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Chinas livestock transition: Driving forces, impacts, and consequences
Science Magazine China’s livestock industry has experienced a vast transition during the last three decades, with profound effects on domestic and global food provision, resource use, nitrogen and phosphorus losses, and greenhouse gas (GHG)... 11 minutes
Feeding plants to this algae could fuel your car
SCIENCE DAILY The research shows that a freshwater production strain of microalgae, Auxenochlorella protothecoides, is capable of directly degrading and utilizing non-food plant substrates, such as switchgrass, for improved cell growth and... 1 hour
Astronomers Find Twin of Giant Exoplanet Beta Pictoris b
SCI-NEWS.COM Astronomers have discovered a giant gaseous planet orbiting a pair of brown dwarfs called 2MASS J02495639-0557352AB (2MASS 0249... 2 hours
NASA's new mini satellite will study Milky Way's halo
PHYS.ORG Astronomers keep coming up short when they survey "normal" matter, the material that makes up galaxies, stars and planets. A new NASA-sponsored CubeSat mission called HaloSat, deployed from the International... 4 hours
Hydrogen from water in iron nanotruss structures
PHYS.ORG Swedish researchers have discovered a new and efficient way to use electrocatalysis to produce hydrogen gas from water. Instead of using expensive and difficult-to-obtain platinum electrodes, the new method uses electrodes with nanotruss structures... 5 hours
Feeding plants to this algae could fuel your car
PHYS.ORG Researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory and partner institutions provided today the first published report of algae using raw plants as a carbon energy source. The research shows that a... 6 hours
Oleo Sponge successful in real-world conditions off California coast
PHYS.ORG VIDEO The Oleo Sponge, a patent-pending technology to clean oil spills invented at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory, has lived up to its promise in an experiment... 21 hours
astronomers find a famous exoplanet s doppelgnger Astronomers Find a Famous Exoplanet's Doppelgänger
ASTRO WATCH When it comes to extrasolar planets, appearances can be deceiving. Astronomers have imaged a new planet, and it appears nearly identical to one of... 22 hours
Nitric oxide tells roundworms to avoid bad bacteria
SCIENCE DAILY Nitric oxide gas produced by a type of harmful bacteria lets roundworms know to stay away from it, says a new study. 24 hours
Nitric oxide tells roundworms to avoid bad bacteria
PHYS.ORG Nitric oxide gas produced by a type of harmful bacteria lets roundworms know to stay away from it, says a new study published in eLife. 1 day
Ten newly found moons of Jupiter include a 'wrong-way driver'
REUTERS Astronomers on Tuesday announced the discovery of 10 more moons of Jupiter, bringing to 79 the... 1 day
Astronomers find a famous exoplanet's doppelganger
SCIENCE DAILY A new planet has been imaged, and it appears nearly identical to one of the best studied gas-giant planets. But this doppelganger differs in one very important way: Its origin. One object has long been known:... 1 day
An atom-thick graphene membrane for industrial gas separation
PHYS.ORG Chemical engineers at EPFL have demonstrated for the first time that an atom-thick graphene membrane can separate gas mixtures with a high-efficiency. The "ultimate" membrane is scalable, making it a breakthrough for... 1 day
Astronomers find a famous exoplanet's doppelgänger
PHYS.ORG When it comes to extrasolar planets, appearances can be deceiving. Astronomers have imaged a new planet, and it appears nearly identical to one of the best studied gas-giant planets. But this doppelgänger differs in one very... 1 day
The freediving champions of the dolphin world
PHYS.ORG For the first time, researchers have explored the physiological adaptations that enable different populations of the same species of dolphin to vary in diving ability by almost 1000m. The research, published in two complementary... 1 day
Neutrons analyze advanced high-strength steels to improve vehicle safety and efficiency
PHYS.ORG The demand for lighter, stronger, and more durable materials for use in vehicles has never been higher. Companies are looking at new and advanced materials such... 2 days
Thawing permafrost microbiomes fuel climate change
SCIENCE DAILY A new study could lead to more accurate predictions or the rate of global warming from greenhouse gas emissions produced by thawing permafrost in the next 100 years. The study of the microorganisms involved in permafrost... 2 days
Flipping the switch: Making use of carbon price dollars for health and education
SCIENCE DAILY A switch from subsidizing fossil fuel to pricing CO2-emissions would not only help to meet global climate targets but also create additional... 2 days
Reducing carbon emissions will limit sea level rise, study says
PHYS.ORG In recent years, scientists have been able to correlate the amount of global warming to cumulative carbon emissions from the burning of fossil fuels—a relationship that became the... 2 days
Another Volcano? Jupiter Probe Sees Hotspot on Roiling Moon Io (Photo)
SPACE.COM NASA's Jupiter-orbiting Juno spacecraft may have just boosted the already-impressive volcano tally on the gas giant's lava-spewing moon Io. 2 days
Thawing permafrost microbiomes fuel climate change
PHYS.ORG A University of Queensland-led international study could lead to more accurate predictions or the rate of global warming from greenhouse gas emissions produced by thawing permafrost in the next 100 years. 2 days
Behavior-influencing policies are critical for mass market success of low carbon vehicles
PHYS.ORG Policies to entice consumers away from fossil-fuel powered vehicles and normalize low-carbon alternatives such as electric vehicles are vital if the world is to... 2 days
Flipping the switch: Making use of carbon price dollars for health and education
PHYS.ORG A switch from subsidizing fossil fuel to pricing CO2-emissions would not only help to meet global climate targets but also create additional... 2 days
Brown dwarf detected in the CoRoT-20 system
PHYS.ORG An international group of astronomers has discovered a new substellar object in the planetary system CoRoT-20. The newly identified object was classified as a brown dwarf due to its mass, which is greater than... 2 days
Study sheds new light on forests' response to atmospheric pollution
PHYS.ORG How forests respond to elevated nitrogen levels from atmospheric pollution is not always the same. While a forest is filtering nitrogen as expected, a higher percentage than previously... 5 days
Geological records reveal sea-level rise threatens UK salt marshes, study says
SCIENCE DAILY Sea-level rise will endanger valuable salt marshes across the United Kingdom by 2100 if greenhouse gas emissions continue unabated, according to an international study. Moreover, salt... 6 days
colorful celestial landscape Colorful Celestial Landscape
ASTRO WATCH New observations with ESO’s Very Large Telescope show the star cluster RCW 38 in all its glory. This image was taken during testing of the HAWK-I camera with the GRAAL... 6 days
Putting gas under pressure
PHYS.ORG Understanding gas flames' response to acoustic perturbations at high pressure should make next-generation turbines safer and more efficient. 6 days
Superior seismic imaging for better drilling
PHYS.ORG Software could transform underground imaging of fossil fuel reserves by providing unprecedented detail in record time. 6 days
Green energy is the future, according to new report
PHYS.ORG The UK should seize a 'golden opportunity' to move away from fossil fuels, towards cheaper, greener energy sources, according to a new report, published by the National Infrastructure Commission. 6 days
Geological records reveal sea-level rise threatens UK salt marshes, study says
PHYS.ORG Sea-level rise will endanger valuable salt marshes across the United Kingdom by 2100 if greenhouse gas emissions continue unabated, according to an international study co-authored by... 6 days
California meets greenhouse gas reduction goal years early
PHYS.ORG California greenhouse gas emissions fell below 1990 levels, meeting an early target years ahead of schedule and putting the state well on its way toward reaching long-term goals to fight climate change,... 6 days
jwst to inspect atmospheres of gas giant exoplanets JWST to Inspect Atmospheres of Gas Giant Exoplanets
ASTRO WATCH In April 2018, NASA launched the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS). Its main goal is to locate Earth-sized planets and... 7 days
Chondrules as direct thermochemical sensors of solar protoplanetary disk gas
Science Magazine Chondrules, millimeter-sized igneous spherules comprising the major component of most chondritic meteorites, formed during the first 4 million to 5 million years of the evolution of the solar... 1 week
James Webb Space Telescope to inspect atmospheres of gas giant exoplanets
PHYS.ORG VIDEO In April 2018, NASA launched the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS). Its main goal is to locate Earth-sized planets and larger "super-Earths" orbiting nearby stars for... 1 week
Colorful celestial landscape
SCIENCE DAILY New observations show the star cluster RCW 38 in all its glory. This image was taken during testing of the HAWK-I camera with the GRAAL adaptive optics system. It shows RCW 38 and its surrounding clouds of brightly glowing gas... 1 week
Harnessing natural gas to harvest water from the air might solve two big problems at once
PHYS.ORG VIDEO One of the biggest freshwater reservoirs in the world is, literally, up in the air. 1 week
Colorful celestial landscape
PHYS.ORG VIDEO New observations with ESO's Very Large Telescope show the star cluster RCW 38 in all its glory. This image was taken during testing of the HAWK-I camera with the GRAAL adaptive optics system. It shows RCW 38 and its surrounding... 1 week
See this star nursery shine in a stunning new infrared image
SCIENCE-NEWS A newly released image of star cluster RCW 38 shows the intricate details of wisps of gas and dust surrounding newborn stars. 1 week
California's cap-and-trade air quality benefits mostly go out of state
PHYS.ORG During the first three years of California's five-year-old cap-and-trade program, the bulk of greenhouse gas (GHG) reductions occurred out of state, thus forgoing in-state reductions in harmful co-pollutants,... 1 week
commercial chinese companies set sights on methalox rockets first orbital launches Commercial Chinese companies set sights on methalox rockets, first orbital launches
SPACE NEWS Landspace says it has designed a methane- and liquid-oxygen-powered rocket it aims to test... 1 week
There's Spooky Plasma Music Traveling From Saturn to its Weirdest Moon
SPACE.COM Researchers for the first time recorded the gas giant's vibrating plasma signal to Enceladus. And now you can listen to it too. 1 week
Grasslands more reliable carbon sink than trees
SCIENCE DAILY A study has found that increased drought and wildfire risk make grasslands and rangelands a more reliable carbon sink than trees in 21st century California. As such, the study indicates they should be given opportunities... 1 week
Sounds of Saturn: Evidence of Communication between Saturn, Its Rings and Enceladus via Plasma Waves
SCI-NEWS.COM NASA’s Cassini spacecraft’s high-inclination Grand Finale... 1 week
Newly discovered properties of ferroelectric crystal shed light on branch of materials
PHYS.ORG In ferroelectric materials the crystal structure distorts, giving rise to a spontaneously formed polarization and electric field. Because of this unique property, ferroelectrics can... 1 week
There's Spooky Plasma Music Traveling From Saturn to its Weirdest Moon
LIVE SCIENCE Researchers for the first time recorded the gas giant's vibrating plasma signal to Enceladus. And now you can listen to it too. 1 week
Extreme Pressures and Temperatures Turn Nitrogen Metallic
SCI-NEWS.COM New research indicates that nitrogen, one of the most-common elements in the Universe and the dominant gas in the atmosphere of Earth,... 1 week
This Exoplanet Is So Hot, It's 'Boiling Off' Its Atmosphere
SPACE.COM The hottest known exoplanet is so hot that its atmosphere is "boiling off" and the escaping gas is being captured by its nearby host star, a new study... 1 week
Charcoal: Major missing piece in the global carbon cycle
PHYS.ORG Most of the carbon resulting from wildfires and fossil fuel combustion is rapidly released into the atmosphere as carbon dioxide. Researchers at the University of Zurich have now shown that... 1 week
Stormwater ponds not a major source of greenhouse gas emissions
PHYS.ORG Stormwater retention ponds, a ubiquitous feature in developed landscapes worldwide, are not a significant source of climate-warming nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, a new Duke University-led study finds. 1 week
Stormwater ponds not a major source of greenhouse gas emissions
SCIENCE DAILY Stormwater retention ponds, a ubiquitous feature in urban landscapes, are not a significant source of climate-warming nitrous oxide emissions, a new study finds. Nitrous oxide is a potent... 1 week
What natural greenhouse gases from wetlands and permafrosts mean for Paris Agreement goals
SCIENCE DAILY Global fossil fuel emissions would have to be reduced by as much as 20 percent more than previous estimates to achieve the... 1 week
Study reveals what natural greenhouse emissions from wetlands and permafrosts mean for Paris Agreement targets
PHYS.ORG VIDEO Global fossil fuel emissions would have to be reduced by as much as 20% more than previous estimates... 1 week
Charcoal: Major missing piece in the global carbon cycle
SCIENCE DAILY Most of the carbon resulting from wildfires and fossil fuel combustion is rapidly released into the atmosphere as carbon dioxide. Researchers have now shown that the leftover residue, so-called black... 1 week
Physicists uncover why nanomaterial loses superconductivity
PHYS.ORG The struggle to keep drinks cold during the summer is a lesson in classical phase transitions. To study phase transitions, apply heat to a substance and watch how its properties change. Add heat to water and... 1 week
Photonic capsules for injectable laser resonators
PHYS.ORG A KAIST research group presented photonic capsules for injectable laser resonators using microfluidic technology. The capsule's diameter is comparable to a human hair and stable in gas and liquid media, so it is injectable into any... 1 week
Report accuses China firms over ozone-depleting gas
PHYS.ORG An environmental pressure group claimed Monday that Chinese factories are illegally using ozone-depleting CFCs, which have recently seen a spike in emissions that has baffled scientists. 1 week
Photonic capsules for injectable laser resonators
SCIENCE DAILY Researchers have presented photonic capsules for injectable laser resonators using microfluidic technology. The capsule's diameter is comparable to a human hair and stable in gas and liquid media, so it is injectable into any target volume. 2 weeks
AI and the future of oil
PHYS.ORG IBM and Galp, a Portuguese energy group with a global footprint, have developed an AI-based advisor to enhance seismic interpretation in the oil and gas exploration area. This tool can facilitate creation of enhanced geological models,... 2 weeks
Why This 5.4-Million-Year-Old Planet Is Still a Baby
SPACE.COM Astronomers just captured a first-of-its-kind image of a newborn alien world — which has been developing in a nursery of dust and gas for more than 5 million years. 2 weeks
Expansion of agricultural land reduces CO2 absorption
PHYS.ORG Plants absorb some of the carbon dioxide (CO2) released into the atmosphere by burning fossil fuels. But increasing deforestation and other changes in land use will reduce the CO2 absorption capacity of these areas... 2 weeks
Expansion of agricultural land reduces carbon dioxide absorption
SCIENCE DAILY Plants absorb some of the carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere by burning fossil fuels. But increasing deforestation and other changes in land use will reduce the carbon dioxide absorption capacity of... 2 weeks
Imaging CF3I conical intersection and photodissociation dynamics with ultrafast electron diffraction
Science Magazine Conical intersections play a critical role in excited-state dynamics of polyatomic molecules because they govern the reaction pathways of many nonadiabatic processes. However, ultrafast probes have... 2 weeks
molecular oxygen in comet s atmosphere not created on its surface Molecular Oxygen in Comet’s Atmosphere Not Created on Its Surface
ASTRO WATCH Scientists have found that molecular oxygen around comet 67P is not produced on its surface, as... 2 weeks
Krypton isotopes and noble gas abundances in the coma of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko
Science Magazine The Rosetta Orbiter Spectrometer for Ion and Neutral Analysis mass spectrometer Double Focusing Mass Spectrometer on board the European Space Agency’s Rosetta spacecraft detected... 2 weeks
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Oleo Sponge successful in real-world conditions off California coast
PHYS.ORG
Harnessing natural gas to harvest water from the air might solve two big problems at once
PHYS.ORG
James Webb Space Telescope to inspect atmospheres of gas giant exoplanets
PHYS.ORG
Colorful celestial landscape
PHYS.ORG
Study reveals what natural greenhouse emissions from wetlands and permafrosts mean for Paris Agreement targets
PHYS.ORG