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Researchers squeeze light into nanoscale devices and circuits
SCIENCE DAILY Investigators have made a major breakthrough in nanophotonics research, with their invention of a novel 'home-built' cryogenic near-field optical microscope that has enabled them to directly image, for the first time, the... 19 hours
A first look at the earliest decisions that shape a human embryo
SCIENCE DAILY For the first time, scientists have shown that a small cluster of cells in the human embryo dictates the fate of other embryonic cells.... 19 hours
Training compassion 'muscle' may boost brain's resilience to others' suffering
SCIENCE DAILY A new study suggests that as little as two weeks of compassion meditation training -- intentionally cultivating positive wishes to understand and relieve the suffering of others --... 21 hours
Evening use of light-emitting tablets may disrupt healthy sleep
SCIENCE DAILY A new study reveals that evening use of light-emitting tablets can induce delays in desired bedtimes, suppress secretion of melatonin (the hormone that regulates sleep and wakefulness), and impair next-morning... 21 hours
Recombinant E. Coli As a biofactory for the biosynthesis of diverse nanomaterials
SCIENCE DAILY A metabolic research group has developed a recombinant E. coli strain that biosynthesizes 60 different nanomaterials covering 35 elements on the periodic table. Among... 22 hours
Atomic-scale manufacturing now a reality
SCIENCE DAILY Scientists have applied a machine learning technique using artificial intelligence to perfect and automate atomic-scale manufacturing, something which has never been done before. The vastly greener, faster, smaller technology enabled by this development greatly reduces impact on the... 23 hours
Beyond the limits of conventional electronics: Stable organic molecular nanowires
SCIENCE DAILY Scientists have created the first thermally stable organic molecular nanowire devices using a single 4.5-nm-long molecule placed inside electroless gold-plated nanogap electrodes. 23 hours
Floridians could far far more frequent, intense Heatwaves
SCIENCE DAILY By the late 21st century, if atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations reach worst-case projections, Floridians could experience summer heatwaves three times more frequently, and each heatwave could last six times longer and be... 24 hours
Lightening up dark galaxies
SCIENCE DAILY Astronomers have identified at least six candidates for dark galaxies -- galaxies that have a few (if any) stars in them and are, for that reason, notoriously difficult to detect with current instruments. 24 hours
Skin responsible for greater exposure to carcinogens in barbecue smoke than lungs
SCIENCE DAILY With summer coming, it's only a matter of time before the smells and tastes of barbecued foods dominate the neighborhood. But there's a downside... 24 hours
Spike in severe black lung disease among former US coal miners
SCIENCE DAILY The number of cases of progressive massive fibrosis, the most severe form of black lung disease, has been increasing dramatically among coal workers and especially younger... 24 hours
Top 10 new species for 2018
SCIENCE DAILY The large and small, beautiful and bizarre are among the newly discovered animals, plants and microbes announced as the Top 10 New Species for 2018. 1 day
Study casts doubt on traditional view of pterosaur flight
SCIENCE DAILY A new study of how ligaments restrict joint movement suggests that pterosaurs and 'four-winged' dinosaurs couldn't have flown in the same way that bats do. 1 day
Space-like gravity weakens biochemical signals in muscle formation
SCIENCE DAILY Microgravity conditions affect DNA methylation of muscle cells, slowing their differentiation. 1 day
Can weekend sleep make up for the detriments of sleep deprivation during the week?
SCIENCE DAILY In a recent study, short, but not long, weekend sleep was associated with an increased risk of early death in... 1 day
Prescription costs increase for low-value treatments despite reduction in numbers
SCIENCE DAILY Despite a fall in prescription numbers for low-value treatments, the overall cost of prescribing these items in English primary care has risen, according to new research. 1 day
Centenarians' end-of-life thoughts: is their social network informed?
SCIENCE DAILY People in centenarians' close social networks are often not aware of their thoughts on end-of-life issues, a new study reveals. 1 day
Gauging language proficiency through eye movement
SCIENCE DAILY A new study indicates eye movement can reveal the proficiency of people reading English as a second language. 1 day
How high-latitude corals cope with the cold
SCIENCE DAILY Corals growing in high-latitude reefs in Western Australia can regulate their internal chemistry to promote growth under cooler temperatures, according to new research. 1 day
Driverless cars change lanes more like humans do
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers will present a new lane-change algorithm that splits the difference. It allows for more aggressive lane changes than the simple models do but relies only on immediate information about other vehicles'... 1 day
Leg exercise is critical to brain and nervous system health
SCIENCE DAILY New research shows that using the legs, particularly in weight-bearing exercise, sends signals to the brain that are vital for the production of healthy neural cells. The groundbreaking... 1 day
The prevalence of twin births in pure Spanish horses
SCIENCE DAILY A group of researchers has published the first study to determine the prevalence of twin births and chimerism in a large population of PRE horses, and the results suggest that... 1 day
Fluid dynamics may play key role in evolution of cooperation
SCIENCE DAILY In a new study, physicists examined how the mechanical properties of an environment may shape the social evolution of microbial populations. 1 day
Tunable diamond string may hold key to quantum memory
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers have engineered diamond strings that can be tuned to quiet a qubit's environment and improve memory from tens to several hundred nanoseconds, enough time to do many operations on... 1 day
Putting the optical microscope under the microscope to achieve atomic accuracy
SCIENCE DAILY New work enables optical microscopes to measure these nanometer-scale details with a new level of accuracy. 1 day
Amazonian 'lookout' birds help other species live in dangerous neighborhoods
SCIENCE DAILY Usually, birds of a feather flock together -- but in the Amazon, some flocks feature dozens of species of all shapes and colors. A new study singles out... 1 day
Science in the palm of your hand: How citizen science transforms passive learners
SCIENCE DAILY Citizen science projects can engage even children who previously were not interested in science. This article provides guidance on building these lessons. 1 day
Embryonic gene regulation through mechanical forces
SCIENCE DAILY During embryonic development genetic cascades control gene activity and cell differentiation. Researchers reported that besides the genetic program, also mechanical cues can contribute to the regulation of gene expression during development. Comparisons with other animals suggests... 1 day
Missing link between blow flies and possible pathogen transmission
SCIENCE DAILY Determining whether blow flies have consumed animal fecal material versus animal tissue has important implications for both human public health and animal conservation. A recent study shows how that determination... 1 day
More patients with severe alcoholic hepatitis receiving liver transplants
SCIENCE DAILY Increasingly, liver transplant centers are changing a long-standing practice of delaying potentially life-saving liver transplantation for patients with severe alcoholic hepatitis until after they stopped drinking alcohol for six months,... 1 day
Invasive seaweed makes fish change their behavior
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers have found that changes in the seascape may impact the behavior of fish and could be leaving them less options for refuge and more vulnerable to predators. 1 day
Non-plasma high-speed anisotropic diamond etching with nickel in 1000°C water vapor
SCIENCE DAILY Development of next-generation power devices is needed for energy saving in a low carbon society. Diamond is a potentially important power device material due to its... 1 day
Building a brain, cell by cell: Researchers make a mini neuron network (of two)
SCIENCE DAILY Neurological research uses simplified models consisting of artificial collections of neurons. These models are often imprecise, because it is difficult... 1 day
Designer cells: Artificial enzyme can activate a gene switch
SCIENCE DAILY Complex reaction cascades can be triggered in artificial molecular systems: Scientists have constructed an enzyme than can penetrate a mammalian cell and accelerate the release of a hormone. This then... 1 day
Early life trauma in men associated with reduced levels of sperm microRNAs
SCIENCE DAILY Exposure to early life trauma can elevate risk for poor physical and mental health in individuals and their children. A new epigenetics study in... 1 day
Malaria-causing parasite manipulates liver cells to survive
SCIENCE DAILY Before invading the bloodstream, the malaria-causing Plasmodium parasite rapidly reproduces inside its host's liver cells. Researchers show that liver-stage Plasmodium relies on a host protein called aquaporin-3 to survive and copy itself. Inhibiting the... 1 day
New treatment for severe asthma
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers have developed a new method to treat severe asthma. In a study of over 200 participants with severe asthma, the new treatment was shown to have improved asthma symptoms and lung function, while reducing the need for... 1 day
Using 3-D X-rays to measure particle movement inside lithium ion batteries
SCIENCE DAILY Lithium ion battery performance can decay over time, may not fully charge after many charge/discharge cycles, and may discharge quickly even when idle. Researchers have applied... 1 day
Soft machines: Fast, low-voltage actuator for soft and wearable robotics
SCIENCE DAILY In the world of robotics, soft robots are the new kids on the block. The unique capabilities of these automata are to bend, deform, stretch, twist or squeeze... 2 days
Link between IBD and Parkinson's might allow doctors to slow down condition
SCIENCE DAILY Doctors may be able to modify or slow down the progress of the neurological condition Parkinson's disease in the future by spotting signs of... 2 days
Avoiding the car for travel could significantly lower risk of illness and death
SCIENCE DAILY People who are more active when commuting to work by walking or cycling could be cutting their relative risk of developing ischaemic... 2 days
Guns in Chicago just '2.5 handshakes' away, study finds
SCIENCE DAILY In one of the first studies to try to map a gun market using network science, researchers used the novel scientific approach to understand how close offenders are to guns... 2 days
Advance genetics study identifies virulent strain of TB
SCIENCE DAILY A virulent strain of tuberculosis (TB) has adapted to transmit among young adults in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. 2 days
Study finds popular 'growth mindset' educational interventions aren't very effective
SCIENCE DAILY A new study found that 'growth mindset interventions,' or programs that teach students they can improve their intelligence with effort -- and therefore improve grades and test scores... 2 days
Faster genome evolution methods to transform yeast
SCIENCE DAILY Scientists have created a new way of speeding up the genome evolution of baker's yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the same yeast we use for bread and beer production. 2 days
Posttraumatic stress affects academics
SCIENCE DAILY Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) caused by traumatic military experiences is associated with feelings of anxiety, anger, sadness and/or guilt. New research is evaluating how PTSD symptoms increase risks for academic difficulties as well. 2 days
How order first appears in liquid crystals
SCIENCE DAILY Chemists have shown a technique that can identify regions in a liquid crystal system where molecular order begins to emerge just before the system fully transitions from disordered to ordered states. 2 days
Researchers build artificial cellular compartments as molecular workshops
SCIENCE DAILY How to install new capabilities in cells without interfering with their metabolic processes? Scientists have altered mammalian cells in such a way that they formed artificial compartments in which sequestered reactions could... 2 days
Mechanisms of harmful overhydration and brain swelling
SCIENCE DAILY We are all familiar with the drawbacks of dehydration, but we rarely hear about the harmful effects of overhydration. Scientists have now uncovered a key piece to the puzzle of how our brains detect... 2 days
Heart surgery: To have or not to have...your left atrial appendage closed
SCIENCE DAILY Each year in the US, more than 300,000 people have heart surgery. To reduce risk of stroke for their patients, surgeons often will close... 2 days
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Arabica coffee genome sequenced
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Closing the loop on sustainable aquaculture
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Plasma rain in the sun’s atmosphere falls in surprising places
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How situation awareness could save your life
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How situation awareness could save your life
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How situation awareness could save your life
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Team cracks code to cheap, small carbon nanotubes
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Astronomers spot a distant and lonely neutron star
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What’s really behind ‘gluten sensitivity’?
Science Magazine
Pairing AI with optical scanning for real-world product authentication
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A necessary evil? What you need to know about animal research
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Bendy laser beams can examine human tissue like never before
PHYS.ORG
Previously unreported Arctic phytoplankton transport could jeopardize fish populations
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Mapping the Genes Responsible for Pluripotency
NEWS MEDICAL
Malaria-causing parasite manipulates liver cells to survive
PHYS.ORG