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Medical News Today: Histoplasmosis: Causes, risk factors, and treatment
MNT Histoplasmosis is a fungal infection with a variety of flu-like symptoms. Although it is not contagious, it can cause chronic complications. Learn more. 1 day
Judge sides with AIDS Healthcare Foundation, dismisses suit
ABC NEWS A judge has ruled in favor of one of the nation's largest suppliers of HIV and AIDS medical care, clearing them from wrongdoing in an alleged $20 million scam to bilking the... 1 day
Newly discovered antibiotic could help treat drug-resistant tuberculosis
NEWS MEDICAL A newly discovered antibiotic, produced by bacteria from a cystic fibrosis patient, could be used to treat cases of drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB). This is the finding of a team of scientists from... 1 day
Medical News Today: Plant fats alter gut bacteria to ease Crohn's symptoms
MNT A diet high in coconut oil and other plant-derived fats may alter gut bacteria diversity, reducing gut inflammation for patients with Crohn's disease. 2 days
Plant fats alter gut bacteria to ease Crohn's symptoms
MNT A diet high in coconut oil and other plant-derived fats may alter gut bacteria diversity, reducing gut inflammation for patients with Crohn's disease. 2 days
Child safety or parental duty: New study maps out core concepts in the vaccination debate
SCIENCE DAILY The recent measles outbreak in Minnesota has been a sobering reminder of how highly concentrated populations of vaccination... 2 days
Infectious disease experts examine how quickly Lyme disease symptoms resolve in children
NEWS MEDICAL For many Americans, the warmer weather of summer means more time spent outside: More gardening and yard work, more hikes in the woods, more... 2 days
Microbe generates extraordinarily diverse array of peptides
MIT In marine bacteria, evolution of new specialized molecules follows a previously unknown path. 2 days
Dune ecosystem modelling
PHYS.ORG Acacia longifolia, which is native to Australia, is a species which was cultivated in Portugal primarily to stabilize dunes and as an ornamental plant; now it has spread out uncontrollably in Portugal and into many ecosystems around the world. This... 2 days
Tropical viruses: Coming soon to Europe?
SCIENCE DAILY The mosquito-borne viral disease Chikungunya is usually found in tropical areas. Researchers have now discovered how climate change is facilitating the spread of the Chikungunya virus. Even if climate change only progresses moderately – as scientists... 2 days
Researchers design sounds that can be recorded by microphones but inaudible to humans
PHYS.ORG Microphones, from those in smartphones to hearing aids, are built specifically to hear the human voice—humans can't hear at levels higher than... 2 days
Pathogen linked to seafood poisoning disarms key host defense system by paralyzing cell's skeleton
NEWS MEDICAL The leading cause of acute gastroenteritis linked to eating raw seafood disarms a key host defense system in a novel way: It... 2 days
Medical News Today: Five home remedies for UTIs
MNT In this article, learn about what you can do at home to help alleviate the symptoms of a urinary tract infection, as well as when to see a doctor. 2 days
In marine bacteria, evolution of new specialized molecules follows a previously unknown path
PHYS.ORG It's one of the tiniest organisms on Earth, but also one of the most abundant. And now, the microscopic marine bacteria called... 2 days
Critical gaps in knowledge of where infectious diseases occur
PHYS.ORG The scientific journal Nature Ecology & Evolution has published a joint statement from scientists at the University of Copenhagen and North Carolina State University calling attention to a serious lack... 2 days
Microbe generates extraordinarily diverse array of peptide
MIT In marine bacteria, evolution of new specialized molecules follows a previously unknown path. 3 days
UTEP researchers move one step closer to developing first-ever Chagas disease vaccine
NEWS MEDICAL A pair of scientists at The University of Texas at El Paso is one step closer to developing the first ever clinical Chagas disease... 3 days
Which animal is most likely to spread the latest plague?
NEWS MEDICAL There are a large number of infections that are borne and carried by animals and spread to humans. These are called zoonotic diseases wherein the microbe or pathogen... 3 days
Scientists reveal detailed snapshot of bacterial microcompartment shells
NEWS MEDICAL For the first time, scientists have visualized the fine details of bacterial microcompartment shells - the organisms' submicroscopic nanoreactors, which are comprised completely of protein. 3 days
An enzyme to synthetize carbohydrates designed
SCIENCE DAILY Sugar or carbohydrate synthesis is important for the development of diagnostic tests, vaccines and new drugs. In a study, researchers have synthesized carbohydrates with enzymes through a reaction that was not much studied so far on... 3 days
First Chikungunya-infected Aedes aegypti mosquitoes found in Brazil
SCIENCE DAILY While more than 13,000 cases of Chikungunya viral disease were reported in Brazil in 2015, scientists had never before detected the virus in a captured mosquito in this country. Now, researchers have... 3 days
The Latest: Addiction expert says Senate bill falls short
ABC NEWS An addiction treatment advocacy group says the Senate health care plan falls short in confronting the opioid epidemic 3 days
How bacterial organelles assemble
SCIENCE DAILY Scientists are providing the clearest view yet of an intact bacterial microcompartment, revealing at atomic-level resolution the structure and assembly of the organelle's protein shell. This work could benefit research in bioenergy and pathogenesis, and it could lead to new... 3 days
Study sheds light on how bacterial organelles assemble
PHYS.ORG Scientists are providing the clearest view yet of an intact bacterial microcompartment, revealing at atomic-level resolution the structure and assembly of the organelle's protein shell. 3 days
High fat diet reduces gut bacteria, Crohn's disease symptoms
SCIENCE DAILY A high fat diet may lead to specific changes in gut bacteria that could fight harmful inflammation -- a major discovery for patients suffering from Crohn's disease, research indicates. Crohn's... 3 days
Scientists spy on the secret inner life of bacteria
SCIENCE-NEWS New images reveal the inner workings of bacteria. 3 days
ISU entomologist urges summertime precautions against mosquitoes and ticks
NEWS MEDICAL Ryan Smith, an assistant professor of entomology at Iowa State University is encouraging Iowans to take precautions this summer when spending time outdoors in areas commonly populated by mosquitoes and ticks, which... 3 days
Assembly principles and structure of a 6.5-MDa bacterial microcompartment shell
Science Magazine Many bacteria contain primitive organelles composed entirely of protein. These bacterial microcompartments share a common architecture of an enzymatic core encapsulated in a selectively permeable protein shell; prominent... 3 days
How much does a virus cost?
Science Magazine 3 days
Battling infectious diseases with 3-D protein structures
SCIENCE DAILY The 3-D atomic structures of more than 1,000 proteins are potential targets for drugs and vaccines to combat some of the world’s most dangerous emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases, an international team of scientists... 3 days
Study shows how high fat diets can alter gut bacteria to combat harmful inflammation
NEWS MEDICAL Researchers at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine have shown a high fat diet may lead to specific changes in gut bacteria that... 3 days
HIV-positive women with cytomegalovirus likelier to pass virus that causes AIDS to infant
SCIENCE DAILY HIV-positive women with CMV in their urine at the time of labor and delivery are more than five times likelier than HIV-positive... 3 days
Pathogen that causes sleeping sickness: Promising new target
SCIENCE DAILY The life-threatening African trypanosomiasis, also called sleeping sickness, is caused by protozoa of the species Trypanosoma brucei. A team of researchers has studied the pathogens and reported exciting news: The trypanosomes have... 3 days
Scientists resolve 3D protein structures to combat dangerous infectious diseases
NEWS MEDICAL An international team of scientists including the Computation Institute has determined the 3-D atomic structures of more than 1,000 proteins that are potential targets for drugs and vaccines... 3 days
Text messaging effective support in treatment of HIV and tuberculosis
SCIENCE DAILY Mobile phone text messaging is a powerful tool for improving quality of care, researchers show. A new study has developed and tested a method in Mozambique, helping patients... 3 days
Studies of US Lassa fever patient offer clues about immune response, viral persistence
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers were able to closely study a Lassa fever patient's immune response over time after he was evacuated to the US for... 3 days
News from the pathogen that causes sleeping sickness
SCIENCE DAILY The life-threatening African trypanosomiasis, also called sleeping sickness, is caused by protozoa of the species Trypanosoma brucei. A team of researchers has studied the pathogens and reported exciting news: The trypanosomes have... 3 days
3-D virus cam catches germs red-handed
PHYS.ORG Before germs like viruses can make you sick, they first have to make a landing on one of your cells—Mars Rover style—and then punch their way inside. 3 days
Researchers design an enzyme to synthetize carbohydrates
PHYS.ORG Sugar or carbohydrate synthesis is important for the development of diagnostic tests, vaccines and new drugs. In a collaborative study, researchers have synthetized carbohydrates with enzymes through a reaction that was not much studied... 3 days
Researchers identify mammals that are most likely to harbor viruses risky to humans
PHYS.ORG (Phys.org)—A team of researchers with the EcoHealth Alliance has narrowed down the list of animal species that may harbor viruses likely to... 3 days
UCLA-led study reveals possibility of CMV and HIV transmission from mothers to infants
NEWS MEDICAL HIV-positive women with cytomegalovirus, or CMV, in their urine at the time of labor and delivery are more than five times likelier... 3 days
Scientists develop novel enzyme technology that prevents formation of biofilms
NEWS MEDICAL Have you ever heard of biofilms? They are slimy, glue-like membranes that are produced by microbes, like bacteria and fungi, in order to colonize surfaces. 3 days
Researchers study Lassa fever patient's immune response and viral persistence
NEWS MEDICAL When an American nurse working in West Africa became ill with Lassa fever and was evacuated to the U.S. for treatment in 2016, it provided a rare opportunity. 3 days
Text messaging provides effective support in improving care for HIV, tuberculosis patients
NEWS MEDICAL Mobile phone text messaging is a powerful tool for improving quality of care, as shown by José António Nhavoto in his doctoral thesis in... 3 days
Researchers discover unknown enzyme in pathogens responsible for African sleeping sickness
NEWS MEDICAL The life-threatening African trypanosomiasis, also called sleeping sickness, is caused by protozoa of the species Trypanosoma brucei. A team at the Biocentre of the Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg... 3 days
Entomologist advises New Yorkers to take steps against disease-causing mosquitoes
NEWS MEDICAL The New York City Health Department has detected the first of the season's mosquitoes with West Nile virus. 3 days
Biofilms—the eradication has begun
PHYS.ORG Have you ever heard of biofilms? They are slimy, glue-like membranes that are produced by microbes, like bacteria and fungi, in order to colonize surfaces. They can grow on animal and plant tissues, and even inside the human body on... 3 days
Physicians use age-old practice to toilet train their infant daughter
NEWS MEDICAL You know that disposable diapers are ecologically questionable, but cloth diapers seem too messy for you and your child -- is there an alternative? The answer is 'yes'... 4 days
Researchers evaluate trends in emergency room use and treatment costs for shingles
NEWS MEDICAL Shingles, a common infection of the nerves that causes a painful rash or small blisters on the skin, is caused by a reactivation of... 4 days
Vaccines can be blamed for any illness even with lack of evidence says EU court
NEWS MEDICAL In a landmark judgment yesterday, the Court of Justice of the European Union ruled that courts could consider... 4 days
Scientists discover biological fingerprint in children with tuberculosis meningitis
NEWS MEDICAL Children with tuberculosis meningitis - a brain and spinal cord infection that leads to disability and death -- have a biological fingerprint that can be used to assess the severity... 4 days
Extra virgin olive oil protects memory and helps prevent Alzheimer’s
NEWS MEDICAL In a landmark judgment, the Court of Justice of the European Union, yesterday ruled that courts could consider vaccines to be the reason for an illness despite the... 4 days
Simple method measures how long bacteria can wait out antibiotics
SCIENCE DAILY A simple test that measures how long it takes to kill bacteria could help doctors treat strains that are on their way to becoming resistant to antibiotics. If... 4 days
Trends in emergency room visits and costs for patients with shingles
SCIENCE DAILY A new study suggests that while emergency room visits for shingles has decreased for those vaccinated against either the chicken pox (18 to 19 years old)... 4 days
Understanding how pain is bugging you
SCIENCE DAILY Gut bacteria play a key role in regulating abdominal pain and its associated changes in the brain and spinal cord, at least in mice, report scientists. 4 days
Yarraman flu or horse flu? Words and graphics influence willingness to vaccinate
SCIENCE DAILY 'Yarraman flu is a virus quickly infecting the US...' The mock announcement was enough to make readers worry. But when the name of the... 4 days
Is there an alternative to disposable diapers?
SCIENCE DAILY A pediatric infectious disease specialist and a pathologist and medical microbiologist report on the age-old practice now known as elimination communication (EC). 4 days
[Editors' Choice] Flipping the kill switch
Science Magazine Alveolar macrophages display an impairment in delayed bacterial killing in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) that may contribute to an increased susceptibility to bacterial infection. 4 days
[Research Articles] Targeting factor D of the alternative complement pathway reduces geographic atrophy progression secondary to age-related macular degeneration
Science Magazine Geographic atrophy is an advanced form of age-related macular degeneration... 4 days
[Research Articles] VP4- and VP7-specific antibodies mediate heterotypic immunity to rotavirus in humans
Science Magazine Human rotaviruses (RVs) are the leading cause of severe diarrhea in young children worldwide. The molecular mechanisms underlying the rapid induction of... 4 days
[Reports] Infectivity of Plasmodium falciparum sporozoites determines emerging parasitemia in infected volunteers
Science Magazine Malaria sporozoites must first undergo intrahepatic development before a pathogenic blood-stage infection is established. The success of infection depends on host and parasite factors.... 4 days
Zika: Studying the 'rebound virus'
SCIENCE DAILY Scientists are investigating how the Zika virus is able to find a safe harbor in an infected host's tissue and stage a rebound weeks after the virus was seemingly cleared by the immune system. 4 days
Flu vaccine ineffective for people 65 and older last winter
ABC NEWS Officials: Last winter's flu vaccine was essentially ineffective in protecting older Americans against the illness 4 days
Research Probe of Zika Virus Looks Into 'Rebound Virus'
SCIENCE DAILY Scientists are investigating how the Zika virus is able to find a safe harbor in an infected host’s tissue and stage a rebound weeks after the virus was seemingly cleared... 4 days
Bats really do harbor more dangerous viruses than other species
Science Magazine A new study is set to end a long-running debate among virus ecologists 4 days
Regional 'hot spot' of Borna disease discovered in upper Austria
SCIENCE DAILY Bornaviruses cause a lethal form of encephalitis, Borna disease, among horses and sheep. To date only a few cases were reported in Austria. Recently, four horses were afflicted... 4 days
Simple method could help reduce ever-growing risk of bacterial resistance
NEWS MEDICAL Hebrew University researchers have developed a test for efficiently classifying bacterial strains as tolerant, resistant, or persistent. If implemented in the hospital setting, this innovation could help to... 4 days
Gut bacteria play key role in regulating abdominal pain, mice study finds
NEWS MEDICAL Scientists at the Science Foundation Ireland-funded APC Microbiome Institute at University College Cork, Ireland, have shown that, at least in mice, gut bacteria play... 4 days
Regional 'hot spot' of Borna disease discovered in upper Austria
PHYS.ORG Bornaviruses cause a lethal form of encephalitis, called Borna disease, among horses and sheep. To date there have been only a few reported cases in Austria. Recently, however,... 4 days
Blocking yeast-bacteria interaction may prevent severe biofilms that cause childhood tooth decay
SCIENCE DAILY In early childhood caries, a severe form of tooth decay that affects more than a third of toddlers in the US, yeast often partners... 4 days
CDC releases new data showing the distribution of Zika transmitting mosquitoes in the US
NEWS MEDICAL The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) asked local public healthcare professionals to gather information about the geographic... 4 days
Depressed patients more likely to be prescribed opioids
SCIENCE DAILY Patients with low back pain who were depressed were more likely to be prescribed opioids and receive higher doses, research has found. Understanding these prescribing patterns sheds new light on the current... 4 days
Bacteria samples collected in Antarctica a century ago nearly identical to present day samples
PHYS.ORG (Phys.org)—A pair of researchers with the Natural History Museum of London and the University of Waikato have found that bacteria... 4 days
A clinic mix-up leaves pregnant woman in dark about Zika risk
NEWS MEDICAL Hospital officials in Washington state have apologized after failing for months to inform a pregnant woman she was likely infected with the Zika virus that can... 4 days
Researchers examine formation of functional amyloids by bacteria in real time
NEWS MEDICAL A team of scientists from the VIB lab of Han Remaut and the lab of Yves Dufrêne at UCL Louvain-La-Neuve collaborated on a study of functional... 4 days
GOP Medicaid cuts would hit states fighting opioid epidemic
ABC NEWS Republican efforts to roll back former President Barack Obama's health care law could mean deep cuts to treatment programs in states hard hit by the opioid crisis 4 days
Synergistic drug pairing: New approach to combat MDR bacterial infections
NEWS MEDICAL Antibiotics were the wonder drug of the 20th century, but persistent use and over-prescription have opened the door that has allowed bacteria to evolve resistance. 5 days
Scientists urge caution on common antimicrobial chemicals Triclosan and Triclocarban
NEWS MEDICAL There are two ingredients, triclosan and triclocarban, that are used in several cleaning products such as soaps, toothpastes, detergents, carpets, paints etc. They are mainly used to kill... 5 days
Finding the perfect match: New approach to battle drug-resistant bacteria
SCIENCE DAILY Antibiotics were the wonder drug of the 20th century, but bacteria evolved resistance. According to the CDC, more than 2 million people in the U.S. develop MDR infections... 5 days
Republicans' Medicaid rollback collides with opioid epidemic
ABC NEWS Republican efforts to roll back former President Barack Obama's health care law could mean deep cuts to treatment programs in states hard hit by the opioid crisis 5 days
Broken heart: Physical stress is a risk factor
SCIENCE DAILY The loss of a loved one, a dispute with your neighbour, infections or a fall – mental and physical stress can be triggers of a broken heart (broken heart syndrome). What is... 5 days
Vaccine that lowers cholesterol in mice offers hope of immunizing against cardiovascular disease
SCIENCE DAILY A vaccine to immunize people against high levels of cholesterol and the narrowing of the arteries caused by build-up of fatty material... 5 days
Bacterial superantigens turn our immune cells to the dark side
SCIENCE DAILY A subpopulation of immune cells that normally fend off pathogens can turn against the host during certain infections, a new study reveals. 5 days
Best delivery mode for potential HIV vaccine tested
SCIENCE DAILY For decades, HIV has successfully evaded all efforts to create an effective vaccine but researchers are steadily inching closer. Their latest study demonstrates that optimizing the mode and timing of vaccine delivery... 5 days
Finding the perfect match: A new approach to battle drug-resistant bacteria
PHYS.ORG Antibiotics were the wonder drug of the 20th century, but persistent use and over-prescription have opened the door that has allowed bacteria to evolve resistance. According... 5 days
Team tests best delivery mode for potential HIV vaccine
SCIENCE DAILY For decades, HIV has successfully evaded all efforts to create an effective vaccine but researchers are steadily inching closer. Their latest study demonstrates that optimizing the mode and timing of... 5 days
Infections in early life associated with increased risk for celiac disease
SCIENCE DAILY Infections during infancy are associated with increased risk for gluten intolerance (celiac disease) later on. Apparently the risk is particularly high in the case of repeated... 5 days
Penn study points to novel therapeutic strategy for preventing severe tooth decay in toddlers
NEWS MEDICAL Though most tooth decay can be blamed on bacteria, such as Streptococcus mutans, the fungus Candida albicans may be a... 5 days
Simple method measures how long bacteria can wait out antibiotics
PHYS.ORG A growing number of pathogens are developing resistance to one or more antibiotics, threatening our ability to treat infectious diseases. According to a study published June 20th in... 5 days
GOP's health care rollback collides with the opioid epidemic
ABC NEWS Republican efforts to roll back former President Barack Obama's health care law could mean deep cuts to treatment programs in states hard hit by the opioid crisis 5 days
Photos: Ancient Cat Remains Tell the Tale of Kitty Domestication
LIVE SCIENCE Neolithic farmers in Anatolia (modern-day Turkey) domesticated cats about 10,000 years ago to keep vermin at bay, and the kitties, so to speak, went viral on the world... 5 days
Medical News Today: Could a cholesterol-lowering vaccine replace statins?
MNT Researchers reveal the development of a vaccine that successfully reduced 'bad' cholesterol and atherosclerosis in mice. It is now being tested in humans. 5 days
Study finds vaccine to lower cholesterol levels could also immunize against heart disease
NEWS MEDICAL In people with high cholesterol levels, the fat that is built up in the artery walls narrows the arteries causing a condition... 5 days
Mussels and sponges in the deep sea can thrive on oil with the help of symbiont bacteria
PHYS.ORG At asphalt volcanoes in the Gulf of Mexico that spew oil, gas and tar,... 5 days
Researchers gain new insights into the formation of non-pathological amyloids
PHYS.ORG A team of scientists from the VIB lab of Han Remaut (VIB-VUB) and the lab of Yves Dufrêne at UCL Louvain-La-Neuve collaborated on a study of functional amyloids... 5 days
Mathematical modeling uncovers mysteries of HIV infection in the brain
SCIENCE DAILY After uncovering the progression of HIV infection in the brain thanks to a new mathematical model, clinicians and researchers are developing a nasal spray to administer drugs more... 5 days
DZHK study shows physical stress as risk factor for broken heart syndrome
NEWS MEDICAL The loss of a loved one, a dispute with your neighbor, infections or a fall - mental and physical stress can be triggers of... 5 days
Infections during infancy linked to greater risk for celiac disease
NEWS MEDICAL Infections during infancy are associated with increased risk for gluten intolerance (celiac disease) later on. Apparently the risk is particularly high in the case of repeated gastrointestinal infections... 5 days
Bacteria from hot springs solve mystery of metabolism
PHYS.ORG Combustion is often a rapid process, as in the case of fire. How can cells control the burning process so well? The question has long puzzled researchers. Using bacteria from hot springs,... 5 days
Financial incentives increase viral suppression and clinic attendance among HIV-positive patients
NEWS MEDICAL The use of gift cards significantly increased viral suppression and clinic attendance among HIV-positive patients, according to the latest study conducted by researchers at Columbia University's... 6 days
The Godfather-in-chief
Pre-clinical study suggests Parkinson's could start in gut endocrine cells
MNT