NIMH People infected with the human immunodeficiency virus, known as HIV, display reductions in brain volume compared with people who are not infected with HIV, but now an NIMH-funded study has shed light on the course of this deterioration and shows that antiretroviral treatment started in the first few years of infection may stop these brain changes. 2 weeks
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The places where HIV shows no sign of ending, and the parts of the human brain that are bigger—in bigger brains
Science Magazine Nigeria, Russia, and Florida seem like... 1 week
Top stories: Florida’s HIV problem, ancient skull surgery, and corrections to a flawed diet study
Science Magazine This week’s top Science news 1 week
New study focuses on best, cost effective practices to bridge treatment gap for brain disorders
NEWS MEDICAL Up to eight out of ten patients with a brain disorder remain untreated or inadequately treated. But what... 6 days
Science News » Intervention Shows Promise for Treating Depression in Preschool-Aged Children
NIMH Researchers funded by the National Institutes of Health have shown that a therapy-based treatment for disruptive behavioral disorders can be adapted and used as... 4 days
Scientists point to potentially promising treatment target for deadly brain cancers
NEWS MEDICAL Scientists report finding a potentially promising treatment target for aggressive and deadly high-grade brain cancers like glioblastoma. But they also say the current lack of a... 6 days
Simple cognitive task after brain injury improves memory function, study finds
NEWS MEDICAL Concern is growing about the danger of sports-related concussions and their long-term impact on athletes. But physicians and healthcare providers acknowledge that the science is evolving,... 5 days
Scientists solve the case of the missing subplate, with wide implications for brain science
SCIENCE DAILY A new study shows that a group of neurons, previously thought to die in the course of development, in fact... 3 days
A 'super' receptor that helps kill HIV infected cells
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers have discovered a unique set of 'super' receptors on immune cells capable of killing HIV across genetically diverse populations, making them a potential candidate for immunotherapy treatments. The researchers... 2 weeks
Mild problem-solving task improves brain function after a concussion, new study suggests
SCIENCE DAILY A mild problem-solving task improves brain functioning after a concussion, according to a new study. Currently there are many questions about rehabilitation and treatment... 5 days
Brain's water system and stroke treatment
SCIENCE DAILY Water is transported from the blood into the brain via an ion transporter, a new study on mice reveals. If the mechanism can be targeted with medicine, it may prove relevant to all disorders involving increased... 1 week
Why being left-handed matters for mental health treatment
SCIENCE DAILY Treatment for the most common mental health problems could be ineffective or even detrimental to about 50 percent of the population, according to a radical new model of emotion in the brain. 6 days
Nigeria has more HIV-infected babies than anywhere in the world. It’s a distinction no country wants
Science Magazine Mother-to-child transmission of HIV can be easily prevented, but in this country many pregnant women don’t... 2 weeks
Alcohol problems linked to sex without condom use among black gay men
NEWS MEDICAL Gay and bisexual men are disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS illness and death in the U.S., accounting for 70 percent of new HIV infections 3 days
Medical News Today: What to know about glossitis
MNT Glossitis is a condition where the tongue becomes inflamed and swollen. A range of factors, including allergies, anemia, and vitamin B12 deficiencies can lead to glossitis. The best treatment will depend on... 1 week
Medical News Today: Smoking and diabetes 'risk factors' for calcium buildup in brain
MNT A study of brain CT scans of patients with memory problems found that diabetes and smoking were linked to hippocampal calcifications. 2 weeks
Medical News Today: What do white spots on testicles mean?
MNT White spots on the testicles are usually harmless, but they sometimes indicate a sexually transmitted infection or another health condition. They often require no treatment, but some people... 3 days
New therapeutic approach may delay neurodegeneration in rare genetic disease
NEWS MEDICAL A new therapeutic approach may one day delay neurodegeneration typical of a disease called mucopolysaccharidoses IIIB. Neurodegeneration in this condition results from the abnormal accumulation of essential cellular... 4 days
Medical News Today: Highly empathic people have a unique view of music
MNT A study using brain scanning technology concludes that music activates different brain areas for people who demonstrate higher levels of empathy. 1 day
Treg cells protect babies from getting HIV infection from their mothers
SCIENCE DAILY Scientists now report that Treg cells, a type of regulatory lymphocyte, may be protecting babies in the womb from getting infected with the HIV virus when... 2 weeks
Study: Treg cells may protect infants from getting infected with HIV from their mother
NEWS MEDICAL Scientists now report that Treg cells, a type of regulatory lymphocyte, may be protecting babies in the womb from getting... 2 weeks
Medical News Today: Rheumatoid arthritis: How chronic inflammation affects the brain
MNT A new study shows how rheumatoid arthritis inflammation affects different brain areas. The findings may explain the cognitive symptoms of the condition. 4 days
Study provides insights into how components of different cells in the brain are altered
NEWS MEDICAL Scientists have revealed that protein molecules in the brain are broken down and replaced at different rates, depending on where... 5 days
Medical News Today: Head injury: Symptoms, concussion, and treatment
MNT Head injuries range from mild to severe. Some are treatable at home with ice and rest, while others are life-threatening and require immediate medical treatment. In this article, learn about... 2 days
Novel computer models for individualization of HIV therapy in countries with limited healthcare resources
NEWS MEDICAL New predictive computer models designed to optimize HIV therapy in countries with limited healthcare resources are published online this week... 2 weeks
Interfacing with the brain
PHYS.ORG VIDEO The nervous system is loaded with encoded information: thoughts, emotions, motor control. This system in our bodies is an enigma, and the more we can do to understand it, the more we can do to improve human life. Brain-machine interfaces... 1 week
New simulation approach predicts efficacy of HIV-prophylaxis medications
NEWS MEDICAL A new mathematical simulation approach predicts the efficacy of pre- and post-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) medications, which help prevent HIV infection. The framework, presented in PLOS Computational Biology by Sulav Duwal and Max... 6 days
Misinformation and biases infect social media, both intentionally and accidentally
PHYS.ORG VIDEO Social media are among the primary sources of news in the U.S. and across the world. Yet users are exposed to content of questionable accuracy, including conspiracy theories,... 4 days
Medical News Today: Brain's 'support cells' play active role in memory and learning
MNT Glial cells don't just support neurons, the brain's information processors. In pruning synapses, they also play a role in learning and memory,... 4 days
Cell type and environment influence protein turnover in the brain
SCIENCE DAILY Scientists have revealed that protein molecules in the brain are broken down and replaced at different rates, depending on where in the brain they are. 5 days
Orientation-dependent stereo Wigner time delay and electron localization in a small molecule
Science Magazine Attosecond metrology of atoms has accessed the time scale of the most fundamental processes in quantum mechanics. Transferring the time-resolved photoelectric effect from atoms... 3 days
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DNA enzyme shuffles cell membranes a thousand times faster than its natural counterpart
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