Biology
In genetic screens aimed at understanding drug resistance mechanisms in chronic myeloid leukemia cells, inactivation of the cullin 3 adapter protein-encoding leucine zipper like transcription regulator 1 (LZTR1) gene led...
The general transcription factor IID (TFIID) is a critical component of the eukaryotic transcription preinitiation complex (PIC) and is responsible for recognizing the core...
The LZTR1 protein, an adaptor for cullin 3 (CUL3) ubiquitin ligase complex, is implicated in human disease, yet its mechanism of action remains unknown. We found that Lztr1...
The onset of inflammation is associated with reactive oxygen species and oxidative damage to macromolecules like 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine (8-oxoG) in DNA. Because 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase 1 (OGG1) binds 8-oxoG...
ChemistryGeneticsMicrobiologyBiology more... Science Magazine 25 minutes
Diet affects multiple facets of human health and is inextricably linked to chronic metabolic conditions such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Dietary nutrients...
Inorganic-biological hybrid systems have potential to be sustainable, efficient, and versatile chemical synthesis platforms by integrating the light-harvesting properties of semiconductors with the synthetic potential of biological cells. We have developed a modular bioinorganic...
One-carbon metabolism generates the one-carbon units required to synthesize many critical metabolites, including nucleotides. The pathway has cytosolic and mitochondrial branches, and a key step is the entry,...
A disrupted immune system can upset gut bacteria in ways that can lead to cell damage and tissue changes associated with aging, study finds.
The gut bacteria of four Himalayan populations differ based on their dietary lifestyles, according to a new study by researchers at the Stanford University School of...
Genetically engineered microbes such as bacteria and yeasts have long been used as living factories to produce drugs and fine chemicals. More recently, researchers have started to combine bacteria with semiconductor technology that, similar to solar...
Microbes equipped with light-harvesting semiconductor particles generate useful chemicals much more efficiently than ordinary microbes.
In the latest example of bacteria being "literally everywhere," scientists appear to have found evidence of microbes living harmlessly in our brains.
Creating fire buffers between housing and dry brush, burying spark-prone power lines and lighting more controlled burns to keep vegetation in check could give people a better chance of surviving...
The already-rare Stone's sheep of the Yukon is 20 per cent less common than previously thought, according to new research by University of Alberta biologists.
Researchers have studied flight routes to determine how far willow warblers migrate in the autumn. The results show that the willow warbler holds a long-distance migration record in the 10-gram weight category -- with the small birds flying...
AnimalsBiology more... SCIENCE DAILY 2 hours
When healthy people eat a low-gluten and fiber-rich diet compared with a high-gluten diet they experience less intestinal discomfort including less bloating which researchers show are due to changes of the composition and function of gut...
The already-rare Stone's sheep of the Yukon is 20 per cent less common than previously thought, according to new research by biologists. The study examined 123 different DNA...
GeneticsMicrobiologyBiology more... SCIENCE DAILY 2 hours
A study using animal-attached technology to measure food consumption in four very different wild vertebrates has revealed that animals using a high-risk strategy to find rarer food are...
An analysis of Twitter data from the U.S. shows that social media usage largely mirrors daily work schedules and school calendars. The data reflect the amount...
VIDEO The chemical process of tanning turns animal hides into durable, supple leather.
ChemistryBiology more... PHYS.ORG 3 hours
Although the presence of humpback whales in the Mediterranean has been considered unusual, it is known that their visits have increased in the last 150 years. Until now, there had...
What in the smart nanomaterials world is widely available, highly symmetrical and inexpensive? Hollow carbon structures, shaped like a football, called fullerenes. Their applications range from artificial photosynthesis and nonlinear optics to the production of photoactive films and nanostructures. To...
Researchers at Lund University in Sweden have studied flight routes to determine how far willow warblers migrate in the autumn. The results show that the willow warbler holds a long-distance migration record in the ten-gram weight category –...
AnimalsBiologyEducation more... PHYS.ORG 4 hours
The textile industry generates enormous amounts of waste and is one of the largest consumers of water and energy resources. Research is looking at ways to reduce its ecological impact...
The FutureEnergyBiology more... nanowerk 4 hours
Scientists with different scientific backgrounds, working in the field of nanotechnology, have cooperated with the main objective to provide as broad an overview as possible about the young and rapidly evolving field of nanoinformatics.
Male salmon are maturing earlier and becoming smaller, and it shows in their genes. This was the discovery of a study that examined scale samples from salmon over a 40-year...
From the fossil fuel divestment movement to the Stop Adani campaign, in recent years we've seen a wave of climate activism that...
VIDEO Many of us are used to encountering ants scampering across a sidewalk, a trail path or even in our kitchen floor. But...
Researchers investigating new treatments for neuroblastoma -- one of the most common childhood cancers -- have found that a combination of two drugs made tumors disappear in mice, making it...
Currently in India, there are over 200,000 researchers working on numerous applications to better...
haps missions to the edge of space to watch over earth
Is it a bird? Is it a plane? No, it’s a High-Altitude Pseudo-Satellite (HAPS) — an uncrewed airship, plane or balloon watching over Earth...
VIDEO Touch, or tactile sensing, is fundamentally important for a range of real-life applications, from robotics to surgical medicine to sports science. Tactile sensors are modeled on the biological sense of touch and can help...
An antibiotic called thanatin attacks the way the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria is built. Researchers at the University of Zurich have now found that this happens through a previously unknown mechanism....
A team of researchers at Dalhousie University has found evidence that suggests hemimastigotes represent a major new branch of evolutionary life. In...
Coffee or tea is a bitter choice, a taste genetics study suggests.
GeneticsMicrobiologyBiology more... SCIENCE-NEWS 5 hours
A genetic analysis of samples taken from a large UK health database suggest that people who are more sensitive than their peers to the bitter taste of caffeine tend to drink more coffee —...
Wherever there's water, there's bound to be bubbles floating at the surface. From standing puddles, lakes, and streams, to swimming pools, hot tubs, public fountains, and toilets, bubbles are ubiquitous, indoors and...
Researchers have found that a protein in the cell membranes of sperm plays a key role in how they find their way to eggs. The PMCA protein may also help...
Researchers have outlined a plan to detect and report changes in global biodiversity. The monitoring of species traits will improve natural resource management.
BiologyFinance more... PHYS.ORG 6 hours
While making smart glue, a team of engineers discovered a handy byproduct: hydrogen peroxide. In microgel form, it reduces bacteria and virus ability to infect by at least 99.9 percent.
The majority of consumers, even those who prefer online shopping, think the extinction of brick-and-mortar stores would be bad for society, according to a...
Luxia Scientific, a French biotech dedicated to improving well-being and health for all through the analysis and understanding of the microbiome, announces the availability of its...
About 315 million years ago — long before dinosaurs roamed the Earth — an early reptile scuttled along in a strangely sideways jaunt, leaving...
The Atacama Desert, the driest and oldest desert on Earth, located in northern Chile, hides a hyper-arid core in which no rain...
Autism spectrum disorders are neurodevelopmental disorders characterized by communication disorders, altered social interactions and sensory and...
A fast new way of checking nutrient levels in grasslands allows farmers to quickly monitor changes in pasture nutrients and adapt their animals' grazing methods accordingly....
AnimalsBiologyHealth more... PHYS.ORG 9 hours
An antibiotic called thanatin attacks the way the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria is built. Researchers at the University of Zurich have now found out that this happens through a previously unknown...
Cows that can withstand hotter temperatures. Cows born without pesky horns. Pigs that never reach puberty.
Many life-saving medicines, including insulin, antibodies and vaccines, are derived from living cells. These "biologics" can be difficult to obtain and store...
Outbreaks of norovirus in health care settings and outbreaks caused by a particular genotype of the virus are more likely...
Call it instinct, but something compels some animals to behave in certain ways, perhaps programs in their genes. Researchers have directly connected activities of...
A new special edition of the International Journal of Radiation Oncology* Biology* Physics focuses on the roles of imaging in radiation oncology....
Study illuminates new mode of bacteria dispersal.
TGen North, the Pathogen and Microbiome Division of the Translational Genomics Research Institute, has partnered with the non-profit NARBHA Institute to advance human health through the new TGen...
While making smart glue, a team of engineers discovered a handy byproduct: hydrogen peroxide. In microgel form, it reduces bacteria and virus ability to infect by at least 99 percent.
Infections more... NEWS MEDICAL 16 hours
Two new studies provide evidence that previous Dengue infection in pregnant mothers may lead to increased...
Zika virusInfections more... SCIENCE DAILY 18 hours
A new article describes two new fossil relatives of marsupials that shed light on how a unique island ecosystem evolved some 43 million years ago during the Eocene.
AnimalsEvolution more... SCIENCE DAILY 21 hours
When rains fell on the arid Atacama Desert, it was reasonable to expect floral blooms to follow. Instead, the water brought death. Planetary astrobiologists has found that after encountering never-before-seen rainfall three...
ExtraterrestrialsMars more... SCIENCE DAILY 21 hours
Truffles are the fruiting bodies of the ectomycorrhizal (ECM) fungal symbionts residing on host plant roots. In many Ascomycota and Basidiomycota lineages, truffle-forming species have evolved independently in nearly every major group. This suggests that symbiosis...
Evolution more... SCIENCE DAILY 21 hours
New finding may shed light on the evolution of language
AnimalsPrimatesEvolution more... Science Magazine 22 hours
While the sight of black or white truffle being shaved over on pasta is generally considered a sign of dining extravagance, they play an important role in soil ecosystem services. Truffles are the fruiting bodies of...
Evolution more... PHYS.ORG 23 hours
Not all polar bears are in the same dire situation due to retreating sea ice, at least not right now. Off the western coast of Alaska, the Chukchi...
Animals more... PHYS.ORG 23 hours
Life as a Neanderthal was no picnic, but a new analysis says it was no more dangerous than what our own species faced in ancient times.
Neanderthals more... PHYS.ORG 23 hours
In the most comprehensive study of its kind, biologists have found that tropical and subtropical forests across South America's Andes Mountains are responding to warming temperatures...
EvolutionExtinction more... SCIENCE DAILY 23 hours
Several neurological disorders may benefit from gene therapy. However, even when using the lead vector candidate for intrathecal administration, adeno-associated virus serotype 9 (AAV9), the strength and distribution...
RelativityGravityInfectionsUniverse more... Science Magazine 24 hours
Understanding the mechanisms that control the accumulation of large silicic magma bodies in the upper crust is key to determining...
VolcanoEvolution more... Science Magazine 24 hours
With the increasing resistance of many Gram-negative bacteria to existing classes of antibiotics, identifying new paradigms in antimicrobial discovery is an important...
Infections more... Science Magazine 24 hours
One of the defining features of language is displaced reference—the capacity to transmit information about something that is not present or about a past or future event. It is very rare in nature and...
Aging in humans is associated with increased hyperglycemia and insulin resistance (collectively termed IR) and dysregulation of the...
AgingDiabetesInfections more... Science Magazine 1 day
An implantable biomaterial recruits rare tumor cells and enables long-term observation of microenvironmental evolution.
EvolutionCancer more... Science Magazine 1 day
Islands have been vital laboratories for advancing evolutionary theory since the pioneering work of Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace...
Evolution more... PHYS.ORG 1 day
Male songbirds that had better early life conditions as nestlings sing more often and produce more complex songs as adults, according to a study...
Animals more... PHYS.ORG 1 day
Study of fossil bones reveals same relatively low rate of skull fracture as modern humans
AnimalsNeanderthalsEvolution more... Science Magazine 1 day
The mosquito Aedes aegypti is a powerful, plentiful species: It populates six continents, can carry deadly viruses, and bites with abandon. But until recently, its genome was in tatters.
Infections more... PHYS.ORG 1 day
An international study led by University of Miami tropical biologists reveals that tropical trees are migrating upslope to escape climate change, but not fast enough.
Many life-saving medicines, including insulin, antibodies and vaccines, are derived from living cells. These "biologics" can be difficult to obtain and store on the battlefield or in remote areas. That's why scientists are trying to develop portable systems that can...
A paper published in 2017 appeared to show a limited quantum effect in bacteria. Now scientists argue that something much weirder happened.
According to a recent meta-analysis, soy protein is equally effective as animal protein in building muscle mass and strength. Undertaking resistance exercise is key in increasing...
more... NEWS MEDICAL 1 day
Modern medicine's ability to keep us alive makes it tempting to think human evolution may have stopped. Better healthcare disrupts a key driving force of evolution by keeping...
EvolutionThe Future more... PHYS.ORG 1 day
Shopping in your supermarket's produce section is like strolling through a museum of humanity's greatest inventions. Perfect ears of golden sweet corn;...
Representing a group of successful biocontrol agents for various pest fruit flies, a parasitic wasp genus remains largely overlooked. While its most recent identification key dates back to 1969, many...
Animals more... PHYS.ORG 1 day
While making smart glue, a team of engineers discovered a handy byproduct: hydrogen peroxide. In microgel form, it reduces bacteria and virus ability to infect by at least 99 percent.
Infections more... PHYS.ORG 1 day
Male salmon are maturing earlier and becoming smaller, and it shows in their genes. This was the discovery of a study that examined scale samples from salmon in the River...
more... PHYS.ORG 1 day
You probably learned this basic lesson of biology in elementary school: Plants are self-feeders. These so-called autotrophs use the sun's energy and water to turn carbon dioxide from the air...
more... PHYS.ORG 1 day
Call it instinct, but something compels some animals to behave in certain ways, perhaps programs in...
AnimalsConnectivity more... PHYS.ORG 1 day
The fin whale and mountain gorilla populations grew significantly due to efforts by conservationists to halt their descent towards extinction, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) said Wednesday.
A team of researchers with Cornell University and the University of Oxford has found that birds and insects reacted in some surprising ways to the 2017 U.S. total solar eclipse....
Biodiversity goes beyond species diversity. Another important aspect of biodiversity is genetic variation within species. A notable example is the immense variety of cultivars and landraces of crop plants and their wild...
more... PHYS.ORG 1 day
A team of researchers from Australia, Indonesia, Italy and Denmark has learned more about Komodo dragons in their search to better understand reduced island dispersal in...
Animals more... PHYS.ORG 1 day
A giant individual of the fungus, Armillaria gallica, or honey mushroom, first studied 25 years ago by James...
more... PHYS.ORG 1 day
A few hundred thousand years ago during Earth's most recent ice age, a beefy subspecies of spotted hyena that was...
Microbial plankton communities will be boosted in productivity and biomass from warmer water temperatures provided sufficient nutrients are also readily available, suggest KAUST researchers.
more... PHYS.ORG 1 day
Microplastics have been recorded in a range of zooplankton species, and they are already causing problems for these tiny - but vitally important - animals, even before the plastic particles make their way through the food web. A new...
Animals more... PHYS.ORG 1 day
VIDEO Violent and destructive, active volcanoes ought to be feared and avoided. Yet, these geological cauldrons expose the pulse...
Zoologist Sarah Otto, with the University of British Columbia, has published a report in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B regarding human influence on evolution over...
AnimalsEvolution more... PHYS.ORG 1 day
On the eve of the recent National Drought Summit, prime minister Scott Morrison and deputy prime minister Michael McCormack visited Mulloon Creek near Canberra, shown recently on the ABC's Australian Story. They...
more... PHYS.ORG 1 day
Algae
Feeling the pressure with universal tactile imaging
PHYS.ORG
Video: How is leather made?
PHYS.ORG
New research studies adhesiveness in ants as a way to improve synthetic adhesives
PHYS.ORG
How Earth volcanoes offer a window into the evolution of life and the solar system
PHYS.ORG
Big jobs: Safety, planning key to increasing production performance at Spallation Neutron Source
PHYS.ORG
Hot fire test proves 3D-printed thrust chamber for future Vega Evolution
ESA
Volcanic eruptions once caused mass extinctions in the oceans – could climate change do the same?
PHYS.ORG
Scientists uncover crucial biological circuits that regulate lipids and their role in overall health
PHYS.ORG
Visualizing 'unfurling' microtubule growth
PHYS.ORG
Bending DNA costs less energy than assumed
PHYS.ORG
The Human Mini Heart-in-a-Jar That Could One Day Replace Animal Testing
NEWS MEDICAL
As Arctic ship traffic increases, narwhals and other unique animals are at risk
PHYS.ORG
Unique study shows how bats maneuver
SCIENCE DAILY
Video: Is throwing rice at weddings bad for birds?
PHYS.ORG
An overlooked giant: Useful and abundant, African 'Zam' palm newly described for science
PHYS.ORG
Oldest known animal drawing found in remote Indonesian cave
PHYS.ORG
Updated book compiles 45 years of changes in Pacific Northwest flora
PHYS.ORG
These Flatworms Can Regrow A Body From A Fragment. How Do They Do It And Could We?
NPR
What teeth can tell about the lives and environments of ancient humans and Neanderthals
PHYS.ORG
How roaches fight off wasps that turn their victims into zombies
SCIENCE-NEWS
Scary giant blue stars may unlock mysteries of stellar evolution
PHYS.ORG
How the world's fastest muscle created four unique bird species
PHYS.ORG
Five vampire traits that exist in the natural world
PHYS.ORG
CRISPR opens door to new type of medicine—'genome surgery'
PHYS.ORG
Video: feathers not included
PHYS.ORG