researchers identify novel genes associated with severity of peanut allergy  NEWS MEDICAL · 4 hours
Researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai have identified novel genes associated with the severity of peanut allergy, as well as ways in which these... more
International project to preserve genetic resources of birds  NEWS MEDICAL · 5 hours
The support is provided by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research and the Science and Innovation in East Asia Consortium. Kazan Federal University's partners are Mahidol University and Kumamoto University. more
NIH provides up to $102.5 million in renewed funding for Antibacterial Resistance Leadership Group  NEWS MEDICAL · 5 hours
As antibiotic-resistant bacteria become more urgent threats worldwide, the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, part of the National... more
Researchers make significant advances in developing novel Zika virus vaccine  NEWS MEDICAL · 6 hours
Researchers from the University of Adelaide have made significant advances in developing a novel vaccine against Zika virus, which could potentially lead to global elimination of the disease. more
Why are giant pandas born so tiny?  SCIENCE DAILY · 8 hours
Born pink, blind, and helpless, giant pandas typically weigh about 100 grams at birth -- the equivalent of a stick of butter. Their mothers are 900 times more massive than that. That raises a... more
Mitochondria are the 'canary in the coal mine' for cellular stress  SCIENCE DAILY · 8 hours
Mitochondria, tiny structures present in most cells, are known for their energy-generating machinery. Now, researchers have discovered a new function of mitochondria: they set off molecular... more
Following the lizard lung labyrinth  SCIENCE DAILY · 8 hours
Birds and mammals are on extreme ends of the airflow spectrum. Mammals inhale oxygen-rich air and they exhale depleted air, exhibiting a so-called tidal flow pattern. In contrast, bird breath travels tidally through part of the respiratory system,... more
Cholera kills over 27,000 pigs in Indonesia  PHYS.ORG · 8 hours
More than 27,000 pigs have died in a hog-cholera epidemic that has struck Indonesia, with thousands more at risk, an animal welfare official said. more
Mitochondria are the 'canary in the coal mine' for cellular stress  PHYS.ORG · 17 hours
Mitochondria, tiny structures present in most cells, are known for their energy-generating machinery. Now, Salk researchers have discovered a new function of mitochondria: they set off... more
Rectal microbes could make a difference to the effectiveness of HIV vaccines  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 day
Microbes living in the rectum could make a difference to the effectiveness of experimental HIV vaccines, according to researchers at the University of California,... more
How two experimental Alzheimer's drugs reverse aging  MNT · 1 day
New research in mice reveals the molecular and genetic mechanisms through which two Alzheimer's drug candidates can reverse aging in general. more
Neuroscientists develop new method for uniquely targeted gene therapy  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 day
Neuroscientists at Lund University in Sweden have developed a new technology that engineers the shell of a virus to deliver gene therapy to the exact cell type in the body... more
Points to consider: Should germline genetic testing be offered to all patients with breast cancer?  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 day
Should germline genetic testing be offered to all patients with breast cancer? The American College of Medical Genetics... more
Rectal microbes influence effectiveness of HIV vaccine  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
Microbes living in the rectum could make a difference to the effectiveness of experimental HIV vaccines, according to researchers. more
NASA’s MAVEN Orbiter Maps Martian Upper Atmospheric Winds  SCI-NEWS.COM · 1 day
Using NASA’s Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution (MAVEN) spacecraft, a team of planetary researchers have measured the speed and direction... more
The wild relatives of major vegetables, needed for climate resilience, are in danger  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
Growing up in the wild makes plants tough. Wild plants evolve to survive the whims of nature and thrive in difficult conditions,... more
Topology-dependent anomalous dynamics of ring and linear DNA are sensitive to cytoskeleton crosslinking  Science Magazine · 1 day
Cytoskeletal crowding plays a key role in the diffusion of DNA molecules through the cell, acting as a barrier to effective intracellular... more
Synthetic nanopores made from DNA  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
A scientific collaboration has resulted in the construction of a synthetic DNA nanopore capable of selectively translocating protein-size macromolecules across lipid bilayers. more
New Eocene-Period Whale Unearthed in Egypt  SCI-NEWS.COM · 1 day
Paleontologists have announced the discovery of a new genus and species of extinct protocetid whale, based on the fossilized remains found in the Western... more
Medical News Today: How two experimental Alzheimer's drugs reverse aging  MNT · 1 day
New research in mice reveals the molecular and genetic mechanisms through which two Alzheimer's drug candidates can reverse aging in general. more
Leaving home is beneficial for male squirrels but not for females, study shows  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
In the world of squirrels, moving away from your home turf has better outcomes for males than for females, according to a... more
People willing to risk near-certain death for an HIV cure  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
People willing to risk near-certain death for an HIV cure; protecting individuals and families in genetic and psychiatric research, considerations for including pregnant women in research. more
Breakthrough in Zika virus vaccine  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
Researchers have made significant advances in developing a novel vaccine against Zika virus, which could potentially lead to global elimination of the disease. more
A self-cleaning surface that repels even the deadliest superbugs  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
A team of researchers at McMaster University has developed a self-cleaning surface that can repel all forms of bacteria, preventing the transfer of antibiotic-resistant superbugs and other dangerous bacteria in... more
Researchers create synthetic nanopores made from DNA  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
In 2015, the first commercial nanopore DNA sequencing device was introduced by Oxford Nanopore Technologies. Based on a synthetically engineered transmembrane protein, nanopore sequencing allows long DNA strands to be channelled through the central... more
Researchers create synthetic nanopores made from DNA  nanowerk · 1 day
Researchers have constructed a synthetic DNA nanopore capable of selectively translocating protein-size macromolecules across lipid bilayers. more
Margaret Morse Nice thought like a song sparrow and changed how scientists understand animal behavior  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
The invader, puffed out into the shape of a ball, fluttered one wing straight up in the air.... more
Botswana animal groups outraged at elephant killing  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
Animal campaigners demanded on Friday that a Botswana hunter's licence be revoked after an elephant was killed despite being protected, raising tensions over the country's new hunting rules. more
Protein injections in medicine  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
Pathogens can use a range of toxins to damage their host organism. Bacteria, such as those responsible for causing the deadly Plague, use a special injection mechanism to deliver their poisonous contents into the host cell. Stefan Raunser, Director at... more
Amid the wasteland of the Salton Sea, a miraculous but challenging oasis is born  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
It came as a bittersweet surprise to biologists and government agencies monitoring the steadily shrinking Salton Sea's slide toward death... more
Scientists explain why some molecules spontaneously arrange themselves into five slices of nanoscale pie  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
Materials formed on vanishingly small scales are being used in medicine, electronics, manufacturing and a host of other applications. But... more
The limits of ocean heavyweights: Prey curb whales' gigantic size  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
Scientists collected data from hundreds of feeding whales, allowing them to determine how much energy species of different sizes invest to capture their prey and which of these... more
Largest study of its kind reveals that many psychiatric disorders arise from common genes  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
In the largest-ever study of its kind researchers identified more than 100 genetic variants that affect the risk for more... more
Canadian tundra formerly covered in rich forest: Ancient plant fossil record shows  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
Canada's northernmost islands, Ellesmere and Axel Heiberg islands in Nunavut, were home to a vibrant, temperate forest 56 million years ago, according to fossil... more
43,900-Year-Old Cave Painting Portrays Part-Human, Part-Animal Beings  SCI-NEWS.COM · 1 day
Archaeologists excavating the limestone cave of Leang Bulu’ Sipong 4 on the Indonesian island of Sulawesi have discovered a painting that is... more
Success in metabolically engineering marine algae to synthesize valuable antioxidant astaxanthin  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
A research group led by Professor HASUNUMA Tomohisa of Kobe University's Engineering Biology Research Center have succeeded in synthesizing the natural pigment astaxanthin using the fast-growing... more
Chimpanzees may have evolved resistance to HIV precursor  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
Simian immunodeficiency virus, the monkey- and ape-infecting virus that HIV originated from, may have influenced the genetics of chimpanzees, finds a new UCL-led study. more
How Risso's dolphins strike a balance between holding their breath and finding food  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
What do marine mammals eat? It's a simple question with profound implications for marine-mammal conservation and fisheries research. But it can a... more
Researchers find many psychiatric disorders share the same gene variants  NEWS MEDICAL · 1 day
An international team of researchers has found that many psychiatric disorders share a common and specific set of gene variants. more
Barrels of ancient Antarctic air aim to track history of rare gas  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Ancient air samples from one of Antarctica's snowiest ice core sites may add a new molecule to the record of changes to Earth's atmosphere... more
Ancient DNA confirms humans wiped out northern hemisphere's version of the penguin  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
The North Atlantic was once home to a bird that bore a remarkable similarity to penguins. The great auk, also known as "the original... more
Study: The human lifespan is written into our DNA  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Humans have a "natural" lifespan of around 38 years, according to a new method we have developed for estimating the lifespans of different species by analyzing their DNA. more
Horizon Discovery adds predesigned synthetic single guide RNA to its product range  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 days
Horizon Discovery Group plc, a global leader in the application of gene editing and gene modulation technologies, today announced the addition of predesigned synthetic... more
Human genetics evidence predictive of drug development success, study shows  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 days
A new drug candidate is more likely to be approved for use if it targets a gene known to be linked to the disease; a finding that can... more
CSIRO researchers find simple way to estimate lifespan of animals  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 days
Researchers at CSIRO, Australia’s national science agency, have discovered a simple way to estimate how long a species lives. more
Deadly 'superbugs' destroyed by molecular drills  nanowerk · 2 days
Motorized molecules activated by light target and drill through highly antibiotic resistant bacteria and kill them within minutes. The molecules can open bacteria to attack by drugs they previously resisted. The strategy could be applied to... more
Gaming their way to sustainable development  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Serengeti National Park is home to a breathtaking array of wild animals, from lions to elephants and migrating wildebeests. But the local people living on the fringes of the area comprise an equally important part of... more
Rosalind meets Rosalind  ESA · 2 days
Image: The work of Dr Rosalind Franklin (1920-1958) is well known for being central to the discovery of the iconic double-helix structure of DNA, the fabric of life as we... more
Medical News Today: Could epigenome editing prevent developmental disorders?  MNT · 2 days
Using mice, scientists show how epigenome editing has promise as a way to fix disordered brain development that arises from a WAGR syndrome gene mutation. more
Baltic blooms  ESA · 2 days
Image: The Copernicus Sentinel-2 mission takes us over the green algae blooms swirling around the Baltic Sea.'Algae bloom' is the term used to describe the rapid multiplying of phytoplankton – microscopic marine... more
Fracking leaves heavy footprint in Argentina's Patagonia  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Pumpjack oil wells peck like giant birds at the ground, plumes of yellow flames flare from gas pipelines, lakes accumulate contaminated waste—Patagonia and its indigenous people are paying a heavy price for Argentina's economic... more
Canadian tundra formerly covered in rich forest, ancient plant fossil record shows  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
The heady aroma of magnolia blossoms and lotus flowers might have wafted to your nostrils if you had gone for a walk 56 million... more
Northern Ireland's recovering pine marten population benefits red squirrels  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
The recovery of pine marten in Ireland and Britain is reversing native red squirrel replacement by invasive grey squirrels, according to new research presented at the British Ecological Society's annual... more
ACMG recommends evaluations of breast cancer patients before genetic testing  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 days
According to a statement on behalf of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) published Dec. 13 in the organization's official journal, Genetics in Medicine, there... more
Influenza research could pave way for new and improved drugs, vaccines  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 days
Researchers at the Centenary Institute and the University of Sydney have discovered a key reason as to why the influenza virus is so effective at establishing... more
Precision epigenome editing can repair genetic syndrome of intellectual disability  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 days
Using a targeted gene epigenome editing approach in the developing mouse brain, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers reversed one gene mutation that leads to the genetic disorder WAGR syndrome,... more
Could epigenome editing prevent developmental disorders?  MNT · 2 days
Using mice, scientists show how epigenome editing has promise as a way to fix disordered brain development that arises from a WAGR syndrome gene mutation. more
Research suggests contributory role of 'Asian glow' mutation and alcohol to Alzheimer’s  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 days
A new study from Stanford, published on December 12 in the journal Acta Neuropathologica Communications, suggests that an important enzyme that helps break down... more
Deadly 'superbugs' destroyed by molecular drills  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Molecular drills have gained the ability to target and destroy deadly bacteria that have evolved resistance to nearly all antibiotics. In some cases, the drills make the antibiotics effective once again. more
Scientists develop an approach to vaccinate against gut inflammation  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 days
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is an umbrella term that describes many disorders that involve chronic inflammation of the digestive tract, including ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. These conditions are tied... more
Caribou migration linked to climate cycles and insect pests  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Caribou, the North American cousin of reindeer, migrate farther than any terrestrial animal. They can cover thousands of miles as they move between winter feeding grounds and summer calving grounds.... more
Tiny insects become 'visible' to bats when they swarm  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Small insects that would normally be undetectable to bats using echolocation suddenly become detectable when they occur in large swarms. Arjan Boonman of Tel-Aviv University and colleagues present these findings... more
Achieving optimal collaboration when goals conflict  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
New research suggests that, when two people must work together on a physical task despite conflicting goals, the amount of information available about each other's actions influences how quickly and optimally they learn to collaborate. Vinil... more
Scientists solve 3D structure of vaccinia virus RNA polymerase  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 days
For viruses to multiply, they usually need the support of the cells they infect. In many cases, only in their host's nucleus can they find the machines, enzymes and building... more
Climate cycles and insect pests drive migration timing of reindeer's North American cousin  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Biologists have discovered two unexpected drivers for migration timing that dispute long-held assumptions and provide insight into potential future effects of climate... more
Molecular drills target and destroy deadly superbugs  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 days
Molecular drills have gained the ability to target and destroy deadly bacteria that have evolved resistance to nearly all antibiotics. In some cases, the drills make the antibiotics effective once again. more
Metabolic adaptation ensures survival of colon cancer cells  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Colon cancer cells deficient in p53, one of the most important control proteins in cell growth, activate a particular metabolic pathway to adapt to the lack of oxygen and nutrients inside the... more
Insight into the neglected tropical disease sleeping sickness  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Researchers have shed light on how the parasite which causes sleeping sickness multiples inside its host. Human African Trypanosomiasis or sleeping sickness, only occurs in Sub-Saharan Africa where an estimated 60 million... more
New drug targets to treat Nipah virus  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Nipah virus, which is transmitted to humans from bats and pigs, has a high mortality rate and there are no licensed drugs against it. Now, researchers have used information on the structure of the... more
Your genes aren't the only factor dictating Alzheimer's risk  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
In the first study published about Alzheimer's disease among identical triplets, researchers found that despite sharing the same DNA, two of the triplets developed Alzheimer's while one did not. more
New technique to determine protein structures may solve biomedical puzzles  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Researchers have now demonstrated a powerful 'experimental evolution' method to discover details of protein shape and function, and the method may find uses across a very broad spectrum... more
Ocean microbes: Novel study underscores microbial individuality  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
A single drop of seawater can contain a wide representation of ocean microbes from around the world -- revealing novel insights into the ecology, evolution and biotechnology potential of the global microbiome. more
Deadly 'superbugs' destroyed by molecular drills  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Motorized molecules activated by light target and drill through highly antibiotic resistant bacteria and kill them within minutes. The molecules can open bacteria to attack by drugs they previously resisted. The strategy could be applied to... more
Global circulation of Mars upper atmosphere  Science Magazine · 2 days
The thermosphere of Mars is the interface through which the planet is continuously losing its reservoir of atmospheric volatiles to space. The structure and dynamics of the thermosphere is driven by a global circulation that redistributes... more
Cryo-electron microscopy structures of human oligosaccharyltransferase complexes OST-A and OST-B  Science Magazine · 2 days
Oligosaccharyltransferase (OST) catalyzes the transfer of a high-mannose glycan onto secretory proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum. Mammals express two distinct OST complexes that act in a cotranslational (OST-A)... more
Pervasive human-driven decline of life on Earth points to the need for transformative change  Science Magazine · 2 days
The human impact on life on Earth has increased sharply since the 1970s, driven by the demands of a growing... more
Depletion of microbiome-derived molecules in the host using Clostridium genetics  Science Magazine · 2 days
The gut microbiota produce hundreds of molecules that are present at high concentrations in the host circulation. Unraveling the contribution of each molecule to host biology remains difficult.... more
A window into the hidden world of colons  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Biomedical engineers have developed a system for real-time observations at the cellular level in the colon of a living mouse. It employs a magnetic system to stabilize the colon during imaging while... more
Geneticists identify small molecules that are potential indicators for disease  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Researchers identified hundreds of metabolites that might serve as intermediates to translate variation in the genome to variation in complex traits. Findings could someday facilitate early or more... more
Safer viruses for vaccine research and diagnosis  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
A new technology to produce safer 'hybrid' viruses at high volumes for use in vaccines and diagnostics for mosquito-borne diseases has been developed. more
The limits of ocean heavyweights: Prey curb whales' gigantic size  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
At 100 feet long and weighing more than 100 tons, blue whales are the largest creatures to have evolved on the planet. Other whales, like killer whales, are... more
How humans learned to dance: From the chimpanzee conga line  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Two chimpanzees housed in a zoo in the US have sparked the question about how human dance evolved after being observed performing a duo dance-like behavior, similar to... more
As epilepsy drugs fail nearly one-third of patients, scientists seek root causes of seizures  Science Magazine · 2 days
Leaps in gene sequencing and better animal models are changing how doctors understand, study, and sometimes treat epilepsy more
Virus multiplication in 3D  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
Vaccinia viruses serve as a vaccine against human smallpox and as the basis of new cancer therapies. Two studies now provide fascinating insights into their unusual propagation strategy at the atomic level. more
Bovine kobuvirus in US  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 days
A virus that afflicts cattle that was first discovered in Japan in 2003 has made its way to the US, researchers report. more
Scientists devise 'lifespan clock'  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
An Australian research team say they have come up with a "lifespan clock" which provides accurate maximum age estimates for vertebrates, a key variable in the study of both living and extinct animals. more
Team finds bovine kobuvirus in US  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
A virus that afflicts cattle that was first discovered in Japan in 2003 has made its way to the U.S., researchers report in the journal Emerging Infectious Diseases. more
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