Atmosphere
Astronomers Peer Deep into Turbulent Atmosphere of Jupiter  SCI-NEWS.COM · 6 hours
An international team of astronomers has managed to peer deep into the Jovian atmosphere using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array... more
Q&A: Scientist models exoplanet's atmosphere  PHYS.ORG · 12 hours
In the search for life beyond our galaxy, many scientists have their eyes turned toward orbs like Earth: rocky planets. So after the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) detected a rocky planet slightly larger than Earth last fall,... more
Early life on Earth limited by enzyme  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 day
A single enzyme found in early single-cell life forms could explain why oxygen levels in the atmosphere remained low for two billion years during the Proterozoic eon, preventing life colonizing land. more
Water availability determines carbon uptake under climate warming: study  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
Increasing atmospheric CO2 concentration is the leading cause of greenhouse effects and global warming. Notably, rapid climate warming can, in turn, either increase or decrease land carbon uptake, leading to... more
Storms on Jupiter are disturbing the planet's colorful belts  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
Storm clouds rooted deep in Jupiter's atmosphere are affecting the planet's white zones and colorful belts, creating disturbances in their flow and even changing their color. more
Earth is an exoplanet to aliens: This is what they'd see  PHYS.ORG · 1 day
The study of exoplanets has matured considerably in the last 10 years. During this time, the majority of the over 4000 exoplanets currently known were discovered.... more
Cold plasma treatment could rid homes of allergens  NEWS MEDICAL · 2 days
Liverpool University researchers are investigating how cold atmospheric plasma can be incorporated into a device to help rid homes of allergens. more
North American April tornado occurrences linked to global sea surface temperature anomalies  Science Magazine · 2 days
Annual tornado occurrences over North America display large interannual variability and a statistical linkage to sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies. However, the underlying physical... more
A step closer to solving the methane mystery on Mars  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Scientists have taken an important step towards revealing the mysterious source of methane on Mars, by refining estimates of the gas in the planet's atmosphere. more
Applying machine learning in intelligent weather consultation  PHYS.ORG · 2 days
Weather forecasting is a typical problem of coupling big data with physical-process models, according to Prof. Pingwen Zhang, an academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Director of the National Engineering Laboratory for Big Data... more
Glacier-fed rivers may consume atmospheric carbon dioxide  PHYS.ORG · 3 days
Glacier-fed rivers in Northern Canada may be consuming significant amounts of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, according to new research by University of Alberta biologists. more
Rocky, Earth-sized exoplanet is missing an atmosphere  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Astronomers at MIT, Harvard University, and elsewhere have searched a rocky, Earth-sized exoplanet for signs of an atmosphere—and found none. more
FDA approves cold atmospheric plasma technology for first-ever use in clinical trial  NEWS MEDICAL · 4 days
Cold atmospheric plasma technology, currently the only way to remove microscopic cancer tumors remaining from surgery, has been approved by the U.S. Food and... more
Ocean warming has fisheries on the move, helping some but hurting more  PHYS.ORG · 4 days
Climate change has been steadily warming the ocean, which absorbs most of the heat trapped by greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, for 100 years.... more
Facial recognition technique could improve hail forecasts  PHYS.ORG · 5 days
The same artificial intelligence technique typically used in facial recognition systems could help improve prediction of hailstorms and their severity, according to a new study from the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). more
Forest study shows how plants adapt to rising carbon dioxide  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Studies of the world's tropical forests have pinpointed how much water plants put back into the atmosphere compared to how much carbon they take up, with lower rainfall... more
Early species developed much faster than previously thought  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
When Earth's species were rapidly diversifying nearly 500 million years ago, that evolution was driven by complex factors including global cooling, more oxygen in the atmosphere, and more nutrients in the oceans.... more
Early species developed much faster than previously thought, research shows  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
When Earth's species were rapidly diversifying nearly 500 million years ago, that evolution was driven by complex factors including global cooling, more oxygen in the atmosphere, and more... more
July 2019 hottest month on record for planet: NOAA  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
July 2019 temperatures were the hottest ever recorded globally, the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) said Thursday, while satellite data showed polar ice shrank to its lowest levels. more
Data assimilation method offers improved hurricane forecasting  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Operational models for severe weather forecasting predicted Hurricane Harvey would become a Category 1 hurricane in 2017, according to the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research. Instead, it became a massive Category 4 just before... more
Gamification can give dental and medical education a boost  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Introducing gamification to medical and dental education can boost student motivation and lead to better learning outcomes, a new study from the University of Eastern Finland shows. Using their own... more
Research: Link between increased atmospheric vapor deficit and worldwide loss of vegetation  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
A large international team of researchers has found evidence of a connection between an increase in the atmospheric vapor deficit and worldwide vegetation loss.... more
Conceptual design ready for PLATO telescope simulator  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research designs and builds a space simulator to test and calibrate eight out of twenty-six cameras for ESA's next exoplanet hunter telescope, PLATO. The conceptual design is now complete.... more
Ice sheets impact core elements of the Earth's carbon cycle  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
The Earth's carbon cycle is crucial in controlling the greenhouse gas content of our atmosphere, and ultimately our climate. more
Methane emissions spike: Is there one main culprit?  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
The level of methane in the atmosphere has risen dramatically in the last decade—and climate scientists are worried. Although there's still roughly 60 times less of it floating around than carbon dioxide,... more
Ice sheets impact core elements of the Earth's carbon cycle  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
The Earth's carbon cycle is crucial in controlling the greenhouse gas content of our atmosphere, and ultimately our climate. more
Microplastic drifting down with the snow  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
Over the past several years, microplastic particles have repeatedly been detected in sea-water, drinking water, and even in animals. But these minute particles are also transported by the atmosphere and subsequently washed out of the air,... more
Microplastic drifting down with the snow  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Over the past several years, microplastic particles have repeatedly been detected in seawater, drinking water, and even in animals. But these minute particles are also transported by the atmosphere and subsequently washed out of the air,... more
Increased atmospheric vapor pressure deficit reduces global vegetation growth  Science Magazine · 1 week
Atmospheric vapor pressure deficit (VPD) is a critical variable in determining plant photosynthesis. Synthesis of four global climate datasets reveals a sharp increase of VPD after the late 1990s. In... more
White and wonderful? Microplastics prevail in snow from the Alps to the Arctic  Science Magazine · 1 week
Microplastics (MPs) are ubiquitous, and considerable quantities prevail even in the Arctic; however, there are large knowledge gaps regarding pathways to the... more
Deglacial grounding-line retreat in the Ross Embayment, Antarctica, controlled by ocean and atmosphere forcing  Science Magazine · 1 week
Modern observations appear to link warming oceanic conditions with Antarctic ice sheet grounding-line retreat. Yet, interpretations of past ice sheet... more
New study: Fracking prompts global spike in atmospheric methane  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
As methane concentrations increase in the Earth's atmosphere, chemical fingerprints point to a probable source: shale oil and gas, according to new Cornell University research published today (14 August) in... more
Fracking prompts global spike in atmospheric methane, study suggests  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
As methane concentrations increase in the Earth's atmosphere, chemical fingerprints point to a probable source: shale oil and gas, according to new research. more
NASA selects proposals to further study the fundamental nature of space  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
NASA has selected two proposals for concept studies that could help us better understand the fundamental nature of space and how it changes in response to... more
James Webb Space Telescope could begin learning about TRAPPIST-1 atmospheres in a year  SCIENCE DAILY · 1 week
Astronomers are using the intriguing TRAPPIST-1 planetary system as a kind of laboratory to model not the planets themselves, but how the... more
Solar physics with the Square Kilometre Array  PHYS.ORG · 1 week
Although solar physics is one of the most mature branches of astrophysics, the sun confronts researchers with a large number of outstanding fundamental problems. These problems include the determination of the structure and dynamics... more
Natural-gas leaks are important source of greenhouse gas emissions in Los Angeles  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
In discussions of anthropogenic climate change, carbon dioxide generally gets the spotlight, but it is not the only greenhouse gas spewed into the atmosphere... more
Why even a small change in Earth's carbon dioxide makes a big difference  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
In July 2015, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency head Gina McCarthy was being grilled by lawmakers over President Obama's Clean Power Plan requiring... more
Hubble's New Portrait of Jupiter  ASTRO WATCH · 2 weeks
This new Hubble Space Telescope view of Jupiter, taken on June 27, 2019, reveals the giant planet's trademark Great Red Spot, and a more intense color... more
Hubble's new portrait of Jupiter  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
A new Hubble Space Telescope view of Jupiter reveals the giant planet's trademark Great Red Spot, and a more intense color palette in the clouds swirling in Jupiter's turbulent atmosphere than seen in previous years. more
Using lasers to visualize molecular mysteries in our atmosphere  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
Molecular interactions between gases and liquids underpin much of our lives, but difficulties in measuring gas-liquid collisions have so far prevented the fundamental exploration of these processes. Researchers hope their... more
Hubble showcases new portrait of Jupiter  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
The NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope reveals the intricate, detailed beauty of Jupiter's clouds in this new image taken on 27 June 2019. It features the planet's trademark Great Red Spot and a more intense colour palette... more
Using lasers to visualize molecular mysteries in our atmosphere  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Invisible to the human eye, molecular interactions between gases and liquids underpin much of our lives, including the absorption of oxygen molecules into our lungs, many industrial processes and the... more
Fish that follow 'gourmet diet' more threatened by climate change  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Fish that follow a 'gourmet diet' may be more threatened by climate change and other environmental variations than those that are not picky eaters, new research from the... more
NOAA seeks to “kick the tires” on new instruments, mission concepts  SPACE NEWS · 2 weeks
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration plans to conduct technology demonstrations and pathfinder projects... more
AeroCube 10, jam-packed with experiments, deploys from Cygnus  SPACE NEWS · 2 weeks
The Aerospace Corp.’s two-satellite AeroCube 10 mission was released from the Northrop Grumman Cygnus spacecraft Aug. 7 packed with sensors... more
New insights into the origin of life  SCIENCE DAILY · 2 weeks
A famous experiment in 1953 showed that amino acids, the building blocks of proteins, could have formed spontaneously under the atmospheric conditions of early Earth. However, just because molecules could form doesn't mean that... more
New insights into the origin of life  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
A famous experiment in 1953 showed that amino acids, the building blocks of proteins, could have formed spontaneously under the atmospheric conditions of early Earth. However, just because molecules could form doesn't mean that... more
How the Pacific Ocean influences long-term drought in the Southwestern US  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
The Southwest has always faced periods of drought. Most recently, from late 2011 to 2017, California experienced years of lower-than-normal rainfall. El Niño is known to... more
Ancient soil provides a window to the past  PHYS.ORG · 2 weeks
Noelle Purcell, a senior in the Columbian College of Arts and Science, spent the first half of her summer in northern Kenya trying to better understand the environmental context of human evolution... more
Magnetic plasma pulses excited by UK-size swirls in the solar atmosphere  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
Scientists have discovered previously undetected observational evidence of frequent energetic wave pulses the size of the UK, transporting energy from the solar surface to the higher... more
Magnetic plasma pulses excited by UK-size swirls in the solar atmosphere  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
An international team of scientists led by the University of Sheffield have discovered previously undetected observational evidence of frequent energetic wave pulses the size of the... more
Geoengineering versus a volcano  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
Major volcanic eruptions spew ash particles into the atmosphere, which reflect some of the Sun's radiation back into space and cool the planet. But could this effect be intentionally recreated to fight climate change? more
A transparent squid with glowing internal organs recorded by deep-sea explorers  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
A team of ocean explorers captured images last week of a surreal transparent squid with glowing internal organs in the Gulf of Alaska, as part of... more
Geoengineering versus a volcano  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Major volcanic eruptions spew ash particles into the atmosphere, which reflect some of the Sun's radiation back into space and cool the planet. But could this effect be intentionally recreated to fight climate change? A new paper in Geophysical Research... more
Seaweed sinks deep, taking carbon with it  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Seaweed may be a quiet achiever when it comes to mitigation of greenhouse gases, with it now shown to travel far and deep beyond coastal areas and thus to play a key role in... more
Scientists Find a Boiling, Toxic Wasteland of an Exoplanet, and It's Shaped Like a Football  LIVE SCIENCE · 3 weeks
This first-of-its-kind discovery reveals a new category of ultrahot exoplanet, one so thoroughly cooked that your cast-iron skillet... more
Scientists Find a Boiling, Toxic Wasteland of an Exoplanet, and It's Shaped Liked a Football  LIVE SCIENCE · 3 weeks
This first-of-its-kind discovery reveals a new category of ultrahot exoplanet, one so thoroughly cooked that your cast-iron skillet... more
Number of US fish stocks at sustainable levels remains near record high  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Today, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) released the Status of U.S. Fisheries Annual Report to Congress, which details the status of 479... more
Hubble uncovers a 'heavy metal' exoplanet shaped like a football  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
How can a planet be 'hotter than hot?' The answer is when heavy metals are detected escaping from the planet's atmosphere, instead of condensing into clouds. more
Hubble uncovers a 'heavy metal' exoplanet shaped like a football  nanowerk · 3 weeks
How can a planet be 'hotter than hot'? The answer is when heavy metals are detected escaping from the planet's atmosphere, instead of condensing into clouds. more
Distant 'heavy metal' gas planet is shaped like a football  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
The scorching hot exoplanet WASP-121b may not be shredding any heavy metal guitar riffs, but it is sending heavy metals such as iron and magnesium into space. The... more
The mechanism for gamma-ray bursts from space is decoded  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Gamma-ray bursts, short and intense flashes of energetic radiation coming from outer space, are the brightest explosions in the universe. As gamma rays are blocked by the atmosphere, the bursts... more
Solar eclipse provides unique opportunity to study atmospheric waves  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Witnessing one total solar eclipse—the one that swept across the continental U.S. in 2017—wasn't enough for Montana State University senior Jaxen Godfrey. But when she flew to Chile in July... more
Clearing up the 'dark side' of artificial leaves  SCIENCE DAILY · 3 weeks
While artificial leaves hold promise as a way to take carbon dioxide -- a potent greenhouse gas -- out of the atmosphere, there is a 'dark side to artificial leaves that has... more
TESS Discovers Three New Planets Nearby, Including Temperate 'Sub-Neptune'  ASTRO WATCH · 3 weeks
NASA's Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite, or TESS, has discovered three new worlds that are among the smallest, nearest... more
Diversity of the Madden-Julian Oscillation  Science Magazine · 3 weeks
Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) is the dominant mode of atmospheric intraseasonal variability and the cornerstone for subseasonal prediction of extreme weather events. Climate modeling and prediction of MJO remain a big challenge, partially due to lack of understanding the... more
New discovery holds promise for reducing climate change threats  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Researchers at Tuskegee University have modified and discovered new bio-based natural materials that could eliminate the harmful buildup of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. They believe the use of naturally... more
'Unprecedented' discovery of unique infrared light signature on Neptune's moon Triton  PHYS.ORG · 3 weeks
Triton orbits Neptune, the eighth planet from the Sun, some 2.7 billion miles from Earth—at the cold outer fringe of the Solar System's major planet zone.... more
Removing carbon dioxide from power plant exhaust  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
Reducing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from power plants is widely considered an essential component of any climate change mitigation plan. Many research efforts focus on developing and deploying carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) systems... more
How a 2017 radioactive plume may be tied to Russia and nixed neutrino research  SCIENCE-NEWS · 4 weeks
A botched attempt at producing radioactive material needed for a neutrino experiment may have released ruthenium-106 to the atmosphere in... more
African smoke is fertilizing Amazon rainforest and oceans, study finds  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
A new study led by researchers at the University of Miami's (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science found that smoke from fires in Africa may be... more
Simpler than expected: A microbial community with small diversity cleans up algal blooms  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
Algae take up carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere and turn the carbon into biomass while releasing the oxygen back to the... more
When tree planting actually damages ecosystems  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
Tree planting has been widely promoted as a solution to climate change, because plants absorb the climate-warming gases from Earth's atmosphere as they grow. World leaders have already committed to restoring 350m hectares of forest by... more
Next-gen membranes for carbon capture  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
CO2 produced from burning fossil fuels is still mostly released into the atmosphere, adding to the burden of global warming. One way to cut CO2 levels is through carbon capture, a chemical technique that removes CO2 from emissions... more
MABI instrument can determine the concentration and source of black carbon pollution in the atmosphere  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
ANSTO scientists, who are experts in the monitoring of fine particle pollution, have developed a research instrument to... more
Elephant extinction will raise carbon dioxide levels in atmosphere  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
One of the last remaining megaherbivores, forest elephants shape their environment by serving as seed dispersers and forest bulldozers as they eat over a hundred species of fruit, trample bushes,... more
Clues on how soils may respond to climate change found  SCIENCE DAILY · 4 weeks
Rock core samples from a period of warming millions of years ago indicate soils contributed to a rapid rise in atmospheric greenhouse gas and suggest modern climate models... more
Scientists take high-speed video of waves to better understand sea spray  PHYS.ORG · 4 weeks
Waves crashing on seashores generate tiny droplets of water known as sea spray. Sea spray moves heat and water from the ocean to the atmosphere, but... more
Clues on how soils may respond to climate change found  PHYS.ORG · 1 month
Rock core samples from a period of warming millions of years ago indicate soils contributed to a rapid rise in atmospheric greenhouse gas and suggest modern climate models... more
Cold, dry planets could have a lot of hurricanes  PHYS.ORG · 1 month
Nearly every atmospheric science textbook ever written will say that hurricanes are an inherently wet phenomenon—they use warm, moist air for fuel. But according to new simulations, the storms can... more
Some Pacific salmon populations are especially at risk from climate change  PHYS.ORG · 1 month
Four population groups of Pacific salmon in California, Oregon, and Idaho are especially vulnerable to climate change, according to a new study in the open-access journal... more
Rising CO2 levels could boost wheat yield but slightly reduce nutritional quality  PHYS.ORG · 1 month
Levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) are rising, which experts predict could produce more droughts and hotter temperatures. Although these weather changes would negatively... more
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